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Mr. Horan. It belongs to Congress; it is our institution. not have this transfer of funds.
Dr. Evans. I will run the Library of Congress the way you want it run but in the past you have approved our securing transferred funds.
Mr. Horan. Constitutionally it is not right. Are those transfers from the judiciary? I suppose some are.
Dr. Evans. They are from the executive branch, mostly defense agencies. Congress authorized such transfers in the Economy Act of 1932.
Mr. HORAN. I wish you would avoid it. We are supposed to have separation of powers. How can you mix this all in one budget?
Let us get back on this statement. You are doing a good job, but
Mr. Horan. We annually review the relationship between the
Dr. EVANS. Mr. Chairman, I will just say a final word on this subject and that is that we wish to carry out the will of the Congress on this matter. We certainly will do the best we can to accomplish that.
Another way we have met our financial difficulties is by limiting the purchase of books. In some respects, we are falling behind.
USE TO BE MADE OF FUNDS REQUESTED
Now as to the estimates we have asked you for this year, these amount to only 6.7 percent increase in our base figure which we take from 1953 to go into 1954; 16 percent of this total of 6.7 percent is to meet statutory increases; 6 percent is for operations which will reimburse their cost and even return a profit to the Treasury; 22 percent is for the blind; 11 percent is for the Legislative Reference Service, on which the Committees on Administration of the two Houses worked with Dr. Griffith. This leaves only 45 percent of this 6.7 percent or $284,000 for what I have been calling central operations. Of this amount, $77,000 is for nonpersonnel items, and the other is for personnel.
I think, gentlemen, this is a modest request. It does not reflect our total need to carry out what we understand to be the policy directives that the Congress has given us in past years. We wish to run the Library at whatever level the Members of Congress wish it to be operated. We are merely discribing what we think are some of the minimum needs to go ahead on the basis that we think you have decided. Hence, what we suggest should be done is technical information more than it is a policy recommendation.
Mr. HORAN. Are there any questions from members of the committee?
ADDITIONAL EMPLOYEES REQUESTED Mr. Gary. How many additional employees are you requesting?
Dr. EVANS. Mr. Chairman and Mr. Gary, the number is 86 on the major appropriation, 10 on Copyright, 20 on Legislative Reference Service, and on the Card Division it is 8, making a total of 124.
Mr. Chairman, I think the best way to proceed is for me to answer questions. I do not think I ought to ask the committee to let me give all of this material in detail.
Mr. HORAN. You were talking about the justifications now. My clerk is back now and we will proceed in order if you do not mind. Are there any further questions at this time from the subcommittee?
Mr. BUSBEY. Not on the general statement.
Mr. Horan. If not, we will begin with the justifications and Dr. Evans may handle this in any way that he wishes.
SUMMARY OG REQUEST
Table I may be inserted in the record at this point. (Table I is as follows:)
Table 1.- Appropriations for 1953 as related to appropriation base for 1954 and to
consolidation of appropriations
Dr. Evans. Mr. Chairman, there was an overappropriation to the Legislative Reference Service last year which explains the footnote in the first column on this page. We are living in a way that Congress intended for us to, although the enrolled bill had a numerical error in it. We are proposing here certain transfers from one appropriation to another to get them straightened out. The budget as it is printed showed $5,000 of travel transferred out of increase general into salaries and expenses
, Copyright Office, and $2,500 to the Legislative Reference Service, but did not show the reduction which we intended of $7,500 in the main appropriation, but that has been corrected in the documents before you.
Mr. Horan. What is the total appropriation for the Library of Congress before this subcommittee?
Dr. Evans. $10,042,460 is our estimate. Mr. Horan. What is the total appropriation for the Library of Congress including all transfers and all other remunerations. Dr. Evans. The table 1 shows the appropriation for 1953 which is $9,416,128.
FUNDS TRANSFERRED TO LIBRARY FROM OTHER GOVERNMENT
The amount of transferred funds from the Government I believe is shown in one of the tables.
Mr. HORAN. $2,200,000. Would you discuss that?
Dr. Evans. These transfers are from the Air Force and the Navy and a small amount from the State Department and the Army.
Mr. HORAN. Would you give us the exact amounts?
Mr. Rossiter. Yes, sir, received in fiscal 1953. From the Department of Defense, $314,698. From the Navy, $586,903, and from the Army engineers, $63,800.
Mr. Horan. Last year I had you give us all the libraries with whom you had contact and as I remember, Mr. Clapp, that was a great many.
Mr. CLAPP. One thousand two hundred libraries, sir.
Mr. Horan. In this connection, we are trying to be friendly here; we just want to get at the facts and you understand our job, the pressures we are under. You are doing a nice job over there. But how much do these departments and divisions of Government that transfer funds to you, how much do they appropriate for library purposes on their own?
Dr. EVANS. We can get that figure, Mr. Chairman. But I would like to call your attention to the fact that most of the work we do for them is not the kind of work their libraries would do.
Mr. HORAN. That is all right. I do not object to that.
Research and reference libraries maintained by agencies that transferred funds to the Library of Congress in fiscal 1953
Washington but must be
Transfers to the Library of Congress are for projects which
require scaree language skills, wide experience in organiz-
Costs are not available to
the Library of Congress,
Transfers to the Library of Congress are for following
advanced bibliographical and documentation
services in the fields of science and technology.
catalog and classify their collection of some 5,000
Has no central library; uses Army library in Pentagon..
tions-e. g., at Air Materiel Command, Dayton; Air
(recreational and instructional) for enlisted personnel;
history and science (approximately 92,000 volumes).
libraries-e. g., Bureau of Yards and Docks library,
Bureau of Aeronautics-has a small library.
libraries at various installations, 0.g., Naval Academy,
tional for enlisted personnel; these are not research
necessary for the information of the Department, especi.
mately 400,000 volumes).
Library, a special library in the field of medical sciences.
technical libraries at various installations which serve
staffed by I librarian and I typist.
(recreational and instructional) for enlisted personnel; these are not research libraries.)
Costs are not available in
Washington but must be