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NOTES AND QUERIES.
Contribucions on all subjects, Literary or Historical, are invited for this depariment of the BiblioPOLIST. Thanks are due to such men as Henry C. Murphy, Benson J. Lossing F. S. Hottian, and T. Buily Myers, who have already contributed to its columns. With more of such native pich Notes and Queries will grow into a vist and vigorous tree, to which the wise and gentle shall resort, trum near and far; the one, to enjoy' its delicious fruits, and the other, its refre.hing shade.
Il'as Raleigh in l'irginia ?-(Conclud- presence in England in the beginning of July, ed.)-In a letter froin Burleigh to Leicester, í 1586. would be established bevond all doubi.. dated zoth of June, 1586, occurs the following: I have already been more than sufficiently "In Irland all thynges are quiet, and a nombre of
tedious on the subject of the vovage of this gentilmen of Somersett, Devon, Dorcet, Cheshyre,
little bark; what I have brought forward and Lancashyre, are making themselves to go to however bears more or less upon the quesMonster, to plant two or three thousand people, mere tion as to Raleigh having visited Virginia : English, there this year."
I am clearly of opinion that on this occasion. In a note to this, Mr. Bruce, the editor,
he did not, I cannot refrain, however, states, that Stowe records the names of the
from adding a word or two of purely spec-, honourable and worshipful gentlemen who
ulative conjecture. There is something made the atteinpt to colonise Munster, and / rather suspicious in Drake visiting Virginia names, amongst others, Sir Walter Raleigh.
with the whole of his armament, and losing It was on this occasion that the poet Spenser
time in doing so, when the whole nation, got his grant of 3,028 acres in the county of
from the queen downwards, was on the very Cork, which “is said to be dated June 27,
tenter-hooks of anxiety for intelligence of 1586.” So the Rev. Mr. Mitford, in his
him and of his success. The question arises, lite of Spenser, prefixed to the Aldine edi. | was it a rendezvous! and did the “bark of tion of his poems (1839), and although he
aviso" bear other and more important desseems uncertain as to the date, there can be
patches than those addressed to Master, no doubt but that it is correct. Now I
Ralph Lane? Might not its arrival a day or think that most people will agree with me
two earlier have directed Drake to strike a in thinking that the whole of this, Raleigh's blow at some defenceless but important part movements so far as they can be traced, his
of the Spanish empire, deadly in proportion position at court, and the busy and stirring
to its being unexpected ? These are quesnature of the time, make it altogether im
tions which I can in no wise answer, bur probable that Raleigh was absent in the
they have arisen in my mind; and if it were month of June, 1586, on a voyage to Vir.
so, we might be fain to believe, in spite of ginia. Hakluye's not mentioning that he
everything that I have been able to bring was in the vessel, would of itself be con
forward, that Raleigh was indeed on board vincing to my mind, knowing the extent of
his gallant little bark, but that, the mark not his information on all subjects connected having been hit, the attempt was kept secret. with Raleigh, and his minute and painstak
It must not be forgotten that at that time, ing accuracy. Knowing, however, that this
with the exception of this little colony, was the voyage in which Raleigh was stated
England had not a rood of land in the New to have visited Virginia, I have thought it
| World. However, I must remember that worth while to search for more positive ev
| history ought not to deal in conjecture. idence. How far I have succeeded may be
About fourteen or fifteen days after the seen, but it is open to others to fix the fact | departure of the bark, Grenvill made bis of Raleigh's having been in England within
in England within 1 appearance with the other three vessels. the time I have limited. As a hint to go | After m
After making every search he returned home, upon, I may mention that Babington's con-'t leaving fifteen men on the Island of Roanspiracy was known to the English ministry oke. Subsequent expeditions found no traces on the oth of July, although the conspira- 1 of these men excepting the bones of one of tors were not apprehended until a month them. No one has ever asserted that Ralafter ; if Raleigh could be shown to have eigh was on board of this fleet. had any share in the discovery of the plot, his / Nothing daunted by these failurcsa
“ In the yeere of our Lord 1587, Sir Walter Raleigh, "They returned, and brought no comfort or new acintending to persevere in the planting of his countrey' cesse of hope concerning the lives and safety of the of Virginia, prepared a newe colonie of one hundred unfortunate English people, for which only they and fiftie men to be sent thither, under the charge of were sett forth, and the charg of this employment John White, whom hee appointed Governour, and was undertaken." also appointed unto him twelve assistants, unto whom he gave a charter, and incorporated them by Here ends the history of Sir Walter the name of the Governour and Assistants of the Raleigh's connexion with Virginian discovCitie of Raleigh in Virginia.”—Hak. vol. iii. p. 280.
0.; ery and colonisation. A new company was This colony, owing to contentions with 1 at the moment in contemplation, and it the natives and other causes, did not thrive ; ! even despatched its first pioneer vessel in and in August of the same year White was. I the same month of 1602 as Raleigh did. much against his wish. induced to return to , Raleigh may have had, to a certain extent, a England for assistance. He failed in his selfish object in view. His patent of 1584 first attempt to go back with aid. In 1593 was conditional, as regarded its continuance, he gives, at Hakluyt's request, an account of on his planting a colony within six years ; a vovage he made thither in 1500, but and had he been able to have discovered anv which quite failed in its object. The men remains, however small, of the colony of with whom he embarked shewed a greater
'87, he could have prevented interlopers. disposition toward buccaneering, than to as
The nature of his position also in England sist him in his search for the unfortunate in March, 1602, may perhaps afford a clue colonists. He found traces of their having to his designs. At that moment his royal gone to the Island of Croatan; but his as- mistress lay on the bed of sickness, dying sociates would not prosecute the search, and i by inches. The clouds were beginning to poor White, with a sad heart, was obliged, gather around Raleigh's head. His star, to leave them, if they even then survived, ' which had been in the ascendant for more to their fate. From that day to this no in- ' than twenty years, was getting nigh its settelligence has ever been got as to what be- ting. Raleigh, a man of wisdom and forecame of them. This voyage was made, if sight, as well as conduct and action, knew not under Raleigh's auspices, at all events all this. He knew what he had to expect. with his assistance. It has deen supposed and what he afterwards in fact experienced, by some that this voyage of White in isoo from the new king to whom all eyes were wa's the last attempt made by Raleigh to turned. Is it not most likely that he looked succour his colonists—he has even been re- to Virginia as his haven of refuge, where, proached with it. This, however, was not if he could maintain his patent rights, he the case. At p. 1653. vol. iv, of Purchas, might have set his enemies at defiance? a very brief account is given of a ship hay. Had this dream, if he entertained it, been ing been purchased by Raleigh and sent out realised, the twelve years' imprisenment and under the command of
the bloody scaffold on which his head fell,
might have been averted.' This, however, “Samuell Mace (a sufficient marriner who had been
was not to be ;--the search, as already mentwice before at Virginia), to fond out those people which he had sent last thither by Captain White in
tioned, was fruitless, and the new company 1587.”
went on; and, finally, under a fresh charter
from James I., Virginia was again colonised The ill success of the previous attempts, in 1606, since which time its history and to communicate with the colony seems to existence have been uninterrupted. On have been ascribed to the practice which Raleigh's return from his last expedition to prevailed in that day of engaging seamen Guiana in 1618, only a few months before for the voyage with a share in the profits; ' his murder, he touched at Newfoundland, this Raleigh attempted to remedy by hiring being, as I verily believe, the only occasion “all the cumpanye for wages by the month.” , on which he set his foot in North America. I quote from Strachey's Virginia, printed It may cause your readers to smile, and by the Hakluyt Society from an original perhaps be a surprise to some of them, when MS., whose statement bears undoubted marks i I conclude this long paper, written on the of being the original from which Purchas subject of Raleigh's connexion with Virtook his account, and somewhat abridged it. | ginia, by asserting that he never had any In spite of Raleigh's precautions as to the connexion, direct or indirect, with it! All hiring, the people behaved ill, and
| the colonies with which he had to do were
planted in North Carolina and the islands | drowned body, its place may be discovered by floating thereto belonging. To have laid any stress
| a chip of cedar wood, which will stop and turn
round over the exact spot : an instance occurred upon this, or to have mentioned it earlier
within my own knowledge, in the case of Mr. Lathan now, would have amounted to nothing
very of Kingston mill,, whose boat overset, and the but a play upon names. The country called person was drowned near Cedar Island; nor could Virginia in Queen Elizabeth's reign, em
the body be discovered until this experiment was braced not only the state now so called, but
resorted to." also Maryland and the Carolinas. Virginia
S. W. Proper was in reality first planted by the
: Liverpool, Sept. 1851. company of 1606, who fixed their settlement on the Chesa peake.
T. N. André.- General Officer implicated in Demerary, Oct. 1851.
Arnold's Treason. From Recollections of
Gen. North, 1823.-I send for Notes and Play of “ The Spaniards in Peru.” Queries the following paper, which “SerJohn Heywood.- Who was the author of viens” will perhaps like to read. It was The Cruelty of the Spaniards in Peru, written by my grandfather, Gen. Wm. expresst by Instrumentall and Vocall Mu North, who was Aide du Camp to Baron sick, and by Art of Perspective in Scenes. Steuben in the Revolution. I found it among &c., said to have been represented in the | my family papers. Cock Pit in Drury Lane, at three in the af
“I was at Tappan when André was executed, but ternoon punctually, 1658? Thus it stands
I did not attend his execution, nor, as I have always in Jacob, but is not mentioned by Lang believed, did a great number of spectators witness baine. The author of the British Theatre, the exit of that unfortunate gentleman. I remember however, mentions a remarkable circum
that all mourned his fate, though fully convinced of stance in regard to it, which is, that Oliver
its justice and propriety. When Baron Steuben
came from the house in which the court was held, Cromwell, who had prohibited all theatrical
I remarked to him, that the trial had not taken as representations, not only allowed this piece long as I had expected. No,' said the Baron, the to be performed, but even himself actually | unhappy prisoner gave us no trouble in calling witread and approved of it.
nesses—he confessed everything.' After the execu
tion it was asked if the request of Major André to . - James F. Haskins. ·
be shot could not have been complied with. "No,' (Sir William Davenant was the author of The answered the Baron, he was a spy, and in no army Spaniards in Peru, which was subsequently incorpor was any other death than by the gibbet awarded to a ated in his piece, Playhouse to be Lei. See his Works, fol. 1673, P. 103 ; also Genesi's Account of "There was a story told in Lee's History of the the English Srage, vol. i. p. 38.]
Southern War, in which it is said or hinted, that another general officer was suspected by the Com
mander-in-Chief. All I can say is, that I never Plant in Texas.- I shall be glad to learn
heard the remotest suspicion attaching to any one the scientific name of the plant to which the of being concerned, or in any way implicated in following extract from the Athenaeum Arnold's treason. It is true, it was a moment of (1847, p. 210 ) refers :
fear, alarm, and doubt, how far the treason might
have extended, but suspicion to have alighted on any " It is a well-known fact that in the vast prairies one, much more a general officer, I cannot bring my of Texas a little plant is always to be found which, mind to believe it. I remember the dark moment under all circumstances of climate, changes of well, in which the defection of Arnold was announced weather, rain, frost, or sunshine, invariably turns its in the camp. It was midnight; horses were sadleaves and flower, to the north,” &c.
dling; officers going from tent to tent, ordering their
men in suppressed voices to turn out and parade; no Indians Discovering the Bodies of the
drum beat. The troops formed in silence and in Drowned (Vol. iv., p. 148.). — It is curious
darkness—I may well say in consternation--for who
in such an hour and called together in such a manthat a similar practice to that of discovering ner, and in total ignorance of the cause, but must the bodies of the drowned by loading a loaf have felt and feared the near approach of some with mercury, and putting it afloat on the tremendous shock." stream, extracted from the Gent. Mag.,
N. seems to exist among the North American
(We should be glad to have more of Indians. Sir James Alexander, in his ac.
Gen. North's Recollections if they are all count of Canada (L'Acadie, 2 vols., 1849,) | as interesting as the above. Many thanks says, p. 26.:
to his grand-daughter for the present com. “The Indians imagine that in the case of a | munication.]
· Dr. Todd's Library.-At the sale of the Washington's Watch.--Who has ever library of the late Rev. Dr. Todd; the been in the United States and knows anybooks fetched prices far higher than was ever i thing about Washington and Lafayette withknown in Dublin. His Irish MSS, realized out having heard the mysterious story of the 7801., and his interleaved copy of Ware, I watch? For the benefit of those who have richly annotated by Dr. Todd, produced no not learned to connect serious politics with less than 4501. It was bought for the Uni- ; trivial incidents here is the story. During versity Library. O'Conor's “Scriptores , the war of independence, a Swiss watchmaHiberniæ" fetched 361.; Fleming's “Col- ; ker of Philadelphia, named Weitzel, made lectanea Sacra,” zol.; the “ Ritual of St. ; a present of a gold watch to General WashPatrick's Cathedral,” dated 1352, sold for ington, on the condition that he should nev731. 105.; the “ Book of Lismore,” 431. i er part with it unless he could give it to 105.; and the “Book of Clonmacnoise,” some man who had rendered greater services 311. 1os. Many of the MSS. were copied than himself to his country. After keeping for Dr. Todd from unique NISS, in the pub | the watch for some time, Washington lic libraries of England, Ireland, and Bel- | thought he would fulfill the intentions of the giun.
giver by offering it to Lafayette. The gift
was accepted as a high honour, and when, Major Andrés Letter to Washington.- lin 1825, Lafayette revisited America he was About the vear 1844 or '45, when Henry A. quite proud to wear Weitzel's watch. But Washington (afterwards a professor in Wil- , at Nashville, while he was receiving the feliam and Mary College, Virginia, and sub- i licitations of the people of Tennessee, it 'sequently the editor of the Writings of Jef- was stolen from him. Everybody in the ferson, published by Congress), who died in United States was indignant at this daring Washington in 1860, was practising law in theft, which seemed an insult to the nation. this city (Richmond), we called on him in. The thief escaped, and no trace of the watch company with the late John M. Daniel, and could be found. The other day, however, telling us he had just been engaged in looking' in a western town, an old gentleman, one of over the contents of a trunk filled with pa- the officers who received Lafavette at Nashpers formerly belonging to General Wash- ville in 1825, chanced to look into the winington, and which had been put in his pos- dow of a pawnbroker's shop, where to his session in connection with some legal busi- / unutterable surprise he recognized the watch. ness he added, and “I believe I have found · It seems that it had been pawned by a
the original of the letter written by André young girl, who, being questioned, said that · to General Washington.” It was shown, | the watch had been for a long time considand on a comparison with a published copy ! ered a family relic, her parents before their in Sparks' there was a difference only in one death having enjoined her never to part word, (not important and now forgotter), with it.- EUROPEAN Mill. and from the appearance of the paper and all prima facia evidence, and in addition, Thomas Jefferson and the Spanish Amthe fact that no writer had ever mentioned ' bassador's Niine. — When Thomas Jefferthe existence after the revolution of the leta son was President of the United States, he ter, we were convinced that it was the iden. I received a present of Wine from the Spanlical letter which was written by André and ish Embassador at Washington. There was received by General Washington. It was ' nothing remarkable in this ; but Jefferson beat once suggested thit he should deposit it thought him that the Ambassador bad introwith the Virginia Historical Society, but he 'duced this Wine free of duty, as was his priviexpressed the opinion that it wouid be more i lege, and that he (Jefferson) had nosuch priviproper to send it to the surviving sister of lege, and no right to drink imported Wine Major André, and from the fact that the without paving duty thereon according to law. letter was never afterwards seen in his pos- So he addressed to the Collector at Philadelsession, nor found among his papers, there is phia a letter, which, by favor of a descendant cvery reason to believe that he carried out of that Collector, now first meets the public his intention.
eve through the columns of The Tribune. We · [This reply 10 K. T. Vi's query in "N. & Q." !
print from the original, ierbatim, as follows: foor Dec. is kindly furnished by the editor of the !
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6. 1803(Richmond) Evening News]
Dear Sir : Monsr, d'Yrujo, the Spanish Minister here, has been so kind as to spare me 200 bottles of longitude! As to the rediscovery of MassaChampagne, part of a larger parcel imported for his chusetts Bay, subsequent to the explorations own use, and consequently privileged from duty, but
of the Northmen, Palfrey, Bancroft, and the it would be improper for me to take the benefit of that. I must therefore ask the favor of you to take
other leading New England historians have the proper measures for paying the duty, for which unanimously settled upon the English navipurpose I inclose you i bank check for .22$ dollars, gator, Bartholomew Gosnold, as the man the amount of it. If it could be done without men
who first actually visited Cape Cod. But tioning my name, it would avoid ill-intended ob
the speaker proved from original documents servations, as in some such way as this “by duty paid on a part of such a parcel of wines not entitled that these writers were in error, and that to privilege," or in any other way you please. The i Jean Al fonsce, a French pilot, anticipated wine was imported into Philadelphia, probably about | Gosnold's discovery by no less than 60 years; Midsummer last. Accept assurances of my great having as early as 112 sailed down oh esteem and respect.
coast from Canada to latitude 42° nortr, Gen. Muhlenburg.
and entered a great bay, the end whercof indre.-A man who saw Major André | he did not reach. As Allfonsce was a vetcxecuted is still living at Hanover, Rock eran and accomplished mariner, perfectly county, Wisconsin.
acquainted with the use of the astrolabe, it
seems certain that the bay he visited in this Historical Society -- Discovery of Mas latitude must have been Massachu:etis Bay. sachusetts Bay.—'The Historical Society | Allfonsce's manuscript narrative of this voyreceived on Tuesday evening an interesting age still exists in Paris, but has never been souvenir of Marco Bozarris, in the shape | printed in full, though a part of it was misof a silk tassel, detached from the sword translated by Hakluyt, in whose work the which the celebrated Greek patriot wore on students of New England history might have the night of his death, Aug. 19, 1823. lt found, at any time during the past two cenwas forwarded to the Society by Mr. Tuck- turies, Allfonsce's reference to Massachusetts erman, United States Minister at Athens, Bay. Allfonsce's voyage to the New Enwho received it from Col. Demetrius Bozar gland coast was probably made in the interris, the son and only surviving male de est of Roberval, who, in 1541, was made scendant of the brave Suliotte leader, im “ Lord of Norumbcgo” or Newfoundland. mortalized in Halleck's heroic verse. Re- | The speaker said that Mr. Palmer denied ports were presented by various officers of that Roberval had a grant of New England che Society, and an interesting paper was from the French king, and cited his commisread by the Rev. B. F. DeCosta on the sion to prove the assertion; but this is a “Discovery of Massachusetts Bay.” The mistake, as the patent and not the commisspeaker held that the Northmen of the sion, is the place to look for it. This is eleventh century must be viewed as the orig found in full in the Lescarbot of 1616, and inal discoverers of this Bay and of Cape Cod, shows that Roberval was made “Lord of all if the Icelandic Sagas are to be taken as au | New England” 80 years before the landing thority, and he displayed a rough copy of a of the Pilgrim Fathers. map of the American coast, made by the I have cut the two Notes above from the papers. Icelander Stephanius in 1570, ard based be- They may be of sufficient interest for insertion in yond question on data afforded by those your Notes and Queries. Sagas. He also dwelt on the extraordinary
W. T. K. fact, demonstrated by careful historic and
New York, Dec. 20, 1869. scientific research, that two islands, which
Major André's Defence, read before the once existed off the coast of Cape Cod,
Court which condemned him to Death as a have gone down 30 fathoms of water during Soy - The following “ Defence ” was pubthe last century, so that the Cape is now but I lished many years since in the Newark (.. a miserable wreck of what it once was. In l 7.) Daily Advertiser, and I have no doubu truth it is still being worn away at an aston
that your subscribers will read it with lively ishing rate, and in time, we shall have no
interest. I am not aware that it has ever Cape Cod at all; a circumstance, however,
appeared in print, except as above menwhich is not so surprising as the fact asserted
F. S. H. by the speaker, that on the Pacific coast of
"I came," he said, “to hold a communication the United States the ocean has worn away with a general Officer of the American Aimy by the land to the extent of three degrees of order of my own Commancer. Tentered the An.er