« PreviousContinue »
WORKS BY THE SAME AUTHOR.
DAILY WANTS, DICTIONARY OF. 78. 6d.
MEDICAL AND SURGICAL KNOWLEDGE, DICTIONARY OF. 5s.
REASON WHY. DENOMINATIONAL. 3s. 6d. REASON WHY. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY. 3s. 6d. BIBLICAL REASON WHY. SACRED HISTORY. 2s. 6d.
REASON WHY. GENERAL SCIENCE. 2s. 6d. HISTORICAL REASON WHY. ENGLISH HISTORY. 2s. 6d. REASON WHY. GARDENER'S AND FARMER'S. 2s. 6d. HOUSEWIFE'S REASON WHY. DOMESTIC SCIENCE. 2s. 6d. JOURNEY OF DISCOVERY; OR, THE INTERVIEW. 2s. 6d. PRACTICAL HOUSEWIFE AND FAMILY MEDICAL GUIDE. 2s. 6d.
FAMILY SAVE-ALL; OR, SECONDARY COOKERY. 2s. 6d.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. 2s. 6d.
Each of these two Works separately, 18. 6d., cloth.
BY THE SAME AUTHOR.
HISTORY OF PROGRESS IN GREAT BRITAIN. Two Series, each 58. THAT'S IT; OR, PLAIN TEACHING. Cloth, gilt edges, 3s. 6d. WALKS ABROAD AND EVENINGS AT HOME. Cloth, gilt edges, 3s. 6d ELEGANT WORK FOR DELICATE FINGERS. 1s. PHILOSOPHY AND MIRTH UNITED BY PEN AND PENCIL. 1s. THE USEFUL TEACHER. 1s.
COMPRISING ENGLISH GRAMMAR; GEOGRAPHY; AND HISTORY. HANDY BOOK OF SHOPKEEPING; OR, SHOPKEEPER'S GUIDE. 18.
"Nothing is foreign, parts relate to whole;
Connects each being, greatest with the least;
THE NATURAL HISTORY OF MAN.
1. What are the principal types of the varieties of the human race?
The types generally recognized are those pointed out by Blumenbach, consisting of 1. The Caucasian; 2. The Mongolian; 3. The Ethiopian; 4. The American; 5. The Malay. ·
2. Why is the first of these types called the Caucasian?
Because the tribes from which this great division of the human family descended have for many ages been the occupants of the mountain chain of the Caucasus.
The characters of this variety are, a white skin, either with a rosy
• The chapter upon the Natural History of Man has been founded upon Johnson's Physical Atlas; Prichard's Physical History of Mankind; Lawrence's Lectures; Latham's Varieties of Man; The Encyclopædia Britannica, art. Man; and the concluding pages of Humboldt's Cosmos. For the subsequent chapters, a great number of authorities have been consu ted, which are specified in the list of "Authorities."
"He prayeth best who loveth best
tint, or inclining to brown; red cheeks; hair black, or of the various lighter colours, abundant, and more or less curled or waving; irides dark in those of brown skin; light blue, grey, or greenish, in the fair or rosy complexioned; large cranium with small face, the upper and anterior regions of the former particularly developed, and the latter falling perpendicularly under them; face oval and straight, with
features distinct from each other; expanded forehead, narrow and rather aquiline nose, and small mouth; front teeth of both jaws perpendicular; lips, particularly the lower, gently turned out; chin full, rounded, and bearded.
In this type the moral feelings and intellectual powers are most energetic, being susceptible of the highest development and culture. It includes all the ancient and modern Europeans, except the Laplanders and the rest of the Finnish race.
The sub-divisions, or varieties of this type are-the Circassian, or true Caucasian; the Syro-Arabian: Hindoo, Celtic, Greciar, Italian, German, Slavonic, &c., and Gypsies, originally from the banks of the Indus, from whence they have wandered over Europe.
"Know then thyself, presume not God to scan,
3. Why is the second of these types called the Mongolian? From the vast region of Mongolia, over which they are generally spread.
They are characterized by an olive colour, which in many cases is very light; black eyes; black, straight, strong, and thin hair; little or no beard; head of a square form, with small and low forehead; broad and flattened face, with the features running together; nose small and flat; cheeks projecting; eyes placed very obliquely; slight projection of the The stature, par
chin; with the ears large and lips thick. ticularly in the countries within the Arctic circle, is inferior to that of Europeans.
The sub-divisions of this type are the true Mongols, the Tibetans, Chinese, Burmese, Siamese, Samoeids, Yeniseians, Finns, Lapps, Esquimaux, Turks, &c. These tribes occupy Central and Northern Asia, the Asiatic Islands, and the Arctic coasts of Asia and America.
4. Why is the third type denominated the Ethiopian?
Because the primitive tribes were the occupants of Ethiopia, or the country of the dark skinned, the ancient name of Africa. The