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perceived among the spectators the late master's, he conceived so great a favour Reverend Ole Lund, of Weyerlöse, who, for me that he begged my master to being an old, grey-headed man, had a let me attend upon him at the palace venerable aspect, she bent low out of the to help him in these preparations. chaise to salute him, thinking most likely Sometimes he took me with him in his that he was the patriarch of the country. carriage along with the necessary drugs, She liked her quarters in Nykjöbing vases, and instruments ; on which occaCastle well enough, for she remained sions I had the honour to make up his five days, and the goodwives of the place prescriptions- powder, or whatever else had to take their turns in going up to it might be in the queen's ante-room, the castle to cook for her. She was very in presence of all the ladies and gentlewell pleased, too, with all their cookery, men ; and, as soon as it was ready, he and with the rare wines and such like took a dose of it and went in with it that were rummaged together for her to the queen ... But Dr. Gaulcke entertainment. Then she proceeded to could not succeed in bringing back the Copenhagen, to her consort.”

queen's health, for it pleased God, anno In 1717, the elder Seidelin took his 1719, to call her away. Whereupon, son to Copenhagen, and placed him as King Frederick caused a magnificent apprentice with the court apothecary, castrum doloris to be laid out for her Herr Becker. One of the first events remains in the palace church, and had that struck him there was the bicen- the funeral conducted to Roeskilde with tenary festival of the Reformation, which all possible royal pomp, the Crown was celebrated for three days together Prince, with Prince Charles, and other with an enthusiasm of velvet coats and members of the royal family, accompaembroidered breeches on the part of nying it; but the king went not himself, kings, knights, and nobles, such as the though the state mourning coach paraded Reformation seems little likely ever to in its proper place with all usual signs evoke again, Lutheranism drove to of sorrow as if the king had been sitting court in those days in a gorgeous in it. On the other hand, on the day equipage, with six horses, and six following, whilst the funeral train was lackeys, all in fine new liveries, covered yet in Roeskilde, His Majesty did cause with lace, besides outriders and run his former mistress, Countess Anna ners; was escorted by the guards in Sophia Reventlow, who had already for their gala uniform; was thundered at some years been called Duchess of with military honours by all the troops Schleswig, to hold her progress publicly that could be crowded together; was in an equipage hung with black from speechified to by Rector: Magnificus and her own mansion to the palace, where, the other learning of the kingdom; that same evening, he was married to attended divine service under a perfect her, in presence of a few of her friends, flutter of gold lace, and plumes, and by the German chaplain, Herr Clausen. ermine ; and banqueted royally to the So that the royal children, on their reclatter of silver and blaze of gold. turn from Roeskilde, found that they

" Anno 1718, the health of the late had got a new mother and the king a King Frederick IV.'s queen Louisa new consort. A fortnight later, a great began to be very delicate, so much so solemnity was ordered at Fredericksberg, that she had to keep her bed, and a new to which the king invited both his own doctor, called Gaulcke, was sent for and the foreign ministers, the higher from Germany. He was immediately clergy, the magistrates, and professors, appointed her physician, and abode &c, and caused the queen's crown, on a continually beside her in her palace, red velvet cushion, embroidered with where he caused a little laboratory to gold, to be borne into the audience be fitted up, in which he himself pre- chamber by the wife of the grand pared sundry medicines for the queen's chancellor and the Countess Lansvig. use. Now, coming frequently to my He then himself took the crown, and

placed it on the head of his consort, and those two ladies, her sisters, had to fasten it, as that it might not fall; whereupon he publicly declared her Queen of Denmark and Norway, and conducted her to the royal table, where she dined with the crown on her head. Again, a fortnight later, she held her public entry into Copenhagen as queen, with great splendour and all wonted ceremony; at night, there were illuminations and all the tokens of joy which, in the short time, could be got in readiness.”

This was the second marriage of Frederick IV. to Countess Anna Sophia Reventlow. After carrying her off from her family, notwithstanding the strongest opposition from her mother, he formally married her in 1712, during the life-time of his first queen, so that, for nine years, he had two wives. After his death, his son banished Anna Sophia to Jutland, where she spent the rest of her days, but not till she had been forced to give up several estates and a good deal of jewellery, given or left to her by the late king.

Having served the period of his apprenticeship and a year to boot, it was time for Seidelin to think about his Wanderjahre. He left his native land at Easter, 1722, and, after marvelling sufficiently at the wonders of Lübeck and Hamburgh, accepted, “in the name of God," the offer of a situation at Nordhausen in Thuringia, where, however, his employer starved him so painfully on mashed turnips and “salad leaves, with a little soup poured over them, made of smoked bacon, chopped up with an egg and sour vinegar"-never giving him “ a decent roast of meat all the time”—and, what was worse, crept about the house at night on felt slippers to make sure that the shop-boys were stealing nothing, that Seidelin was not slow in seeking other quarters. These he found in Berlin, again in the house of a court apothecary, and entered upon his functions on New Year's Day, 1723.

“There was always a large garrison in Berlin, and at Michaelmas of every year the king reviewed an army of

fifteen or sixteen regiments, horse and foot, whose fine accurate drill it was a pleasure to behold. When the review was over the troops would march in perfect order, the one regiment behind the other, into Berlin by one gate, past the palace, and out by another gate to the camp again. All which, being extremely remarkable, I neglected not, on fitting occasion, to observe and consider. . . . . The princes of the royal house, with their consorts and families, such as the Markgraves Albert and Louis, item, the Dowager Markgravine Philip with her family, resided constantly in Berlin; but the king and queen, with their numerous family, resided for the most part at Potsdam, where the king had built a fine palace, with offices, and laid out a garden. Nay, he had caused his generals, ministers, and other high office-bearers, to build a town there, as. each of them required a mansion to reside in while attending court. He had also erected three or four splendid churches; and it was at Potsdam, moreover, that for his own especial diversion he kept his big grenadiers,—a corps of 2,000 men or upwards, all of them uncommonly tall, strong fellows, whom he had been collecting for a great many years at much trouble and expense. Nevertheless the king was wont to come to Berlin once a week by the space of two or three days, and then he came for the most part on horseback, attended by two pages, but never resided in the principal part of the palace. On the contrary he had caused to be fitted up for himself two rooms on the ground floor, with a bed in one of them; and this lodging, which was close to the street, was surrounded by an ordinary railing, but strongly guarded by a number of sentries at ten paces from each other. For in one of these rooms was the stair which led down to his treasure-chamber-a placo consisting of several massive vaults with iron doors, full of all kinds of gold and silver coins in neat strong sacks and bags, regularly arranged on shelves from floor to ceiling, and with a label on each sack telling what sort of coin it con

tained, and how much. There was not East Friesland, &c. yet without opanother potentate in Europe that had pressing his subjects by extraordinary such a treasure-chamber.

exactions. Once, as I was standing "When the king came thus to Berlin in the shop door, the king came galhe gave no audiences either to his own loping from Potsdam, with his two ministers, or the foreign ambassadors, or pages after him, and, on getting off the generals, or anybody else, except on his horse at the entrance to his chambers, parade, and, when the parade was over, I saw with surprise how he threw the he would say to one or two of the nobles bridle over the railing, and, having perpresent, whether they were his own or ceived that one of the horse's hind shoes foreign : ‘To-day I will dine with you, was loose, caused a page to hold up the and to-morrow with you ;' for he held foot, while he himself looked about for no kitchen in Berlin either for himself a stone and knocked the nails tight or anybody else. He was a singular again. Another day I saw the king prince; uncommonly thrifty and saving; going along a street in Berlin, when all all royal splendour was abolished at his at once he espied a paper of pins in the court. He kept but two pages and as mire; he at once stopped and raked the many lackeys (other authorities say six paper out with his stick, and called to or eight] ; his table at Potsdam was a girl who was passing that she should supplied with no more than six dishes, pick it up. ..." amongst which were oftentimes kale, After making a short tour at Easter, peas, bacon, &c.; and in the evening 1724, he goes on again,with three dishes; confects there were “As soon as I had returned from none, saving a plate of biscuits for the Leipzig and Wittenberg, the royal Colqueen and princesses ; neither would he legium Medico-Chirurgicum in Berlin was eat out of silver. Toward evening he inaugurated ; whereupon I set myself always had his Tabacks-Collegium, at with extreme diligence to profit thereby, which there appeared sometimes generals and neglected the lecture of no professor, and sometimes lieutenants, but neither although I lodged a full mile (English) he nor they got anything but a pipe of from the anatomical theatre, viz. in the tobacco, a glass of beer, and a slice of house of my former employer, and must bread and butter ready cut. If the needs travel that distance twice a day, queen happened to have a dish at sup- thither and back, even in winter : yet per which she knew the king liked, she did I not regret it, God granting me sent him word, whereupon he went to health. With more especial diligence her apartment, ate some, and then re- I attended on the chemical lessons of turned to his Tabacks-Compagnie. His Professor Neumann, which were held dress was always the uniform of the big in the house of the court apothecary, grenadiers.

inasmuch as he was wont to demonstrate “For the rest he lived very lovingly by experiments in the laboratory whatwith his queen, and they had many ever he had treated of in his lecture. children; he attended regularly the There was always an immense concourse house of God, and made his soldiers do of auditores-even of clever physicians the same. What he liked best was and surgeons-who sat and wrote down money and soldiers, and of both he upon their knee everything he said, as gathered together a great quantity, yet if each word had been worth a ducat. did he not in his lifetime conquer other The most learned chymicus Dr. Pott lands by means of them than the pro- also delivered his physico-chymical lecvince of Stettin in Pomerania. His tures in the same place, but had no such son, the present king, who at that time concourse; for, although what he stated was a prince of eleven or twelve years, was extremely learned and profound, has acquired still more money and sol- yet was it not so readily to be underdiers, and with them has taken many stood or so profitable, especially for lands, such as Silesia, Polish Prussia, beginners, as Herr Neumann's. Such

other vacant hours as I had, I employed in taking lessons in the French tongue from a firstrate French teacher, and in learning from a music-master to play on the flaute-douce ; later in the evening I occasionally frequented the dancing school. This I continued one whole year as I had proposed : the professors were, particularly at first, very pains. taking, and the chamber of anatomy was that winter well supplied with a very great number of cadavera of both sexes, old and young, even of lying-in women, so that there was enough to practise on in all branches of anatomy; and, when anything particular occurred at the hospital of the Charité, we were per mitted to be present.

“Among the extraordinary and remarkable things that took place in Berlin during my stay there, may be reckoned the following : - " King George I. of Great Britain, who likewise was Elector of Hanover, having come to Germany that year, formed the resolution that he would come likewise to Berlin, to visit his son-in-law and daughter, the King and Queen of Prussia. On hearing that, these latter set about with all their might making such preparations as were necessary to receive with becoming respect this their august father and guest in their royal palace in Berlin. All economy was wholly put aside. The king hired twenty-four pages and forty lackeys, who were all clad in velvet and fine cloth of a dark blue colour, with red breeches most richly embroidered with gold lace. Also, the splendid royal equipages which were still standing from the time of the king's father, the late magnificent Fredericus Primus, had to be brought out for a day and inspected; and, in truth, they were so rich and .costly that I never afterwards saw their like, even in France. The royal gensd'armes had to be rigged out in new unifornis. A pretty considerable army was drawn together round Berlin to divert the King of England by their manoeuvres. All the great nobles and their ladies were summoned to appear in handsome equipages. Some opera people, men as well as women, were

written for, and others were set to work on decorations for the court festivities : all which was got ready before King George's arrival; so that the Prussian Court really looked very magnificent. and no longer like itself. And, indeed, it was very pleasant to see those two kings drive through Berlin in such a fine coach, and afterwards dine together along with the whole royal Prussian house. The King of Prussia conducted his father-in-law in like manner to the royal treasure-chamber. And there was, moreover, talk of a double marriage between the two kings, viz. between the Crown Prince of Prussia, his present Majesty, and the eldest princess of the Prince of Wales, as also between the eldest prince of this Prince of Wales and the Princess Royal of Prussia. But this august visit and all the grandeur lasted but a few days ; for, as soon as the King of England was gone, the King of Prussia caused all the new liveries to be packed up in boxes, to be kept till they were again wanted, dismissed the new lackeys, and resumed his former economy. .... It was a strange and remarkable thing that the king had in his head at this time, viz. to people a piece of waste land in the province of Prussia. To this end he invited a number of the reformed from the Pfalz, who were suffering oppression from the Catholics in that country. They willingly accepted the offered conditions, and came to Brandenburg to be transported further. But, this not being sufficient, the king caused young country lads and girls of his own subjects to cast lots, that every tenth one should be sent to Prussia ; and of these, too, there came, about the same time, between five and six hundred on their journey. When they arrived, the king

This emigration from the Palatinate, which Seidelin says he witnessed, must not be confounded with the later exodus from Salzburk, of which we have all read in Mr. Carlyle's book. Friedrich Wilhelm toiled for many years in getting inhabitants to that “piece of waste land." There were emigrations to Prussia from many parts of Germany, but I have never read elsewhere of one from the Palatinate, though the Polish Elector there did quarrel with his subjects.

gave each of the girls permission to and with that His Majesty called a genselect her husband from among the d'arme and said, “Take this fellow, and young men ; and, as soon as any one was lead him straightway out of the town !' fixed on, he was married forthwith, the —Please your Majesty,' replied the clergy having received orders to that doctor, 'I have done no harm, and effect, so that two hundred couples and mean to do none. I am departing in a upwards were married in the churches few minutes with the mail, and beseech of Berlin in the course of two or three your Majesty but to grant me time to days. Some lads went to the altar eat a morsel of food at the inn ere I go.' pretty quietly, but others had wet eyes, -Hold your tongue !' cried the king, and were as white as if they had been repeating his order; take him out of going to the scaffold; the women-folk the town this instant, and bring me word looked all glad. But this kind of when you have done it !'- Whereupon diversion had nearly 'gone too far; for the soldier dragged the doctor away ; but, there were two girls of Berlin who came when they had gone a bit, the doctor to the king and offered to go to Prussia bribed the trooper to let him halt and with the rest, on condition that they get something to eat; after which he might have two young merchants whom continued his journey with the coach. they named; whereupon, to everybody's As I happened to be standing just be surprise, the king gave his consent, and hind him, I feared lest I should also forced these swains into this wedlock, fare like him; but the king rode away probably with a promise of some special again; so I escaped, and had a good support. But at that all the respectable view of the parade, which I must conyoung men of Berlin got frightened, and fess was well worth the trouble of I myself as much as any of them. At seeing, for the men were all like giants, last, however, the whole party were sent their muskets were big in proportion, forward to Prussia, and so the alarm was and the drill was splendid. After the at an end.

parade I called on the biggest of the " Before I left Berlin, I went out to grenadiers, whose name was Jonas; he Potsdam again, to see the big grenadiers was a Norwegian, and, therefore, & on parade. Now just at the hour of countryman of my own; he showed me parade the mail-coach happened to come his gloves, which were so large that I in, and with it a travelling doctor from could put my hand into every finger, foreign parts, who, being as desirous as and his shoes, which were more than myself to see the big grenadiers, went half an ell (Danish) long. Even the straightway to the parade-ground. He bigger boys in Potsdam were fond of was a decent-looking man, and wore a the diversion of running, at their full smart suit of blue clothes, with an elon- height, between Jonas's legs; but once, gated peruke, which, being in that place when he got tired of the sport, and a somewhat unusual, drew the king's eye, middling-sized boy was running between who at once came galloping down on the his legs in this fashion, Jonas suddenly doctor, and asked him—“Who are you?' struck his knees together, and hit the - Please your Majesty,' said the doctor, boy on the temples so that he fell down 'I am a doctor medicinæ, and I live in dead : but Jonas was not punished. such-and-such a place.'-'What are you Notwithstanding his great height, his doing here?' said the king.– Please legs were crooked ; on which account your Majesty,' quoth he, “I have but the king inquired of various physicians this moment arrived with the mail, and and surgeons whether they could not desired to take advantage of the oppor- be broken and fastened together again tunity to do myself the pleasure of seeing so as to look straight. But whether your Majesty's famous grenadiers.' — "What !' cried the king, 'what business

i Seidelin was in no danger, for the king's

wrath was doubtless excited solely by the wig. have you with my grenadiers ? Look

There are many stories of his attacks on wigs you after your books and your patients !' when they were larger than he approved of.

No. 61.-VOL. XI.

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