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quam de singulis gentibus, sed de cunctis pariter prophetatur.”

“ Solenne est Isaiæ, ut quoties in vaticiniis suis offertur aliqua umbra eorum quæ in novissimis temporibus accident, statim ad illa animum et verba convertat. Erat Tyrus viva totius orbis effigies, cum eò omnia regna confluerent. Cum ergo microcosmi hujus interitus esset a prophetâ descriptus, ad describendam majoris mundi vastitatem assurgit. Sicut Christus ab eversione Hierosolymæ ad mundi exci. dium et universale judicium sermonem ducit." Sanctius apud Poole.

The first twelve verses of this chapter seem to describe the extermination of the Jews by the Romans. In the 13th, 14th, 15th, and former part of the 16th verse, the prophet describes the successful preaching of the gospel, and the consequent conversion of the Gentiles, by the first Hebrew converts scattered over the whole world; for they seem to be meant by the after picking of the olive tree, and the gleaning grapes after the vintage. The remainder of the chapter from the 16th verse, describes the commotions in the latter ages of the world, the judgments to be executed upon the adversaries of the true reli. gion, and the final triumph of the church. In this part the prophecy


very obscure, the accomplishment being yet distant.

Verse 1. -" the earth,” rather " the land.”
Verse 4. -" The earth," rather “ The land.”

" the haughty people of the earth do languish.” _excelsa simul et ima terræ collabescunt.” Houbigant. The plural verb 45%DN has led interpreters to expound the singular nominative as a collective. The Vulgate seems to have had the singular verb sbps; and with the singular verb, the most obvious interpretation of this clause would be this : “ Together with the earth the heaven is decayed. 172, as we might say,

upper region,' is often used for the heavens, or the sky. It seems to be so used below, verse 21.

Verse 5. “ The earth,” rather “ The land.”
Verse 6. -" the earth," rather“ the land.”

-" and they that dwell therein are desolate;" rather, “ because the inhabitants thereof are found guilty.” Vitringa and Bishop Lowth.

.“ of the earth,” rather “ of the land.”

_“ are burnt.” If any emendation be necessary here, I should propose for 1907 to read 1973. See Ps. cii, 4. The formatives of the verb might easily be

o the

56 The

omitted, when the next preceding word ends with the same letter. But compare Job xxx, 30.

Verse 7. “ The new wine mourneth”_ new wine is become vapid”

Verse 8. —“ the noise of them that rejoice;" rather, “ the noise of the riotous.”

Verse 9. _"strong drink”- rather, “ the date. wine"

Verse 10. “ The city of desolation is broken down;" rather, “ The city is broken down; it is a ruin.” See Bishop Lowth.

Verse 11. "all joy is darkened.” nany. Bishop Lowth, with Archbishop Secker, would read 793y. But I find that the verb Sw in the Arabic language renders these senses: abfuit, distitit, longius recessit; ablegabit, extorrem fecit, in exilium expulit, perigrinatus fuit, peregrinus evasit, subtraxit se: and in the Samaritan,' expulit, exterminabit, exhæredavit.' See Castell's Lexicon.

Verse 12. —" and the gate is smitten with de. struction;" rather, with Bishop Lowth, " and with a great tumult the gate is battered down.”

Verse 13. In the original, put a semicolon be

,בתוך and הארץ tween

When thus it shall be in the midst of the land [that is, the

land of Judea], Amongst the peoples [there shall be] as the after-picking of

an olive tree, As the gleaning-grapes when the vintage is finished. Verse 14. “ They” — rather “ These,” this small remnant.

But these shall lift up their voice, they shall sing :
Resound, O ye waters, with the exaltation of Jehovah.

Bishop Lowth. I am much in doubt about the latter line. -" from the sea,” may signify “ in the western quarters of the globe," or, generally “ from the outmost shores,” a cingente omnia oceano.

Verse 15. -" in the fires," Dm. This word deserves much consideration. Twenty-three of Kennicott's MSS. and among these some of the first au

, . ), or Sinys. Bishop Lowth and the Layman read

. Verse 16. -" glory to the righteous;" rather, o to the Just One."

_" but I said, My leanness, my leanness," &c. The prophet hearing songs of praise to the Just One, is naturally led to think of the general corruption of

,באמים Houbigant would read .באורים thority



human nature, and of the base treatment which the Just One met with from the Jews; which two things he pathetically deplores in the sequel of this verse. By his leanness, he means the deficiency of his own righteousness, which was such that he had need to clothe himself with the merits of the Just One. The perfidious dealers are the unbelieving Jews of our Lord's time, who, by rejecting their Saviour, became apostates from their God.

Verse 17. “ Fear, and the pit," &c. Fired with indignation at the scene of the treatment of the Just One, the prophet threatens the guilty world with instant vengeance.

Verse 21. _“ shall punish the host of the high ones [that are] on high ;" literally, on the host of the height in the height,” or, • of the upper region in the upper region.” “ animadvert Jova, et in sublimem exercitum in sublimi.” Castalio. _“ visitabit Dominus super militiam cæli in excel so.” Vulg. -έπαξει ο Θεος επι τον κοσμον του ουρανού Thu Xeiga. LXX. The antithesis between this " host of the upper region in the upper region, and the kings of the earth upon the earth,” clearly shews that heaven is meant by 10, the height, or upper region. Whether this host of heaven be the visible

“ shall visit up



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