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Title VII and the Executive Order have their own

unique advantages for achieving equal employment oppor


If each agency makes full use of its individual

advantages under its separate authorities, an automatic

result will be a more complementary and mutually sup

portive relationship in the Federal EEO enforcement


For the most part EEOC is a complaint oriented

agency whose mission is to investigate and conciliate

or enforce charges of discrimination.

Although the

agency has authority to initiate pattern or practice

suits its activities in that regard have been rather


However, as the agency expands its

capability to initiate Commissioner's charges and pat

tern or practices suits it can rely heavily on data

and information from Executive Order compliance review

reports and affirmative action programs to facilitate

successful litigation.

Such litigation can be of great

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do not involve relief in the form of backpay and related

remedies, appropriate resolutions may be achieved

through the affirmative action goals, timetables, and

procedural obligations without the necessity of a finding

of discrimination and, for the most part, outside the

context of formal proceedings.

Where remedial relief

for identifiable victims of discrimination is a signifi

cant aspect of the solution to systemic problems the ad

ministrative hearing process under the Executive Order

is more expeditious than the judicial enforcement proc

ess under Title VII, particularly when the issues in

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Aside from failures relating to past leadership,

the principal stumbling block to the development of a

two agencies has been the fact that until recently the

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share tentative forecast schedules up

to 12 months in advance of actual target

selections for compliance reviews, com

plaint investigations, and the initiation

of court suits and sanction proceedings,

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under the Executive Order would be referred to EEOC and

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ards of investigation, proof, and remedy the compliance

decision or settlement would receive the concurrence

of EEOC just as if the charge had been pursued by the

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