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the most famous In Europe, by means and Major, and afterwards purchas of the great Vauban, by whom it sed the Lieutenant-Colonelcy from was conducted. Here it was that Colonel Brewerton, who succeeded the foundation was laid of that to his uncle. On arriving at this knowledge of tactics in all its rank he resigned his commission as branches, and particularly in the arts an engineer, which he had enjoyed of engineering and fortification, along with his other rank, and ia which has since lo greatly diftinguifh- which service he had been actively ed this officer. He completed his mi- employed, very much to the advanlitary course on the continent by a tage of his country. He had receitour, for the purpose of seeing in ved the instructions of the famous practice what he had studied in theo. Engineer Beltidor, and made himry. Prussia was the model for dif- felf completely master of the science cipline, and he continued fome time of gunnery. Had he not disinteas a volunteer in that service. Such restedly resigned his rank in the enwere the steps taken by the young gineer department, he would now, men of fashion in that day, to ac- by regular progression, have been at complish themselves for the service of the head of that corps. Soon after
this he was appointed Aid-de-Camp Mr Eliott returned in the seven- to King George II. and was already teenth year of his age to his native distinguished for his military fkill and country, Scotland ; and was the discipline. In the year 1759, he same year, 1735, introduced by his quitted the second troop of horse father, Sir Gilbert, to Lieutenant. grenadier guards, being selected to Colonel Peers of the 23d regiment raise, form, and discipline, the first of foot, then 'lying at Edinburgh, regiment of light horse, called after as a youth anxious to bear arms for him, Elliot's. As soon as they were his king and country. He was ac- raised and formed, he was appointed cordingly entered as a volunteer in to the command of the cavalry in the that regiment, and continued for a expedition on the coasts of France, year or more. At this time he gave with the rank of Brigadier-General. prelude of his future military ta- After this he passed into Germany, lents, and showed that he was at where he was employed on the Staff, Jeast a soldier au cæur. From the and greatly distinguished himself in a 23d he went into the engineer corps variety of movements, while his re. at Woolwich, and made great pro- giment displayed a ftri&tness of disgress in that study, until his uncle, cipline, an activity, and enterprize, Colonel Elliot, brought him in as which gained them fignal honour.adjutant in the second troop of horse From Germany he was recalled, for grenadiers. In this situation he con- 'the purpose of being employed as ducted himself with the most exem. second in command in the memor. plary attention, and laid the foun- able expedition against the Havandation of that discipline which has nah. It was possible to find an offi. rendered these two troops the finest cer in the sunshine of the court, to corps of heavy cavalry in Europe : whom, under the patronage of a with these troops he went upon fer. prince, the trappings of the chief vice to Germany in the war before command might be given ; but an laft, and was with thein in a variety Eliott was wanted to act, as wel las of actions. At the battle of Detten: an Albemarle to thine, and for hims gen he was wounded. In this corps they were obliged to go to the duty he first bought the rank of Captajn plains of Germany. The circum
Memoirs of the Life of General Eliott.
278 kances of that conquest are 'well the woman's spirit, that he not onknown. It seems as if our brave ve- ly procured them their property ateran had always in his eye the galo gain, but also took pains to accomlant Lewis de Velasco, who main. modate them in every respect. This tained his station to the last extremi- has been through life the manly chaty, and, when his garrison were fly, racter of the General. If he would ing from his fide or falling at his not suffer his foldiers, for the fake of feet, disdained to call for quarter, plunder, to extend the ravages of but fell glorioully-exercising his war, he never impoverished them by fword upon his conquerors. unjuft exactions. He would not con
The reader will pardon the recital sent that his quarter-master's place of a short anecdote, which occurred should be sold; not only,' says he, immediately after the reduction of because I think it the reward of that fortress, as it shows, that in the an honest veteran ; but also because very heat and outrage of war, that I could not exercise my authority General was not unmindful of the in his dismission should he behave ill." rights of humanity.--He was parti- On the peace his gallant regiment cularly eminent among the conquer- was reviewed by the King, when ors of the Havannah for his disinte. they presented to his Majesty the refted procedure, and for his check- standards which they had taken from ing the horrors of indiscriminate the enemy. Gratified with their fine plunder. To him therefore appeals discipline and high character, the were most frequently made. A King asked General Elliot what mark Frenchman, who had fuffered greatly of his favour he could beltow on his by the depredations of the soldiery, regiment equal to their merit? He made application to him, and begged, answered, that his regiment would in had English, that he would in. be proud, if his Majesty should think, terfere to have his property restored. that, by their services, they were The petitioner's wife, who was pre- intitled to the distinction of Royals. fent, a woman of great fpirit, was It was accordingly made a royal reangry at her husband for his inter- giment, with inis fiattering title, ceffion, and said, " Comment pour The 15th, or King's Royal Regivez vous demander du grace a un ment of Light Dragoons. At the homme qui vient vous depouiller ? fame time the King expressed a de. N'en esperez pas *.' The husband fire to confer some honour on the perlifting in his application, his wife General himself; but he declared, grew more loud in the censure, and that the honour and satisfaction of faid, “ Vous n'etes pas Françoist!' his Majesty's approbation of his ferThe General, who was busy writing vices was his best reward. at the time, turned to the woman, During the peace he was not idle. and said, smiling, Madame, ne vous His great talents in the curious echauffez pas; ce que votre mari de branches of the military art gave
hiin mande lui fera acordé 1'- Oh, ample employment. In the year 1775, faut-il pour surcroit de malheur,' he was appointed to succeed General exclaimed the woman, que
le bar. A'Court, as Commander in Chief of bare parle le François .' The Ge- the forces in Ireland ; but did not neral was so very much pleased with continue long in this station; not
* How can you ask a favour from a man who comes to rob you? Do not hope for it. # You are not a Frenchman.
Madam, don't put yourself in a passon; what your husband asks shall he granted him. $ Q, what an addition to my misfortune, that the barbarian Speaks Fyench.
even so long as fully to unpack all grand attack was made by the enc. his trunks : for, finding that inter- my, with thirty-four fail of the ferences were made by authority de- line, ten battering thips, five bombrogatory of his own, he refifted the ketches; feveral gun and mortar practice with becoming spirit ; and, boats, a large Aoating-battery, a not choofing to disturb the govern. number of armed vessels, and near ment of that kingdom on a matter three hundred boats constructed for personal to himself, he solicited to carrying troops,_their land-batte. be recalled, and accordingly was so, ries mounted with above one hun. when he was appointed to the com- dred pieces of cannon, and an equal mand of Gibraltar, in a fortunate number of mortars and howitzers, hour for the safety of that important with an army of near forty thousand fortress.
men, procured him the approbation The gallant defence made by the of every individual of his gallant General against the united forces of troops, who were eye witnesses of France and Spain, during a bloc. his conduct, and who shared with kade and fiege for upwards of three him in the dangers and glory of the years, is not equalled in the annals day: And the new-invented method of Britain. The fyftem of his life, by which he brought destruction on as well as his education. peculiarly that formidable force, and termiqualified him for this important truft. nated the aspiring hopes of the co He is perhaps the molt abitemious nemy, will be recorded to the laman of the age. His food vegetables, teft generations, to the immortal and his drink water ; seldom or ne- honour of the British arms, and ver indulging himself in animal food the lasting glory of the intrepid Elnor wine. He never sleeps more than liot. four hours at a time. So inured to Soon after this memorable event, habits of hardiness, that what is pain- both houses of Parliament voted an ful to other men, is natural and easy unanimous address of thanks to the to him. His wants easily fupplied, General; and his Majesty conferred and his watchfulness beyond prece- on him the honour of Knight of the dent. His example had a most per. Bath, with a pension of L. 1500 per fuafive efficacy on the brave troops annum, during his own life and that in the garrison. Like him, they re- of his fou. gulated their lives by the strictest The General continues Governor rules of discipline ; and severe exer- of Gibraltar ; where it is thought he cise with short diet became habitual will remain till the works now going to them by their own choice. The forward, under his direction, tending preparations which he made for his to strengthen that fortress, are comdefence, were contrived with so much pleted. judgment, and executed with so Though he is now in the fixtymuch address, that, with a handful eighth year of his age, and has spent of men, he defended that garrison a great part of his life in severe disa against an attack which would have cipline in sultry climates, and in been sufficiegt to exhaust any com- hard struggles for the honour of his mon set of men. Collected within - king and country, his temperate iihimself, he never spent his ammuni- ving has procured him a good state tion in useless parade or 'unimportant of health, and preserved his looks attacks. The cool intrepidity he with great freshness. discovered, on the ever-memorable General Elliot married a fifter of t3th of September 1782, when the the present Sir Francis Drake ; by
Anecdotes of Corregio?
273 whom he has a fon, at present Lieu. ried to Mr Fuller of Bayley patk ia tenant-Colonel in the Iniskilling Sussex. His Lady died about sevena Dragoons; and a daughter, mar- teen years ago.
ANECDOTES of CELEBRATED PAINTERS.
Born in 1494, and died 1534. Painted History.
E SCENDED of poor parents, and They smile with so much grace and
educated in an obscure village in so much reality, that it is impossible the duchy of Modena, Corregio en- to refrain from smiling and partajoyed none of those advantages which king of their enjoyment. My heart contributed to form the other great is ready to break with grief when I painters of that illuftrious age. He saw think on the unhappy fate of poor none of the statues of ancient Greece Corregio-that fo wonderful a man or Rome ; nor any of the works of (if he ought not rather to be called the established schools of Rome and an angel) should finish his days fol Venice. But Nature was his guide ; miserably, in a country where his taand Corregio was one of her favou- lents were never known !. rite pupils. To express the facility From want of curiofity or of resou with which he painted, he used to lution, or from want of patronages say, that he always had his thoughts Corregio never visited Rome, but ready at the end of his pencil. remained his whole life at Parma,', The agreeable smile, and the pro- where the art of painting was little
graces which he gave to esteemed, and of consequence poorly his madonas, saints, and children, rewarded. This concurrence of unhave been taxed with being some favourable circumstances occafioned times unnatural; but still they are a- at last his premature death at the miable and seducing : An easy and age of forty. He was employed to Aowing pencil, an union and har- paint the cupola of the cathedral at mony of colours, and a perfect in- Parma ; and having executed it in telligence of light and shade, give a manner that has long been the adan astonishing relief to all his pic- miration of every person of good tures, and have been the admiration taste, for the grandeur of design, both of his cotemporaries and his and especially for the boldness of the fuccessors. Annibal Caracci, who fore-shortenings * (an art which he flourished fifty years after him, ftu- first and at once brought to the utdied and adopted his manner in pre- most perfection),
he went to receive ference to that of any other master. · his payment. The canons of the In a letter to his cousin Louis, he church, either through ignorance or expresses with great warmth the im- bafeness, found fault with his work preffion which was made on him by and although the price originally athe first fight of Corregio's paintings: greed upon had been very moderate, Every thing which I see here, says they alleged that it was far above be, astonishes me; particularly the the’ merit of the artist, and forced colouring and the beauty of the him to accept of the paultry sum of children. They live-they breathe two hundred livres; which, to add to Vol. IV. N° 22.
the The subject is an Affumption of the Virgin,
the indignity, they paid him in cop- Lady, however, speaks in a very difper money. To carry home this ferent style of the no less famous unworthy load to his indigent wife Notte, or Night of Corregio, of and children, poor Corregio had to which she saw only a copy in the travel fix or eight miles from Par. Duke's Palace at Modena, the orima. The weight of his burden, the ginal having been fold for a great heat of the weather, and his chagrin sum of money to the King of Poat this villanous treatment, immé. land. " It surprises me very much,' diately threw him into a pleurisy, says she, • to see how different the which in three days put an end to his characters are in this picture from life and his misfortunes.
that which I already have described For the preservation of this mag- to you.' The subject is a Nativity; nificent work, the world is indebted and the extraordinary beauty of this to Titian. As he passed through picture proceeds from the clair obParma, in the suite of Charles V. he scure: there are two different lights run initantly to see the chief d'auvre introduced, by means of which the of Corregio. While he was atten. perfonages are visible ; namely, the tively viewing it, one of the princi- light proceeding from the body of pal canons of the church told him the child, and the moon-light. that such a grotesque performance These two are preserved distinct, and did not merit his notice, and that produce a most wonderful effect. they intended soon to have the whole The child's body is so luminous, that défaced. · Have a care of what the superficies is nearly transparent, you do', replied the other; • if I and the rays of light emitted by it were not Titian, I would certainly are verified in the effect they prowish to be Corregio.
duce upon the surrounding objects. Corregio's exclamation upon view. They are not rays diftinand seing a picture by Raphael is well parate, like those round the face of known. Having long been accue a sun that indicates an insurance. stomed to hear the most unbounded office ; nor linear, like those próapplause betowed on the works of ceeding from the man in the alma. that divine painter, he by degrees nack; but of a dazzling brightness : became less desirous than afraid of by their light you see clearly the feeing any of them. One, however, face, neck, and hands, of the Virhe at last had occafion to see. He gin (the rest of the person being in examined it attentively for some mi- Atrong shadow, the faces of the panutes in profound filence; and then fori who crowd round the child, and with an air of fatisfaction exclaim- particularly one woman, who holds ed, I am still a painter. Julio Ro. her hand before her face, left her mano, on seeing fome of Corregio's eyes should be so dazzled as to prepictures at Parma, declared they vent her from beholding the Inwere superior to any thing in paint fant. This is a beautiful natural ing he had yet beheld. One of action, and is most ingeniously in. thicfe no doubt would be the famous troduced. The straw on which the Virgin and Child, with Mary Mag- child is laid appears gilt, from the dalene, and St Jerom : But whether light of his body shining on it. The our readers are to depend upon his moon lights up the back-ground of opinion, or upon that of Lady Millar, the picture, which represents a landwho in her Letters from Italy gives a scape. Every object' is distinct, as very unfavourable account of it, we in a bright moon-light night; and Nall not presume to determine*. This there cannot be two lights in nature
more See Mr Strange's Prints.