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training, will be of great value in organizing women for active duty whenever they may be needed again.

The enactment of this bill will immediately provide a basis upon which qualified women may be inducted into the Coast Guard Reserve and form a nucleus for a SPAR organization similar to that which functioned so efficiently during the recent war. It is anticipated that many of those who apply for membership in the new Women's Reserve will be ex-Spars. Thus in case of any future national emergency the experience and training of these women will have been retained and developed to meet any urgent expansion of the active forces of the Coast Guard.

Inasmuch as any expense involved in administering the Women's Reserve will be absorbed in the administration of the Coast Guard Reserve, the enactment of this legislation will have a negligible effect on the annual budget of the United States.

The Treasury Department has informed your committee that it considers the proposed legislation to be meritorious. The Bureau of the Budget has no objection to this legislation.

CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW

In compliance with paragraph 2a of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by the bill, as introduced, are shown as follows (new matter is printed in italics, existing law in which no change is proposed is shown in roman):

Sec. 215. Members of the regular Coast Guard called to active duty in the Reserve, as provided by section 214 of this Act, shall not thereby suffer any reduction in pay and allowances: Provided, That if while so serving on active duty such members contract sickness or disease or sustain injury, or die as a result of such sickness, disease, or injury, they or their beneficiaries shall be entitled to all the benefits provided for commissioned, chief warrant, or warrant officers of the Reserve of the same rank, or to the benefits to which they would have been entitled had such active service been performed in their prior status as chief warrant or warrant officers or enlisted men of the regular Coast Guard, whichever may be the greater.

Šec. 216. A Women's Reserve is hereby established which shall be a branch of the Coast Guard Reserve and which shall be administered in the same manner as provided for the Coast Guard Reserve in all respects, except as may be necessary to adapt said provisions to the Women's Reserve, or as may be otherwise provided by statute.

SEC. 217. Members of the Women's Reserve may be commissioned, appointed, or enlisted in ranks and ratings as prescribed by the Secretary. but not above the rank of captain.

SEC. 218. Military authority of members of the Women's Reserve may be exercised over other members of the Women's Reserve only.

Sec. 219. Members of the Women's Reserve shall not be assigned duty on board combat vessles or in combat aircrafi, nor shall they be otherwise assigned to combat duty. Members of the Women's Reserve shall not be assigned to duty other than in the United States, its Territories, and possessions, nor shall they be assigned to duty outside the continental limits of the United States unless they have requested such duty.

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RESTORING CERTAIN LAND IN ALASKA TO THE PUBLIC DOMAIN AND TO AUTHORIZE ITS SALE TO FORD J. DALE, OF FAIRBANKS, ALASKA

May 12, 1949.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House and ordered

to be printed

Mr. PETERSON, from the Committee on Public Lands, submitted the

following

REPORT

[To accompany H. R. 1790)

The Committee on Public Lands, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 1790) to restore certain land in Alaska to the public domain and to authorize its sale to Ford J. Dale, of Fairbanks, Alaska, having considered the same, report favorably thereon with amendments and recommend that the bill as amended do pass.

The amendments are as follows: Page 2, line 12, strike out the period and insert in lieu thereof a colon and add the following words:

Provided, That the cost of any survey necessary to the issuance of patent shall be paid by Ford J. Dale prior to the commencement of such survey.

Page 2, line 22, following the word “under” insert the words "applicable laws, and”.

EXPLANATION OF THE BILL

This proposed legislation would restore to the public domain in Alaska å 5-acre tract of land and authorize its sale, upon application, to Ford J. Dale, of Fairbanks, for trade and manufacturing purposes. No expenditure of Federal funds is involved.

H. R. 1790 was amended by the committee to conform to the recommendations of the Department of the Interior. Pertinent comments from the Department's favorable report are set forth below and fully explain the purpose of the bill:

I have no objection to the enactment of this bill provided it is amended as hereinafter suggested.

In 1942 the C. F. Lytle Co. & Green Construction Co. erected certain improvements on the unsurveyed land in question. On April 21, 1944, the land, with

others, was withdrawn for classification pursuant to Public Land Order 225. On October 6, 1947, Dale purchased these improvements, consisting of a cabin, woodshed and outhouse, and made additional improvements on the land for the accommodation of the traveling public. On January 2, 1948, Dale filed an application (Anchorage 011962) for the tract involved, as a trade and manufacturing site, under section 10 of the Act of May 14, 1898 (30 Stat. 413; 48 U. S. C. sec. 461).

The tract having been withdrawn for classification prior to the assignment of the improvements to Dale, his right to purchase the tract is subject to the existing withdrawal. Before the tract which is unsurveyed, may be sold under ex. isting law and regulations, the tract would have to be surveyed, then the witbdrawal order would have to be revoked to the extent necessary, and the land would be restored and opened to entry. Such restoration, however, would be subject to the preference right of application granted to vetearns of World War subject to the preference right of application granted to veterans of World War II under section 4 of the act of September 27, 1944 (58 Stat. 748, 43 U. S. C. sec. 282). This procedure might well endanger Dale's equities and improvements.

The legislation contemplated by H. R. 1790, if enacted, would obviate this hazard to Dale's equities by authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to restore the tract in question to the public domain and, upon application, to sell it directly to Ford J. Dale for trade and manufacturing purposes.

In keeping with the trade and manufacturing site law, the expense of making any survey necessary to identify the tract on the ground should be borne by Dale. It is suggested, therefore, that the period at the end of the first section, line 12, page 2, be deleted and the following added:

*: Provided That the cost of any survey necessary to the issuance of patent shall be paid by Ford J. Dale prior to the commencement of such survey.".

In section 2, line 22, after the word "under" insert the words "applicable laws, and".

The Committee on Public Lands unanimously recommend the enactment of H. R. 1790, as amended.

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LIBERALIZING THE REQUIREMENT FOR PAYMENT OF PENSION IN CERTAIN CASES TO VETERANS AND THEIR WIDOWS AND CHILDREN

May 12, 1949.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State

of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. RANKIN, from the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, submitted

the following

REPORT

(To accompany H. R. 4617)

The Committee on Veterans Affairs, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 4617) to liberalize the requirement for payment of pension in certain cases to veterans and their widows and children, having considered it at length, report favorably thereon with amendments, and recommend that the bill, as amended do pass.

The amendments are as follows: Amend the title of the bill to read: A bill to liberalize the requirement for payment of pension in certain cases to veterans and thetr widows and children, and for other purposes

Page 2, line 9, after the words "or over" strike the remainder of line 9 and all of line 10 and insert in lieu thereof the following: who meet the requirement of unemployability. For purposes of this part, marginal employment, including but not limited to, on own farm, in own business, or at odd jobs, at less than half the usual hours of work or less than half the usual remuneration will not be considered incompatible with a determination of unemployment and unemployability, if the restriction, as to securing or retaining better employment, is due to the disabilities

Page 4, line 10, after the word "guilty”, insert the word “of”.

GENERAL STATEMENT

The committee has conducted extensive hearings on the subject of pension bills; testimony has been received from Members of Congress, Administrator of Veterans' Affairs and his representatives, officials of the American Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars, American Veterans of World War II, and American Veterans' Committee. Representatives of the Bureau of the Budget testified in support of certain cost

H. Repts., 81-1, vol. 3—58

figures presented by the Veterans' Administration. In addition, officials of the Social Security Administration appeared before the committee and gave detailed information about the cost of its program and operation. In all, a total of 18 days of hearings have been held on the subject of pensions, which resulted in a total of 548 pages of printed hearings. Thirty-two amendments were presented by members of the committee and service organizations and each of these amendments was given the most careful analysis and study. Detailed information concerning estimated costs of various phases of the pension program was presented by the Veterans' Administration and the committee is firmly of the opinion that every facet of the pension subject has been thoroughly investigated and considered as a result of the hearings which have been held.

ANALYSIS OF THE BILL

Section 1 of the bill substantially enacts into law provisions of the recent extension 5 of the Veterans' Administration Schedule for Rating Disabilities, 1945 edition. This regulation permits the granting of a permanent and total disability rating to a veteran of World War I, World War II, or Spanish-American War, including the Philippine Insurrection and Boxer Rebellion, who is less than 55 years of age and who has a permanent single disability of 60 percent or more, or has a combined disability rating of 70 percent or more, one of which must be at least 40 percent, and who is unemployable, thereby rendering him eligible, if otherwise qualified, to receive a pension for such non-service-connected condition of $60 a month or $72 a month if so rated and in receipt of pension for a continuous period of 10 years. For the same class of veterans, upon reaching age 55, the requirement is lowered to a single or combined disability rating of 60 percent, and on attainment of age 60, a disability rating of 50 percent is required. In every case, a finding of unemployability must be made.

Under the provisions of extension 5, a veteran reaching the age of 65 years and who has a 10 percent disability or more, would be rated permanent and total and, if otherwise eligible, entitled to the $72 à month rate. A finding of unemployability must still be made. This bill would change existing regulations by eliminating the 10 percent disability requirement and the related medical examination. În other words, at age 65 veterans would be presumed to be permanently and totally disabled if unemployable. The $72 rate would remain and a finding of unemployability would still be required. The administrative cost will be reduced since medical examinations will be eliminated.

A guide for determining unemployability for purposes of part III of Veterans Regulation No. 1 (a), as amended, is contained in section 1 of the bill. The guide is similar to provisions on the subject now set forth in the mentioned extension 5.

The committee feels that veterans will be better informed concerning the provisions of extension 5 if they are enacted into law. Further, it is the view of the committee that these provisions should not be subject to change without congressional consideration. Accordingly, the committee has incorporated certain of the provisions in section 1 of the bill.

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