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that they trust veraly he hath said truly. house. And, opon Seynt Stevyn-day, And, yff it be foundé by his neighbours, when he haith dyned, he shall take leve before-named, that he be a Free-man; of hys Lorde, and shall kysse hym: and, there shall be delyvered to him balf a for hys service he shall nothing take, ne Quarter of Wbeate, and a Cheese. And nothing shall gyve. And all thyes seryf he be a villeyn, he shall have half a vices, tofore-rehersed, the seyd Sir Phi. Quarter of Rve, wythoutte Cheese. lippe hath doo, by the space of xlvii. And then shall Knyghtleye, the Lord of yeres; and hys ancestors byfore hym, Rudlowe, be called for, to carrye all to hys Lordys, Erlys of Lancastre. thies thynges, tofore relierscd: And the Item, the said Sir Philippe holdeth said Corne shall be layd upon one horse, of his seid Lord, th'Erle, bis Manoirs of and the Baconne above yit: and he too Tatenhull and Drycotte, en percenerye, whom the Baconne apperteigneth, shall by thies services; that the seid Sir Phe. ascend upon his Horse ; and shall take lippe, or his Atturney for hym, shall the Cheese before hym, yf he have a come to the Castell of T'utburye, upon Horse: And, yf be have none, the Lord Seynt Petyr day, in August, which is of Whichenovre shall cause bim bave called Lammesse ; and shall shew the one Horse and Sadyll, to such time as Steward, or Receiver, that he is come he be passed hys Lordshippe: and so thither to huut, and catch bis Lord's shalle ihey departe the Manoir of Greese, at the costages of hys Lorde, Whichenovre, with the Corne and the Whereupon the Steward or the ReBaconne, tofore hym that bath wonne ceiver shall cause a Horse and Sadylle to itt, with Trompets, Tabouretts, and be deliveryd to the sayd Sir Phelippe, other maner of Mynstralce. And, all the price Fifty shillings; or Fifty shilthe Free-Tenants of Whiclenorre shall lings in money, and oue Hound; and conduct hym, to be passed the Lordship shall pay to the said Sir Phelippe, every. of Whichenovre. And then shall al che day, fro the said day of Seynt Peter, they retorne; except hym, to whom to Holy Roode-day, for hymself T'wo apperteigneth to make the carryage and shillings six pence a day; and everyche journey, wythowtt the Countye of day for his servant, and his Bercelett, Stafford, at the Costys of hys Lord of during the sayd time twelve pence. And Whichenovre. And, yff the sayd Robert all the Wood-masters of the Forest of Knightley, do not cause the Baconn and Nedewode and Diffelde, withe alle the Corne, to be conveyed, as is rehersed; Parkers and Foresters, shall be commauthe Lord of Whichénovre shall do it bé dyd to awatte, and attend upon the sayd carryed, and shall dystreigne the seyd Sir Phelippe, while theyre Lord's Greese Robert Knyghtley for his defaulte, for be takyn, in all places of the seyde foone hundred shyllings, in his Manoir of restys, as upon their Master, during the Ruulowe; and shalle kepe the distres, said tyme. And the said Sir Phelippe, so takyn, irreplevisable.

or his Attorny, shall deliver to the said “ Moreover, the said Sir Philippe Parkers, or Foresters, that shall belonge holdeth of his Lorde, th' Erle, the Ma to their Lordys Lardere; commaudyng noir of Briddleshulle, by thies services; them to convey itt to the Erlys Lardythat, att such tyme, that hys sayd Lorde ver, abyding at Tutbury: and with the holdeth hys Chrystemes at Tutbury, the remenant, the seyd Sir Phelippe shall seyd Sir Phelippe shall come to Tutbury, do hys plesoure. And, upon Holy-Roodupon Chrystemasse Evyn; and shall be day the sayd Sir Phelippe shall returne lodged yn the Town of Tutbury, by the to the Castell of Tutbury, upou the said Marshall of the Erlys house: and upon Horse, with his Bercelet; and shall dyne Chrystymesse-day, he himself, or some with the Steward or Receyver: and othyr Knyght (his Deputye) shall go to after Dynner he shall delyver the Horse, the Dressour; and shall serve to his Sadylle, and Bercelett to the Steward Lordys meese : and then shall he kerve or Receyvour; and shall kysse the Porthe same meet to hys sayd Lord: And ter and depart." thys service shall he doo aswell at Souper, as at Dynner: and when hys Lord bath etyn; the said Sir Philippe shall sit downe, in the same place, wheir lys Having here set forth these singular Lord satt: and shalle be served att hys usages in the Pea season," it may not Table, by the Steward of th' Erlys be amiss to add the following

Receipt to make Somersetshire Bacon. the two stars which form the upper foot

The best time is between September in the constellation Gemini, and termiand Christmas. Procure a large wooden

nates about the fourth degree within trough; lay the sides of the hog in the the eastern boundary of the constellation trough, and sprinkle them heavily with Cancer. In the Zodiac of Dendera bay-salt; leave them twenty-four hours this sign is represented by a scarabeus, to drain away the blood, and other or beetle. over-abounding juices. Then take them out, wipe them dry, and throw away the

Fruits. drainings. Take some fresh bay-salt, and heating it well in an iron frying-pan, To the eye and palate of the imagi(beware not to use copper or brass nation, this month and the next are though ever so well tinned, rub the richer than those which follow them; meat till you are tired; do this four for now you can “ have your fruit and days successively, turning the meat eat it too;" which you cannot do then. every other day. If the hog is large, In short, now the fruit blossoms are all keep the sides in the brine (turning gone, and the fruit is so fully set that then ten times) for three weeks; then nothing can hurt it; and what is better take them out, and dry them thoroughly still, it is not yet stealable, either by in the usual manner.*

boys, birds, or bees; so that you are as

sure of it as one can be of any thing, Finally, remembering that the customs

the enjoyment of which is not actually before stated relate to marriage, it, past. Enjoy it now, then, while you occurs that there is the following

may; in order that, when in the autumn

it disappears, on the eve of the very day Receipt for a Good Match.

you had destined for the gathering of it To make a good match you have brim- (as every body's fruit does), you alone ·

stone and wood, Take a scold and a blockhead—the match Every heir who is worthy to enjoy the

may feel that you can afford to lose it. must be good.

estate that is left to him in reversion, does

enjoy it whether it ever comes to him NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

or not, Mean Temperature. ... 60. 47. On looking more closely at the Fruit,

we shall find that the Strawberries,

which lately (like bold and beautiful June 21.

children) held out their blossoms into The Longest Day.

the open sunshine, that all the world

might see them, now, that their fruit This day the sun enters the sign is about to reach maturity, hide it careCancer, and is then at his extreme dis- fully beneath their low-lying leaves, as tance north of the Equator, passing in conscious virgins do their maturing the zenith over the heads of all the

beauties ;--that the Gooseberries and inhabitants situated on the tropical line; Currants have attained their full growth, while to us, who reside in London, he and the latter are turning ripe ;-that appears at his greatest altitude, and the Wall-fruit is just getting large hence arises the increased heat we ex

enough to be seen among the leaves perience from his rays.

without looking for;—that the Cherries To individuals within the Arctic cir

are peeping out in white or “cherry. cle the sun at this time does not set. cheeked" clusters all along their straight

Cancer is the first of the summer branches ;-and that the other standsigns, and when the suu enters it we ards, the Apples, Pears, and Plums, are have our longest day. According to Sir more or less forward, according to their William Jones, “the Hindu Asbrono kinds.* mer Varaha lived when the solstices were in the first degrees of Cancer and Capricorn." It is now above 2000 years NATURALISTS CALENDAR. since the solstices thus coincided, and, at present, the sign Cancer begins near

Mean Temperature ...59 · 49.

Trans. Soc. Arts.

• Mirror of the Mortis.

The Longest Day.

should recommend all who wish to pur. For the Every-Day Book.

chase young birds to go to a regular

dealer, who sell them quite as cheap, Cradled in glory's ether-space,

and warrant them cocks. Buy them By Venus nursed till morn, The light unrolls thy golden life

when they begin to feed themselves And thou art sweetly born.

or, if younger, when you have them

home, put them in a cage, rather O lovely Day of bloom and shine, Of heat, and air, and strain !

roomy: then for Linuets, Goldfinches,

or Chaffinches, mix rape-seed, bruised, Millions rejoice and millions die Within thy halcyon reign.

and bread, steeped iu boiling water

with which, when cooled, you may feed Hopes, fears, and doubts, the passions them, putting it into their mouths from move;

the end of a stick, about every two 'Twas yesterday the same:To-morrow! thou wilt join the dead,

hours; water they will not require, the And only live by name

food being sufficiently moist for them.

When you find them peck at the stick, Jupiter guides thee through the skies

and take their food eagerly from it, To Hope's eternal shore :

which they will do at about a fortnight The sun departs—T'hou, Longest DayThou wilt be seen no more!

old, place some food about the cage

with clean dry gravel, scattering among Methuselah of England's year!

it some dry seed bruised; they will pick Thou Parr of Time-Farewell !

it up, and so be weaved off the moist St. Thomas, shortest of thy race,

food, which is no longer proper for Shall ring thine annual knell.

them—also place water in the pot. This, J. R. PRIOR.

as regards their feeding, is all you have

to do, while they remain healthy-if. YOUNG Bırds.

sick, you must treat thenı according to The following letter is to be consi the nature of their complaint. I think, dered as addressed to the reader, rather their sickness at this early stage of their than the editor, who, as yet, is not even existence is either caused by cold, or by a tyro in the art wherein his respected the oily nature of their food, it being correspondent has evidently attained too strong for their stomachs; to reproficiency. Indeed the communication medy this, mix a little of the fine gravel ought to have been inserted in May. with it, this will help their digestion. If its agreeable writer, and his good-na- Sometimes the seed will scour them, in tured readers, can excuse the omission, that case, boiled milk, or rust of iron the birds and the editor will be equally put into their water is a remedy. So obliged.

much as concerns the hard-billed tribe. The REARING AND TREATMENT op

If your fancy runs on soft-billed birds,

such as the skylark, woodlark, nightinYOUNG Birds.

gale, or robin, you must feed them with To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

egg, and bread moistened with water; Now, thro' the furrows where the skylarks or beef, raw or cooked; changing it as build,

they grow and begin to feed themselves, Or by the hedge-rows green, the fowler

to dry egg chopped small, and crumbled stravs,

bread; throwing in with it German Seeking the infant bird.

paste, until you find them contented Sir,- As the time has arrived for with the latter. All these birds will taking the young from the feathered live healthy, and sing stout, on this food, tribe, it may not be amiss to say a few except the nightingale; he must have words by way of advice to the unin. beef and egg. The remedy for sickness itiated, concerning the rearing, and and scouring is as before; if the paste training of these amusing creatures, binds them, give them raw beef, or who repay our cares with their rich chopped fig; the latter is good for all melody.

birds, keeping them in beautiful feather, We may now get Chasfinches, Gold and cool in body. When a month old, finches, Linnets, Larks, &c. in the

cage them off in their proper cages. streets, or at the different shops at a Give your captives good food, and very small expense, either singly, or by clear water; keep their dwellings free the nest, according to their ages, but I from vermin, which you may always do

by having a spare cage to turn thein their feet. Larks must be taken out into once a week, while you search the once a week, or their claws will become other, and destroy the devouring race clogged with dirt, and rot off. The of red lice that breed in their crevices cleaning their feet is but very little and coruers.

trouble; dip them in warm water, and Squirt a mouthful of water over your rub the dirt gently off with your thumb birds now and then, it will do ihem and finger. As these innocent creatures good ; this will much assist them in delight you with the beauty of their their mouiting, and make them throw feathers, and sweetness of their song, too their feathers faster, particularly larks, much cannot be done for their comfort. nightingales, and robins. The latter Hoping this little dissertation (if I may have their water-pans to fix inside may so call it) will be useful, the cage, so that they can dabble in

I am, &c. them, when they like; this will save the

S.R.J. trouble of taking them out to clean I conclude with the following

SONNET
On hearing a Thrush singing in the rain,
How sweet the song of the awakened thrush-
Mellow'd by distance, comes upon the ear,
Tho' gather'd clouds have made the heavens drear,
And the rain hisses in the hazel bush,
Wherein he warbles with a voice as clear
As if blue skies were over, and he near
The one that lov'd him-sweet, yet sad to hear !
For it remindeth me of one l've heard,
Singing to other ears, herself unseen,
In her own bower, like that delightful bird,
While yet her bosom's hopes were fresh and green,
One, whom I heard again in after years,

When sorrow smote her,-singing 'midst her tears.
Niiy, 1826.

S. R. J.

The editor has often wished, for the of opinion that birds are like himself sake of feathered posterity, that he could they cannot “ bear confinement," and ensure their liberty; but he can no more be happy. do that, than persuade those who think they have “ vested rights” in the bodies of certain of the airy race, to open their

June 22. cages and “set the prisoners free." It is in his power, however, to assist a little

1826. General Election, in ameliorating their condition, by urg Parliament having existed to its uting re-perusal and strict attention to the most legal duration, the electors exerpreceding letter. He is himself parti- cised, or withheld the exercise of their cularly struck with the direction,squirt franchise, according to their individual a mouthful of water over your birds wishes or hopes, desires or fears, intellinow and then it will do them good.gence or ignorance; or as feelings of He ventures with becoming diffidence independence directed, or influence to suggest, whether to syringe a little over weakness misdirected. Contests may not be as beneficial as to squirt a were as numerous and fierce as usual;mouthful.This is the only exception and, as might have been expected, in he dares to hint, and it is to be some places, the numerical state of the marked as a qualified one, and, under a poll-books intimated more of intellectual sense of inexperience, made“ at a enlargenient than the final results. No hazard." But he agrees that “ a night new arguments or means were reported ingale,"—a caged nightingale, alas ! to. The following paragraph is only must have beef and egg;” and “that inserted as an instance, that to buy as larks must be taken out once a week"; cheap, and sell as dear as possible, as a and-be may be wrong-if they fly principle of trade, was not thoroughly away, so much the better. He is strongly lost sight of by dealers.

Price of Provisions duriny Elections. burlesque will be laid before the reader

During the election at Sudbury, four presently. cabbages sold for 1ol., and a plate of gooseberries fetched 251.; the sellers,

As a preliminary, it may be remarked where these articles were so dear, being that in the election for Garrett, there voters. At Great Marlow, on the con was a whinsical assumption of office, trary, things were cheap, and an elector and an arbitrary creation of officers and during the election bought a sow and characters unknown in the elections of vipe young pigs for a pemy.*

other boroughs. In particular, there

was a “Master of the Horse." The ELECTION POR GARRETT.

person so dignified at its latter elections The “ County History" says, that the was pointed out as the oldest individual Hamlet of Garrett is in the road from in Wandsworth, who had figured in the Wandsworth to Tooting. About two "solemn mockery," and as, therefore, centuries ago it appears to have been a

most likely to furnish information, from single house called the Garvett. In it "reminiscences" of his “ancient digwas the mansion-house of the Brodrick nity." He was described as “ Old Jack family, pulled down about fifty years Jones the sawyer;" and it was added, ago; the ground is let to a market gar. “ You'll find him by the water side; dener; part of the garden wall remains. turn down by the church; he is lame Garrett now contains about fifty houses, and walks with a crutch; any body 'll amongst which are some considerable tell you of him; he lives in a cottage by manufactures. This used to be for many the bridge; if you don't find him at years the scene of a mock election, and home, be is most likely at the Plume of much indecency on the meeting of every Feathers, or just in the neighbourhood; new parliament, when several charac- you'll be sure to know hinı if you meet lers in low life appeared as candidates, bim-he is a thorough oddity, and can being furnished with fine clothes and tell all about the Garrett Election." gay, cquipages by the publicans, who The “ Plume" was resorted to, and “old made a good harvest. The last of these, Jack Jones” obligingly sought by Mr. known by the name of Sir Harry Dims- Attree the landlord, who for that purdale, was a deformed dwarf, little better pose peregrinated the town; and the than an idiot, who used to cry muffins “ Master of the Horse" made his entry in the streets about St. Auu's, Soho, into the parlour with as much alacrity and died about 1809. It has been as his wooden assistants helped him to. ciropped at the two Jast general elec It was “the accustomed place," wherein tions; but the memory of it will be he had told his story “many a time and preserved by Foote's diverting farce of oft;" and having heard, “ up town”lhat · The Mayor of Garrett.”—There are there was “somebody quite curious three prints displaying the proceedings about the Garrett Election," he was on occasion of this election.f

dragging his “slow length along," when

“mine host of the Feathers" met him Since the preceding statement, which

on the way. is almost in the words of Lysons, Gar. John Jones may be described as rett has been increased, and may be of the has beens." In his day he was said, in 1826, to contain double the tall of stature, stout of body, and had number of houses. Lysons and Bray done as much work as any man of his call it a “hamlet;" and this denomina time when he was at it. But, then, he tion, if taken to mean “a small village," had overstrained bimself, and for some is applicable to this place.

years past had not been able to do a For particulars concerning the “Mock stroke of work; and he had seen Election," with a view to insertion in deal of “ran-dan," and a racketty life the Every Day-Book, Garrett itself has had racketted bis frame, and been visited, and persons seen there, and

“ Time in the neighbourhood, who took part in Had written strange defeatures on his brow." the proceedings, and well remember them. Their statements of this public had deposited his crutch and stick by

After the first civilities, and after he • The Times, June 20, 18.6.

the side of a chair, and himself in an Maoning and Bray's Histor, or Surter. adjoining onc, and after the glow

one

a

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