The Native Speaker: Myth and Reality
Linguists, applied linguists and language teachers all appeal to the native speaker as an important reference point. But what exactly (who exactly?) is the native speaker? This book examines the native speaker from different points of view, arguing that the native speaker is both myth and reality.
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Knowledge and Proficiency If it is suggested that foreign - language users of
English may also be speakers of International English then any relevance of this
concept for the native speaker must collapse because it confuses level of
makes in her discussion of language proficiency : ' the two theoretical
approaches have simply defined the problem differently ' ) . And , of the two ,
norm referencing is probably the point of departure because we can set a
criterion yardstick ...
In its more portmanteau sense of general language ability , proficiency was
widely used in the 1970s and early 1980s under the label general language
proficiency , synonymously with unitary competence hypothesis . Proficiency has