The Native Speaker: Myth and Reality
Linguists, applied linguists and language teachers all appeal to the native speaker as an important reference point. But what exactly (who exactly?) is the native speaker? This book examines the native speaker from different points of view, arguing that the native speaker is both myth and reality.
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To return to my relatives , although we do not have the same set of rules , my
father and I , or my daughter and I , do share enough rules in common for us to
behave as if we did speak the same language . Which in an important sense
Rules may , in fact , be formalised conventions , whether they are the operations
of a computer or a motor or the rules of a nation state or the rules of a game , but
once fixed they cease to be conventions ( or thought of as conventions ) and ...
I expect the native speaker to have internalised rules of use , the appropriate use
of language , to know when to use what and how to speak to others . I expect
control of strategies and of pragmatics , an automatic feeling for the connotations