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them the faints-above have their heavenly exercise, and the saints below have often in the use of the same means a fortaft of the glory to be revealed.

When Zerubbábel and his brethren be. gan to rebuild the temple after the captivity, the work was entered upon with finging psalms." And when the builders « laid the foundation of the temple of " the Lord, they set the priests in their " apparel with trumpets, and the Levites " the sons of Asaph with cymbals, to “ praise the Lord, after the ordinance of " David king of lfrael; and they fang

together by course, in praising and giv" ing tbanks unto the Lord : Because he “ is good : For his mercy endureth for " ever towards Israel.” Ezra iii. 10, 11. The words to praise, and to give thanks are the same, as in the forecited place in Chronicles, and applied to the same perfon, even to the desire of all nations, who was to come and fill the fecond temple with his glory.-" The glory of this latter “ house shall be greater than of the former, 6 saith the Lord of hosts :" Hag. ii. 7. which was really accomplished, when the word was made flesh and dwelt among us. Then the Lord came to his temple, and his disciples saw his glory, the glory as

of

of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth. ,

Of him also sang Nehemiah, as mentioned in Chap. xii. He repaired the wall of Jerusalem, and ended it with praising, and giving thanks to the Lord God of Israel, singing psalms - unto him with voices and instruments of music, according to the commandment of David the man of God. From these instances it is plain that the general subject of the psalms was to ascribe to the incarnate Jehovah all the honor of saving sinners. The sweet pfalmift of Israel frequently calls upon the church to sing psalms to the Saviour's praise, particularly in psalm xcii. which was constantly fung on the fabbath, the day of praise, in psalms xcv, xcvi, xcviii, &c. And he does this very remarkably in psalm c,' wherein he calls upon believers to join in this delightful work, and assigns several reasons for their encouragement to do it with the warmest gratitude of their hearts. The title is

A psalm of confession, viz. to God for his goodness, and for the wonders which he hath done for the children of men.

1. O all the earth, make the air ring with the praises of Jehovah.

2. Serve

fung on Palm xcii. Jour's praire

2. Serve ye Jehovah with heart-felt joy-Come ye into his presence with the highest praises you can give..

3. Be ye certain, that Jehovah is the very Alehim, he hath made us, and not we ourselves, we are his people, and the flock under his pastoral care:

4. Enter ye into his gates with confession, into his courts with ascribing to him the praise of giving you every thing useful, pay ye homage to him, bless ye his name:

5. For Jehovah is good, his mercy is for ever, and his faithfulness is from generation to generation.

When believers in their church service used to sing this psalm, they acknowleged in it the goodness of God to them, and had in their hearts sentiments of his loving kindness, such as there

1. O all ye inhabitants of the world, who have found redemption through faith in the blood of the lamb, join together to make his praise to be heard : Sing unto Jehovah a new song, sing praises unto him lustily with a good courage :

2. Serve ye Jehovah with a free fpirit, singing and making melody in your hearts unto him: Come ye into his presence, having now access with confidence, and let the high praises of God be in your mouth, ascribing to him all the glory of your salvation :

3. Be ye certain, that Jehovah-is the very Alehim, the three in covenant to save finners : For he has made us, and not we ourselves, we neither made ourselves creatures, nor new creatures in Christ Jesus he gave us our being, and our well being—we have nothing of our own, but sin: And he has made us his free subjects by redeeming us from the bondage of sin, yea we are his beloved flock, and he is our good shepherd, who will give grace and glory to his people, and to the sheep of his pasture:

4: O come ye then into his gates with thankful acknowlegement of his infinite goodness to your souls-meet him in the great congregation, and join all the redeemed, who in earth and heaven are with one heart giving blessing and honor, and glory and power to God and the lamb.

5. For Jehovah is good and doeth good, his mercy is to be celebrated in his church militant from age to age, and his never' failing faithfulness is to be your subject of never ending praise in the church triumphant.

O for such holy affections as this psalm requires. Reader, art thou acquainted with the subject, and art thou indeed a partaker of that thankfulness, of which it treats. Obeg of him then to give thee a growing lense of thine utter unworthiness of the least mercy. This is gospel-poverty of spirit, and this will lead thee to pray for a more thankful acknowlegement of the goodness of God, Aowing from the happy experience of its bleffings, and influencing the whole man to praise him for them. To this' grateful temper the very reading of the psalm will be as an ordinance, and the singing of it with the melody of the heart will be a feast.

From these authorities of the old cestament it is plain, that the subject of the book of psalms, and the finging them were intended to excite in believers the warmest sentiments of gratitude. The love of God manifested in saving sinners through Jesus Christ is herein described with the true sublime both of style and sentiment; and when any psalm was sung, if the heart felt the subject, and made harmony there, then it became a delightful, as well as an acceptable service. But we shall see clearer evidence of this matter, if we attend to

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