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love to him, he communicates his love to them, and they have fellowship with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ by the Spirit.
But this will be more evident from confidering some particulars relating to the subject, such as
CHA P. II.
THERE are three Hebrew names of
ten used in the titles of the psalms, which the Septuagint have translated pfalms, hymns, and songs. The word rendered by them hymns is Tbebilin, which is the running title to this book, expreffive of the general design, and is an abridgment of the whole natter. It comes from a Hebrew word that signifies the brisk motion of light, shining and putting its splendor upon any object, and this makes it bright and illustrious. Hence comes the propriety of the word, as it is used to praise, which is to set an object in the light; that, the ways shining upon it may render it fplendid and beautiful, and thereby glorious and praise worthy. Such are the Psalms. They
are rays of light-Enlighteners, (if I might use such a word, and it is the literal sense of the Hebrew) hymns intended to manifeft the glory of the person, and to shew forth the praises of the work of God Jesus : For light in its various uses in nature is the appointed emblem of the Lord Christ. He is diftinguished by this name throughout the old teftament; and he applied all the passages to himself in the new, when he declared – I am the light of the world" I am not only the « creator of light in the material world, 66 but also in the spiritual world - dark“ ness covers the earth and gross dark, “ ness the people, until I the light of life “ arise upon their fouls : And when I “ come with healing in my rays, in that “ day shall the deaf hear my words, and “ the eyes of the blind shall fee out of ... “ obscurity and out of darkness.”
Jesus gives eyes to see with and light to fee by: He opens the eyes of the understanding and makes spiritual objects visible : so that, whoever is enlightened with saving knowlege, has it all from him, and it should all lead to him. He is the bright day star which shines throughout the volume of revelation; but in no part with clearer rays than in the book of pfalms. Here he is exalted
in his meridian glory: For the whole fcripture does not give greater light into what he was to be, and to do, and to suffer, his life, his temper, his employment from his tender age until his crucifixion, than is to be found in those divine hymns: Nor are there any more full descriptions of his passion, death, resurrection, ascension, and his kingdom which ruleth over all. In the psalms he himself read and meditated day and night, while he was growing in wisdom and stature. And in them will every true believer meditate, that he may have more of the light of the knowlege of the glory of God, as it shines in the person of Jesus Christ. As the eyes of his understanding are more enlightened with this saving truth he will more happily enjoy in his heart the benefits of the humiliation, and exaltation of the incarnate Jehovah. May this, reader, be thy happy cafe : may every psalm be as the shining light, leading thee to a growing knowlege of Jesus, and shining on clearer still unto the perfect day.
Zemer is another Hebrew word which the Septuagint translates psalms; as a verb it fignifies to cut and prune trees, as a noun it is a branch cut off and pruned, and by way of eminence the branch, the
man whose name is the branch, who was known and distinguished by this title in the scripture. He was the ecernal God, and he was in the fulness of time to be made flesh, and to be cut off, but not for himself. This was the great transaction in the everlasting covenant “ Thus faith the Lord of hosts, Zech, “ . 7, 8, Behold I will bring forth my " servant the BRANCH," the promised branch, which was to spring from the root of Jeffe ; and again, Zech. vi. 12, 13. “ Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, “ Behold the man whose name is the “ BRANCH, and he shall grow up out of
his place and he shall build the tem6 ple of the Lord, (in which the God
head shall reside) even he shall build
the temple of the Lord, and he shall * bear the glory, and shall fit and shall “ rule upon his throne, and he shall be “ a priest upon his throne, and the coun.. "fel of peace shall be between them « both,” between Jehovah and the branch: For the branch having grown up in his place was in the temple of his body to ratify the counsel of peace : He was to establish it in his life, and to fulfil it in his death, and having by dying conquered death, and him that had the power of death, he was to rebuild the
temple of the Lord, as he said unto the Jews - “ Destroy this temple, and in
" three days I will build it up." Which · he fulfilled by building up the temple of
his body natural, and thereby he demonstrated that he will in due time perfectly complete the temple of his body myftical, which is his church : For he is a head to all his members. He quickens them by his grace, and actuates them by his influence. By union with him they live, by communion with him they grow. His Spirit breathes through the church, which is his body, and enables the members to grow up into him in all things, who is the head, even Christ'; whereby he teaches them, and it is a greatpart of their growth, how to acknowlege their obligations with increasing humility to their glorified head. He renders the salvation of Jesus finished upon the cross the sweet subject of their spiritual song. His dying love they would keep ever in mind; they would have it always warm upon their hearts, and always upon their tongues. His passion on the tree is their never ceasing theme: God forbid, say they, that we should glory, ex
cept in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ. . In this they glory, and in this alone, with their voices, and with every musical in