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A STATE of the BAROMETER in inches and decimals, and of Fa.

renheit's THERMOMETER, in the open air, taken before sunrise, and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from the zoth of Sept. 1786 to the 30th of Oct. 1786, near the foot of Arthur's Seat.

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38

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46

0.0219
0.0730
0.219

Days, Ther. Barom.

1

Inch. 30

29.15 1 42

29.79 2

51 29.7
53 29.325

29.385 5 43 29.525 46

29.04 7 43 29.076 8 46 28.4 9

29.6 39 29.425 11

29.5 45 29.625 13 · 34 28.25 14

29.
39 30,082
16

:.40 30.
36

30.1
18
42.

30.15 19 : 29 30.25 20 32 30.25 21

-32 30.2 22 38

30. 23

30.15 24 ”

30,175 25 : 39

30.175 26

33 30.2 27 26

- 30.25 28

43 30.275 29 27 30.25 30 42 30.1025

Clear.
Rain.
Ditto.
Ditto hait.
Clear.
Ditto.
Ditto.
Ditto.

Ditto.
.Ditto.

Ditto.
Ditto.
Ditto.
Ditto.
Foggy.
Ditto.
Ditto.
Ditto.
Ditto.
Ditto.
Cloudy.
Rain.

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0.0584

0.87975 total rain. THERMOMETER.

BAROMETER. 2-61 greatest height.

28-30.275 greatest height. 37-26 least height before fun-rise.

8-28.4 leaft height.

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S- has not observed that the Scriptures méane by Mr H. are those of Brama -
Hilario, &c. are received,

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TO

no determine whether the fubje& of the Plate was the Caftrum ala.

tum of Ptolemy, is not the present intention ; that matter has been

sufficiently investigated by many learned authors. I shall only fay, it appears from Whitaker that Arthúr, the celebrated King of the Bri. tons, fought a battle on its present site in the fifth century ; its origin, therefore, need not be looked for in an earlier period. Arnot mentions, 28 the first historical fact preserved concerning this fortress, the death of Queen Margaret, the widow of Malcolm Canmore, which happened in November 1095. In 1174, we find mention made of Edinburgh Calle, with those of Roxburgh, Berwick, Jedburgh, and Stirling, being delivered as pledges of the performance of the treaty

for the reedom of William, surnamed the Lyon, who was taken prisoner by Henry 11. at the battle of Alnwick.. In

1255 it was surprised by the Earls of Gloucefter and Dunbar, with their associates, to force Alexander III. and his Queen from restraint.

Edward I. in 1296, after having defeated the Scots at Dunbar, reduced the Castlesof Roxburgh, Berwick, and Jedburgh, marched to Edinburgh; and in eight days, being allprovided with the great wooden engines usedatihattime in fieges, he took the caftle. During the reign of Robert Bruce, anno 1313, it was surprised and taken by Thomas Randolph the King's nephew; who in a very dark night, with a band of thirty men, climbed up the rock and scaled the wall. Edward Baliol, in 1334, as a recompence for the great expences of Edward III. in recovering and restoring to him his inheritance, gave him among others the Castle, Town, and County of Edinburgh. Anno 1340 it was taken from the English by Sir William Douglas. Edward III. anno 1356, after suffering great hardships from want of provisions, finding it impossible any longer to combat with the Scots, retired to England, after burning to ases the towns of Edinburgh, Haddington, and others. By Richard II. it was again burnt 1385 : In 1429, the truce between Scotland and England was here concluded. During the reign of James VI. an. no 573, the Cattle fuftained a heavy fiege by the English forces under Sir William Drury; five batteries were erected on the spot where Heriot's Hospital now stands ; which after firing eight or nine days, effected several breaches, and thereby occafioned a furrender. After this period it fuffered many attacks; those by the forces of the unfortunate Charles will, we hope, be the last in the annals of history.

A. C.

In compliance with the request of our Correspondent T. C, we infert the follow

ing Letter.
On the Policy or Prudence of an Honest Man.

DEAR T.

I Have not forgot my promise to what prudent precaution and ma

write to you a letter on boneft po- nagement an honest man might and litics, or in other words, to describe ought to make use of, in order to

Dd

pro.

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promote his success in the world. make himself master of it, and on

But how fhall I do justice to such this basis build his future success. a subject, overwhelmed with a thou. He will then deserve to succeed. fand cares? I must be content to give But in order to attain it, it is also you the skeleton of what I mean to requisite that he have the videri. He fay, and leave it to your own refiection must be excellent, and also seem to to fill up the interstices.

be fo. • The children of this world are Lord Chesterfield spake truly to wiser in their generation than the his son, that learning was filver; but children of light.' This has been without some other qualities to set it taken in many acceptations : One is, off, it would seem to the bulk of that bad men, and those who have mankind to be lead. recourse to all means to attain their Throw down twenty diamonds of ends, often succeed better than good ormuz, in their unpolished itate, inand honeft men.

to the streets of London, the passen· Whether this is the design of the gers will kick them out of the way, passage or not we do not now in- and the scavenger will heave them quire, but it contains a fa&-What is into his dust cart. the cause of this? They succeed be- The multitude are ill judges of cause they stick at nothing, and so real merit in most cases; and the have many ways of obtaining their little judgment they do have is conwishes, which good men dare not founded by quacks and impostors. have recourse to.

Every wise man therefore ought Now there is no relief for this.

to study the art of feering to be what But if honest men are constrained you are. to submit to this disadvantage, they No author has yet written on that ought, however, to take care, that art, though the practice of it occurs they do not suffer themselves to be

every day in human life, injured by any'evil which they can If I had as much time as fome avoid.

people-but that is a vain with Whatever they can do, without Lord Chesterfield furnishes many prejudice to their character as ho- excellent hints, but he knew not NEST MEN, they ought to do. where to stop, or rather he set out Now, we are to find out wliat

wrong at the beginning. With him this is.

the ele was only for the sake of the And, I. They must be excellent. videri. And, 11. They must seem to be so. With us the videri is only for the

If the two were put in competi- fake of the ele. tion, every good man would adhere It is such writers as he that bring to the inscription on Tycho Brahe's the art into diferedit. tomb,

A man appears what he is by lay-Effe quam 'videri

ing hold of every fair opportunity to But a wise man will unite them; display his talents and acquisitions, and of him it may be said,

This he ought to do, for the

world are not obliged to divine his Omne tulit pundum t.

genius, or to suppose his learning. The great foundation is the el. Voltaire wrote a book to praise This gives a man peace in his own himself. This was abaminable. He mind-which the world cannot take would have been ashamed to have away. Whatever profession a man been known as the author. adopts, let him apply diligently to There is a meanness too in pub

lih # To be than to seen to be.

† He gains every point.

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man

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Policy or Prudence of an Honest Man.

113 Pishing purely for fame; but if a man A man who has got a few real has any thing useful to communicate, friends is an Argus : His eyes look it is an additional motive if it will every where. He is a Briareus; and add to his reputation.

nothing is too hard for his hundred There are many qualities, how. hands. ever, which a

cannot make

A real friend ought to publish a known in this way. Few of mankind man's true charecter; to tell the read books, and still fewer are in a fi. world what his talents really are ; to tuation to write them,

obviate prejudices and objections aWe want a more general and ready gainit him, and to take every occaway of the videri.

Such as fion of conveying impressions in his Jhine in conversation ought to do it ; favour. only being as merciful as not total- Do you wish me to think well » ly to eclipse others.

your friend? It is not enough to men. Many a modeft man of great ex

tion him in terms of cold respect; [ cellence cannot make a figure in shall hear you as though I heard company. And as no man can set a- you not; you must speak with pabout to praise himself, it is clear ihos, with energy and affection. He that every man, stands in need of some must speak from the heart who foreign aid, to make him appear what would speak to it. be really is.

Would you recommend your friend This aid is only to be fought for effectually to me? you must risk in his friends.

fomething in his behalf. You must Observe what wonders jugglers manifest attachment ; you must show perform by confederacy;

me that you would be mortified if And learn from this, what the your friend did not become mine. weakest man may accomplish by This is real friendship, very diffefriendship

rent from that cautious policy which It is lucky for the bulk of man- the world commonly dignifies with kind that so few men are wise e. the name. nough to be real friends to one ano. To come to examples: A focial ther. An affociation of real friends and a profound man might be of inmight subdue the world.

finite use to each other; first, in corSomething like this is realised in recting the extremes of each others the Highlands of Scotland. When a character; and, secondly, in obviating young man sets out into the world certain prejudices to which both of from that quarter, if he has any me- them are liable in the judgment of rit he never wants friends, and those the world. of the fterling kind I have described. But if they are no wiser than the The whole country seems interest- bulk of men, they will hate and traed in his success. Every body is duce one another. The one will ready to give him letters or intro- drop hints, that the other is a trifductions.--Nobody fails to contri- ling fuperficial genius; while he abute his mite ; and the accumulation gain will retaliate, by holding forth even of trivial powers produces force his companion as a dull disagreeable irresistible.

philosopher. These men are remote from all Some of the happiest mercantile external advantages—but they occu- companies in London consist of two py the first lines in London--they partners of opposite characters. The govern in India, and are illustrious one a sedate plodding man, who throughout all Europe.

keeps all right in the compting.

house:

house: the other an active bustling ideas peculiar, Callidus never failed man, who attends at the exchange, to remind them, that his friend por. manages business out of doors, and feffid whatever is most valuable in presides at table when an entertain- human character. By his means ment is given to the friends of the even the gayelt companion of Cal. house.

liftus were made to revere EugeThe great thing is nofcere teip nius : for they thought there must be fum *, to know the rank' you hold something very excellent in this in the scale of human beings, and man, whom their friend, so disli. to aim at nothing above that. milar in manners, yet admired so

Araspes was a man of genius, and much. had a clear title to the second station Through Eugenius was Calliftus in the univerfity where he was a admitted into the society of the professor: But he would be thought learned and beft informed. And his the first man there, and there was reception there contributed much to one man of greater talents than he; his improvement; for he who is often which unfortunate ambition rendered with men of knowledge, cannot fail his life a conitant scene of disap- to carry off something. pointments, vexations, and embar- If any one seemed less disposed to rallments.

refpe&t Callistus, because his learn. If the social man will be content ing was not extensive, nor his reto shine in his own way, he will do searches profound, Eugenius remind. well, and have the profound man ed them, that fimilar opportunities for his affistant and friend ; but if had not been afforded to all; that he must seem to be profound as well Callistus had improved such as bad as agreeable, he will expose himself fallen to his lot; and that by his to the hatred of the profound man, good heart and friendly difpofition and to the ridicule and detection of he merited the esteem of every good other men.

man, So vice versa.

Ill disposed men even durft not Di et recipe t. Let me shine in injure either Eugenius or Calliftus : my iine, and

you shall be allowed to they feared to meddle with a man shine in yours. But think not of mo- who was supported by so firm a nopolizing all merit. Be content with friend. And good men admired each your share.

of them more, because they so much Eugenius was a modest and learn. loved one another. ed man: His friend Callistus was a Without Eugenius, Calliftus would man of address and politeness, with have wanted many valuable advantaa slender snare of knowledge. They ges; without Callistus, the virtuous were both good men, and their ac. Eugenius might have remained obquaintance was a blessing to each o- scure and unknown. ther.

-“ Full many a flower is born to blush Calliftus never affected to be more unseen, learned than his friend. He saw his And waste its sweetness on the defart air." fuperiority, nor hesitated to own it: But it is rare to find men who And with every man of sense, the truly know themselves; or who, acknowledgment gained him credit. knowing themselves, are willing to

If any one fecmed less disposed to submit to appear what they really respect Eugenius, because his man- are. pers were awkward, and some of his Philopæmen arriving at an inn

be To know yourself .

+ Give and receive.

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