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eft imaginable fecrecy; and a few without which we would not have been days after the paintings were finished, so happy at this time, por assembled the Colonel in this


around this table as we are. To. fplendid entertainment to a nume- morrow morning at breakfast, I will rous assembly

relate the whole affair ; for it were a What a fight for the father at his pity such an action was not remementrance ! This new instance of fi- bered. They infifted that he should lial respect, the fincere compliments relate it to the whole company at of an illustrious company, and the that time : but he continued to remembrance of those dreadful scenes, smile and refuse. When they were affected him exceedingly. He had all seated, they foon forgot the actoo much opeoness of temper not to tion, or appeared not to think of it. be intoxicated with that joy which The young Count, who had not loft he felt in his heart, and all present a word of his father's discourse, forpartook of the intoxication.

got not, however, to put him in The old Count ran over the whole mind of his promise. I expected with his eye; and turning to his son this, replied the Field Marshal fri with much kindness in his looks, you ling, and it is proper I acquit myself did well, my son, faid he, to conceal of my promise; but it is first neces. this from me, since you were deter- sary that we go to the hall, and mined to execute it. I would have that we be there alone. hindered that which is now too late dition was immediately accepted. to forbid ; and indeed to reproach You have terininated the first row of you for it would be more like affec- pictures on that wall, continued the tation than modesty : yet the only old Count, with that one whereina thing which pleases me in this mat. the monarch gives me a carte-blanche ter is the respect and tenderness and the Marshal's Staff. This is alto. which you show for your father. At gether wrong. You have united • the same time, my fon—Here he what, in the truth of history, ought to

fhook his head with a doubtful smile have been kept distant by the space on his countenance.

of fifteen years, and what two love. What follows, my father? reigns have done from circumstances

This representation of my life is widely different. But grant that the of the same kind with all those which fault could be easily amended; doth are written without the knowledge not this picture, placed in this manor advice of the principal actor. ner, indicate to all the world that the They fupprefs altogether, or very of. itaff of Field Marshal was given me ten mention slightly, a sharacteristical for one of thele good actions, or for trait which would explain the whole. all my services together ? Most cerWhat must we think of these histo- tainly. ries, when my son himself-He It is nevertheless very false. And ftopped ; and his last words were not it is precisely this noble action which the effusion of a heart melting with hath been so well rewarded, that gladness, there was somewhat of bit. you have omitted in these pic. terness in his smile. They intreated tures. bim to go on : he refused a long What do I hear, my father ? Can time ; and then with much coldness my memory haveof expression he proceeded.

I do not blame your heart, my If you have attempted to give a son. How could you paint an acsketch of my life, you have forgot. tion you had never heard of? This SA one remarkable heroic nation, ignorance is as excusabic as the


astonishment which the fact occa- It is true, 'the Prince commended fions. You were young when I ob- my conduct in the face of the whole tained this honourable itaif. I have court, and the same day gave the never spoken of this affair to you government of the place to the fon nor any one ; and at this moment of his first minister, a youth of se. I am afraid we may be overheard. venteen years of age, who had not

Be not afraid of it, replied his son. so much as appeared at the fiege. I The old man, lowering his voice, must do him the juitice, however, to continued the conversation.

fay, that he graciously appointed me Let us take a review of all these the second in commaird to the itrip actions and their reward. This wi- ling; and appeared much atonished thered arm is all the advantage which at my refusal It was with difficul. I gained from that battle, when, with ty, and even by chance, that I esca. as much propriety as good fortune, I ped banishment, or a prison for every threw my colours among the thickest for in concluding that peace, I must of the enemy.

By this stratagem I confefs. I abused a little their carte. brought back the left wing, who were blanche, and figned it with too much Aying at the very tiine the right was precipitation. I forgot to make the beginning to yield. My troops re- enemy cede a territory of a dozen of newed the charge with wonderful acres and three finall villages. I fool. courage, and the enemy were cut to ishly reckoned on the expence of pieces. I was at that time major; another campaign, which would have and I continued to be so. My ge- cost us fome millions of forins and neral, who was the first inan that several thousand men. endeavoured to save his precious life My God, what an indignity! by flight, was rewarded with a con. Allow me to continue, said the old fiderable penfion for bis bravery on Count; the best part of the story yet that day.

remains. You have seen the snuffI was made prisoner in that battle box which I received from my sówhere I fell wounded from my horse. vereign when I delivered him from My wound was but indifferently cu

the hands of the enemy.

It was red, and I was forgoiten in the ex. foolish in him to hunt in an enemy's change of prisoners. In short, my country, and at a time when he had ransom was paid by-myself. reason to expect an enemy, or at least Good God!

tofind some spy among his own followThe father continued without


I had also my spurs, as well as seeming to regard the exclamation of a number of brave fellows on whom I his fon.

could depend. I compelled the eneThe scar which you see on my my to part with their prize; and I forehead makes me casily recollect received this box, which is worth one that pi&ture. I received the wound hundred and fifty ducats, to indembefore that fort, the fiege of which nify' me for a horse killed under me had engaged us a whole campaign ; worth four hundred. But as a reand which, I venture to say, would ward for his faithful services, he made neither have been taken nor preser. his chamberlain, who was taken with ved without my care and activity. him, marshal of the court. This For I first planted my standard in man had attempted to draw his hang. the breach ; and I was obliged to er, but unfortunately it clung to the put to death several of my own fol. {cabbard. diers to prevent the pillaging and the When they saw me displeased, I utier deftruction of the city and its was rewarded with this cross, which iukabitants.

bash coft me much expence, and which of the Count de B.

never was, nor ever can be, of any Do you speak serioully said the real advantage. You are ferious, my young Colonel : assistance given to a fon, be not, however, altogether de- dog ! jected; it is posible for virtue, even This great a&tion, I can assure by chance, to meet with a proper you, raised me to that rank and for reward.

tune which I now poffefs. There I was major fifteen


without was more glory in it than in my blood any advancement.

so often shed for my country. It was Fifteen years! your philosophy of more value than thirty years serperhaps wished it fo ?

vice in war; than the painful. labour Yes, I might excite the admira- of many days and nights, in which I tion of the world, by adopting the was exposed to the hardships of the language of a humble philosopher; winter, and the fire of a desperate but the truth, though less honour- enemy. able, is more valuable to me. I con- I could easily increase your fur. fess to you, my fon, that my regard prise by informing you, that, as a for my family made me with fur ad- man of honour, I have never pro, yancement. I did not remain unre- nounced the name of my benefacwarded cause I refused honours, tress without blushing. But attend but because some person of the court, to me, and I will relate all the cir. more fortunate or more worthy, was cumftacces. preferred. The prince, whofe life, ho. A place of Field Marshal became nour, and perhaps kingdom, I had vacant by the death of Count de preserved, was now dead, and his suc- PH. Every one of a great number cessor was either ignorant of my fer- of candidates had a powerful interest vices, or thought the merit of them to support him. I had the old-faa sufficient reward. Yes, my son, shioned clain of my services; and, weary of their treacherous promises, without vanity, I had the best title ta and of seeing my hopes always dif- the place. I saw, however, that I appointed, I determined all at once would not succeed, for the minifter, to throw up my commiffion, and re- the Baron de K. was more sovereign tire to the country.

There I ex- than the King himself; and it often pected to pass the remainder of my happened that those who were prolife in an obfcure yet happy man- tected by the King, had to yield ner, when, contrary to my expec- to those who were protected by tation, my good fortune gave me an the minifter. It is true, he testified opportunity of performing an much friendship for me ; but he ex, tion which at once loaded me with acted the attendance which was due riches and glory.

to my sovereign ; and I had too What action was this, my father? much haughtiness of spirit to pay

Oh! it would be a difficult mat- court to a man who had scarcely e. ter to represent this properly in a scaped from the lash of his precep pi&ture. A large river, leveral wo- tor, while I was covered with the men of quality weeping on the bank blood of the enemies I had conquer. of it, myself on horseback in the ed. I could therefore easily foresee middle of the river, holding a little the fuccess of my solicitations. I dog, ugly and blind of an eye, aimoft was in doubt whether I should return drowned, and spuiting the water on to my estate, or expose myself to a all sides of him.

Would not that Dew affront. Reflecting on my abe the fubject of an inimitable re- tuation, I was onc day riding slowly, Presentation

with a single servant, when my at




tention was called to a chariot which tion of false alarms; and all the palled me with great rapidity. I ob- company talking at once, made a served in it the mistress of the Mini. very diverting tragi-comical advenster, who from chambermaid was rai- ture. sed to this high station. She was ini. As I thought there was no more mitably well made, and beautiful as occafion for my affiftance, I was aa goddess, if a woman can be so bgut to depart; but the mistress of without honour and modefty. She the little favourite intreated me to rereturned my salute with great indif- main a little with so much earnestference, and a hundred peces farther ness, that I alighted from my horse, on she alighted to walk on the banks and offered her my arm. Mr Gene. of a river.

ral, said she, accepting it, and draw. As I did not choose to falute her ing me aside, I know what place you a fecond time, I ftruck into a path are foliciting ; if I forget this feron my left, when the cries of the vice, or let it pase unrewarded ; if women, whom I saw running back the minilter does not become your wards and forwards in great disorder, fast friend, may--my poor favour. reached my ears. By a natural ite--You shall see whether I can be movement i rode back to their aslist- ungrateful. ance at full speed. The mistress of I bowed to her without speaking a his Excellency came running to meet word; for I will confess to you, that me with horror painted in her coun- your father was too haughty to actenance.

knowledge a favour from such a wo. Oh, Mr General, cried Me, as she man, while I was too much a cour. was hafting towards me, I beseech tier to reject entirely what she ofyou, for heaven's sake..come to our fered of her own accord. At the affittance,-mylittle favourite-down same time I was determined never there he has fallen into the water- to put her in mind of her promise. he cannot extricate himself, and we The next day, at the King's lecannot aflift him-See, he is finking vee, the minister drew me into a in the itream--the torrent-Mr Ge. corner, and whispered me that his neral, for heaven's sake.

Majesty had now recollected my name Without reflecting a moment on and my services; that he had conthe nature of this commision, which firmed him in his favourable intenwould have much better become my tions: and that he entertained the servant, I plunged into the river, greatest hopes of soon congratulaand seized the little favourite just as he ting me on my advancement. He was finking.

The scene was now had great reason to say so; for within ruly ridiculons. No mother could the month I received the staff of have expressed more joy at the safe Field Marshal. return of her son, though she had Had I not been convinced that I formerly believed him killed in battle. deferved this honour, believe me, I

Then the nauseous compliments of would have refused it: but on acthe company; the eagerness to be count of my own services, and the the firit to falute the little favourite ; regard I had for my family and for with the fear of dirtying, fullying, you, I accepted, without blushing, (poiling their clothes; the repeti. the reward to which I was intitled.

On the difference of Colour in the Inhabitants of different Climates. By My


WE 'E think it demonstrable, that stance, to have led the ancient ana

the difference of colour in the tomits to believe, that there were inhabitants of different climates was but two lamina, or divisible portions never caused by any interposition of in the human skin. the Deity, but that it must have This difcovery was sufficient to proceeded from an incidental co-ope. ascertain the point in question : for ration of causes

it appeared afterwards that the cur What these causes are, it is out of ticle, when divided according to the power of human wisdom pofi this discovery from the other lamitively to assert : there are facts, na, was femi-transparent ; that the however, which, if properly weigh- cuticle of the blackest niegroe was ed and put together, will throw of the same transparency and coconfiderable light upon the fubject. lour as that of the purest white; and

The first point that occurs to be hence the true skins of both beascertained, is, . What part of the ing invariably the same, that the skin is the seat of colour ?" The old mucofuin corpus was the feat of coanatomists usually divided the skin into lour. two parts or lamina; the exterior and This has been farther confirmed thinnest, called by the Greeks epic by all subsequent anatomical expeä dermis, by the Romans cuticula, and riments ; by which it appears, that, hence by us cuticle; and the inte whatever is the colour of this interior, called by the former derma, fermediate coagulated substance, nearand by the latter cutis, or true skin. ly the same is the apparent colour Hence they must necessarily have of the upper surface of the skind supposed, that, as the true skin was Neither can it be otherwise ; for the in every respect the same in all hu- cuticle, from its transparency, must man subjects, however various their necessarily transmit the colour of the external hue, so the seat of colour substance beneath it, in the fame must have exifted in the cuticle or manner, though not in the fame de

gree, as the cornes transmits the Malphigi, an eminent Italian phy- colour of the iris of the eģe. This fician of the last century, was the transparency is a matter of ocular defirst person who discovered that the monitration in white people. It is fin was divided into three lamina conspicuous in every bluth ; for no or parts; the cuticle, the true frin, one can imagine that the euticle and a certain coagulated substance becomes red as often as this hapfituated between both, which he di- pens: nor is it less discoverable ftinguished by the title of mucofum in the veins, which ate fo easy to corpus; a title retained by anato- be discerned; for no one can supmifts to the present day: which coa- pore, that the blue streaks, which gulated substance adhered so firmly he constantly fees in the fairelt to the cuticle, as, in all former ana. complexions, are painted, as it were, tomical preparations, to have come on the surface of the upper' skin. off with it; and, from this circum. From there; and a variety of o-' Vol. IV. N° 23.

ther • This dissertation is introduced hy Mr Clarkson in his Effay on the Slavery and Coma merce of the Human Species, to invalidate the argument that has been deduced from the colour of the Africans, to prove that they form an inferior link in the chain of nature, and are designed for lavery.

upper surface.


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