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10479, with the Vice President of the United States

serving as chairman, and the Secretary of Labor, vice chairman. The Committee was composed of 15 members, 9

representing the public and 6 representing the principal contracting agencies of the Government.

President Kennedy, in 1961, established the Presi

dent's Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity through

Executive Order 10925.

As in the earlier committees,

the chairman was the Vice President and the vice chair

man was the Secretary of Labor.

There was also an exec

utive vice chairman--an Assistant Secretary of Labor, a

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of the Committee to the Department of Labor through Ex

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ards Administration (then known as the Wage and Labor

for administering and directing programs dealing with

minimum wage and overtime standards, equal pay, age

discrimination in employment, promotion of women's wel

fare, standards to improve employment conditions other

than safety, and workers' compensation programs for

Federal and certain private employers and employees.


addition to OFCCP, the suboffices of ESA include the

Wage and Hour Division, Women's Bureau, and Office of

Workers' Compensation Programs.

In March 1972, ESA was reorganized.

All field of

fices were made directly responsible to ESA regional

administrators, and OFCC no longer had direct authority

over its regional offices.

In 1975, OFCC's name was changed to the Office of

Federal Contract Compliance Programs.

With the enact

ment of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Vietnam

Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974, OFCCP

added to its jurisdiction contract compliance activities

affecting handicapped people and Vietnam-era veterans.

What began in 1941 as a limited undertaking to prohibit

racial discrimination by defense contractors is now

three programs requiring nondiscrimination and affirmative

action by nearly every contractor doing business with the

Description of the Executive Order Program

Executive Order 11246 prohibits employment dis

crimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex,

or national origin by firms with Government contracts.

It also requires contractors to take affirmative action

to insure that applicants are hired, and that employees

are treated during employment without regard to race,

color, religion, sex, or national origin.

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propriate cases may also be referred to the Department

of Justice for judicial proceedings.

The Secretary of Labor is assigned the responsibility

for administering the Order and is empowered to issue

whatever rules, regulations, and orders deemed necessary

to achieve its purpose.

The responsibility for achieving

compliance with the requirements of the Order currently

branch which award and administer a large segment of the

Federal Government's contracts for supplies, services,

and building construction. In carrying out that responsibility the agencies are obligated by the Order to abide

by the rules, regulations, and orders issued by the


The mission of OFCCP and the delegate Federal agen

cies is to establish nondiscrimination and affirmative

action policies, standards, and procedures as conditions

for prospective and continued contract eligibility; to

identify contractors who are in violation of those re

quirements; to remedy violations through conciliation;

and, where conciliation fails, to achieve compliance

through the withholding of contract awards, contract

sanctions, and, where more practicai, judicial litigation.

The basic obligations of Federal contractors and the

basic duties of Federal procuring agencies are detailed

in Chapter 60 of Title 41 of the Code of Federal Regula

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for a written affirmative action program (AAP).


as Revised Order No. 4 or the Affirmative Action Program

Regulations, 60-2 also contains some limited amplifica

However, for the most part, they emphasize specific numerical standards and "result-oriented" procedures.

Since the inception of Executive Order No. 11246,

contractors in the construction industry have been

treated separately. Although many have an obligation

to meet specific numerical standards, such standards

are not embodied in a comprehensive set of affirmative

action obligations.

By regulation the Secretary of Labor has delegated

responsibility and authority, except general rulemaking,

to the Director of the Office of Federal Contract Com

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of higher education; the Department of the Treasury,

the banking industry; the Department of Transportation,

the air transportation industry; the Department of Agri

culture, the food processing industry; the Department of

Defense, industries associated with defense (aerospace,

metals, engines, etc.); the General Services Adminis

tration, industries associated with civilian government

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