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ftrument, but chiefly with the melody of their hearts, they endeavor to praise him, who was lain and hath redeemed them unto God by his blood. It becometh them well in the houfe of their pilgrimage thus to sing the triumphs of the worthy lamb: For it is to be in their Father's house the moft blessed subject of their endless song, The ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands of angels, and the great multitude which no man could number of all nations and kindreds, and people and tongues, harping with their golden harps in full concert join in praising the crucified Immanuel. — " Worthy is the
lamb that was flain to receive power " and riches, and wisdom and strength, “ and honor and glory, and blessing. " Amen. Hallelujah.”
There is another Hebrew word SHER, which the Septuagint constantly render a fong, frequently applied to the psalms. It signifies rule and government, and is used for any principality among men. Hence it is very properly spoken of him whose kingdom ruleth over all. The prince of peace is one of his high titles. He is called the prince of the kings of the earth-a prince for ever--of whose government and peace there shall be no end. To this empire he had an unalienable and B 2
indefeisable right, being in the one Jehovah possessed of the fame perfections with the Father and the holy Spirit. But the most common view in which the psalms consider him is that of the God-man, Kingmediator, whose principality is the most glorious reign of grace. He fits upon his throne freely to bestow all divine blessings upon his redeemed, and he is Messiah the prince who was raised to his kingdom by the covenant of the eternal Three: In which he engaged to be a surety for his people, and in their nature, and in their Itead to satisfy all the offended attributes of the Father by his holy life and death, and the Father engaged to give him a kingdom with all power in heaven and earth. Accordingly in the fulness of time he was manifested in the flesh, and for the joy that was set before him, he endured the cross, and despised the shame, and is fet down at the right hand of the throne of God. He is greatly exalted, far above all principality and power, and might and dominion, and every name that is nanied, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come. The once crucified is now the enthroned Jesus, King of Kings and Lord of Lords, almighty to save his people from all their fins and from all their enemies. The glories of Immanuel
in this respect are celebrated under the name SHeR in several of the psalms. In the xlviith psalm for instance, all the people are called upon to clap their hands for joy, and to shout unto God with the voice of triumph, because Jehovah Jesus is the great king over all the earth. His happy government, under which believers receive all their blessings, was to be the constant subject of their grateful fong. Singing was using words and sounds to express the praises of the king of saints, and their joy in him. It was so much the ruling and leading subject, that every hymn reminded them of Messiah the prince. Whenever they were happy in their hearts, they expressed it by singing the praises of that most glorious person, who was made flesh, humbling himself to be obedient unto death, even the death of the cross, and who thereby became the head of all principality and power. He ruleth the almighty Immanuel over every creature and every thing, God-man upon his throne, till all his enemies, death itself be destroyell, and then he will reign with the Father and the Spirit for ever and ever: For his reign is everlasting, and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
This was the delightful theme in the book of psalms. The old testament saints
were never weary of celebrating Messiah their prince, the Lord and Saviour of his people, made an offering for their fins, dead, risen, and ascended to his throne. This is still the sweetest subject in the church of God. Happy are they, who have the Lord Christ ruling over their outward estate. Thrice happy they, who have him ruling in their souls. o what happiness is it to have set up within them the kingdom of God! which is righteousness, peace, and joy in the holy Ghost. None have greater reason to rejoice with joy and singing, than they who have Chrift dwelling in their hearts by faith. It was one principal design of those sacred hymns to keep up this holy joy, that if any were merry they might fing psalms and be glad in the Lord. Sensible of his tender care and royal protection, with what joyful lips will they extoll their king? They would have all within them to bless his holy name, and would be praising him with psalms and hymns and spiritual fongs, rejoicing all the way to Sion, and making heavenly melody in their hearts unto the Lord.
These three names take in the subject of the whole book--the hymns contain the praises of Immanuel, our sun of righteousnefs--the psalms treat of his taking our nature, and in it being cut off for his people, that through his death they might live-the songs celebrate the glories of his kingdom, both in earth and heaven, in time and eternity. Besides these names of the book of psalms there are several other things written in scripture concerning them, which confirm the account here given of their reference to the ever-blefred Messiah, king of saints, and which will be farther illustrated under the considera. tion of
CHA P. III.
Some passages of the Old Testament, concern
ing the book of Psalms.
command the singing of psalms, or such as lay down rules for finging them properly : of the first fort we find frequent mention. " Give thanks unto the Lord, “ call upon his name, make known his “ deeds among the people : Sing unto
him, sing psalms unto him: O fing " unto the Lord a new song, sing unto " the Lord, all the earth : Sing unto the “Lord, bless his name, shew forth his “ salvation from day to day. Make a