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If any worship the beast and his inage, he shall drink of the wine

of the wrath of God. Rev. xiv, 9, 10. See thou worship me not- am thy fellow-servant. Rev. xix, 10. • Praying to departed saints is discouraged by the parable of Dives and Lazarus. Luke xvi, 20--29.

Though this commandment expressly forbids the making of images for the purpose of worshipping them, it does not forbid us to make them for other purposes. God himself ordered golden images of cherubim to be placed over the mercy-seat in the Jewish Tabernacle.

Roman Catholics omit the second commandment in their Catechism, finding it impossible to reconcile it with their worship of images and adoration of saints. He is an idolater that prays to any saint or angel; for by so doing he gives them the honour due to God alone. Little children, keep yourselves from idols, 1 John v, 21.

2. All hypocrisy and formality in our devotions. This people (hypocrites) honoureth me with their lips, but their

heart is far from me. Matt. xv, 8; Mark vii, 6. What does this Commandment require?

1. It commands us to worship God in spirit and truth, with such holy dispositions as are produced by his Spirit, trusting in the merits and mediation of our Saviour Jesus Christ. The Lord shall ye fear, and him shall ye worship. 2 Kings xvii, 36. Worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness. I Chron, xvi, 29; Ps.

xxix, 2. Worship at bis footstool; for he is holy. Ps. xcix, 5, 9. Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

Matt, iv, 10. The true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth.

John iv, 23, 24. If any man be a worshipper of God, and doeth his will, him be

heareth. John ix, 31. We are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit. Phil. iii, 3. We have an example of an acceptable worshipper in The woman of Canaan. Matt. xv, 25. Hannah, 1 Sam, i, 9, 19. Simeon, Luke ii, 25. Cornelius, Acts

X, 1, 2. Strive to imitate their fervency, and whenever you draw pear to worship him, endeavour to realize his presence, for (Ps. cxxxix.) He sees and knows every thing. Try to get a sense of the greatness and number of your wants, and of the power and grace of Christ. Having


thus got snitable thoughts of God, worship him sincerely, with the most fervent affections, and profound reverence of his infinite majesty.

Every thing relating to the outward worship of God is implied; and we onght to make use of the most decent attitudes, both in public and private worship. Jesus kneeled down and prayed. Luke xxii, 41. Stephen kneeled clown, and cried, &c. Acts vii, 60.

What does this Commandment further require of us ?

2. “ To give him thanks.”
Offer unto God thanksgiving. Ps 1, 14,
Be thankful unto him. Ps. c, 4.
Giving thanks always for all things, Eph, v, 20.
By prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, &c. Phil. iv, 6.
And be ye thankful. Col. iii, 15.
Watch in the same, (viz. prayer) with thanksgiving. Col. iv, 2.
The unthankful are the unboly, 2 Tim. jii, 2.
Offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually. Heb. xiii, 15.

6 Bless God for your creation, preservation, and all “ the blessings of this life; but above all for his inesti“ mable love in the redemption of the world by our Lord “ Jesus Christ; and shew forth his praise not only with “ your lips, but in your lives."

3. “ To call upon him.”
Call upon his name. Ps. cv, 1.
Call ye upon him while he is near, Isa. Iv, 6.
O sleeper, arise, call upon thy God, Jonah i, 6.
Praying always with all prayer, &c. Eph. vi, 18.

A great many promises that our prayers shall be heard
are contained in the Scriptures.
Then shalt thou call, and the Lord shall answer. Isa. Iviii, 9.
Before they call I will answer, Isa. Ixv, 24.
Call unto me, and I will answer thee. Jer. xxxiii, 3.
Ask, and it shall be given yog. Matt. vii, 7.
Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.

Rom. x, 13.
Adopt David's determination,
I will call opon bim as long as I live. Ps. cxvi, 2.

4. “To honour his holy word.” Thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name. Ps. cxxxviii, 4. Thy word is truth. Jolin xvii, 17.

How are we to honour God's holy word ?

By hearing it.
I will hear what God the Lord will speak. Pf. lxxxv, 8.

By reading it.
Search the Scriptures. John v, 39.

By meditating on it.
Thy word have I hid in my heart. Ps. cxix, 11.
That I might meditale in thy word. Ps. cxix, 148.

5. “To serve him truly all the days of our life.” Ye shall serve him, and cleave unto him. Deut. xiii, 4. Serve him in sincerity and in truth-ag for me and my bouse we will

serve the Lord. Josh. xxiv, 14, 15. Serve the Lord with all your heart, serve him in trutb. 1 Sam.

xij, 20, 21, Strve him with a perfect heart, and with a willing mind, 1 Chron.

xxviii, 9.
Serve the Lord with fear. Ps. ii, 11.
If any man serve me, him will my father honour. John xii, 26.
His servants sball serve him. Rev. xxii, 3. -

How is this Commandment enforced ?

1. God reminds us of his sovereignty I the Lord." The Lord is a great King above all gods. Fs. xcv, 2, 3,

2. He mentions his right over us—" Thy God.He is our God; and we are the people of his pasture. Ps. xcv,6,7. Thy maker is thy husband. Isa. liv, 5. * 3. He professes himself“ a jealous God;" and as he will not give, neither will be suffer us to give, his praise to images. The Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God. Exod. xxxiv,

14; Deat. iv, 24. They provoked bim to jealousy, and he abborred them. Deat.

xxxii, 16-19. If we have stretched out our hands to a strange God, shall not God

search this ont? Ps, xliv, 20, 21. Idolaters are called haters of God, in the same way that a wife would be supposed to hate her husband, when she preferred any worthless stranger to him. And God declares, that he so hates idolatry, that he not only visits this sin on those that commit it, but upon their children to the third and fourth generation, by sending them poveriy, and sickness, and other afflictions. And this is perfectly consistent with his justice: for as children are partakers of the temporal blessings which God frequently bestows on parents for their obedience to his commandments; it is but right that they should also be made to share in those temporal privations and afflictions which the disobedience of their parents has brought upon them. But God will by no means visit children with eternal punishment for any sins of their parents. Indeed such corrections may eventually be blessings, by reminding them continually of the sins of their forefathers, and leading them to forsake them.

This may also be considered as an appeal to the compassion of parents, in order to prevent them from committing sin, by reminding them of the consequences they may thereby justly expect to bring upon their offspring. God declared to Abram, that in the fourth generation his seed should

come to Canaan again; for the iniquity of the Amorites was not

yet full, Gen. xv, 16. I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid wait for

him in the way, when he came up from Egypt, (Exod. xvii, 8--16.) now, (viz. 450 years afterwards) Saul was ordered to go and smite Amalek. 1 Sam. xv, 2, 3.–See also Deut, xxv,

17-19, God struck David's child with death for the father's sin. 2 Sam.

xii, 14. Vengeance on Abab's family, on account of their father's guilt, fore.

told by Elijah. 1 Kings xxi, 21, 22; 2 Kings ix, 7, 8. Accomplishment of the prophecy. 2 Kings x, 10, 11. Ilezekial's sons were sent into captivity for their father's sin, Isa,

xxxix, 2,7. The curse of the Lord is in the house of the wicked. Prov. iii, 33. Doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father. Ezek, xviii, 19, 20, Fill ye ap then the measure of your fathers. Matt. xxiii, 32. The blood of all the prophets shall be required of this generation.

Luke xi, 50, 51. 5. He declares he has abundant mercy in store for them that worship him in sincerity and truth; even mercy for thousands in them that love him and keep his commandments. Because Phineas was zealous for my sake, he shall bave, and his seed

after him, the covenant of an everlasting priesthood. Numb, xxv,

11-13. And the Lord said unto Jebu, Because thon hast done, &c. thy children

of the fourth generation shall eit on the throne of Israel.

2 Kings x, 30. The mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting upon them

that tear him, and his righteousness upon children's children.

Ps. ciii, 17.
If ye Jove me, keep my commandmentsJohn xiv. 15.

Keep this commandment by worshipping God in the way he has appointed, both in public and in private, giving him hearty and unfeigned thanks for all his mercies to you, spiritual and temporal; and calling upon him continually and fervently for all things that are necessary both for your souls and bodies. · Remember, also, to honour his holy word by listening attentively when it is read and explained at church, and by your teachers; and by searching the Scriptures, and by meditating on them daily in private. Remember, that mere formal devotion will avail you nothing with God, who is a Spirit, and must be worshipped in spirit and in truth. Give yourselves up to him, therefore, with sincerity of heart, serving him truly all the days of your life. 13th Sunday after Trinity Grant tbat we may so faithfully serve

thee in this life, that we fail not finally to attain thy heavenly promises,

On the Commandments. No. 4.


What is the third Commandment ? · Thon shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. What is meant by the name of God?

Not only any of the titles given to God in the Scriptures, but whatever describes his nature and perfections. That thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, The Lord thy

Gol. Dent. xxviii, 58. Blessed be thy glorious naine. Nehem. ix, 5. Let thern that love thy naine be joyful in thee. Ps. v, 11. They that know thy name will put their trust in thee. Ps. ix, 10. The name of the God of Jacob defend thee. Ps. xx, 1. Give unto' the Lord the glory due unto his name. Ps. xxix, 2. Blessed be his glorions name for ever. Ps. Ixxii, 19. Not onto ns, O Lord, but unto thy name give glory. Ps. cxv, l. The name of the Lord is a strong tower. Prov, xviii, 10. AND I will sanctify my great name. Ezek. xxxvi, 23,

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