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DEPARTMENTS OF STATE, JUSTICE, AND COM-
MERCE, THE JUDICIARY, AND RELATED

AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1963

HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
•y.S. Congrees. House.
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENTS OF STATE, JUSTICE, AND COMMERCE, THE

JUDICIARY, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS

JOHN J. ROONEY, New York, Chairman
ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida

FRANK T. BOW, Ohio
DON MAGNUSON, Washington

GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California
FRED MARSHALL, Minnesota

ELFORD A, CEDERBERG, Michigan
Jay B. Howe, Staff Assistant to the Subcommittee

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1962

83621

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COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas

JOHN TABER, New York HARRY R. SHEPPARD, California

BEN F. JENSEN, Iowa ALBERT THOMAS, Texas

H. CARL ANDERSEN, Minnesota MICHAEL J. KIRWAN, Ohio

WALT HORAN, Washington JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi

IVOR D. FENTON, Pennsylvania GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama

GERALD R. FORD, JR., Michigan JOHN J. ROONEY, New York

HAROLD C. OSTERTAG, New York J. VAUGHAN GARY, Virginia

FRANK T. BOW, Ohio JOHN E. FOGARTY, Rhode Island

CHARLES RAPER JONAS, North Carolina ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida

MELVIN R. LAIRD, Wisconsin OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana

ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan SIDNEY R. YATES, Ilinois

GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California FRED MARSHALL, Minnesota

JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee

JOHN R. PILLION, New York JOHN F. SHELLEY, California

PHIL WEAVER, Nebraska EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts

WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio DON MAGNUSON, Washington

ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky

SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania

WILLIAM H. MILLIKEN, JR., Pennsylvania WIN FIELD K. DENTON, Indiana

EARL WILSON, Indiana
TOM STEED, Oklahoma
HUGH Q. ALEXANDER, North Carolina
ALFRED E. SANTANGELO, New York
JOSEPH M. MONTOYA, New Mexico
GEORGE E. SHIPLEY, Illinois
JOHN M. SLACK, JR., West Virginia
DALE ALFORD, Arkansas
JOHN LESINSKI, Michigan
JOHN J. FLYNT, Georgia

KENNETH SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staff Director

(IT)

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HEARINGS PRINTO DREPORTS

DEPARTMENTS OF STATE, JUSTICE, AND COMMERCE,
THE JUDICIARY, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPRO-
PRIATIONS FOR 1963

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

MONDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1962.

WITNESSES

HON. DEAN RUSK, SECRETARY OF STATE
ROGER W. JONES, DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARY FOR ADMINISTRA-

TION
WILLIAM J. CROCKETT, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR ADMINIS-

TRATION
FREDERICK G. DUTTON, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR CONGRES-

SIONAL RELATIONS
VERNE B. LEWIS, DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR BUDGET

AND FINANCE
W. R. LITTLE, SPECIAL ASSISTANT
FRANK G. MEYER, DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF BUDGET

Mr. Rooney. The committee will please come to order. At this
point this afternoon, following the joint session of the House and
Senate to receive Colonel Glenn, we shall proceed with consideration
of the 1963 fiscal year requests for the Department of State.

We are honored and delighted to have with us the distinguished
Secretary of State, the Honorable Dean Rusk, and would ask him
to proceed in his own fashion.

GENERAL STATEMENT OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE

Secretary RUSK. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee,
it is a very great pleasure to be here to talk with the committee about
the Department of State and some of our problems and our needs
for the next fiscal year. It is a special pleasure to be here on the
historic day on which the Congress has received Lt. Col. John Glenn,
whose dramatic and brilliant achievement has been of great benefit
to the United States in every way, including benefit to our foreign
relations.

Before I proceed, Mr. Chairman, I should like to take note of my
principal colleagues who are here with me-Mr. Roger W. Jones, the
Deputy Under Secretary for Administration, Mr. William J. Crockett,
the Assistant Secretary for Administration, and Mr. Frederick G.
Dutton, the Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations.

I intend to highlight some of our requirements and I hope the com-
mittee will allow Mr. Jones, Mr. Crockett, and other witnesses to fill
in the details of our budget request.

The assistant secretaries of the regional bureaus and the heads of
functional offices will be available, of course, as the committee desires.

(1)

1963

I realize that my main purpose here at this time is to review our most important problems, our experiences this year, and our aims and plans for the future. At the conclusion of this discussion, if the committee will allow me, I shall be pleased to discuss off the record some of the major issues, as we see them, in the world situation.

IMPROVED ADMINISTRATION OF THE DEPARTMENT

I still hold to the belief, expressed here a year ago, that a critical examination of our proposals makes us a better Department of State than we would otherwise be, and that the prospect of such an examination strengthens the sense of responsibility which public servants must accept if our Nation is to thrive.

I am pleased to be able to report substantial progress in improving administration in the Department.

The Department's budget reflects an earnest effort to cope with our problems without asking for additional positions in the "Salaries and expenses” appropriation. We are a Department which has examined itself closely in the past year. What we are doing is useful and important and, to the best of our ability, we are eliminating unessential apparatus.

Even in the face of many crises—Berlin, Cuba, the Congo, and southeast Asia, to mention some of the major ones--our first year has been one of planning and reorganization, of strengthening the Department's decisionmaking and administrative capabilities.

When we found some months after the beginning of fiscal year 1962 that certain expected funds would not be available and that our resources would fall short of paying for our operations, we were required to take emergency actions.

REDUCTION-IN-FORCE ACTION, FISCAL YEAR 1962

In a determined effort to put ourselves on a sounder basis financially, we went through a reduction-in-force action. This procedure is a costly way to reduce an operation. It is costly in terms of what happens to human beings and costly in terms of disorganization and disruption. This was a difficult and complicated action. So was an order to defer home leave and travel pending relief through supplemental appropriations now before the Congress.

SECOND YEAR OF NEW ADMINISTRATION

We are entering the second year of this administration with an executive team in charge determined to support and promote the high quality of the Department and its personnel.

I have been deeply gratified and proud of the way in which the professional people in the Department, in the civil and Foreign Service, have responded to the increasing demands being made upon them daily-not just by the new administration, but by the course of events in the world about us. Skilled and devoted people in the Department have carried with brilliance and distinction the great responsibilities of the Department,

President Kennedy has charged the Department with the primary role in the conduct of our country's foreign relations. In discussing my personal interest in administration as well as in policy direction

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