The Native Speaker: Myth and Reality
Linguists, applied linguists and language teachers all appeal to the native speaker as an important reference point. But what exactly (who exactly?) is the native speaker? This book examines the native speaker from different points of view, arguing that the native speaker is both myth and reality.
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So I now propose to look at the distinction between a language and a dialect .
These are distinctions that have no meaning in terms of two of the three
Grammars we discussed in Chapter 3 either for the individual ( the speaker of
Grammar 1 ) ...
way languages do not share a recent history of similar origins while dialects do .
They share some kind of common origin as well as a current identity of system ,
morphological and syntactic , such that a speaker of one dialect will find another
contours – the difficulty is that the existence of native dialects possessing these or
similar features would invalidate the point ipso facto . . . it is virtually impossible to
establish a criterion of nonnativeness with regard to any feature in any dialect ...