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ican lines by an unquestionable authority. When I consequences. His death, the law of nations sancpassed from thence it was by the same authority. I tioned. It may be complimentary to compare me used no deception. I had heard that a Provincial with him. Still it would be unjust. He took his Officer had repented of the course he had taken, and life in his hand when he assumed the character and that he avowed that he never meant to go so far as the disguise. I assumed no disguise, nor took upon he had gone, in resisting the authority of his King. myself any other character than that of a British • The British Commander was willing to extend
Officer, who had business to transact with an Amerto him the King's clemency-yea, his bounty, in
ican Officer. In fine, I ask not even for Justice; if hopes to allure others to do the same. I made no
you want a victim to the manes of those fallen unplans. I examined no works. I only received his
timely, I may as well be that victim as another. I communications, and was on my way to return to have in the most undisguised manner given you every the army, and to make known all that I had learned
fact in the case. I only rely on the proper construcfrom a General Officer in your Camp. Is this the tion of those facts. Let me be called anything but office of a spy? I never should have acted in that a spy. I am not a spy. I have examined nothing, light, and what I have done is not in the nature of learned nothing, communicated nothing, but my a spy. I have noted neither your strength, nor your
detention to Arnold, that he might escape, if he weakness. If there be wrong in the transaction is it thought proper to do so. This was, as I conceived, mine? The office of a spy a soldier has a right to
my duty. I hope the gallant officer who was then refuse ; but to carry and fetch communications with unsuspicious of his General will not be condemned another army, I never heard was criminal.
for the military error he committed. "The circumstances which followed, after my
“I farther state that Smith, who was the medium interview with General Arnold, were not in my
of communication, did not know any part of our power to control. He alone had the management of
conference, except that there was some necessity for them.
secrecy. He was counsel in various matters for “It is said that I rode in disguise. I rode for
General Arnold, and from all the interviews I had security incog. as far as I was able, but other than
with him, I do not believe that he had even a suscriminal deeds induce one to do this. I was not picion of my errand-and it was Smith who lent me bound to wear my uniform any longer than it was this dress coat of crimson, on being told that I did expedient or polite. I scorn the name of a spy;
not wish to be known by English or Americans. brand my offence with some other title, if it change
“On me your wrath should fall, if on any one. I not my punishment, I beseech you. It is not death
know your affairs look gloomy; but that is no reason I fear. I am buoyed above it by a consciousness of
why I should be sacrificed. My death can do your having intended to discharge my duty in an honour
cause no good. Millions of friends to your struggle able manner.
in England, you will lose if you condemn me, “ Plans, it is said, were found with me. This is “I do say not this by way of threat ; for I know true ; but they were not mine. Yet I must tell you brave men are not awed by them-nor will brave honestly that they would have been communicated
men be vindictive because they are desponding. I if I had not been taken. They were sent by Gen
should not have said a word had it not been for the eral Arnold to the British Commander, and I should
opinion of others, which I am bound to respect. have delivered them. From the bottom of my
“The sentence you this day pronounce will go heart I spurn the thought of attempting to screen
down to posterity with exceeding great distinctness, myself by criminating another; by so far as I am on the page of history, and if humanity and honor concernced the truth shall be told, whoever suffers. mark this day's decision, your names, each and all It was the allegiance of General Arnold I came to of you, will be remembered by both nations when secure. It was fair to presume that many a brave they have grown greater and more powerful than officer would be glad at this time to be able to retrace they now are. But, if misfortune befals me, I shall his steps ; at least we have been so informed. Shall in time have all due honors paid to my memory. I, who came out to negociate this allegiance only, be
The martyr is kept in remembrance, when the tritreated as one who came to spy out the weakness of bunal that condemned him is forgotten. I trust this a camp? If these actions are alike, I have to learn honorable Court will believe me when I say that my moral code anew.
what I have spoken was from no idle fears of a "Gentlemen, officers, be it understood that I am coward. I have done." . no suppliant for mercy : that I ask only from Om
Major André.—On Wednesday the nipotence-not from human beings. Justice is all I claim that Justice which is neither swayed by
Phæton frigate, Capt. Wm. A. MONTAGU, prejudice, nor disturbed by passion, but that which C. B., arrived at Portsmouth from Halifax, Hows from honorable minds, directed by virtuous after an extraordinary quick passage of only determinations. I hear, gentlemen, that my case is
18 days. She was relieved by the Athol, likened to that of Captain Hale, in 1775. I have
28, Capt. H. Bourchier, from England : heard of him and his misfortunes. I wish that in all that dignifies man, that adorns and elevates human
which ship she left at Halifax, with the nature, I could be named with that accomplished but Newcastle, 48, Rear-Admiral Colpoys and unfortunate officer. His fate was wayward, and Jasseur. She has brought to England the untimely was he cut off, yet younger than I now am.
remains of Major André, who was executed He went out knowing that he was assuming the
by the Americans, as a spy, in the year character of a spy. He took all its liabilities into his hand, at the request of his great Commander. He
1780. The remains were disinferred at was ready to meet what he had assumed, and all its | Tappan, on the 14th August, placed in a
sarcophagus, and conveyed on board an! Pretenders.—Under this heading there English packet, which brought them to is a paper, in All the Year Round (Nov. Halifax just previous to the departure of 27), in which the writer relates the partic- . the Phæton. They have not yet been ulars of a conversation he had in America landed. We understand that they are with an old man who claimed to be “the consigned to his Roval Highness the Duke son of Charles Edward Stuart .... unof York. Their being sent to England is justly called the Pretender.” in compliance with the request of the family This worthy stated that historians are in of Major André.
error as to the date of his alleged father's From a Portsmouth (Eng.) paper, 6 Oct., 1821, death, which was only reported in order Saturday.
· that he might emigrate to America, where,
F. S. H. according to this new version, he married American (Whiş) Review.-If it is in
and Had issue.
Whether the old man was an impostor, order, I should like to enquire, through your
or whether he believed his own story, the paper, as to the fate which overtook the
writer of the article leaves in doubt ; which American (Whig) Review. In the number of December, 1852, it speaks of its future
is much to be regretted, as the following
| unique passage shows how eminently he was prospects, the articles it has in preparation,
fitted for investigating this genealogy. After etc., and, if my memory serves, has one or two pieces which were “to be continued."
examining the vouchers produced in support All this would seem to indicate that it nad
of the claim, he tells us that he made this no thoughts of dying, and I have a strong
extraordinary remark :impression that certain articles were published
" There is one link wanting in your golden chair, in the Review subsequent to the date in and that a very important one; the link which proves
your father to be the son of James the Second, so called question, yet all the files in the library cata
--the man who fought and lose the battle of Culloden." logues end then, and I have never been able else here to find a later issue. What is the One is not surprised to read, after that, explanation of this fact ? and who was the the old man “ folded up his papers sudfinal publisher of the Revieri'? L. H. B. I denly” and took his departure. West Springfield, Mass., Jan. 8, 1870.
Charles Wylie. Vatice Bards-a Satirical Effusion ; with Major André's Letter to Washington. other occasional pieces.
- I beg to refer K. T. V. to the following By J. L. M. Philadelphia, 1831.
work, of which one hundred copies only The above is the title of a thin volume have been printed for private distribution, of poems which I picked up a short time but which may be seen in the Library of ago in Nassau street. The principal poem, the British Museum :which gives the title to the volume, seems to “History of West Point and its Military Imporbe a servile imitation of the Dunciad. The tance during the American Revolution : and the remaining poems are devoted to various Origin and Progress of the United States' Military subjects. There are two translations; one
Academy By Captain Edward C. Boynton, A M.,
Adjutant of the Military Academy. New York, from the French poet Gilbert, the other a
1864. [Large 8vo., pp. 408.] . sonnet of Petrarch.
It will be noticed that the initials on the Pp. 131-147 inclusive contain all the cortitle page are those of the historian of the respondence relating to the trial, or rather Netherlands; and the year of publication is | “examination” of Major André, including that in which he graduated from Harvard the last communication which he addressed University. At this time he was but seven- | to Washington. teen years of age, and the reflections con- From the gallant author's preface I gather tained in some of these pieces are too mature that his compilation is based partly upon the to be the productions of any youth of that published writings of others, and partly upon age, the examples of Pope and Keats to the original papers and documents in the keepcontrary notwithstanding.
ing of “ The Custodian of the Records of Can any of the readers of the Bibliopolist the [U. S. Military] Academy at West enlighten me as to whom the mythical J. L. Point.” The MS. in question is therefore M. can be ?
Dox! l proscried in that institution.
The original of Major André's letter to Miss Sneyd was remarkable for loveliness Washington, respecting which K. T. V. of face. André's sketches but faintly portray. inquires in “N. & Q.” of the 6th instant, ed her likeness. After her marriage she sat is lodged in this department.
to Smart, a celebrated miniature painter, but W. Hunter, Second Assist. Sec. he totally failed. It remained for the eminDepartment of State, Washington, Nov. 17, 1869.
ent George Romney to produce a perfect
likeness of her, by accident, without ever Major André.—Mr. Wescott, in his
having seen her. “He drew” says Miss Sewvaluable contribution to the December num.
ard in a letter to the Right Honorable Lady
Eleanor Butler, in June 1798, “to represent ber of the Bibliopolist concerning Major
the Serena of The Triumphs of Temper, André, refers to a poem entitled The Cow
his own abstract idea of perfect loveliness, Chace, saying, “It has been printed, but I
and the form and the face of Honora Sneyd don't now know where to find it.” It may be found at the close of the second volume
rose beneath his pencil.” of my Field-Book of the Revolution, and
I have a miniature copy of Romney's pic
ture. It represents a beautiful invalid sitting with it an engraved fac-simile of the Title
by a table reading by candle-light. and one verse of the poem, made from a
I cannot agree with my friend Wescott copy in the hand-writing of the author.
in regarding André as worse than a Spy-a The original was sent for publication (and
tempter of the virtuous. He was neither, I appeared) in Rivington's Royal Gazette,
think. He was simply a subaltern doing his then printed in the interest of the British in
duty as a soldier to his King and CommanNew York. The copy made by André,
der, in consummating a bargain which had above alluded to, is in possession of the Rev. Dr. Sprague, of Albany, and is, I presume,
been in negotiation between the principals the MS. mentioned by Mr. Westcott as
for more than a year. It was André not having been in Peale's Museum, in Phila
Arnold, who was the "weak officer," and
who was the tempted, not the tempter. Ardelphia, some years ago.
nold in his eagerness to conclude his wicked I have a copy of the first edition of Miss Anna Seward's Monody on Major André,
bargain successfully, tempted André to vioprinted at Litchfield, England, in 1781, to
late his instructions, and receive from him which is attached her autograph signature.
certain papers concerning West Point and its
dependencies, to be conveyed to Sir Henry She was a warm personal friend of young
Clinton. These led to André's ruin. But André. Four of his letters to her written
for those papers found in his possession (which after a visit to her father's house at Litch
Arnold had thrust upon him), and which field, when he was only eighteen years of
gave him the character of a Spy, I think age, are appended to the Monody. During
Washington would not have felt justified in that visit he fell desperately in love with a charming consumptive maiden, of Buxton,
ordering the execution of the young soldier. and friend of Miss Seward, named Honora
As it was, had the efforts to secure the per
son of Arnold been successful, André would Sneyd. While there he made two miniature
probably have been treated as a prisoner of portraits of her. He gave one to Miss Sew
war. ard, and the other he ever afterward wore
Benson J. Lossing. in his bosom. It does not appear that André's love was
The Ridge, Dover, N. Y. reciprocated, at first. His letters reveal his | Author of “ Continuation of Don passion and express his timorous hopes. His / Puan"_In the article
Juan.”- In the article entitled Editions of parents opposed his inclinations with author
Byron and Byronana, published in the ity, and Miss Sneyd married another. The | Dec. number of the Bibliopolist, I find disappointed suitor took refuge from grief in mentioned a “Continuation of Byron's Don the excitements of the Army, and came to Juan, called the 'Rest of Don Juan,'” America in 1776. In her Monody Miss
which, the writer of the article says, was Seward makes him say—
written by George Clason. A clever con
tinuation of Don Juan under the title “Don “ Honora lost! I woo a sterner bride; The Armed Bellona calls me to her side,
Juan, Cantos XVII.—XVIII.,” was pubHarsh is the music of our marriage strain! lished by Arnold F. Truesdell. New York, It breathes in thunder from the Western plain!" | 1851. Is this work identical with the one
ascribed to George Clason? If not, who is
Now, in some foreign clime, its author?
G. L. H.
Dear youth, he is condemned
For Traitor Arnold's crime Greenville, Ala.
To an undeserved end. André —Was not Major André a Pris
Forever I'll deplore oner of War, captured outside our lines ?
My André's early fate, I'll mourn, X.
And quit my native shore
To mourn for him alone, André.-In Nos. 11 and 12 of the
Chas. H. Hart. “ American Bibliopolist " I find many items
Philadelphia, Dec. 14, 1869. relating to "the unfortunate André," with an “ Oliverian” cry for “more ;" in re When and where was Sir Henry Clinton sponse to which I send you the following | born ?-Can any of your readers intorm me poem, copied from the original MS. in my when and where Sir Henry Clinton was possession, written on the original blue born ?
F. S. H. paper cover of “Monody on Major André New York, January 4, 1870. (who was executed at Tappan, November
| John Mein.-In his Hundred Orators - 1780). By Miss Seward. To which
of Boston, Mr. Loring speaks of “ John are added Major André's Letters, addressed to Miss Seward, when at his 18 year. Phil
Mein, the royalist editor of the Chronicle, adelphia. Printed and sold by Enoch
and warm opponent of the people,” and Story, in Third Street, third door from
gives a copy of a “profane acrostic” that Dock" [Sine anno ] The pamphlet
appeared on the side of a lantern, carried in contains, besides what is set forth in the title,
procession on “Pope's Day," 1769, in which after the Letters a “Sonnet,” to which my
Mein is coarsely cursed. I have a copy of
“Bickerstaff's Boston Almanac" for 1770, MS. poem is an answer, and “Edmund of the Vale, &c., by Miss Lee.” I give you
which bears the following imprint:
« Printed by Mein and Fleeming, and to be sold below the Sonnet as printed in the afore
| by John Mein, at the London Bookstore, north side mentioned pamphlet, and after it a copy of
of King Street." the MS, on the cover. They are both new to me, and may be so to you and the read
It has on its title-page a portrait of James ers of the Bibliopolist.
Otis. It contains the celebrated “Massa
chusetts Song of Liberty;" and it is filled SONNET.
with the most stirring sentiments of opposiRETURN enraptur'd hours
tion to the Government of Great Britain. When Delia's heart was mine, When she with wreaths of flowers
Was John Mein the editor of the Chron. My temples did entwine.
icle and John Mein the Bookseller the same No jealousy nor care
. B. J. L. Corroded in my breast,
'The Ridge, Dover, N. Y., Dec., 1869.
The First English Catalogue.
The state of learning in the eighth century may Now nightly o'er my bed
be conjectured from the poetic catalogue of books in No airy visions play,
the celebrated library of Egbert, Archbishop of No flowrets deck my head,
York. which, as Mr Sharon Turner says, is the Eack vernal holiday.
oldest catalogue of books, perhaps, existing in all the For far from these sad plains
regions of literature, certainly the oldest existing in The lovely Delia flies,
England. This curious document, which is in Latin, And wrack'd with cort'ring pains,
has been imitated; it opens thus : The wretched ANDRÉ dies.
Here duly placed on consecrated grouud,
The studied works of many an age are found,
The ancient fathers' reverend remains,
The Roman laws which freed a world from chains. Alas, once happy maid,
Whate'er of lore passed from immortal Greece,
To Latium lands, and gained a rich increase ;
All that blest Israel drank in showers from heaven, “Dear Delia, live for me."
Or Afric sheds, soft as the dew of even :
Jerom, the father 'mong a thousand sons,
And Hilary, whose sense profusely runs.
Where can I find a more complete description of
this catalogue ?
W. T. K,
BOOK NOTES AND LITERARY ITEMS.
[COLLECTED FROM VARIOUS SOURCES.]
Literary information of any kind, whether anecdotes of book-men and authors, notes about rare, curious, or valuable books, announcements of new books, notices of sales, and anything that may be called literary news, will be thankfully received by the publishers, who intend to make this department as complete as possible.
The Canadian Illustrated Newspaper is the name Augustus Maverick, formerly of The New York of a new paper published in Canada.
Times, now of The Eveniug Post, an editor of talent · P. E. Abel, Philadelphia, has begun the publica
and experience and a good writer, is author of a bouk
soon to be issued by the Hartford "subscription" tion of a series of portraits of public characters,
house of A. S. Hale & Co, entitled “Henry J. principally of persons connected with the Drama, as
Raymond and the New York Press for Thirty actors, authors and critics. Forrest, Booth, Murdoch
Years." It will be instructive and entertaining. and Durang are to be the first. The portraits are in Photography.
An announcement just made by the publishers of Hans Breitmann in Church and other new Ballads į Every Saturday must be placed among the important are soon to be published by Peterson Bros. The
literary news of the coming year. The paper is to Garstangs, by T. A. Trollope, is also in press.
be illustrated and completely changed in torm, adope.
ing the general style and size of Harper's Weekly, Southland Writers is the title of a volume of
without, however, altering the character of its literBiographical and Critical Sketches of the Living
ary contents. Messrs. Fields, Osgood & Co promise Female Writers of the Suth, with Extracts from i to make it “the handsomest illustrated paper in their Writings by Ida Raymond, recently published America." The illustrations are to be engraved by Claxton, Remsen & Hatteltinger, Philadelphia.
from designs by leading European artists, including 2 vols.
Faed, Frith, Sir Francis Grant, Charles Keene, · The editor has given prominence to the writers
Leighton, Marcus Stone, Du Maurier, and Harrison who were contributors to Confederate Journals, dis
Weir; and they are to embrace views of famous carding well known Southern authors on the “other
places, incidents of life and travel, portraits of living side."
celebrities, and copies of celebrated paintings. From The Living Writers of the South, by Prof. David
the similarity of the advertisements we judge that son, is a recent publication by Carleton, New York. Every Saturday purposes reproducing the best cuts This volume contains a complete list of all the from the new English weekly, The Graphic. The writings of the authors mentioned, besides biographies result of this new programme will of course be to and extracts.
infiame the rivalry between the great Boston house
and the great house in Franklin-square, and to imOld and New is the name of a new monthly
prove the character of both the pictorial journals. Magazine, of which the first number was published
Perhaps it may result in giving us something as good in December, by Messrs. Hurd & Houghton. .
as The Illustrated London News. · Puck is the title of “Quida's " new work. (Lip
Court Circles of the Republic ; or, the Beauties and pincotts. Publishers.)
Celebrities of the Nation ; illustrating Life and Mr. John Swinton, for many years an editorial Society under eighteen Presidents. Illustrated with writer on the Times, is writing a work entitled “Ten original portraits on steel. By Mrs. F. E. Ellett, Years of Journalism.”
with sketches by Mrs. R E. Mack. Sold by subWilliam Cullen Bryant is now seventy-five. His
scription only. Hartford Publishing Company. new translation of Homer's Iliad is about to appear ; Whire and Red; a Narrative of Life among the and he is at work on a Spanish translation. In addin | Northwest Indians. By Helen C. Weeks. Pubtion, he is presiding at scientific and art meetings, lished by Hurd & Houghton. and making excellent speeches.
Mr. F. W. Evans has published (Mount Lebanon, - The Story of a Bad Boy” has not so bright a N. Y.) an Autobiography of a Shaker. His volume title in the English reprints, where it appears as is chiefly an exposition of the Apocalypse. It is a “The Story of not a very Bad Boy."
strange affair throughout, and will never convert the Mr. O'Shea, New York, has published the Life
world. and Letters of Mrs. Seton, whose maiden name was Mrs. Oliphant, the novelist, is declared to be the Baily, and who, having been converted to Roman author of the “ Biographies of the Reign of George Catholicism, became the founder of the Sisters of II.,” which have lately attracted so much attention Charity in this country, the first of which was estab in “ Blackwood's Magazine.” They will be published at Emettsburg.
lished in book form by Roberts Brothers, Boston, Divisions in the Society of Friends is the title of a
who also have in press " Freiligrath's Poems,"
edited by his daughter. little volume by Thomas H, Speakman (Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia). It is a vindication of the George Cruikshank is illustrating John B Gough's Hicksi-e side of the great Quaker controversy. I book for the English market.