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Books Books 1 - 10 of 34 on ... refrain from deciding to launch any attack which may be expected to cause incidental....
" ... refrain from deciding to launch any attack which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive to the concrete and direct military advantage... "
Air & Space Power Journal sum 04 - Page 57
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Fiscal Year ... Arms Control Impact Statements: Statements Submitted to the ...

United States. President - Arms control - 1982
...employs a method or means of delivery which cannot be directed at a specific military objective; or c) may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilian*, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation...
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New Rules for Victims of Armed Conflicts: Commentary on the Two 1977 ...

Michael Bothe, Karl Josef Partsch, Waldemar A. Solf - Law - 1982 - 746 pages
...for the formulation of this element. This provision defines what "excessive loss" means, namely an incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians,...combination thereof which would be excessive in relation to concrete and direct military advantage anticipated". This rule of proportionality 12 is applicable...
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Recueil Des Cours: Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International ...

Acad'mie de Droit International de La Ha - Law - 1986 - 416 pages
...scrutiny he realizes that if he decides to press on with the attack, his main obligation will be to avoid "incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians,...damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof. How could he better meet this obligation than by using the harmless tear gas? Yet the fact remains...
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Legacy of a War: The American Soldier in Vietnam

Ellen Frey-Wouters, Robert S. Laufer - History - 1986 - 434 pages
...very heavy losses among the population. Equally, belligerents are required to refrain from attacks "which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, [or] damage to civilian objects . . . which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct...
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Land Mines in Cambodia: The Coward's War, September 1991

Asia Watch, Eric Stover, Physicians for Human Rights (U.S.) - Cambodia - 1991 - 129 pages
...employs a method or means of delivery which cannot be directed at a specific military objective; or (c) which may be expected to cause incidental loss of...civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian 2 A military objective is defined as "any object which by its nature, location, purpose or use makes...
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Needless Deaths in the Gulf War: Civilian Casualties During the Air Campaign ...

Persian Gulf War, 1991 - 1991 - 402 pages
...life, injury to civilians and damage to civilian objects; iii) refrain from deciding to launch any attack which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage The US Government regards this article as declaratory of existing law: We support the principle that...
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Endless Torment: The 1991 Uprising in Iraq and Its Aftermath

Eric Goldstein, Middle East Watch (Organization) - History - 1992 - 66 pages
...of clearly separate and distinct military objectives in an area populated by civilians; attacks that may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian...injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or any combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete military advantage anticipated....
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The Gulf War of 1980-1988: The Iran-Iraq War in International Legal Perspective

Iger F. Dekker, Harry H. G. Post, Nederlands Instituut voor Sociaal en Economisch Recht - Law - 1992 - 314 pages
...expression also in Article 51(5)(b) of Protocol I, according to which an attack is prohibited, if the loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof 'would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated'. The obligation...
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Bloodshed in the Caucasus: Violations of Humanitarian Law and Human Rights ...

Human Rights Watch (Organization) - Georgia (Republic) - 1992 - 62 pages
...27 Protocol I, art- 57 (l)(a)(iii) requires that the attacker "refrain from deciding to launch any attack which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injuries to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive...
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War Crimes in Bosnia-Hercegovina, Volume 2

Helsinki Watch (Organization : U.S.), Human Rights Watch (Organization), Ivana Nizich - Atrocities - 1992 - 440 pages
...village or other area containing a similar concentration of civilians or civilian objects; and (b) an attack which may be expected to cause incidental...damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, whkh would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated. The...
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