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Give me that heart, which in itself doth war This may ferve as a specimen of With many frailties, who like traitors are
the poetry and manner of Wither. In a besieged fort, and hath to do With outward foes, and inward terrors too;
In his works there are thousands of Yet of himself and them a conquest makes, verses as good and better than these; And still proceeds in what he undertakes. but they could not be fitly deFor this is double valour; and fuch men,
tached from his "6 Although they are mis-censur'd now and
great argu. then,
ment." Enjoy those minds that best composed are, Such is the poet whom Butler In lawful quarrels are without compare : and Swift and Pope have degraAnd when the coward hoodwink'd goes to
ded into the lowest rank of Dun. fight, Dare charge their sternest foes with open
To the Authors of the ENGLISH Review. Gentlemen, I Greatly approve of the edict against the modern corrupters of our language
in your Review for last June, and beg leave to point out the following inStances of the corruption which daily gains ground, and the source from which
it springs. The latter I apprehend to be the deluge of affected writers which overflows our land, destroys its native plants, and introduces useless exotics to fupply their place, or to corrupt their species by an heterogeneous mixture. I Shall first set down the Scottisms which are now in vogue, and then translate them into English in the opposite column. Provincial.
English. A ftair of twenty steps,
A fair-case, or flight of steps. He was in use to do it,
He used to do it, or frequently did it. Implements of venery,
Implements of hunting.
This is applicable to the case.
In the room, or instead of. Two years back,
Two years fince, or ago. To determine,
To terminate, or put an end to. To captivate, or incarcerate, To take prisoner, to imprison. To liberate, and liberator,
To deliver or release, deliverer. Debitor,
The person who imprisons, or the jailor. Not only might parties, &c. Parties might not only. Gallicisms,
non seulment, &c. Not only was this innovation, &c. This innovation was not only. Government could not agree,
The goverment could not, &c. Administration laid before proprie. The ministers, or the ministry, laid bea tary,
fore the proprietors.. Orders from direction,
Orders from the directors, Opposition spoke agains adminiftra. Those who oppose the ministry spoke a.
The omifion ef the definite article the in the four last instances, and in num= berless others, and the absurd practice of using abstract terms, 'render the phrajes indefinite and vague ; and is contrary to the idiom of our own and every other langage; as in the absurd, though generally adapted, mode, of omitting the
The Reward of Early Industry. A Tale.
particle to in the fuperscription of letters: A Monsieur Monsieur, Al Signor Signor, Domino Domino A. B. is the invariable mode in the modern and ancient languages : and the name without To seems to mean the writer of a letter, and not the person to whom it is addressed. Besides, it is ungrammatical *.
Whilft, amongst, betwixt, and pretext, found very barshly; while, among, between, and pretence, are certainly more harmonious, and confe. quently more elegant. I must not omit the use of the fimple past tense, instead of the principle, in the compound past tense. I have wrote, he bas drove, he was chose; it is fell, they have took ti &c. inftead of written, driven, chosen, fallen : the first of these, at least, you frequently use in the Review; and I am sorry to say that, by so doing, you, who are critics by profession, countenance fuch inaccuracies. Lay for lie hath found its way from the mouths of the vula gar into the public prints, and from thence into the writings of some respectable authors. I suppose the two negatives will next creep into the newspapers, and then be adopted by our novel writers, &c. as well as most highest, most Atraiteft, and more liker, now ufed by the vulgar. You was, though frer quently used, is as abfurd as we am or thou were, instead of we are, thou
I am, Gentlemen, Lawrence-Ayet, near Welwyn, Herts,
Your obedient servant. Aug. 157b, 1786.
R. W-nne. PS. I forgot to mention unwell, which is an Hibernism ufed by our mo
dern refiners, in conversation at least : they may as well say, unwhite for black, or unblack for white.
The Reward of Early Industry. A Tale from the Veillées du Murais, jul
published. IN N ancient times there was a farmer at he had listened to. Nicol secretly made
Grange in the county of Cork, who had preparations for fitting himself out as a dea. a numerous family of children. Nicol, one ler in wool: he procured a coarse coat fit for of the younger luns, considering that his cl- defending him against rain, an excellent pair der brothers would have the farm, and that of brogues, such
as they wear in Ireland, a he had nothing to expect but from his own little dalk for holding water, and a stick tipt industry, was alarmed at his future pro- with iron to protect him against danger. Spects. The beauty of the wool of Con- Thus provided, he left his father's house naught, and the gain that might be made without money or goods to exchange, and by dealing in it, made the subject of conver- made his way to the county of Galway, li, sacion one day at his father's. The discourse ving upon the wild fruits he found by the made a lively impression on the boy; he road, or upon the hospitality of the charifelt within himself the spirit of traffic be- table. He was delighted with the view of fore he had the means, for of this lacter no the fine wool which he saw here; but it now mention had been made in the conversation for the first time occurred to him, that a mer. VOL. IV. N° 22.
chang Every nominative case, except the case abfolute, belongs to some verb, either expressed of implied. Lowth's Grammar, p. 131. See the grammar of any language, ancient or modern.
1. The absurdity of the mode of expreffon will be easily perceived in examples of other verbs, which have not been tbus perverted, viz. I have knew, he has saw, they have gave, they are Went, &c.
Was is not the second person of the verb in either number. Etois and cri are never wed by the French of Italians in the plural number.
chant mut have something to give before he wool, and had a ready and lucrative mar can receive. This thought afflicted but did ket for it at Ballyclough, where the Baron not discourage him. Since his arrival, he had still was. Nicol did not fail to inform him heard that one of the nobles of his native of his success, and to renew his acknowcounty was then in the town, whose repu- ledgments. «. Thou art grateful,” said the tation for benevolence was known to every Baron to him, " and will prosper ; go on body. He introduced himself to the noble young man, and remember that I interest man as a native of Cork, who had cone myself in the increase of thy little fortune." to Galway to purchase wool, but who had Nicol retired, accumulating benedictions on no money. The Baron of Baltimore, who his generous patron. was indeed of that county, was astonished He recurned to Connaught, paid what he at the sight of a boy who announced him. owed, and laid out all his money: for he self as a dealer in wool. He interrogated was at no unnecessary expence, and had Nicolt; who made him a very simple and now double credit. In this way he made honest detailof his present and future designs. several excursions: he went to the country Baltimore was ftruck with the fingulari- and to the farms, and had a part of his ty; he discovered a deal of natural fagacity merchandise from the firft hand, which he is the youth; and being assured that he was soon disposed of to advantage, particularly no fugitive libertine, he lent him a sum of at Carrickfergus and Belfait. At this last money. He was persuaded that it was a place he heard of his benefactor, and flew gift; the lad's ignorance of commerce ex- to pay his refpccts. Nicol,” said the doposing him to the hazard of being duped in mestics, seeing him ftill with his brogues, the outset. However, said he, i hall have you are surely not doing well, boy?” “ Pret the fatisfaction of paying the premium of ty well,” said our young trader. Being adhis apprenticeship.
mitted to the Baron, he informed him of Nical, now possessed of a sum more con- his affairs. “ I congratulate you, Nicol,” siderable than he had ever expected, ran to said he, “ on your success; but how comes make his bargain; and whether it was his it that you do not dress yourself better own sagacity, or that the people of Con- now?” “I am as I should be, my Lord: If naught had not the heart to impose on a I had finer clothes, I would but attract the trader fo young, his bargain was advanta- attention of robbers, and make myself be geous. He travelled to the counties where inposed on by the rapacity of inn-keepers : iheep were scarce, such as King's County, a man well dressed must eat and drink and Kildare, and Balyclough, and disposed of his sleep like a gentleman; but in my coarse wool with considerable profit.
apparel, I am contented with a morsel of Now it happened at this time, that the bacon and a draught of small beer. I sleep Baron of Baltimore was come to Baly- in the stable with my beasts, and take care clough; and Nicol having learned it, went that they do not want in the night." to present himself before his benefactor : 6 Well, well,” cried the Baron, “ " My Lord," said he, “ I have been suc- 'wiser, Nicol, than those that offer you their cessful with the money you lent me; here advice; you cannot fail to prosper, especially is the principal, which I return with the if you double your profit by returns. Nihumbleft acknowledgments, the produce col thanked the Baron with a heart full of will be sufficient for my future trafic; and gratitude; and having fold all his wool, he may Heaven for ever bless you for having returned to the county of Galway, where he had pity on me." The Baron was as much had been impatiently expected. pleased with the success as with the probity Now Nicol had paid attention to the reof his little merchant, and would have had commendation of his kind benefactor, double him retain the loan. “ No, my Lord,” said
your profit by returns. He procured at BelNicol,“ I have now advanced a Acp; but if I fast the articles he recollected to be in greatthould keep your fum, I should be but wherel est requelt at Galway; and when he arrived, began. Tonly beg you would permit me to disposed of them quickly, and with confiderwait upon you wherever you are, and to give able profit. “ Oh! how much am I obliged to you an account of my little stock, the pro- the Baron," would he say; " ! now double duce of your bounty.” The Baron was still my stock, and make myself better known more charmed with his fpirit than before; than ever; the people all around bring me and he promised to take an interest in his wool, while they buy my wares, and I shall concerns at all times. Nicol departed fill not be half the time in making my purchases." in the fame mean dress to purchase wool at After several trips, Nicol came to Cork, Connaught. His return made the rich tra- the capital of his native courty; but he did ders confide in him; and they gave him not not yet choose to visit his parents. He inonly a bargain for his money, but allowed quired after the Baron, and was informed him a little parcel on credit. Thus he pro- that he had gone to Chester in England. cared a confiderable quantity of the finett Nicol was amicted at not seeing his patron;
The Reward of Early Indufry.. A Tale. but he resolved to go in quest of him. Upon “ We have found you again then, my poor his return to Galway, he disposed of the fellow," said the farmer" La! how tall merchandises he had picked up at Cork, he is grown!--But where have you been, Nimade his purchases of wool, paffed through col?”. -" Father,” replies Nicol modestTipperary and Kilkenny, and came to Wex- ly, “ I will tell you all, but suffer me first ford. There he embarked a cargo, set out to make a few presents to my brothers and from the point of Carnfore, and landed the fifters.” At the mention of presents the fame evening at Chester. His first business farmer reddened : he looked at his son, who was to inquire for the Baron; and having presented him with a purse of 100 guineas : learned that he was at the castle, he set him- he gave one of so to his mother, and one of self to dispose of his wool, which he fold 25 to each of his brothers and sisters. “O cheaper than that of the country though of wretch that I am!” exclaimed the farmer, a finer quality : for money being less plen- “ how have I offended heaven, that it has tiful in Ireland, its productions were com- permitted my son to become a robber?" paratively cheaper. "Nicol now found him- No, no, dear father," interruped Nicol, felf in possession of a considerable sum;. but God forbid I should be so unworthy of you he went to wait on the Baron before he or of the favour of heaven. Only hear what made the purchase of his returns: he has befallen me.” He then related how he thought, that in a country where labour had been at Galway; how he had found the was dear, his bargains could not be advan- Baron of Baltimore; how that lord had lent tageous. He therefore showed the Ba- him a little fum; and how he had returned ron his whole fortune in specie. “ My it; how he had prospered by economy, and young friend,” said his patron, you will by going meanly dressed for fear of robbers; certainly become a great merchant, and how the Baron had given him excellent adwill be a man whom have gained to vice; and how he had gone to see him at Ireland. I am of your opinion with regard Chefter among the English. .“ What !” to the returns from hence; yet there are cried the farmer, “ it it possible that you many articles very rare in our country are the little trader in wool that I have so which are common in Chester;-try the often heard talked of?” “ Yes, my father, broad cloath and woollen manufactures.". and I will prove it to you by my servant, who Nicol followed his advice'; he bought fine is hard by with my haggage, and by the cloath with one half of his stock, and coarse people of all the neighbouring towns who with the other; and having renewed his pro- know me.” His parents embraced hinz fessions of gratitude to the Baron, he set out with double tranfport; he sent for his goods on his return to Ireland.
from the inn; he made presents of finc Here he fold the coarse cloaths to the cloach to his father and mother, to his bro. common people, and carried the fine to thers and sisters, and there was joy over Ballyclough, to Waterford, and Thuam, all the house. Nicol remained eight days where they were bought with avidity by at the Grange, and then departed to prosethe nobles : in short, he had now ma
cute his commerce. naged so well, that he found himself in a It was ten whole years befere he saw 2. condition to revisit his parents at Grange. gain his benefactor. At this period, ha
Nicol still wore the veft he had on when ving come to Waterford, he learned that he left his father's house, and he was still in the Baron of Baltimore had been raised to brogues. He arrived one evening while the first offices and honours of the state. N. the family were at fupper, having left a col, still in his old homely dress, haftened, fervant, whom he had for some time em- to throw himself at the feet of his protecployed, at an inn with his horses. He tor, who received him very kindly. My knocks at the door : “ Who is there?" says Lord,” said he, “ Fortune, by her favours, one. “ It is I,” answers Nicol. “ Ah! it has exceeded my desires,and I now am master is my poor brother,” cries the first. Up of twenty-thousand pounds.” “ I sincerely rose mother and fifters, and flew to the door. rejoice to hear it, Nicol; but now that you, " It is, it is my poor child," says the mo- are rich, you must enjoy your good fortune ther. “O! poor Nicol,” cried the listers. get yourself comfortably clad. People Nicol embraced his mother; who, while she are not afraid of robbers now-a-days, and was loading him with caresses, took notice you may live decently without hazard." that he still had on his old'veft. “ Yes, my « I do intend it, my Lord; but first, I ben dear mother," said Nicol," and I have kept
it seech you to grant me a favour; allow m that I might never wear it without think to make you a present.” “ A present to ing of you.” The good woman led her fon me, Nicol? you surely do not mean it; if I by the hand: “My dear,” faid she to his fa- did not know you better, I would say you ther," it is a long, long
time since we have seen forget yourself." " I should be for ever fim; let the anxiety he occasioned us be for wretched, my Lord, if I thought I was gotten; I know you are too happy to chide." capable of forgetting what I owe to you ;.
but I flatter syfelf the present will not disa thy?" "Let us Tee it," said the Baron, plcase you, considering the gracious recep: Nicol unrolled it. It was his own portrait, tion you have ever given me. The Baron in the same coarse garb which that noblegave him his permisfion; and willing to man had first seen him in. “This," says mark the consideration he thought was due Nicol," is the only present I dare make to a diftinguished merchant, conducted Ni- to you, my early friend, my first benefactor! col back in his carriage. One is better here Perhaps at some convivial hour, when your than on foot, says our wool merchant, and noble guests are admiring the beauties of one may with propriety enjoy the comforts this rich collection, fome one may fay, why of life, when they have been carned with is that beggarly peasant here? Deign then, toil and unceasing ioduftry.
my Lord, I beseech you, to inform them Next day Nicol presented himself before that it is Nicol, borrowing from you his firit the Baron in a plain suit of the finest cloath, stock, which he hath so much increased having come in a coach, elegant, but not that he now rides in his coach : Nicol and gaudy. The Baron received him in this dc his fortune are your creation, and all the cent equipage with accustomed condescen- comforts he enjoys are so many benefits befion. « My Lord,” said Nicol, thowing a towed by you. hox," here is the prefent I beg leave to offer The picture, in a plain wooden frame, is you." He then drew out a painted cloth fill in the cabinet of the Baron's of Baltirolled up, and an çmpty frame.
more; and is at once a memorial of inge. Lord," said he, “ there are many fine pic- nuous benevolence, of gratitude unfeigned, tures in this hall; will you permit this one of virtuous frugality, and honest industry. to enjoy à place among fo many more wor
Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialeit. By Robert Burns, Kilmarnock, WH
HE'N an author we know'no- questions of such a catechism, pere
thing of solicits our attention, haps honest Robert Burns would we are but too apt to treat him with make no satisfactory answers. • My the same reluctant civility we show good Sir, he might say, I am a poor to a perfon who has come unbidden country man; I was bred up at the into company. Yet talents and ad. school of Kilmarnock; I understand dress will gradually diminish the di. no languages but my own; I have Kance of our behaviour, and when ftudied Allan Ramsay and Fergu. the first unfavourable impression has fon. My poems have been praised worn off, the author may become a åt many a fire-lide ; and I ask so favourite, and the stranger a friend. patronage for them, if they deserve The poems we have just announced I have not looked on man. may probably have to ftruggle with kind through the specia le of books. the pride of learning and the pare An ounce of mother wit, you know, tiality of refinement; yet they are is worth a pound of clergy; and intitled to particular indulgence. Homer and Offian, for any thing
Who are you, Mr Burns? will that I have heard, could neither write some surly critic say. At what nor iread.' The author is indeed university have you been educated ? a striking example of native gewhat languages do you understand ? nius bursting through the obscu. what authors have you particularly rity of poverty and the obftruc. ftudied? whether has Aristotle or tions of laborious life. He is said Florace directed your taste? who has to be a common ploughman; and praised your poems, and under whose when we confider' him in this light, patronage are they published ? In we cannot help regretting that way. short, what qualifications intitle you ward fate had not placed him in a to inftruct or entertain us? To the more fayoured fituation. Those who