History of Civilization in England, Volume 1

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D. Appleton and Company, 1858 - England

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Contents

PAGE
45
Illustration of these principles from Ireland 17
50
Men of letters grateful to Louis XIV
51
From Egypt 5966
59
From Central America 07
67
And from Mexico and Peru 68
85
Also by an unhealthy climate making life precarious 9193
91
Comparison of the history of England with that of France 169171
101
Further illustration from Central America
105
But was weakened by the dissenters headed by Wesley and White
106
Hence it appears that of the two classes of mental and physical
112
The historical method of studying mental laws is superior to
113
Hooker contrasted with Jewel
116
Examination of the two metaphysical methods of generalizing men
118
Scepticism and spirit of inquiry on other subjects
123
With that of the United States of America
124
The progress of society is twofold moral and intellectual
125
Intellectual truths are the cause of progress
131
The diminution of the warlike spirit is owing to the same cause 137139
137
Chillingworth compared with Hooker and Jewel
142
Illustrations of this from ancient Greece and modern Europe 143144
143
The discoveries made by political economists 150158
151
The application of steam to purposes of travelling 158160
158
CHAPTER V
164
Subsequent movement in the same direction and increasing indiffer
173
Great advantage of this
180
Illustration from the early history of Christianity
187
Doctrine of personal representation and idea of independence
191
Influence of literature on the progress of society
193
The best legislation abrogates former legislation
199
By their laws against usury they have increased usury
206
But the most active cause of all was the influence of the clergy 222223
222
Illustration of this from the history of Charlemagne by Turpin 231232
231
But discouraged by George III under whom began a dangerous
234
And in the predictions of Stoeffler respecting the Deluge
239
Under James I and Charles I this opposition to authority assumes
259
It causes the establishment of the Royal Society
269
These improvements were due to the sceptical and inquiring spirit 279280
279
This alliance was dissolved by the Declaration of Indulgence 286287
286
Ignorance of George III
300
Subserviency of Pitt
320
Importance of the Revolution
324
And they were tolerated even by the queenregent during
379
They are deserted by their temporal leaders and the management
393
Evidence of the illiberality of the French Protestants 399405
399
They raise a civil war which was a struggle of classes rather than
406
CHAPTER VIII
413
Richelieu put down the rebellion but still abstained from persecut
415
Even in mechanical arts nothing was effected
418
Analogy between Descartes and Richelieu 428429
428
Fresh encouragement thus given to scepticism
430
But notwithstanding all this there was a great difference between
438
In England the nobles were less powerful than in France
444
This state contrasted with that of England
450
Illustration from the history of chivalry
456
Analogy between the Reformation and the revolutions of the seven
462
and Charles I vainly attempted to restore their power
468
But in France the energy of the protective spirit and the power
477
As such men were the leaders of the Fronde the rebellion naturally
483
CHAPTER XI
490
Intellectual decay under Louis XIV was seen in every department
507
And from every branch of literature
513
Convocation first despised and then abolished
519
Admiration of England expressed by Frenchmen
528
Still further progress early in the seventeenth century 557560
557
Illustration of this from the work of Audigier 566568
566
Immense improvements introduced by Voltaire
575
His views adopted by Mallet Mably Velly Villaret Duclos
582
He weakened the authority of mere scholars and theologians
588
The discourses of Turgot and their influence
596
The intellect of France began to attack the state about 1750 602603
602
Violence of the government
605
Abolition of the Jesuits
608
Jansenism being allied to Calvinism its revival in France aided
614
But was averted for a time by the most eminent Frenchmen direct
618
And in Condillac
627
In England during the same period there was a dearth of great
636
Relation between inventions discoveries and method and immense
645
Great and successful efforts made by the French in botany 652654
652
All these vast results were part of the causes of the French Revolu
658
And in the establishment of clubs 664666
664
But until the middle of the reign of Louis XV the political institu
666
General reflections 670
670
Historical literature in France before the end of the sixteenth cen
675

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Page 95 - To do good to others ; to sacrifice for their benefit your own wishes ; to love your neighbour as yourself; to forgive your enemies; to restrain your passions; to honour your parents; to respect those who are set over you : these, and a few others, are the sole essentials of morals; but they have been known for thousands of years, and not one jot or tittle has been added to them by all the sermons, homilies, and text-books which moralists and theologians have been able to produce.
Page 20 - In a given state of society, a certain number of persons must put an end to their own life. This is the general law; and the special question as to who shall commit the crime depends of course upon special laws; which, however, in their total action, must obey the large social law to which they are subordinate.
Page 301 - The storm has gone over me; and I lie like one of those old oaks which the late hurricane has scattered about me. I am stripped of all my honours, I am torn up by the roots, and lie prostrate on the earth!
Page 299 - ... necessary to consider distinctly the true nature and the peculiar circumstances of the object which we have before us: because, after all our struggle, whether we will or not, we must govern America according to that nature and to those circumstances, and not according to our own imaginations...
Page 223 - ... the chief, perhaps the only, English writer who has any claim to be considered an ecclesiastical historian, is the infidel Gibbon.
Page 140 - Commentaries in America as in England. General Gage marks out this disposition very particularly in a letter on your table. He states, that all the people in his government are lawyers, or smatterers in law ; and that in Boston they have been enabled, by successful chicane, wholly to evade many parts of one of your capital penal constitutions.
Page 230 - For my part, I have ever believed (and do now know) that there are witches." They that doubt of these do not only deny them but spirits, and are obliquely and upon consequence a sort, not of infidels, but atheists.
Page 299 - America, if she has taxable matter in her, to tax herself. I am not here going into the distinctions of rights, nor attempting to mark their boundaries. I do not enter into these metaphysical distinctions. I hate the very sound of them.
Page 93 - ... and other personal peculiarities, that we must consider this alleged progress as a very doubtful point; and in the present state of our knowledge we cannot safely assume that there has been any permanent improvement in the moral or intellectual faculties of man; nor have we any decisive ground for saying that these faculties are likely to be greater in an infant born in the most civilized part of Europe than in one born in the wildest region of a barbarous country.
Page 122 - Well may it be said of Adam Smith, and said, too, without fear of contradiction, that this solitary Scotchman has, by the publication of one single work, contributed more towards the happiness of man, than has been effected by the united abilities .of all the statesmen. and legislators of whom history has preserved an authentic account.

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