Page images

ican lines by an unquestionable authority. When I consequences. His death, the law of nations sancpassed from thence it was by the same authority. I tioned. It may be complimentary to compare me used no deception. I had heard that a Provincial with him. Still it would be unjust. He took his Officer had repented of the course he had taken, and life in his hand when he assumed the character and that he avowed that he never meant to go so far as the disguise. I assumed no disguise, nor took upon he had gone, in resisting the authority of his King. myself any other character than that of a British • The British Commander was willing to extend

Officer, who had business to transact with an Amerto him the King's clemency-yea, his bounty, in

ican Officer. In fine, I ask not even for Justice; if hopes to allure others to do the same. I made no

you want a victim to the manes of those fallen unplans. I examined no works. I only received his

timely, I may as well be that victim as another. I communications, and was on my way to return to have in the most undisguised manner given you every the army, and to make known all that I had learned fact in the case. I only rely on the proper construcfrom a General Officer in your Camp. Is this the tion of those facts. Let me be called anything but office of a spy? I never should have acted in that a spy. I am not a spy. I have examined nothing, light, and what I have done is not in the nature of learned nothing, communicated nothing, but my a spy. I have noted neither your strength, nor your

detention to Arnold, that he might escape, if he weakness. If there be wrong in the transaction is it thought proper to do so. This was, as I conceived, mine? The office of a spy a soldier has a right to

my duty. I hope the gallant officer who was then refuse ; but to carry and fetch communications with

unsuspicious of his General will not be condemned another army, I never heard was criminal.

for the military error he committed. “ The circumstances which followed, after my

"I farther state that Smith, who was the medium interview with General Arnold, were not in my

of communication, did not know any part of our power to control. He alone had the management of

conference, except that there was some necessity for them.

secrecy. He was counsel in various matters for “It is said that I rode in disguise. I rode for General Arnold, and from all the interviews I had security incog. as far as I was able, but other than with him, I do not believe that he had even a suscriminal deeds induce one to do this. I was not picion of my errand--and it was Smith who lent me bound to wear my uniform any longer than it was this dress coat of crimson, on being told that I did expedient or polite. I scorn the name of a spy;

not wish to be known by English or Americans. brand my offence with some other title, if it change

“On me your wrath should fall, if on any one. I not my punishment, 1 beseech you. It is not death

know your affairs look gloomy; but that is no reason I fear. I am buoyed above it by a consciousness of

why I should be sacrificed. My death can do your having intended to discharge my duty in an honour

cause no good. Millions of friends to your struggle able manner.

in England, you will lose if you condemn me. “Plans, it is said, were found with me. This is “I do say not this by way of threat; for I know true ; but they were not mine. Yet I must tell you brave men are not awed by them-nor will brave honestly that they would have been communicated

men be vindictive because they are desponding. I if I had not been taken. They were sent by Gen

should not have said a word had it not been for the eral Arnold to the British Commander, and I should opinion of others, which I am bound to respect. have delivered them. From the bottom of my

“The sentence you this day pronounce will go heart I spurn the thought of attempting to screen

down to posterity with exceeding great distinctness, myself by criminating another; by so far as I am on the page of history, and if humanity and honor concernced the truth shall be told, whoever suffers. mark this day's decision, your names, each and all It was the allegiance of General Arnold I came to

of you, will be remembered by both nations when secure. It was fair to presume that many a brave they have grown greater and more powerful than officer would be glad at this time to be able to retrace they now are. But, if misfortune befals me, I shall his steps ; at least we have been so informed. Shall in time have all due honors paid to my memory. I, who came out to negociate this allegiance only, be The martyr is kept in remembrance, when the tritreated as one who came to spy out the weakness of bunal that condemned him is forgotten. I trust this a camp? If these actions are alike, I have to learn

honorable Court will believe me when I say that my moral code anew.

what I have spoken was from no idle fears of a Gentlemen, officers, be it understood that I am coward. I have done." . no suppliant for mercy : that I ask only from Om

Major André.On Wednesday the nipotence—not from human beings. Justice is all I claim that Justice which is neither swayed by

Phæton frigate, Capt. WM. A. MONTAGU, prejudice, nor disturbed by passion, but that which C. B., arrived at Portsmouth from Halifax, Aows from honorable minds, directed by virtuous after an extraordinary quick passage of only determinations. I hear, gentlemen, that my case is 18 days. She was relieved by the Athol, likened to that of Captain Hale, in 1775. I have heard of him and his misfortunes. I wish that in

28, Capt. H. BoUrchier, from England : all that dignifies man, that adorns and elevates human

which ship she left at Halifax, with the nature, I could be named with that accomplished but Newcastle, 48, Rear-Admiral Colpoys and unfortunate officer. His fate was wayward, and Jasseur. She has brought to England the untimely was he cut off, yet younger than I now am.

remains of Major André, who was executed He went out knowing that he was assuming the

by the Americans, as a spy, in the year character of a spy. He took all its liabilities into his hand, at the request of his great Commander. He 1780. The remains were disinferred at was ready to meet what he had assumed, and all its | Tappan, on the 14th August, placed in a

sarcophagus, and conveyed on board an Pretenders.-Under this heading there English packet, which brought them to is a paper, in All the Year Round (Nov. Halifax just previous to the departure of 27), in which the writer relates the partic- , the Phæton. They have not yet been ulars of a conversation he had in America landed. We understand that they are with an old man who claimed to be “the consigned to his Royal Highness the Duke son of Charles Edward Stuart .... unof York. Their being sent to England is justly called the Pretender.” in compliance with the request of the family • This worthy stated that historians are in of Major André.

error as to the date of his alleged father's From a Portsmouth (Eng.) paper, 6 Oct., 1821, death, which was only reported in order Saturday.

that he might emigrate to America, where,

F. S. H. according to this new version, he married American (Whig) Review.-If it is in

and Had issue.

Whether the old man was an impostor, order, I should like to enquire, through your

or whether he believed his own story, the paper, as to the fate which overtook the

writer of the article leaves in doubt ; which Amencan (Whig) Review. In the number of December, 1852, it speaks of its future

is much to be regretted, as the following prospects, the articles it has in preparation,

unique passage shows how eminently he was etc., and, if my memory serves, has one or

fitted for investigating this genealogy. After

examining the vouchers produced in support two pieces which were “to be continued.” | All this would seem to indicate that it nad

of the claim, he tells us that he made this no thoughts of dying, and I have a strong

extraordinary remark :impression that certain articles were published “There is one link wanting in your golden chain, in the Review subsequent to the date in

ent to the date in and that a very important one; the link which proves

your father to be the son of James the Second, so called question, yet all the files in the library cata- |

--the man who fought and lose the battle of Colloden." logues end then, and I have never been able elsewhere to find a later issue. What is the One is not surprised to read, after that, explanation of this fact ? and who was the the old man “ folded up his papers sudfinal publisher of the Reviere? L. H. B. denly " and took his departure. · West Springfield, Mass., Jan. 8, 1870.

CHARLES WYLIE. Natice Bards-a Sitirical Effusion ; with. Major André's Letter to Washington. other occasional pieces.

-I beg to refer K. T. V. to the following By J. L. M. Philadelphia, 1831.

work, of which one hundred copies only The above is the title of a thin volume have been printed for private distribution, of poems which I picked up a short time but which may be seen in the Library of ago in Nassau street. The principal poem, the British Museum :-which gives the title to the volume, seems to "History of West Point and its Military Imporbe a servile imitation of the Dunciad. The tance during the American Revolution : and the remaining poems are devoted to various Origin and Progress of the United States' Military subjects. There are two translations; one

Academy By Captain Edward C. Boynton, A.M., from the French poet Gilbert, the other a

| Adjutant of the Military Academy. New York.

1864. [Large 8vo., PP. 408.] sonnet of Petrarch.

It will be noticed that the initials on the Pp. 131-147 inclusive contain all the cortitle page are those of the historian of the respondence relating to the trial, or rather Netherlands; and the year of publication is examination” of Major André, including that in which he graduated from Harvard the last communication which he addressed University. At this time he was but seven- / to Washington. teen years of age, and the reflections con From the gallant author's preface I gather tained in some of these pieces are too mature that his compilation is based partly upon the to be the productions of any youth of that published writings of others, and partly upon age, the examples of Pope and Keats to the original papers and documents in the keepcontrary notwithstanding.

ing of “The Custodian of the Records of Can any of the readers of the Bibliopolist the [U. S. Military] Academy at West enlighten me as to whom the mythical J. L. Point.” The MS. in question is therefore M. can be?

Don! I proscrred in that institution. z.

MR. BRIGHT AND THE FARMERS.--A Warwickshire The death is announced of Professor Schleicher, farmer, with truly rustic felicity, has sent to Somer of Germany. His. last important work, Darwinism set House the following amusing answer to the tested by the Science of Language, is in the course of Board of Trade's request for the statistics of ground translation. crops, acreage, &c. : “ John Bright's instructions to farmers in one of his speeches was 'not to meddle

The Athenæum, in referring to the death of Lord with figures, but to watch the sunshine and showers

Derby, says : “ Only a few brief yeans have passed at home, and not bother the Government with their

since a review of Lord Derby's translation of the affairs,' I will take his advice in this matter.-T.

Iliad appeared in our columns. It came from a Mann. Radway. 1869."

competent and well known hand. It was everwhere

recognized as the work of Prof, Conington. TransLORD MACAULAY AS A Boy.--The following anec. lator and critic are now beyond all mortal judgment. dote of Lord Macaulay is taken from a letter written In the same day's papers were to be read the mournby a Scotch schoolboy during his vacation, to his ful records chat scholar and statesman had passed to father in Edinburgh, dated “Clapham, September their rest. The one was in the prime of life, if 20, 1810." After describing his journey from the reckoned only by years. The Professor died at the house of his tutor in Norfolk, and his arrival in age of forty-four years; the Earl had exceeded the Clapham, he goes on : “Mrs. Macaulay has got the allotted threescore-and-ten.” finest family of children I ever saw. The eldest of them, a boy of about ten, came in at tea time and

The annual increase of books in the library of the shook hands with me. A little after, George (my

British Museum is very great. In the year 1869 companion from London) told him I was a Scotch

there were added to this collection 42,331 volumes man. He immediately got up, seized my hand, and

and pamphlets (volumes of newspapers and books shook it most beartily. Then a keen dispute arose

of music inciuded), of which 992 were presented, between him and his sisters about Scotland and Eng.

6099 were received in pursuance of the English land. He insisted that he was a Scotchman, and

copyright laws, 346 came in under international should henceforth be called Tam instead of Tom.

copyright treaties and 34,394 were purchased. He called one of his sisters Jean instead of Jane,

There also were 33,403 parts of volumes -a separate and a young brother Jock, which put them both

number of periodical publications and of works in quite furious. It was good fun to see how fiercely

progress. Of newspapers published in the British they fought." The writer of this used often to

Islands, 1145 sets were received. There were respeak of Macaulay as the very cleverest boy he ever

ceived 2121 pieces of music, and 779 portions of met, with one exception, the late Jobn Gibson Lock

musical works in progress. hart. Byth these boys were incessant readers.

The Imperial library received in a year by law SIR W. SCOTT AND SIR B. LYTTON.--Sir Walter

10,000 books from Paris, 20,000 from France, and Scott is said to have made nothing of throwing off a

buy 20,000 from foreigners. three-volume novel in three months, and often A genius from Paris has distinguished himself by drew bills on his publisher at nine, twelve, and fifteen making a large historical collection of warming-pans. months for a series of works without at the time M. Nestor Roque, lin, the collector in question, possessing the slightest notion of what the works already has warming-pons which once belonged to themselves were to be; and Sir Bulwer Lytton, Mary Stuart, the Pumpadour, poor Antoinette, chat writing only three or four hours a day, has thrown off

e or four hours a day, has thrown off | amiable princess, Catherine de Medicis, and that most of his novels at the rate of two or three a year. virtuous personage, Diana of Poictiers. We are The Duc d'Aumale, one of the sons of Louis

reminded by this statement that Horace Walpole Phillipe. it is reported. has the largest and finest

had a warming pan once the property of Charles the private library in Europe, his purchases of rare books

Secund. It was inscribed “Glory to God;" and "I amounting in value to $200,000 per annum.

have no doubt." said Horace, sarcastically, " that it

was used for the beus of his mistresses." The followin strange occurrence is vouched for by a Syuth London magazine. It would appear that M. Crémieux, now in his seventy-fifth year, con• at a concert given a short time since in Walworth tinues to be one of the must remarkable personages a gentleman startled the audience by reciting Paul's of Paris, and his house, which faces the Louvre, is defence in Greek. In order to keep up the idea of still the centre of the noblest and brightest minds of the apostle as a prisoner, the reciter was led on to France. He is all heart and all genius, and his elo. the platform by a long heavy chain, which was quence is as impressive as it was in his younger days. bound round his waist. He did not, however, con He is of the same small stature as M. Thiers, but of sider ic necessary to dispense with his white kid an infinitely more sympathetic presence. gloves. The Greek, the chain, and the gloves

Poor Amy Robsart, who figures so sadly in “Kentogether had a curious effect.

ilworth," is not to be let alone. A London publisher Leipsic has two hundred and fifty-eight book advertises an 8vo, volume. illustrated : “ Amye Robdealing firms, which represent about three thousand sart and the Earl of Leicester : a Critical Enquiry five hundred elsewhere. To do the work in these into the Authenticity of the various Statements in establishments are needed, besides the principals, two relation to her Death, and on the Libels on the Earl hundred and seventy assistants, one hundred appren of Leicester, with a Vindication of the Earl by his tices, and some hundreds of packers, porters, &c., Nephew, Sir Philip Sidney. Also, a History of constantly engaged; so that the personnel of th: Kenilworth Castle; together with Memoirs and Leipsic book trade can be given at nearly a thousand Correspondence of Sir Robert Dudley, Son of the hands.

| Earl of Leicester. By George Adlard.'

“Carl Benson," writing in the Turf, Field, and Auerbach's new novel will be published simulFarm, tells about one of Tennyson's poems a story tancously in eight different languages. which we suppose based on good information, and

The widowed Marchioness of Hastings is illustraaccurate as well as true. The poet dreamed once that he was riding in company with two friends of

ting a book of fairy tales. his, members of the Sterling Club, across a bare, No less a person than the Emperor of China superbleak, and desolate heath. By-and-by th:y came vises the Pekin Gazette. upon an inn which was in ruins. There a ragged hostler took the horses, and a shaky, secdy waiter

Sir Roderick Murchison intimated in his recent led them into a parlor drearier and dismaller than

opening address at the Royal Geographical Society even the worst of English country taverns. “Now

that it is proposed to confer a pension, and possibly a that we are here,” said one of the party, " we must

title, upon Dr. Livingstone, on his return from call for something to drink, for the good of the

Africa. house. Waiter, bring us some ale.” To this order A London paper announces that for a fee of one the shabby waiter responded solemnly in the negative: guinea minuscript plays will be examined by critics *. As much smoking as you please, but no drinking;" | and dramatists of established reputation. and he added the reason : « This is hell.' At this

The Counters Guiccioli is said to be engaged in unexpected an i startling announcement Mr. Tennyson awoke, and keeping in mind his “vision when

writing a memoir of her husband, the late Marquis che night was late, ; he produced “The Vision of

de Boissy. Sin,” which is perhaps fully as good as all but a dozen The re-issue of “The English Cyclopædia" is now or so of his pages, and we do not know that the complete, and the supplementary volume of Geogra. vigorous stanzas embodying the tavern part of it are phy ready Other supplementary volumes of Natural not as good as any of the rest. The philosophizing History, Arts and Sciences and Biography will shortly and moralizing part is good too, however, being in

follow. the ornate style disused latterly by Mr. Tennyson in favor of the elaborately simple style, and disused

Sir John Lubbock's celebrated work “ Prehistoric

Times, as illustrated by Ancient Remains and the rather too much, perhaps.

Minners and Customs of Modern Sivages," has Soon after the death of the poet Wordsworth, a attained the well-deserved honor of a second edition. man met a farmer of the neighborhood, and said to It exceeds the first edition in bulk by about a hunhim, “You have had a great loss! Why you have dred pages. It also contains many new facts, and lost the great poet !" "0, ay,' said the farmer, many of the old chapters have been almost re-written. “he is dead; but ah hav no doubt t'wife will carry

Two new volumes by Louis Figuier will soon on t' business, and make it as profitable as ivver it was."

appear--"Birds and Reptiles," and “Mammalia."

DANTE IN HEBREW.–After having been translated The Atheneum says that Mr. E. Wortley-Mon

into all languages of the civilized world, Dante now tague, whose autobiography is about to be published,

appears for the first time in holy tongue of Sinai." was in the brief space of forty-two years, “a West

The first part of the Divina Commedia, “ Hathminster boy, a sweep, a Spanish muleteer, a student,

aphthe" (Hell) has just been published, at Trieste. an author, a Protestant, a Papist, and finally a Mahometan."

Dr. S. Formiggini, a learned Jewish Doctor at

Trieste, where the Jewish community is quite Italian Here is an amusing and characteristic anecdote of in character, is the translator. the M. J M. Querard, the bibliographer, who died

Persian HISTORY --A History of Persia, in the a few years since : “While talking with Querard, I had the misfortune to say I knew the true name of a

Guzerati language, has lately appeared. The author

is a learned Parsee gentleman of Bombay; of the newspaper writer who was almost celebrated, who was known, not only to the public but even to his

name of Jamshedjee Pallonjec. friends, solely by his pseudonym. I felt instantly I John STUART MILL - Nearly all the works of this was talking stupidly. I could not consent to say author have been translated into German. A colmore It was in vain I told Querard I absolutely lected edition is now in course of publication under could not betray a secret which I had heard through the editorship of Dr. Th. Gomperz. Leipzig. The a common kin;man. He would not give up. He edition will be completed in twelve volumes, of was not a man to accept such reasons. My life was which the first, containing “Liberty" and “Utili. poisoned after this day. I saw Querard sometimes tarianism,' has already appeared. two or three times a day. He woke me up in the

Mr Disraeli disclaims ever having been a jourmorning, he waited at my door at night. He wanted

nalist. to know the name of the newspaper writer. I was che game, he was the hunter. He made sure of A poem of Mr. Swinburne's entitled Intercession Caming me by fatigue. When I lost patience I was was inspired by the sickness of Napoleon. He hopes insolent to him; he bowed his back, made no reply, that the illness of the Emperor may be aggravated and returned the next day. His death alone delivered and prolonged. me from this little persecution."

Sir Henry Bulwer's. “Characters” is being preThe Suez Canal --M. Dupont, Paris, is publish pared in a popular edition. There is even better ing a work on the Suez Canal, to be illustrated by news than this : Sir Henry is preparing a new series 25 colored lithographs, after paintings from nature. of these characters. They will consist of Lord The size is to be imperial folio.

Brougham, Sir Robert Peel, and M, Lafayette.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Victor Hugo is about waiting a new novel, to be | The London Gazete has passed its 200th year ; called “The Crime of the Second of December." ! the first number of its regular issue dates from No

vember, 1663, and it was published at Oxford. It A special catalogue of the collection of books on Pageants, bequeathed to the Society of Antiquaries į

appears to have superseded an earlier publication, by Mr. Fairholt, has been prepared

Earl Stanhope (formerly Lord Mabon) has in the The complete works of George Wither are to be

press " The Reign of Queen Anne until the Peace published in the series of the Fuller Worthies' Li

of Utrecht,” design:d as a connecting link between

the conclusion of Lord Macaulay's history and the brary. Mr. Grosart, the publisher, calculates that

commencement of Lord Mahon's, which ends in the works will occupy from twelve to fifteen volumes.

1784, the period to which Macaulay originally inMurray announces A Mediæval Latin-English

tended to bring down his narrative Dictionary, founded on the great work of Ducange.

From the original MS. in the British Museum, Ac Mr. Murray's Annual Trade Sale to the Book- edited by Mrs. Webb, is to be published " The Diary sellers of London, over 80,000 volumes were sold of Nehemiah Wallington,” kept during the troublous 2,000 copies of Smiles' popular edition of the Hu times of Charles I. by Berthy. guenots; 400 of Parkman's Discovery of the Great

M. Jules Loyson, brother of Père Hyacinthe, and West (English reprint); 1.300 o: Lord Byron's Lite

a Professor at Sorbonne, is about to publish a historiand Works; 400 Darwin's Origin of Species ; Ms.

cal work entitled “L'Assemblee du Clergé de France * Markham's Histories, 10,000; Dr. Smith's Latin

en 1862. Csurse, 15 000; Maine on Ancient Law, 400, were a few of the books sold.

Mr. C J. Palmer announces for publication, by Mr. Wm. Chappell, F. S. A, is engaged on a

subscription, The Perlustration of Great Yarmouth, in History of Greek Music and the Origin of the Music

Norfolk; with Southrown and Gurleston, in Suffolk, of the Christian Church. He is the author of Popu

which will contain some account of old houses and lar Music in the Oiden Time.

other places, with biographical notices of all the

most eminent inhabitants from the earliest times. Mr. William Michael Rossetti's new edition of

The Christmas number of Gvod Words is called Shelley's works will appear in London in December. |

“Good Cheer," and will consist of a series of ten Among other unpublished pieces, it will contain large portions of a Tragedy of Charles The First. The

stories, including an introductory tale about the Rick

burners contributed by the editor, Dr. Norman Adonais will be corrected from the original edition published at Pisa.

Macleod. The life will contain new particulars collected from private sources.

Richard Doyle, designer of the clever illustrations

in “ Fairyland," was at one time engaged on Punch, M. Villort, military correspondent of the siécle

but, when that journal began to ridicule the Roman during the Prussian-Austrian war, is the author of a work entitled “ The Work of M de Bismark,"

Catholics, Mr. Doyle, who is of that persuasion,

withdrew from it. The designs in “ Fairyland" said to be written under the inspiration of that

are very characteristic of this artist's style, and bear itat:sman.

a great amount of study. His fancy, humor, and Sir Charles Trevelyan, ex-Governor of Madras, invention, are almost infinite, and an eminent Orientalise, proposes the substirution

The literature of politics is to be enriched by the of Roman for Arabic letters in Turkish and Egyp

publication of two volumes of the speeches of Earl tian countries.

Russell and selections from his official despatches; a Mr. Lawrence Oliphant wrote a book about the collection of the speeches of Mr Disraeli; and a late Earl of Elgin's First Embassy to China. Mr. volume of “Chapters and Speeches on the Irish H. B. Lock, who was the Earl's private secretary, Land Question " by John Stuart Mill. Both works announces a - Personal Narrative or Occurrences in are in the press of Lungman & Co. Pekin," during Lord Elgin's Second Einbassy.

New announcements in London include a work Two peculiar and valuable books have just ap- on “ American Sciety," by George Makepeace peared--one a New Syntax of the Chinese Language, Towle, U. S Consul at Bradford; “ A Book about by M. Stanislaus Julien, published in Paris; the Ciergy," by J. C. Jeaffreson, author of similar collecother an Icelandic-English Dictionary, chiefly founded

tions of gossip and anecdote about doctors and lawon the collections made from prose works of the yers. The Land- War in Ireland," by James 12-14th centuries, by the late Richard Cleasby,

Godkin, author of “ Ireland and her Churches." enlarged and coinpleted by Gudbrand Vigfusson.

Cassell & Co. will shortly bring out a new edition Jerusalem at the present day is one of the last of “ Æsop's Fables," illustrated by M. Ernest places for literary production. An unedited tale

Griset. from “ The Thousand and One Nights" has, how.

Messrs Trübner & Co. have announced, as a giftevet been printed there this year, with a French

book for the present season, “ Shakespeare and the translation by M. Charles L. Ginneau. It is the

Emblem Writers.” It will be illustrated by about History of the Fisherman Caliph and of Caliph

250 woodcuts and photo-litho plates, and the name Haroun al Rashid.

ot Mr. Henry Green, M.A., is a sufficient guarantee Swinburne's new volume will consist of " Songs of for the value of the letter-press, that gentleman the Republic,” and “Both well, a Tragedy.” It is being one of the greatest authorities on Emblem nearly ready.


« PreviousContinue »