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10479, with the Vice President of the United States
serving as chairman, and the Secretary of Labor, vice chairman. The Committee was composed of 15 members, 9
representing the public and 6 representing the principal contracting agencies of the Government.
President Kennedy, in 1961, established the Presi
dent's Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity through
Executive Order 10925.
As in the earlier committees,
the chairman was the Vice President and the vice chair
man was the Secretary of Labor.
There was also an exec
utive vice chairman--an Assistant Secretary of Labor, a
of the Committee to the Department of Labor through Ex
ards Administration (then known as the Wage and Labor
for administering and directing programs dealing with
minimum wage and overtime standards, equal pay, age
discrimination in employment, promotion of women's wel
fare, standards to improve employment conditions other
than safety, and workers' compensation programs for
Federal and certain private employers and employees.
addition to OFCCP, the suboffices of ESA include the
Wage and Hour Division, Women's Bureau, and Office of
Workers' Compensation Programs.
In March 1972, ESA was reorganized.
All field of
fices were made directly responsible to ESA regional
administrators, and OFCC no longer had direct authority
over its regional offices.
In 1975, OFCC's name was changed to the Office of
Federal Contract Compliance Programs.
With the enact
ment of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Vietnam
Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974, OFCCP
added to its jurisdiction contract compliance activities
affecting handicapped people and Vietnam-era veterans.
What began in 1941 as a limited undertaking to prohibit
racial discrimination by defense contractors is now
three programs requiring nondiscrimination and affirmative
action by nearly every contractor doing business with the
Description of the Executive Order Program
Executive Order 11246 prohibits employment dis
crimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex,
or national origin by firms with Government contracts.
It also requires contractors to take affirmative action
to insure that applicants are hired, and that employees
are treated during employment without regard to race,
color, religion, sex, or national origin.
propriate cases may also be referred to the Department
of Justice for judicial proceedings.
The Secretary of Labor is assigned the responsibility
for administering the Order and is empowered to issue
whatever rules, regulations, and orders deemed necessary
to achieve its purpose.
The responsibility for achieving
compliance with the requirements of the Order currently
branch which award and administer a large segment of the
Federal Government's contracts for supplies, services,
and building construction. In carrying out that responsibility the agencies are obligated by the Order to abide
by the rules, regulations, and orders issued by the
The mission of OFCCP and the delegate Federal agen
cies is to establish nondiscrimination and affirmative
action policies, standards, and procedures as conditions
for prospective and continued contract eligibility; to
identify contractors who are in violation of those re
quirements; to remedy violations through conciliation;
and, where conciliation fails, to achieve compliance
through the withholding of contract awards, contract
sanctions, and, where more practicai, judicial litigation.
The basic obligations of Federal contractors and the
basic duties of Federal procuring agencies are detailed
in Chapter 60 of Title 41 of the Code of Federal Regula
for a written affirmative action program (AAP).
as Revised Order No. 4 or the Affirmative Action Program
Regulations, 60-2 also contains some limited amplifica
However, for the most part, they emphasize specific numerical standards and "result-oriented" procedures.
Since the inception of Executive Order No. 11246,
contractors in the construction industry have been
treated separately. Although many have an obligation
to meet specific numerical standards, such standards
are not embodied in a comprehensive set of affirmative
By regulation the Secretary of Labor has delegated
responsibility and authority, except general rulemaking,
to the Director of the Office of Federal Contract Com
of higher education; the Department of the Treasury,
the banking industry; the Department of Transportation,
the air transportation industry; the Department of Agri
culture, the food processing industry; the Department of
Defense, industries associated with defense (aerospace,
metals, engines, etc.); the General Services Adminis
tration, industries associated with civilian government