Fossilization in Adult Second Language Acquisition
This book is a systematic attempt to address the issue of fossilization in relation to a fundamental question in second language acquisition research, which is: why are learners, adults in particular, unable to develop the level of competence they have aspired to in spite of continuous and sustained exposure to the target language, adequate motivation to learn, and sufficient opportunity to practice?
The general explanation given for the logical problem has been that child first
language acquisition is driven by an innate language-specific mechanism known
as Universal Grammar (UG). As Chomsky (1965:58) states: A consideration of the
Lack of access to universal grammar (e.g., Hale, 1988; Schachter, 1996a). Will to
maintain identity (e.g., Preston, 1989, Zuengler, 1989a, 1989b, 1989c). Change
in the emotional state (e.g., Preston, 1989; Selinker, 1972). False automatization
Lack of access to universal grammar Adult learners' lack of access to a full range
of UG, in Schachter's (1996b: 163) view, directly contributes to their incomplete
L2ultimate attainment: What a mature speaker of an L1 has as a result of L1 ...
... many L2 learners fossilize with divergent interlanguage grammars is not an
indication that UG is not available in SLA, ... without appealing to complete
pathology (i.e. no 'access'' to Universal Grammar), to explain the general failure
of adult ...
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