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Mr. Horan. I am not complaining about that.
Dr. Evans. I realize you are not.
Mr. Horan. However, I would like to have the responsibility re-
posed in one man because the area that we are trying to police here
cannot be much over two sections of land from the power plant to
Union Station. It may be a little bit more than that, and presumably
we have about 250 police officers patrol it for 24 hours of the day.
And it would seem to me to be good business to at least look at the
whole problem.
Mr. Gary. Are you asking for increase?
Dr. Evans. Yes, sir; we are asking for eight additional guards.
Mr. Gary. What is the necessity for it?
Dr. Evans. We have set up certain duty stations and we think
they are essential, and to cover all of those duty stations on our
schedule, that we believe is reasonable, would take this many addi-
tional people. We are simply not covering them now after you
allow for annual leave, sick leave, lapses in filling vacancies, and so
forth. We will be glad to supply you with that record of duty stations,
sir
. It is all written down very carefully.
Mr. Horan. Do you have that record ?
Dr. Evans. Yes, sir.
Mr. Horan. Would you supply that for us?
Dr. Evans. We will be very glad to do that, sir.
Mr. Horan. I want that because, if the subcommittee will permit
me. I would like to have Captain Broderick back here because I
consider him to have the major responsibility up here and I would
like to discuss this whole problem with him and I do not know
whether we can do anything about it; but I would like to have that
information and when the Judiciary is before us, we are going to get
information involving this group here. We are not quarreling with
you at all on this matter of guarding the Library. We want that
done and we want it done very diligently.

(The requested statement follows:)

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THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS GUARD FORCE

The Library of Congress guard force totals 79, of whom 13 (1 captain, 6 lieu-
tenants, and 6 sergeants) are officers serving in a supervisory capacity, and 66
are guards. Unlike the regular staff of the Library which is generally available
8 hours per day, 5 days per week, guards must be available 24 hours per day, 7
days per week.

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Guards 14 divided by 5 days per guard per week.

3 Add 66 times 8 percent, annual leave (5.28)

5 Add 66 times 3 percent, sick leave (2.08)

2 Total deficit.

1-10 Requested.--

+8 1 This does not include provision for special events such as concerts and lectures in the Library buildings, guarding of the payroll, etc.

DETAIL OF STATIONS
Main building

Annex building 1. Guard office and relief

1. Guard office and relief 2. West basement door

2. West basement door 3. West main door

3. East basement door 4. South door, east side

4. Shipping entrance 5. Relief, doors

5. Basement relief 6. Second floor

6. Fifth floor 7. Exhibits, second floor

7. Inspection and relief 8. Reading room gallery, third floor 8. Grounds and relief

9. Relief station 9. North side, second floor 10. South side, second floor 11. Grounds 12. Relief station

UNIT ON EXCHANGE OF MATERIALS

Dr. Evans. Mr. Chairman, the next positions are on page 14, of which there are 21.

Mr. HORAN. Just 1 minute before we pass over.

Dr. Evans. These deal with the cataloging and shelf-listing operations, editing of the public catalogs, and one in binding.

Here is one unit I would like to call your attention to, this unit of five people on exchange of materials. The State Department has been paying for that for some years and has now cut off its support. We will lose that staff completely at the end of this year unless new funds are provided. The Department did this under its exchange program and that has been gradually diminishing at the wish of Congress and here is where it hits the Library.

Mr. HORAN. We cannot consider this matter here without considering the whole field of international relationships, UNESCO, the exchange of students, all of which bears on this.

Dr. Evans. This is feeding our collections, sir; this is really a library operation. It is helping us enrich the collections.

Mr. Horan. I would gladly increase your appropriation here if I did not think we were wasting at the bung somewhere else in the appropriations. You are in awfully good position to tell us just where we are wasting and where other subcommittees with whom, we assure you, up here at the legislative branch, we can communicate posthaste, on such matters.

Now, if this is an important operation and we have to maintain it

Dr. Evans. Purely Library, sir.

Mr. Horan. Of course it is Library. I am not talking about that. That is what we are holding hearings on. But you tell us because you are pretty close to some of these other operations, you can go off the record-tell us where we are wasting money.

Dr. EVANS. In the Library, sir?

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Mr. Horan. No, sir; I do not mean in the Library. I want to know where we are wasting money.

Dr. Evans. This is the one item where we have had transferred funds the withdrawal of which would cause us to slip backward. At present there are five people who are regularly engaged in exchange of materials. They are trying to enrich the Chinese and Japanese collections and various other collections by exchanging materials with other countries.

Mr. Horan. It needs enriching, too.
Mr. Bow. How long have those people been with you, Dr. Evans?
Dr. Evans. Close to 10 years.

Mr. ClApp. The project has been going on ever since 1940 under one name or another in the State Department. The personnel has turned over in this particular project.

Dr. Evans. We have had approximately this number of people for how long on this? Mír

. Clapp. Ten years, yes, but the same people are not in those jobs now because they have been promoted to other jobs or left, so that the people now in the jobs -Dr. Evans. He was just interested in the positions.

Mr. Bow. Let me ask this question: The material the State Department has been accumulating, is that of interest only to the State Department or is it general material that would be of interest to all of our people?

Dr. Evans. The material, sir, was primarily of interest in the whole framework of the collecting plan of the Library of Congress. These People work under our direction. The State Department did from time to time say that it would like for us to emphasize Latin America or the Far East, but within that framework we have been getting materials that we conceived to be necessary for the Library for its service to the Congress and the executive branch.

Mr. Bow. Does the State Department make any explanation as to why they discontinued this?

Dr. Evans. It was a change of congressional policy in relation to the appropriation, sir. They had an exchange of materials program which was initially under the program of cooperation with the other American Republics. Then it was broadened worldwide under the Smith-Mundt Act and the Congress has diminished the support of that particular part of the program. That is the reason for the problem now facing us.

Mr. Bow. In your opinion, should this project be continued, as you see it?

Dr. Evans. I think, sir, that if we did not have these people continued, we would really slip backward in acquiring some of the material that the Government needs and which we are now acquiring, particularly from the Far East.

Mr. Horan. May I ask you this question? This 15,638 net dollars
which has been an exchange item, that is for salaries?

Dr. Evans. That is exclusively for salaries; yes, sir.
Mr. Horan. Will you still receive the materials?
Dr. Evans. We have set up certain arrangements which would
continue to receive some materials but we would have to stop making
new, continuing arrangements and we would not have the personnel
to open the packages and acknowledge the new materials that come

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in. We would have to neglect that phase of the work, somewhere or other, in our exchange operations. These people are writing letters, getting materials; they are sending out materials in exchange. They are opening the packages and making records of the materials that come in and sending it all out.

RESEARCH IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Mr. HORAN. Would you please supply for the record the work that is being done at MIT right now in the Research Center for International Relations and other work that is being done by other institutions, privately endowed in the whole field of international relations? And would you supply for the subcommittee's enlightenment the reasons why these international studies-study groups-will not make their findings completely available to the Library of Congress? Will you do that?

Dr. Evans. We will be glad to do the best we can in getting that information.

Mr. HORAN. I would like to know for my own information why these other institutions that are doing a valiant work on donated funds, why their findings and their materials are not given sancturary in the Library of Congress.

Dr. Evans. We will do the best we can.

RESEARCH AT VARIOUS INSTITUTIONS IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS There follows a list of institutions in the United States which were listed in 1952 as active in the field of international relations. The Library of Congress is now receiving the published reports of most of these institutions. It attempts to obtain the publications of all, but this requires continuous checking and correspondence. Failure (due to lack of manpower) to perform this checking currently and consistently, frequently gives rise to gaps. These usually eventually come to attention and are then filled.

These institutions are listed in the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace publication Current Research in International Affairs. A Selected Bibliography of Work in Progress by Private Research Agencies in Australia, Canada, India, Pakistan, Union of South Africa, United Kingdom and the United States. This volume presents no summary statements of the purposes and overall research programs of these institutions. In the time available it has not been possible to compile this information.

ORGANIZATIONS
Academy of Political Science
American Academy of Political and Social Science
American Arbitration Association
American Council of Learned Societies
American Peace Society
American Political Science Association
American Society for Public Administration
American Society of International Law
The Asia Institute
Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies
The Brookings Institution
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Council on Foreign Relations, Inc.
The Far Eastern Association, Inc.
Foreign Policy Association
Institute of Pacific Relations
Library of International Relations
Middle East Institute
National Planning Association
Public Administration Clearing House

ORGANIZATIONS- continued

Public Affairs Committee
Twentieth Century Fund
Woodrow Wilson Foundation
World Organization of the Teaching Profession
World Peace Foundation

SCHOOLS AND UNIVERSITIES
University of Akron
University of Alabama
Amherst College
Brown University
University of Buffalo
University of California (Berkeley):

Departments of the University
Institute of East Asiatic Studies

Institute of Slavic Studies
University of California (Los Angeles)
Carleton College
University of Chicago:

Departments of the University
Center for the Study of American Foreign Policy

Research Center in Economic Development
University of Cincinnati
City College of New York
Clark University
Colgate University
University of Colorado
Columbia University:

Departments of the University
Teachers College
School of International Affairs
East Asian Institute

The Russian Institute
University of Connecticut
Cornell University
Dartmouth College
University of Delaware
University of Denver
De Pauw University
University of Detroit
Duke University
Emory University
Fisk University
Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy
University of Florida
Fordham University
George Washington University
Georgetown University
University of Georgia
Harvard University:

Committee on International and Regional Studies

Russian Research Center
University of Hawaii
Howard University
University of Illinois
The Institute for Advanced Study
The Johns Hopkins University:

Walter Hines Page School of International Relations

School of Advanced International Studies
University of Kansas City
Kent State University
University of Kentucky
Lehigh University
Long Island University
Louisiana State University

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