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Sermons-by the late Dr. J. Paterson.

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and when that principle ceased to 0. strengthen the hands of the Stad. perate, it was kept fast together by tholder. With the possession of the a dread of the French. The Hol- executive government, and so large landers have, at the present moment, an authority and influence in mould. greater cause of dreading the deligns ing the states with the favour of the of France, than ever they had at populace, and that of the courts of any former period : but as they do Berlin and London, the Prince of not see their danger, they conceive Orange must be greatly wanting to themselves to be at liberty to amuse himself, if he does not maintain the themselves by internal discord, and conftitutional and just rights of his justify the definition of the politician family ; rights not inore precious to jaft quoted. The pressure of fear him ihan salutary to his country; being removed, the different parts for the arbitrary proceeding of the that were bound together by this ftates and the magiftrates of cera central stone begin to loosen, and to tain cities, show what the people of be threatened with diffolution. It the United Provinces have to expect, appears that the Stadtholder, very if ever the supreme power of the naturally and very wisely, courts the state should pass wholly into the hands old friends of his family, the people: of an aristocracy. and it also appears that he has a

PORTUGAL. stronger party on his fide, among men of distinction and opulence, The profonnd Glence that is obthan was generally imagined. It is served with regard to the death of scarcely credible that the commo- his most faithful majelty, and the tions in Holland can be quieted character and views of the regency without some convulfion. And from that has succeeded, for a time, to present appearances, it is probable, his authority, marks the present inif matters should be brought to an significance of the kingdom of Por, illue foon, that that illue would tugal.

Sermons, by the late Reverend Dr James PATERSON, one of the Clergy

men of St Paul's English Episcopal Chapel in Aberdeen, 8vo, Elliot Elin.

and Robinson London. To these sermons is prefixed an sess that benevolence of heart which

advertisement, from which we so strongly marked his character, learn that they are published for the any apology for a work published benefit of the author's family, which with such a view is surely unnecef. appears to have been left in circum. fary : By such men the following fances rather distresfing. If these discourses, were they much less accu. circumstances,' says the editor, 'thall rate than they are, would be perused be rendered in any degree more easy with indulgence, and they do not by the sale of the volume which is claim their applaufe.' now offered to the public, no in- Upon a publication of this kind, jury will be done to the memory of usered into the world with a prea man, who, to serve a benevolent face so modest, what critic would be purpose, would at any time have severe, were there even room for seLacrificed all pretensions to fame as an verity? But that is not the case: On author; and to those readers who pofn the contrary, we will venture to say,

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that

that the whole volume will be peru- givenness of fins preached through sed with something more than indul. Jesus Christ, and of our being by gence; and that many of the dis- him justified from all things from courses, although they do not claim, which we could not be justified by certainly deserve, and will, we have the law of Moses, the preacher prono doubt, obtain very high applausę, ceeds thus ; But the salvation In respect of the beauties of compo- purchased by the Redeemer is ftill fition, they would indeed lose by a greater. They who embrace our holy comparison with the correct and religion, and with faith and persehighly finished style of a Blair, or verance observe its heavenly prethe splendid and flowing diction of a cepts, shall not only receive the forWhite ; but with these writers, in givenness of God, and be exempted their different walks, where is the from the punishment of sin, but rise preacher to be found who would bear triumphant from the grave, and ento be compared ?

joy an immortality of happiness in The discourses before us, we are heaven. This happy assurance doubles informed, were not by their author the joy of health, cheers the bed of prepared for the press. If from fickness, and deprives even death of that circumstance they want some- its terrors. Diseases may prey upon thing of the polish of which they us, pain torment, the world may are fusceptible, they gain in what is perfecute, and our friends deceive perhaps a greater excellence in a pul and defertus; ftill we know pit---essay-ease, and animation. In- “ that light is fown for the righ, deed we know few fermons, if any, in teous, and gladness for the upright which the practical and momentous in heart." In that blessed place truths of the gospel are inculcated dwells neither grief, nor fickness, nor in a more easy and animated style, or pain ; but joy and tranquillity reign from which the pious Christian is for ever, This is secured to us by likely to reap greater pleasure or the word of eternal truth ; for “ life groter hencfit.

The volume con. and immortality are brought to light lains twe ty-four difeourses on the by the gospel.”—Though all ofull swing subjects :- The great. ther religions taught to expect a state neis of ialvation, and the danger of of future existence, they supported neglecting it ; comforts of religion; it by no proof, and their descriptions good example; the danger of incon- of it were in the highest degree abItancy in religion ; the advantages furd : the heaven of a Christian is to be reaped from adversity; the pa. the heaven of a rational intelligence. rable of the prodigal fon; the life We are not conducted to the volupof Christ as proposed for our imita- tnous bowers of Mahomet, and the tion; the parable of the Pharisee enjoyments of sensual impurity; we and Publican ; the attention to fpi- are not wafted to the fields of Elyritual things; the necessity and ad. fium, where strength entered before vant: ges of confefling Chrift; the innocence of heart ; “ but we look unhappiness necessarily consequent for a new heaven, wherein dwellupon every fin; foth in our temporal eth righteousness.”

There enter and spiritual concerns; advantages of the son who honours his father, early piety; on death ; and on a con- and the father who loves his fon; the science void of offence.

heart that never knew avarice, and Of our author's manner of treat the hand that never did violence; ing these important topics, take the the mouth that gever uttered fanfollowing specimens from the first and der, and the spirit that loves inteseeộnd fermons, Speaking of the for. grity. They dwell not there, who, to

fa: Dr Adam's Rudiments of the Latin Grammar.

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fatiate ambition and glut revenge, though no witness can say he receia have laid cities in ashes; and, to ved it ; and his character is safe on be spoken of, have inade many wi- all hands. Such is the effect of true dows : but it is the habitation of the religion! If I am to be a servant, friendly, the compaffionate, and the let a religious man be my master; let devout.'

a religious man be the owner of my In the second sermon, the real house, the companion of my table, Chriftian, after being contrasted with and the keeper of my secrets ; let the morose and hypocritical devo. him be in the fame ship with me at tee, is thus characterised :- A fea, let him face the enemy with me Chriftian is the best father, the best at land ; let him be the witness of brother, and the best friend : his my death, and the guardian of my language agrees with his thoughts, children.' and his a&ions give the true picture From these extracts the reader of both. You may fafely commit will form an estimate of Dr Paterunnumbered treasures to his charge, son's taste; and we beg leave earfor his conscience is a nicer judge neftly to recommend his sermons to than your eye ; and he will account all who are friends to practical relito the children for the deposit which gion, and who delight in acts of bethe dying father put into his hands, neficence.

the com

The Rudiments of Latin and English Grammar, by ALEXANDER Adam,

L. L. D. Rellor of the High School of Edinburgh. Third edition. HE author informs us in his ad. positions, and of those phrases which

vertisement prefixed to this edition, that it contains several im- collected from the classics, and from provements. Thus, in etymology, the best writers on Latinity.'

under the different terminations of The following improvement, mennouns and verbs, are enumerated in tioned by the author upon alphabetical order, not only all the mon plan of Latin grammars, seems a fimple and primitive words of the very material one. Latin tongue, but also the most * By the natural division of words common derivatives and compounds, and sentences into fimple and comwith their fignification, gender, de- pound, no rule or example is introclenfion, conjugation, and quantity, duced in syntax or prosody, till the carefully marked ; so that the learner learner is properly prepared, by what may see the various accidents of each goes before, to understand it; which word at once, without being obliged is not the case in the Latin Gram- ' to consult different books for that mars commonly used: where, not to purpose; or in the same book, to turn mention other instances, the conto one place for the gender of a struction of the relative, which renoun to another place for its de- quires a previous acquaintance with clension, and to a third for its quan- most of the other rules of constructity.'

tion, is placed near the beginning We are informed also, that the of syntax; and, what appears ftill syntax is greatly enlarged in many more prepotterous, in profody, the respecte, particularly by a full ex- rules concerning the quantity of planation of the different meanings compounds are placed before those and conftru&tion of verbs and pre. concerning the quantity of fimple

words.

words.'. · These improprieties in which borrows from Mr Ruddiman, arrangement occafioning,' says the and other grammarians of eminence, author, "greater inconveniences to whatever is adapted to the capacity learners than is generally imagined.' of boys; and which, thus, instead

The present publication likewise of frightening them from the path contains an account and explanation of literature by the difficulties they of the various tropes and figures of have to surmount, allures them by words and thoughts which occur in rendering the road more easy; mutt the classics : And an appendix is be considered as a valuable acquisi. fubjoined, coutaining a large ca- tion to the plan of education. Nor talogue of Latin words, all of claffi- is it a less useful acquisition to the cal authority, which have been a- teacher than to the learner, who is dopted into the English with little thus provided, with a proper seor no variation, and cannot be pro- lection of what he would be other. perly understood in English without wife obliged to take at random from understanding the Latin.'

the grammar of Ruddiman as adap. In the whole of the grammar, the ted to his scholars, author tells us, that he has {pared no Dr Adam has displayed great pains to make the translation of La- judgment both in what he retains of tin words and phrases subservient to Mr Ruddiman's grammar and what the knowledge of English ; and he he has omitted. Nothing can be hopes that the several improvements more useful to the learner, provided will be found of some importance in he be not overwhelmed with it, than the plan of education.

accustoming him by degrees to repeat, The intention of Dr Adam is while he understands them, the rules highly laudable; and the execution which govern the Latin language in of the work appears to be such as is that language itself. The rule is more fully fitted to answer the ends propo- calily retained, and in learning the {ed, of connecting the English rule, he learns the language. De grammar with the Latin ; and thus Adam has, accordingly, for this to facilitate and promote the study of purpose, preserved the most necessary both.' The grammar of Mr Ruddi- rules of Ruddiman's grammar, . Alan's is a firit rate performance ; In animadverting upon a work and such as might have been expec. which is the production of the Reco ted from so great a scholar: But, tor of the High School of Edin. with all its excellence, it is by no burgh, a native of this country caaa means a proper guide for leading the dot possibly refrain from congratu, untutored mind into the firit rudi- laring his fellow-citizens upon the dia ments of the Latin tongue. It ftinguished rank which this school feems much better fitted for those has attained, especially of late years, who, after being founded in the first and under the manangement of the principles, and obtaining a general present Rector. The number of knowledge of the language, wish to scholars has been of late greatly in. pursue it through all its windings creafed; and their proficiency, as the and labyrinths, in the walks of a first judges of literature in this coun, college, or the retirement of private try have witnessed, has been increa, ftudy. And, accordingly, the whole sed in proportion. The fame of this of Ruddiman’s grammar, is never sehool has attracted scholars from attempted to be taught to boys; the England, and even from the metro. teacher always making such selec, polis itself. This is a cireumftance, tions as he pleases. A grammar, not only of celebrity to our country, therefore, like that of Dr Adam, but must be eftinated highly by

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Letter concerning Robertson's Hiftory of Greece. 199 those who look no farther than to which, for the sake of the country, the advantages arising from the in- and the interest of reviving ancient flux into the capital of Scotland, of literature in Scotland, it is to be those families who throng it from all hoped he will yet live long to teach, quarters for the purpose of educa- are more fully displayed by these ting their children. The merits of facts than they could be by any Dr Adam’s grammar, which he has studied panegyric of the moit zealous long taught in that school, and friend.

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Copy of a Letter which has been sent to the Publisher of the Gentleman's

Magazine.

Edin. 14th Sept. 1786, SIR,

story in question, I write thus : TODA "ODAY, for the first time, a • Accordingly, Mr Rollin's own

friend pointed out to me, in countryinen, the members especially jour Magazine for July last, p. 562. of the fame learned body to which an article figned Detestir; in which he himself once belonged, namely, the writer afferts, that a 5 work the university of Paris, seem to have called the History of Greece, by Wil- been the first who became sensible of liam Robertfon, Efq; Keeper of the the inconveniences attending his Records in Scotland, and of which learned work, and exprefied their a tbird edition is now in circulation, wilhes, that some compilement of the is a mere translation, without ac- Greek history were made on a plan knowledgment, from the celebrated better adapted to the genius and cirAbregé de PHistoire Grecque, Paris cumitances of the generality of ftu. 1770, and other years.'

dents:'- Agreeably to these fentiIn answer to this charge, it is ma- ments of the univerfity of Paris, and terial to observe, that the first edi- with the approbation and aslistance tion of the book, of which the third of fome of its members, such a comedition is now, as this gentleman pilement was made out and published expreffes it, in circulation,' was at Paris in the year 1763: The hiprinted at Edinburgh, and entered ftory of the ancient Greeks is there in Stationer's Hall in the year 1768. brought under one connected view, It is rather unaccountable, therefore, unperplexed with that of any o. that book 'publifhed in the year ther people ; the transactions of the 1768, should have proved a 'mere Persian empire being taken notice of, translation of one published at Paris fo far only as they immediately inin 1770. This I believe might be fuence those of Greece; and the prinregarded by the public as a satisfac- cipal events respecting Sicily being tory refutation of the charge exhi- thrown into a book by themselves, bited against me by your anonymous Many little circumstances observed correspondent: but justice to my. by Mr Rollin are there omitted; all felf as well as to the public, requires the interesting facts are placed in a that the matter should be stated a clear light, and made to speak di

re&tly to the understanding ; pertiI request, therefore, the particu- fent reflections are judicioufly, but lar attention of your readers to the sparingly, interspersed; the most con. two following quotations: In the fpicuous personages are elegantly preface to the first edition of the hi- characterised ; and concise, but just

little more fully

ас.

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