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EDUCATION

VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

1320. Federal board; members; chairman; terms of office; cooperation with State boards; investigations; assistants.-[Office of Education and its functions and personnel were transferred to Federal Security Agency, and functions of Secretary of Interior relating thereto were transferred to Administrator of said Agency by Reorganization Plan No. 1, sec. 201 and sec. 204, effective July 1, 1939, set out in paragraph 115–31 of this volume.] (Feb. 23, 1917, sec. 6, 39 Stat. 932; 20 Ú. S. C., sec. 17 note.)

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION (AND NATIONAL MUSEUM)

1322–1. Donations of works of art from Government agencies.—The Director of Procurement, the Administrator of the Public Works Administration, and other agencies of the Government are authorized to donate to the Gallery any works of art now or hereafter under their control. (May 17, 1938, sec. 5, 52 Stat. 401; 20 U. S. C., sec. 76d.)

VENDING STANDS FOR BLIND IN FEDERAL BUILDINGS

1324–1. Operation of vending stands authorized.—That for the purpose of providing blind persons with remunerative employment, enlarging the economic opportunities of the blind, and stimulating the blind to greater efforts in striving to make themselves self-supporting blind persons licensed under the provisions of this Act shall be authorized to operate vending stands in any Federal building where, in the discretion of the head of the department or agency in charge of the maintenance of the building, such vending stands may be properly and satisfactorily operated by blind persons. (June 20, 1936, sec. 1, 49 Stat. 1559; 20 U.S. C., sec. 107.)

1324–2. Surveys and reports to be made by Office of Education.—(a) The Office of Education in the Department of the Interior, subject to the direction of the Commissioner of Education and such rules and regulations as he may, with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, prescribe, shall

(1) Make surveys of concession-stand opportunities for blind persons in Federal and other buildings in the United States;

(2) Make surveys throughout the United States of industries with a view to obtaining information that will assist blind persons to obtain employment;

(3) Make available to the public, and especially to persons and organizations engaged in work for the blind, information obtained as a result of such surveys;

(4) Designate as provided in section 3 of this Act the State commission for the blind in each State, or, in any State in which there is no such commission some other public agency to issue licenses to blind persons who are citizens of the United States and at least twenty-one years of age for the operating of vending stands in Federal and other buildings in such State for the vending of newspapers, periodicals, confections, tobacco products, and such other articles as may be approved for each building by the custodian thereof and the State licensing agency; and

(5) Take such other steps as may be necessary and proper to carry out the provisions of this Act. (b) The State licensing agency shall, in issuing each such license for the operation of a vending stand, give preference to blind persons who are in need of employment and have resided for at least one year in the State in which such stand is to be located. Each such license shall be issued for an indefinite period but may be terminated by the State licensing agency if it is satisfied that the stand is not being operated in accordance with the rues and reguations prescribed by such licensing agency. Each such license for the operation of a vending stand in a Federal building shall be subject to the approval of the Federal agency having charge of the building in which the stand is located. Such licenses shall be issued only to applicants who are blind within the meaning of this Act but are able, in spite of such infirmity, to operate such stands.

(c) The State licensing agency designated by the Office of Education is authorized, with the approval of the custodian having charge of the building in which the vending stand is to be located, to select a location for such stand and the type of stand to be provided. (June 20, 1936, sec. 2, 49 Stat. 1559; 20 U. S. C., sec. 107a.):

1324–3. Cooperation of State commission for blind.—(a) A State commission for the blind or other State agency desiring to be designated as the agency for licensing blind persons for the operation of vending stands as provided in this Act shall, with the approval of the governor of the State, make application to the Commissioner of Education and agree

(1) To cooperate with the Commissioner of Education and with the division of vocational rehabilitation of such State in training, placing, and supervising blind persons;

(2) To provide through loan, gift, or otherwise, for each blind person licensed to operate a stand, an adequate initial stock of suitable articles to be vended therefrom. (June 20, 1936, sec. 3,

49 Stat. 1560; 20 U. S. C., sec. 107b.) 1324-4. Cooperation of Commissioner with State boards.- The Commis. sioner is authorized to cooperate with the State boards for rehabilitation of handicapped persons, established by the several States pursuant to the Act entitled "An Act to provide for the promotion of vocational rehabilitation of persons disabled in industry or otherwise and their return to civil employment", approved June 2, 1920, as amended and supplemented, in carrying out the provisions of this Act. (June 20, 1936, sec. 4, 49 Stat. 1560; 20 U.S. C., sec. 107c.)

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1324-5. Expenditures authorized; preference for blind persons. (a) The Commissioner is authorized to make such expenditures out of any money appropriated therefor (including expenditures for personal services and rent at the seat of government and elsewhere, books of reference and periodicals, for printing and binding, and for traveling expenses) as he may deem necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.

(b) The Commissioner shall, in employing such additional personnel as may be necessary, give preference to blind persons who are capable of discharging the required duties, and at least 50 per centum of such additional personnel shall be blind persons. (June 20, 1936, sec. 5, 49 Stat. 1560; 20 U. S. C., sec. 107d.)

1324-6. Definitions. As used in this Act.

(a) The term “United States” includes the several States, Territories, and possessions of the United States, and the District of Columbia.

(b) The term “blind person" means a person having not more than 10 per centum visual acuity in the better eye with correction. Such blindness shall be certified by a duly licensed ophthalmologist.

(c) The term "State” means a State, Territory, possession, or the District of Columbia. (June 20, 1936, sec. 6, 49 Stat. 1560; 20 Ú. S. C., sec. 107e.)

1324–7. Appropriation authorized.—There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for carrying out the provisions of this Act. (June 20, 1936, sec. 7, 49 Stat. 1560; 20 U.S. C., sec. 107f.)

FOREIGN STUDENTS

1343–1. President authorized to permit citizens of American Republics to enroll in Government schools.—That the President be, and he hereby is, authorized, in his discretion and under such regulations as he may prescribe by Executive order, to permit citizens of the American republics to receive instruction, with or without charge therefor, at professional educational institutions and schools maintained and administered by the Government of the United States or by departments or agencies thereof: Provided, That such citizens shall agree to comply with all regulations for the government of the institutions and schools at which they may be under instruction and to exert every effort to accomplish successfully the courses of instruction prescribed: And provided further, That the regulations prescribed by the President under the authority of this Act shall contain provisions limiting the admission of citizens of the American republics to primary schools maintained and administered by the Government of the United States so that there will under no circumstances be any curtailment of the admission of citizens of the United States eligible to receive instruction therein and not more than one citizen of any American republic shall receive instruction at the same time in the United States Military Academy and not more than one in the United States Naval Academy. (June 24, 1938, 52 Stat. 1034; 20 U. S. C., sec. 221.)

FOOD AND DRUGS

ANIMALS, MEATS, AND MEAT AND DAIRY PRODUCTS

1380 (21)a. Meat Inspection Act amended and extended with respect to its application to farmers, retail butchers and retail dealers.—That within the meaning of this Act—[Meat Inspection Act of March 4, 1907].

(a) A "farmer" means any person or partnership chiefly engaged in producing agricultural products on whose farm the number of cattle, calves, sheep, lamps, swine, or goats is in keeping with the size of the farm or with the volume or character of the agricultural products produced thereon, but does not mean any person or partnership engaged in producing agricultural products who

(1) actively engages in buying or trading in cattle, calves, sheep, lambs, swine, or goats; or

(2) actively engages, directly or indirectly, in conducting a business which includes the slaughter of cattle, calves, sheep, lambs, swine, or goats for food purposes; or

(3) actively engages, directly or indirectly, in buying or selling meat or meat food products other than those prepared by any farmer on the farm; or

(4) actively engages, directly or indirectly, in salting, curing, or canning 'meat, or in preparing sausage, lard, or other meat food products; or

(5) slaughters, or permits any person to slaughter, on his or their farm cattle, calves, sheep, lambs, swine, or goats which are

not actually owned by him or them. (b) A “retail butcher" means any person, partnership, association, or corporation chiefly engaged in selling meat or meat food products to consumers only, except that the Secretary of Agriculture, at his discretion, may permit any retail butcher to transport in interstate or foreign commerce to consumers and meat retailers in any one week not more than five carcasses of cattle, twenty-five carcasses of calves, twenty carcasses of sheep, twenty-five carcasses of lambs, ten carcasses of swine, twenty carcasses of goats, or twenty-five carcasses of goal kids, or the equivalent of fresh meat therefrom, and to transport in interstate or foreign commerce to consumers only meat and meat food products which have been salted, cured, canned, or prepared as sausage, lard, or other meat food products, and which have not been inspected, examined, and marked as "Inspected and Passed” in accordance with the terms of the Meat Inspection Act of March 4, 1907, and Acts supplemental thereto, and with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture.

(c) A “retail dealer" means any person, partnership, association, or corporation chiefly engaged in selling meat or meat food products to consumers only except that the Secretary of Agriculture, at his discretion, may permit any retail dealer to transport in interstate trade or foreign commerce to consumers and meat retailers in any one week not more than five carcasses of cattle, twenty-five carcasses of calves, twenty carcasses of sheep, twenty-five carcasses of lambs, ten carcasses of swine, twenty carcasses of goats, or twenty-five car

casses of goat kids, or the equivalent of fresh meat therefrom, and to transport in interstate or foreign commerce to consumers only meat and meat food products which have been salted, cured, canned, or prepared as sausage, lard, or other meat food products which have not been inspected, examined, and marked as 'Inspected and Passed in accordance with the terms of the Meat Inspection Act of March 4, 1907, and Acts supplemental thereto, and with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture.

That the provisions of the Meat Inspection Act of March 4, 1907, requiring inspection to be made by the Secretary of Agriculture shall not apply to animals slaughtered by any farmer on the farm and sold and transported in interstate or foreign commerce, nor to retail butchers and retail dealers in meat and meat food products,

products derived from animals slaughtered by any farmer on the farm which are salted, cured, canned, or prepared into sausage, lard, or other meat food products at any place other than by the farmer on the farm upon which the animals were slaughtered shall not be transported in interstate or foreign commerce under the farmers' exemption herein provided, and all fresh meat and all farm-cured or prepared meat and meat food products derived from animals slaughtered by any farmer on the farm which are to be used in interstate or foreign commerce shall be clearly marked with the name and address of the farmer on whose farm the animals were slaughtered: Provided further, That if any person shall sell or offer for sale or transportation for interstate or foreign commerce any meat or meat food products which are diseased, unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or otherwise unfit for human food, knowing that such meat food products are intended for human consumption, he shall be guilty of a disdemeanor and on conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine not exceeding $1,000 or by imprisonment for a period of not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment: And provided further, That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to maintain the inspection in this Act provided for at any slaughtering, meat canning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment notwithstanding this exception, and that the persons operating the same may be retail butchers and retail dealers or farmers; and where the Secretary of Agriculture shall establish such inspection then the provisions of this Act shall apply notwithstanding this exception. (Nov. 4, 1907, 34 Stat. 1265; June 29, 1938, 52 Stat. 1235; 21 U. S. C., sec. 91.)

FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS, CONGRESSES, ETC.

1422-1. Participation in international conferences restricted.— * * * Hereafter the Executive shall not extend or accept any invitation to participate in any international congress, conference, or like event, without first having specific authority of law to do so. (Mar. 4, 1913, sec. 1, 37 Stat. 913; 22 U. S. C., sec. 262.)

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