agency American battlefield benefit biological Biological Warfare casualties civic action civilian clinical Code combat command conducted conflict cultural decision Declaration of Helsinki Defense Department disease doctors drugs effective ethical review committee euthanasia example experimentation experiments forces Geneva Conventions German Guideline harm healthcare professionals Honduras hospital Human Radiation Experiments humanitarian assistance hypothermia individual informed consent Institute intervention investigators involving human subjects issues Japan Japanese medi medical ethics medical personnel medical research medicine ment mili military medical military physicians mission moral National Nazi Nuremberg Nuremberg Code nursing nursing ethics Office operations participation patient persons physician population practice principles prisoners procedures programs protect protocol racial hygiene religious research involving human research subjects response risk scientific scientists soldiers tary tion treatment trial unethical vaccine volunteers World Medical Association World War II wounded and sick
Page 578 - The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential. This means that the person involved should have legal capacity to give consent; should be so situated as to be able to exercise free power of choice, without the intervention of any element of force, fraud, deceit, duress, overreaching, or other ulterior form of constraint or coercion...
Page 768 - Informed consent will be appropriately documented, in accordance with, and to the extent required by Sec. 219.117. (6) When appropriate, the research plan makes adequate provision for monitoring the data collected to ensure the safety of subjects.
Page 665 - ... (1) Research conducted in established or commonly accepted educational settings, involving normal educational practices, such as (i) research on regular and special education instructional strategies, or (ii) research on the effectiveness of or the comparison among instructional techniques, curricula, or classroom management methods. (2) Research involving the use of educational tests (cognitive, diagnostic, aptitude, achievement), survey procedures, interview procedures or observation of public...
Page 535 - During the course of the experiment the human subject should be at liberty to bring the experiment to an end if he has reached the physical or mental state where continuation of the experiment seems to him to be impossible.
Page 769 - The records required by this policy shall be retained for at least 3 years, and records relating to research which is conducted shall be retained for at least 3 years after completion of the research. All records shall be accessible for inspection and copying by authorized representatives of the department or agency at reasonable times and in a reasonable manner.
Page 767 - Under an expedited review procedure, the review may be carried out by the IRB chairperson or by one or more experienced reviewers designated by the chairperson from among members of the IRB. In reviewing the research, the reviewers may exercise all of the authorities of the IRB except that the reviewers may not disapprove the research.
Page 709 - I solemnly pledge myself before God and in the presence of this assembly: To pass my life in purity and to practice my profession faithfully. I will abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous, and will not take or knowingly administer any harmful drug.
Page 712 - The nurse, in all professional relationships, practices with compassion and respect for the inherent dignity, worth, and uniqueness of every individual, unrestricted by considerations of social or economic status, personal attributes, or the nature of health problems.
Page 535 - ... 7 Proper preparations should be made and adequate facilities provided to protect the experimental subject against even remote possibilities of injury, disability or death. 8. The experiment should be conducted only by scientifically qualified persons. The highest degree of skill and care should be required through all stages of the experiment of those who conduct or engage in the experiment 9.