Fossilization in Adult Second Language Acquisition
This book is a systematic attempt to address the issue of fossilization in relation to a fundamental question in second language acquisition research, which is: why are learners, adults in particular, unable to develop the level of competence they have aspired to in spite of continuous and sustained exposure to the target language, adequate motivation to learn, and sufficient opportunity to practice?
Results 1-5 of 5
Over the past30years, the SLA literature appears to have documented a
considerable bulk of evidence of fossilization across and within adult L2 learners,
as well as a rich spectrum of explanations thereof from a myriad of perspectives.
Others' View Beyond Selinker's definitions, the SLA literature over the past three
decades has seen numerous interpretations of fossilization. In this section, a
selection of these, which are largely representative of the general views, are ...
In summary, within the SLA literature there exist a wide range of differing
conceptions vis-à-vis the nature and scope of fossilization. What about outside
this realm? With this question, we now turn to the dictionary definitions. Dictionary
Errors made by advanced learners (e.g., Selinker & Mascia, 1999). Long-lasting
free variation (R. Ellis, 1999). Persistent difficulty (Hawkins, 2000). Ultimate
attainment (passim the SLA literature). Inability to fully master target language
(passim the SLA literature). As the above list indicates, over the years the term '
fossilization' has come to be associated with a wide array of learner behaviors.
The lack of uniformity in the application of the notion, while creating confusion, ...