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8 99.7 What must an educational agen

cy or institution include in its an

nual notification? (a)(1) Each educational agency or institution shall annually notify parents of students currently in attendance, or eligible students currently in attendance, of their rights under the Act and this part.

(2) The notice must inform parents or eligible students that they have the right to

(i) Inspect and review the student's education records;

(ii) Seek amendment of the student's education records that the parent or eligible student believes to be inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in violation of the student's privacy rights;

(iii) Consent to disclosures of personally identifiable information contained in the student's education records, except to the extent that the Act and $ 99.31 authorize disclosure without consent; and

(iv) File with the Department a complaint under $899.63 and 99.64 concerning alleged failures by the educational agency or institution to comply with the requirements of the Act and this part.

(3) The notice must include all of the following:

(i) The procedure for exercising the right to inspect and review education records.

(ii) The procedure for requesting amendment of records under $99.20.

(iii) If the educational agency or institution has a policy of disclosing education records under $99.31(a)(1), a

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1232g)

$99.5 What are the rights of students?

(a) When a student becomes an eligible student, the rights accorded to, and consent required of, parents under this part transfer from the parents to the student.

(b) The Act and this part do not prevent educational agencies or institu

specification of criteria for determining who constitutes a school official and what constitutes a legitimate educational interest.

(b) An educational agency or institution may provide this notice by any means that are reasonably likely to inform the parents or eligible students of their rights.

(1) An educational agency or institution shall effectively notify parents or eligible students who are disabled.

(2) An agency or institution of elementary or secondary education shall effectively notify parents who have a primary or home language other than English.

(2) Records of a law enforcement unit does not mean

(i) Records created by a law enforcement unit for a law enforcement purpose that are maintained by a component of the educational agency or institution other than the law enforcement unit; or

(ii) Records created and maintained by a law enforcement unit exclusively for a non-law enforcement purpose, such as a disciplinary action or proceeding conducted by the educational agency or institution.

(c)(1) Nothing in the Act prohibits an educational agency or institution from contacting its law enforcement unit, orally or in writing, for the purpose of asking that unit to investigate a possible violation of, or to enforce, any local, State, or Federal law.

(2) Education records, and personally identifiable information contained in education records, do not lose their status as education records and remain subject to the Act, including the disclosure provisions of 899.30, while in the possession of the law enforcement unit.

(d) The Act neither requires nor prohibits the disclosure by an educational agency or institution of its law enforcement unit records.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1880-0508)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1232g (e) and (f))

[61 FR 59295, Nov. 21, 1996]

to

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1232g(a)(4)(B)(ii))

[60 FR 3469, Jan. 17, 1995)

Subpart B-What Are the Rights of

Inspection and Review of
Education Records?

$99.8 What provisions apply

records of a law enforcement unit? (a)(1) Law enforcement unit means any individual, office, department, division, or other component of an educational agency or institution, such as a unit of commissioned police officers or noncommissioned security guards, that is officially authorized or designated by that agency or institution to

(i) Enforce any local, State, or Federal law, or refer to appropriate authorities a matter for enforcement of any local, State, or Federal law against any individual or organization other than the agency or institution itself; or

(ii) Maintain the physical security and safety of the agency or institution.

(2) A component of an educational agency or institution does not lose its status as a law enforcement unit if it also performs other, non-law enforcement functions for the agency or institution, including investigation of incidents or conduct that constitutes or leads to a disciplinary action or proceedings against the student.

(b)(1) Records of a law enforcement unit means those records, files, documents, and other materials that are

(i) Created by a law enforcement unit;

(ii) Created for a law enforcement purpose; and

(iii) Maintained by the law enforcement unit.

$ 99.10 What rights exist for a parent

or eligible student to inspect and review education records?

(a) Except as limited under $99.12, a parent or eligible student must be given the opportunity to inspect and review the student's education records. This provision applies to

(1) Any educational agency or institution; and

(2) Any State educational agency (SEA) and its components.

(i) For the purposes of subpart B of this part, an SEA and its components constitute an educational agency or institution.

(ii) An SEA and its components are subject to subpart B of this part if the

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SEA maintains education records on students who are or have been in attendance at any school of an educational agency or institution subject to the Act and this part.

(b) The educational agency or institution, or SEA or its component, shall comply with a request for access to records within a reasonable period of time, but not more than 45 days after it has received the request.

(c) The educational agency or institution, or SEA or its component shall respond to reasonable requests for explanations and interpretations of the records.

(d) If circumstances effectively prevent the parent or eligible student from exercising the right to inspect and review the student's education records, the educational agency or institution, or SEA or its component, shall

(1) Provide the parent or eligible student with a copy of the records requested; or

(2) Make other arrangements for the parent or eligible student to inspect ai review the requested records.

(e) The educational agency or institution, or SEA or its component shall not destroy any education records if there is an outstanding request to inspect and review the records under this section.

(f) While an education agency or institution is not required to give an eligible student access to treatment records under paragraph (b)(4) of the definition of Education records in $99.3, the student may have those records reviewed by a physician or other appropriate professional of the student's choice.

(a) If the education records of a student contain information on more than one student, the parent or eligible student may inspect and review or be informed of only the specific information about that student.

(b) A postsecondary institution does not have to permit a student to inspect and review education records that are:

(1) Financial records, including any information those records contain, of his or her parents;

(2) Confidential letters and confidential statements of recommendation placed in the education records of the student before January 1, 1975, as long as the statements are used only for the purposes for which they were specifically intended; and

(3) Confidential letters and confidential statements of recommendation placed in the student's education records after January 1, 1975, if:

(i) The student has waived his or her right to inspect and review those letters and statements; and

(ii) Those letters and statements are related to the student's:

(A) Admission to an educational institution;

(B) Application for employment; or

(C) Receipt of an honor or honorary recognition.

(c)(1) Awaiver under paragraph (b)(3)(i) of this section is valid only if:

(i) The educational agency or institution does not require the waiver as a condition for admission to or receipt of a service or benefit from the agency or institution; and

(ii) The waiver is made in writing and signed by the student, regardless of age,

(2) If a student has waived his or her rights under paragraph (b)(3)(i) of this section, the educational institution shall:

(i) Give the student, on request, the names of the individuals who provided

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1232g(a)(1) (A) and (B))

[53 FR 11943, Apr. 11, 1988, as amended at 61 FR 59296, Nov. 21, 1996)

$99.11 May an educational agency or

institution charge a fee for copies

of education records? (a) Unless the imposition of a fee effectively prevents a parent or eligible student from exercising the right to inspect and review the student's education records, an educational agency or institution may charge a fee for a copy of an education record which is made for the parent or eligible student.

the letters and statements of rec- curate, misleading, or in violation of ommendation; and

the privacy rights of the student. (ii) Use the letters and statements of (b)(1) If, as a result of the hearing, recommendation only for the purpose the educational agency or institution for which they were intended.

decides that the information is inac(3)(i) A waiver under paragraph curate, misleading, or otherwise in vio(b)(3)(i) of this section may be revoked lation of the privacy rights of the stuwith respect to any actions occurring dent, it shall: after the revocation.

(i) Amend the record accordingly; (ii) A revocation under paragraph

and (c)(3)(i) of this section must be in writ- (ii) Inform the parent or eligible stuing.

dent of the amendment in writing.

(2) If, as a result of the hearing, the (Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1232g(a)(1) (A), (B), (C),

AB

educational agency or institution deand (D))

cides that the information in the edu(53 FR 11943, Apr. 11, 1988, as amended at 61 cation record is not inaccurate, misFR 59296, Nov. 21, 1996]

leading, or otherwise in violation of

the privacy rights of the student, it Subpart C-What Are the Proce- shall inform the parent or eligible stu

dures for Amending Edu- dent of the right to place a statement cation Records?

in the record commenting on the con

tested information in the record or $ 99.20 How can a parent or eligible stating why he or she disagrees with

student request amendment of the the decision of the agency or institustudent's education records?

tion, or both. (a) If a parent or eligible student be- (C) If an educational agency or instilieves the education records relating to

tution places a statement in the eduthe student contain information that is

cation records of a student under parainaccurate, misleading, or in violation

graph (b)(2) of this section, the agency of the student's rights of privacy, he or

or institution shall: she may ask the educational agency or

(1) Maintain the statement with the institution to amend the record.

contested part of the record for as long (b) The educational agency or insti- as the record is maintained; and tution shall decide whether to amend (2) Disclose the statement whenever the record as requested within a rea- it discloses the portion of the record to sonable time after the agency or insti

which the statement relates. tution receives the request.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1232g(a)(2)) (c) If the educational agency or institution decides not to amend the record

(53 FR 11943, Apr. 11, 1988, as amended at 61

FR 59296, Nov. 21, 1996] as requested, it shall inform the parent or eligible student of its decision and of

$99.22 What minimum requirements his or her right to a hearing under exist for the conduct of a hearing? $99.21.

The hearing required by $99.21 must (Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1232g(a)(2))

meet, at a minimum, the following re[53 FR 11943, Apr. 11, 1988; 53 FR 19368, May

quirements: 27, 1988, as amended at 61 FR 59296, Nov. 21,

(a) The educational agency or insti1996]

tution shall hold the hearing within a

reasonable time after it has received $99.21 Under what conditions does a the request for the hearing from the parent or eligible student have the

parent or eligible student. right to a hearing?

(b) The educational agency or insti(a) An educational agency or institu- tution shall give the parent or eligible tion shall give a parent or eligible stu- student notice of the date, time, and dent, on request, an opportunity for a place, reasonably in advance of the hearing to challenge the content of the hearing. student's education records on the (C) The hearing may be conducted by grounds that the information con- any individual, including an official of tained in the education records is inac- the educational agency or institution,

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who does not have a direct interest in the outcome of the hearing.

(d) The educational agency or institution shall give the parent or eligible student a full and fair opportunity to present evidence relevant to the issues raised under 899.21. The parent or eligible student may, at their own expense, be assisted or represented by one or more individuals of his or her own choice, including an attorney.

(e) The educational agency or institution shall make its decision in writing within a reasonable period of time after the hearing.

(f) The decision must be based solely on the evidence presented at the hearing, and must include a summary of the evidence and the reasons for the decision.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1232g(a)(2))

Subpart D-May an Educational

Agency or Institution Disclose
Personally identifiable Infor-
mation From Education
Records?

$99.30 Under what conditions is prior

consent required to disclose information?

(a) An educational agency or institution may disclose personally identifiable information from an education record of a student without the consent required by $99.30 if the disclosure meets one or more of the following conditions:

(1) The disclosure is to other school officials, including teachers, within the agency or institution whom the agency or institution has determined to have legitimate educational interests.

(2) The disclosure is, subject to the requirements of $99.34, to officials of another school, school system, or institution of postsecondary education where the student seeks or intends to enroll.

(3) The disclosure is, subject to the requirements of $99.35, to authorized representatives of:

(i) The Comptroller General of the United States;

(ii) The Secretary; or

(iii) State and local educational authorities.

(4)(i) The disclosure is in connection with financial aid for which the student has applied or which the student has received, if the information is necessary for such purposes as to:

(A) Determine eligibility for the aid; (B) Determine the amount of the aid;

(C) Determine the conditions for the aid; or

(D) Enforce the terms and conditions of the aid.

(ii) As used in paragraph (a)(4)(i) of this section, financial aid means a payment of funds provided to an individual (or a payment in kind of tangible or intangible property to the individual) that is conditioned on the individual's attendance at an educational agency or institution.

(a) The parent or eligible student shall provide a signed and dated written consent before

educational agency or institution discloses personally identifiable information from the student's education records, except as provided in 899.31.

(b) The written consent must:

(1) Specify the records that may be disclosed;

(2) State the purpose of the disclosure; and

(3) Identify the party or class of parties to whom the disclosure may be made.

(c) When a disclosure is made under paragraph (a) of this section:

(1) If a parent or eligible student so requests, the educational agency or institution shall provide him or her with a copy of the records disclosed; and

(2) If the parent of a student who is not an eligible student so requests, the agency or institution shall provide the

an

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1232g(b)(1)(D))

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