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Deep hid the shining mischief under ground: 10
But when, by man's audacious labour won,
Flamed forth this rival to its sire the sun,
Then careful Heaven supplied two sorts of men,
To squander these, and those to hide again.

Like doctors thus, when much dispute has pass'd
We find our tenets just the same at last ;
Both fairly owing riches, in effect,
No grace of Heaven, or token of the elect;
Given to the fool, the mad, the vain, the evil,
To Ward, to waters, Chartres, and the devil. 20

B. What nature wants, commodious gold bestows 'Tis thus we eat the bread another sows.

P. But how unequal it bestows, observe;
'Tis thus we riot, while, who sow it, starve :
What nature wants (a phrase I must distrust)
Extends to luxury, extends to lust:
Useful, I grant, it serves what life requires,
But, dreadful too, the dark assassins hires.

B. Trade it may help, society extend ;
P. But lures the pirate, and corrupts the friend.
B. It raises armies in a nations aid :

31
P. But bribes a senate, and the land's betray'd.
In vain may heroes fight and patriots rave,
If secret gold sap on from knave to knave.
Once, we confess, beneath the patriot's cloak,
From the crack'd bag the dropping guinea spoke,
And jingling down the back-stairs, told the crew,

Old Cato is as great a rogue as you.' Blest paper credit! last and best supply ! That lends corruption lighter wings to fly! 40 Gold, imp'd by these, can compass hardest things, Can pocket states, can feich or carry kings ;

Vol. II.

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the same, ver. 199. The true medium, and true use of riches, hep hide
ver. 219. The man of Ross, ver. 250. The fate of the profuse,
and the covetous, in two examples : both miserable in life and
in death, ver. 300, &c. The story of Sir Balaam, ver. 339 to
the end.

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This epistle was written after a violent outcry against our author, on a supposition that he had ridiculed a worthy nobleman, merely for his wrong taste. He justified himself upon that article in a letter to the Earl of Burlington, at the end of which are these words : • I have learnt that there are sume who would rather be wicked than ridiculous: and therefore it

may be safer to attack vices than follies. I will therefore leave my betters in the quiet possession of their idols, their groves and their high-places, and change my subject from their pride to their meanness, from their vanities to their miseries; and as the only certain way to avoid misconstructions, to lessen offence, and not to multiply ill-natured applications, I may probably in my next make use of real names instead of fictitious ones.

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P. Who shall decide when doctors disagree,
And soundest casuists doubt, like you and me?
You hold the word, from Jove to Momus given,
That man was made the standing jest of Heaven:
And gold but sent to keep the fools in play,
For some to heap, and some to throw away.

But I, who think more highly of our kind
(And, surely Heaven and I are of a mind.)
Opine that nature, as in duty bound,

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Deep hid the shining mischief under ground: 10
But when, by man's audacious labour won,
Flamed forth this rival to its sire the sun,
Then careful Heaven supplied two sorts of men,
To squander these, and those to hide again.

Like doctors thus, when much dispute has passid
We find our tenets just the same at last;
Both fairly owing riches, in effect,
No grace of Heaven, or token of the clect;
Given to the fool, the mad, the vain, the evil,
To Ward, to waters, Chartres, and the devil. 20

B. What nature wants, commodious gold bestows "Tis thus we eat the bread another sows.

P. But how unequal it bestows, observe;
'Tis thus we riot, while, who sow it, starve :
What nature wants (a phrase I must distrust)
Extends to luxury, extends to lust:
Useful, I grant, it serves what life requires,
But, dreadful too, the dark assassins hires.

B. Trade it may help, society extend;
P. But lures the pirate, and corrupts the friend.
B. It raises armies in a nations aid :

P. But bribes a senate, and the land's betray'd.
In vain may heroes fight and patriots rave,
If secret gold sap on from knave to knave.
Once, we confess, beneath the patriot's cloak,
From the crack'd bag the dropping gunea spoke,
And jingling down the back-stairs, told the crew,

Old Cato is as great a rogue as you.'
Blest

paper credit! last and best supply! That lends corruption lighter wings to fly! 40 Gold, imp'd by these, can compass hardest things, Can pocket states, can fetch or carry kings;

VOL. II.

31

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A single leaf shall waft an army o'er,
Or ship off senates to some distant shore
A leaf like Sybil's scatter to and fro,
Our fates and fortunes, as the wind shall blow;
Pregnant with thousands flits the scrap unseen,
And silent sells a king or buys a queen.

Oh! that such bulky bribes as all might see,
Still, as of old, encumber'd villany!

50 Could France or Rome, divert our brave designs, With all their brandies or with all their wines? What could they more than knights and squires con

found, Or water all the quorum ten miles round? A statesman's slumbers how this speech would spoil ! • Sir, Spain has sent a thousand jars of oil; Huye hales of British cloth blockade the door ; A hundred oxen at your levee roar.' Poor avarice one torment more would find : Nor could profusion squander all in kind.

60 Astride his cheese Sir Morgan might we meet, And Worldly crying coals from street to street, Whom with a wig so wild, and mien so mažed, Pity mistakes for some poor tradesmen crazed. Aad Colepepper's whole wealth been hops and hogs, Could he himself have sent it to the dogs ! His grace will game: to White's a bull be led, With spurning heels and with a butting head: To White's be carried, as to ancient games, Fair coursers, vases, and alluring dames.

70 Shall then Uxorio, if the stakes he sweep, Bear home six whores, and make his lady weep? Or soft Adonis, so perfumed and fine, Drive to St. Jame's a whole herd of swine ?

O filthy check on all industrious skill,
To spoil the nations last great trade, quadrille!
Since then, my lord, on such a world we fall,
What say you? B. Say? Why, take it, gold and all.

P. What riches gives us, let us then inquire: Meat, fire, and clothes. B What more? P. Meat clothes, and fire.

80 Is this too little ? would you more than live? Alas! 'tis more than Turner finds they give. Alas ! 'tis more than (all his visions pass'd) Unhappy Wharton, walking, found at last ! What can they give? To dying Hopkins heirs? To Chartres vigour? Japhet nose and ears? Can they in gems bid pallid Hippia glow! In Fulvia's buckle ease the throbs below! Or heal, old Narses, thy obscener ail, With all the embroidery plaster'd at thy tail? 90 They might (were Harpax not too wise to spend) Give Harpax' self the blessing of a friend; Or find some doctor that would save the life Or wretched Shylock, spite of Shylock's wife. But thousands die, without or this or that, Die, and endow a college or a cat. To some, indeed, Heaven grants the happier fate, To enrich a bastard, or a son they hate.

Perhaps you think the poor might have their part; Bond damns the poor, and hates them from his heart; The grave Sir Gilbert holds it for a rule, 101

every man in want is knave or fool; • God cannot love,' says Blunt, with tearless cries, * The wretch he starves' and piously denies : But the good Bishop with a meeker air, Admits, and leaves them, Providence's care.

That

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