« PreviousContinue »
plan in order to provide a minimum monthly retirement income to each participant. Pursuant to § 412.50(a)(9), the two plans shall be considered as a single plan for purposes of this Standard. Because the effect of the supplemental fund is to provide defined-benefits for the plan's participants, the provisions of this Standard relative to defined-benefit pension plans shall be applicable to the combined plan.
(b) Measurement of pension cost. (1) Contractor E has a pension plan whose costs are assigned to cost accounting periods by use of an actuarial cost method which does not separately identify actuarial gains and losses or the effect on pension cost resulting from changed actuarial assumptions. If this cost method is used to measure costs for financial accounting purposes, it may be used for purposes of this Standard, provided that the contractor develops the supplementary information set forth in § 412.50(b)(2)(iii) regarding such gains and losses and changed actuarial assumptions. In addition, the contractor must develop an actuarial liability determined by a projected benefit cost method set forth in § 412.50(b)(1). If the resultant actuarial liability is less than the value of the pension fund, the pension cost computed for the cost accounting period must be reduced by that amount (§ 412.50(b)(2)(ii)).
(2) For a number of years Contractor F has had a pay-as-you-go pension plan which provides for payments of $200 a month to employees after retirement. The contractor is currently making such payments to several retired employees and charges such payments against current income as its pension cost. For the current cost accounting period, the contractor paid benefits totaling $24,000. Contractor F's method of accounting for pension cost does not comply with the provisions of this Standard relative to pay-as-you-go plans as set forth in §§ 412.40(c) and 412.50(b)(4). The contractor should:
(i) Compute, by use of an actuarial cost method, its actuarial liability for benefits earned by plan participants. This entire liability is always unfunded for a pay-as-yougo plan.
(ii) Compute a level amount which, including an interest equivalent, would amortize the unfunded actuarial liability over a period of no less than 10 or more than 40 years.
(iii) Compute, by use of the actuarial cost method selected, a normal cost for the period. The sum of paragraphs (b)(2) (ii) and (iii) of this section represents the amount of pension cost assignable to the period. If payment of benefits earned by plan participants can be compelled, the entire amount of cost assignable to the
period is allocable to cost objectives of that period. If such payments cannot be compelled, the amount of assignable cost allocable to cost objectives of that period is limited to the amount of benefits actually paid in that period ($24,000).
(3) Contractor G has two defined-benefit pension plans which provide for fixed dollar payments to hourly employees. Under one plan, the contractor's actuary believes that the contractor will be required to increase the level of benefits by specified percentages over the next several years. In calculating pension costs, the contractor may not assume future benefits greater than that currently required by the plan. With regard to the second plan, a collective bargaining agreement negotiated with the employee's labor union provided that pension benefits will increase by specified percentages over the next several years. Because the improved benefits are required to be made, the contractor can consider such increased benefits in computing pension costs for the current cost accounting period
(c) Assignment of pension cost. Contractor H has a trusteed pension plan for its salaried employees. It computes $1 million of pension cost for a cost accounting period. Pursuant to the funding provisions of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, the company must fund at least $800,000. Because liquidation of the liability for the portion of pension cost required by law to be funded ($800,000) can be compelled, such cost is allocable to cost objectives of the period, in accordance with § 412.40(c). If Contractor H can be compelled by the trustee or the plan participants to fund the remaining $200,000, the liability therefor is also allocable to cost objectives of that period.
§ 412.70 Exemptions.
None for this Standard.
§ 412.80 Effective date.
(a) The effective date of this Standard is January 1, 1976 (40 FR 58281, December 16, 1975).
(b) This Standard shall be followed by each contractor on or after the start of his next cost accounting period beginning after the receipt of a contract to which this Cost Accounting Standard is applicable.
[41 FR 47244, Oct. 28, 1976]
AUTHORITY: Sec. 719 of the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended, Pub. L. 91379, 50 USC App. 2168.
SOURCE: 41 FR 22241, June 7, 1976, unless otherwise noted.
§ 414.10 General applicability.
General applicability of this Cost Accounting Standard is established by § 331.30 of the Board's regulations on applicability, exemption, and waiver of the requirement to include the Cost Accounting Standards contract clause in negotiated defense prime contracts and subcontracts (4 CFR 331.30). § 414.20 Purpose.
The purpose of this Cost Accounting Standard is to establish criteria for the measurement and allocation of the cost of capital committed to facilities as an element of contract cost. Consistent application of these criteria will improve cost measurement by providing for allocation of cost of contractor investment in facilities capital to negotiated contracts.
§ 414.30 Definitions.
(a) The following definitions of terms which are prominent in this Standard are reprinted from Part 400 of this chapter for convenience. Other terms which are used in this Standard and are defined in Part 400 of this chapter have the meanings ascribed to them in that part unless the text demands a different definition or the definition is modified in paragraph (b) of this section:
(1) Business Unit. Any segment of an organization, or an entire business organization which is not divided into segments.
(2) Cost of Capital Committed to Facilities. An imputed cost determined by applying a cost of money rate to facilities capital.
(3) Facilities Capital. The net book value of tangible capital assets and of those intangible capital assets that are subject to amortization.
(4) Intangible Capital Asset. An asset that has no physical substance, has more than
minimal value, and is expected to be held by an enterprise for continued use or possession beyond the current accounting period for the benefits it yields.
(5) Tangible Capital Asset. An asset that has physical substance, more than minimal value, and is expected to be held by an enterprise for continued use or possession beyond the current accounting period for the services it yields.
(b) The following modifications of definitions set forth in Part 400 of this chapter are applicable to this Standard: None.
§ 414.40 Fundamental requirement.
(a) A contractor's facilities capital shall be measured and allocated in accordance with the criteria set forth in this Standard. The allocated amount shall be used as a base to which a cost of money rate is applied.
(b) The cost of money rate shall be based on interest rates determined by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to Pub. L. 9241 (85 Stat. 97).
(c) The cost of capital committed to facilities shall be separately computed for each contract using facilities capital cost of money factors computed for each cost accounting period.
§ 414.50 Techniques for application.
(a) The investment base used in computing the cost of money for facilities capital shall be computed from accounting data used for contract cost purposes. The form and instructions stipulated in this Standard shall be used to make the computation.
(b) The cost of money rate for any cost accounting period shall be the arithmetic mean of the interest rates specified by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to Pub. L. 92-41 (85 Stat. 97). Where the cost of money must be determined on a prospective basis the cost of money rate shall be based on the most recent available rate published by the Secretary of the Treasury.
(c)(1) A facilities capital cost of money factor shall be determined for each indirect cost pool to which a significant amount of facilities capital has been allocated and which is used to allocate indirect costs to final cost objectives.
(2) The facilities capital cost of money factor for an indirect cost pool shall be determined in accordance with Form CASBCMF, and its instructions which are set forth in Appendix A. One form will serve for all the indirect cost pools of a business unit.
(3) For each CAS-covered contract, the applicable cost of capital committed to facilities for a given cost accounting period is the sum of the products obtained by multiplying the amount of allocation base units (such as direct labor hours, or dollars of total cost input) identified with the contract for the cost accounting period by the facili
ties capital cost of money factor for the corresponding indirect cost pool. In the case of process cost accounting systems the contracting parties may agree to substitute an appropriate statistical measure for the allocation base units identified with the contract.
§ 414.60 Illustrations.
The use of Form CASB-CMF and other computations anticipated for this Cost Accounting Standard are illustrated in Appendix B.
§ 414.70 Exemption.
(a) This Standard shall not apply to any prime contract or subcontract providing that (1) the date of award of such contract, or (2) if the contractor has submitted cost of pricing data, the date of final agreement
on price as shown on the contractor's signed certificate of current cost or pricing data, precedes the effective date of this Standard. (b) This Standard shall not apply where compensation for the use of tangible capital assets is based on use rates or allowances such as provided by the provisions of Federal Management Circular 73-8 (Cost Principles for Educational Institutions), Federal Management Circular 74-4 (Principles for Determining Costs Applicable to Grants and Contracts with State and Local Governments), § 15.402-1(a) of the Armed Services Procurement Regulation, or other appropriate Federal procurement regulations.
§ 414.80 Effective date.
The effective date of this Standard is October 1, 1976 (41 FR 37091, September 2, 1976).
INSTRUCTIONS FOR FORM CASB-CMF
The purpose of this form is to (a) accumulate total facilities capital net book values allocated to each business unit for the contractor cost accounting period and (b) convert those values to facilities capital cost of money factors applicable to each overhead or G&A expense allocation base employed within business unit.
All data pertain to the cost accounting period for which the contractor prepares overhead and G&A expense allocations. The cost of money computations should be compatible with those allocation procedures. More specifically, facilities capital values used should be the same values that are used to generate depreciation or amortization that is allowed for Federal Government contract costing purposes; land which is integral to the regular operation of the business unit shall be included.
Applicable Cost of Money Rate (Col. 1)
Enter here the rate as computed in accordance with § 414.50(b).
Accumulation and Direct Distribution of Net Book Value (Col. 2)
Recorded, Leased Property, Corporate.The net book value of facilities capital items in this column shall represent the average balances outstanding during the cost accounting period. This applies both to items that are subject to periodic depreciation or amortization and also to such items as land that are not subject to periodic write-offs. Unless there is a major fluctuation, it will be adequate to ascertain the net book of these assets at the beginning and end of each cost accounting period, and to compute an average of those two sets of figures. "Recorded" facilities are the facilities capital items owned by the contractor, carried on the books of the business unit and used in its regular business activity. "Leased property" is the capitalized value of leases for which constructive costs of ownership are allowed in lieu of rental costs under Government procurement regulations. Corporate or group facilities are the business unit's allocable share of corporate-owned and leased facilities. The net book value of items of facilities capital which are held or controlled by the home office shall be allocated to the business unit on a basis consistent with the home office expense allocation.
Distributed and Undistributed.-All facilities capital items that are identified in the contractor's records as solely applicable to an organizational unit corresponding to a specific overhead, G&A or other indirect
cost pool which is used to allocate indirect costs to final cost objectives, are listed against the applicable pools and are classified as "distributed." "Undistributed" is the remainder of the business unit's facilities capital. The sum of "distributed” and “undistributed" must also correspond to the amount shown on the "total" line.
Allocation of Distributed.-List in the narrative column all the overhead and G&A expense pools to which "distributed" facilities capital items have been allocated. Enter the corresponding amounts in (Col. 2). The sum of all the amounts shown against specific overhead and G&A expense pools must correspond to the amount shown in the "distributed" line.
Allocation of Undistributed (Col. 3)
Business unit "undistributed" facilities are allocated to overhead and the G&A expense pools on any reasonable basis that approximates the actual absorption of depreciation or amortization of such facilities. For instance, the basis of allocation of undistributed assets in each business unit between, e.g., engineering overhead pool and the manufacturing overhead pool, should be related to the manner in which the expenses generated by these assets are allocated between the two overhead pools. Detailed analysis of this allocation is not required where essentially the same results can be obtained by other means. Where the cost accounting system for purposes of Government contract costing uses more than one "charging rate" for allocating indirect costs accumulated in a single cost pool, one representative base may be substituted for the multiplicity of bases used in the allocation process. The net book value of service center facilities capital items appropriately allocated should be included in this column. The sum of the entries in Column 3 is equal to the entry in the undistributed line, Column 2.
A supporting work sheet of this allocation should be prepared if there is more than one service center or other similar “intermediate" cost objective involved in the reallocation process.
Alternative Allocation Process-As an alternative to the above allocation process all the undistributed assets for one or more service centers or similar intermediate cost objectives may be allocated to the G&A expense pool. Consequently, the cost of money for these undistributed assets will be distributed to the final cost objectives on the same basis that is used to allocate G&A expense. This procedure may be adopted for any cost accounting period only when the contracting parties agree (a) that the depreciation or amortization generated by these undistributed assets is immaterial or (b) that the results of this alternative procedure are not likely to differ materially from those which