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noticed above, however, is the first wliich large eoney-warren belonging to the lord. we remember of seeing noticed in a par. The occupiers of messuages and cottages ticular manner.
within the several towns of Hutton Co. The kırk of Scotland appears formerly nyers, Baldersby, Rainton, Dishforth, and to have viewed these festivities exactly as Hewick, have right of estray for their sheep the Roman church in France did in the to certain limited boundaries on the com: sixteenth century; and, as a proof of this, mon, and each township has a shepherd. and of the style in which the sport was an
The lord's shepherd has a preeminence ciently conducted in the parish of Falkirk, of tending his sheep on every part of the we have a remarkable instance so late as common; and wherever he herds the the year 1702. A great number of farmers' lord's sheep, the several other shepherds sons and farm servants from the “ East are to give way to him, and give up their Carse" were publicly rebuked before the hoofing-place, so long as he pleases to session, or ecclesiastical court, for going depasture the lord's sheep thereon. The about in disguise upon the last night of lord holds his court the first day in the December that
year, acting things un- year, to entitle those several townships to seemly;" and having professed their sor- such right of estray; the shepherd of each row for the sinfulness of the deed, were township attends the court, and does certified if they should be found guilty of fealty, by bringing to the court a large the like in time coming, they would be apple-pye, and a twopenny sweetcake, proceeded against after another manner. (except the shepherd of Hewick, who Indeed the scandalised kiik might have compounds by paying sixteen pence for been compelled to put the cutty stool in ale, which is drank as after mentioned,) requisition, as a corisequence of such pro
and a wooden spoon ; each pye is cut in miscuous midnight meetings.
two, and divided by the bailiff, one half The observance of the old custom of between the steward, bailiff, and the te “ first fits” upon New-year's day is kept nant of the coney-warren before men up at Falkirk with as much spirit as any tioned, and the other half into six parts, where else. Both Old and New Style and divided amongst the six shepherds of have their «kcepers," although many of the above mentioned six townships. In the lower classes keep them in rather a the pye brought by the shepherd of Rain“disorderly style.” Soon as the steeple ton an inner one is made, filled with clock strikes the ominous twelve, all is prunes. The cakes are divided in the running, and bustle, and noise; hot-pints same manner. The bailiff of the manor in clear scoured copper kettles are seen provides furmety and mustard, and deliin all directions, and a good noggin to the vers to each shepherd a slice of cheese well known toast « A gude new year, and and a penný roll. The furmety, well a merry han’sel Monday,” is exchanged mixed with mustard, is put into an earthen among the people in the streets, as well pot, and placed in a hole in the ground, as friends in the houses. On han'sel in à garth belonging to the bailiff's house; Monday 0. S. the numerous colliers in to which place the steward of the court, the neighbourhood of the town have a with the bailiff
, tenant of the warren, and grand main of cocks ; but there is nothing six shepherds; adjourn with their respective in these custoins peculiar to the season.
The bailiff provides Falkirk, 1825.
J. W.R, spoons for the stewards, the tenant of the
warren, and himself. The steward first
pays respect to the furmety, by taking a ANNUAL JOCULAR TENURE.
large spoonful, the bailiff has the next The following are recorded particulars honour, the tenant of the warren next, of a whimsical custom in Yorkshire, by then the shepherd of Hutton Conyers, and which a right of sheep-walk is held by the afterwards the other shepherds by regular tenants of a inanor :
turns; then each person is served with a
glass of ale, (paid for by the sixteen pence Hutton Conyers, Com. York.
brought by the Hewick shepherd,) and the Near this town, which lies a few miles health of the lord of the manor is drank; from Ripon, there is a large common, then they adjourn back to the bailiff's called Hutton Conyers Moor, whereof house, and the further business of the William Aislabie, esq. of Studley Royal, court is proceeded in. (lord of the manor of Hutton Conyers,) Each pye contains about a peck of is lord of the soil, and on which there is a flour, is about sixteen or eighteen inches
ODE TO THE NEW YEAR,
diameter, and as large as will go into the a plentiful dinner in the servants' hall; mouth of an ordinary oven. The bailiff and after dinner they also receive prizes of the manor measures them with a rule, for their good conduct as teachers, and and takes the diameter; and if they are their diligence as scholars. not of a sufficient capacity, he threatens
I am, &c. to return them, and fine the town. IF
J. S. they are large enough, he divides them with a rule and compasses into four equal parts; of which the steward claims one, the warrener another, and the remainder is divided amongst the shepherds. In A Gentleman of Literary Habits and Means. respect to the furmety, the top of the dish in which it is put is placed level with the For the Every-day Book. surface of the ground; all persons present all bail to the birth of the year, are invited to eat of it, and those who do See golden baired Phæbus afar; not, are not deemed loyal to the lord.
Prepares to renew his career, Every shepherd is obliged to eat of it, and
And is mounting his dew spangled car. for that purpose is to take a spoon in his pocket to the court; for if any of them Stern Winter congeals every brook, neglect to carry a spoon with him, he is That murmured so lately with glee; to lay him down upon his belly, and sup
And places a snowy peruke, the furmety with his face to the pot or
On the head of each bald pated tree. dish, at which time it is usual, by way of Now wild duck and widgeon abound, sport, for some of the bystanders to dip
Snipes sit by the half frozen rills : his face into the furmety; and sometimes Where woodcocks are frequently found, a shepherd, for the sake of diversion, will That sport such amazing long bills. purposely leave his spoon at home.*
The winds blow out shrilly and hoarse,
And the rivers are choking with ice;
And it comes as a matter of course,
That Wallsends are rising in price.
Alas! for the poor ! as unwilling
The wood pigeon, sacred to love, of the industrious poor in the neighbour- is wheeling in circles on high;
How charming he looks in the grove, hood as have not received parish relief,
How charming he looks in the pye. and have most distinguished themselves by their good behaviour and industry, the Now gone is St. Thomas's day, neatness of their cottages and gardens, The shortest, alas ! in the year. and their constant attendance at church,
And Christmas is hasting away, &c. The distribution is made by lady With its holly and berries and beer, Shelley, assisted by other ladies; and it
And the old year for ever is gone, is gratifying to observe the happy effects
With the tabor, the pipe, and the dance; upon the character and disposition of the
And gone is our collar of brawn, poor people with which this benevolent And gone is the mermaid to France. practice has been attended during the few years it has been established. Though The scythe and the hour glass oftime, the highest reward does not exceed two Those fatal mementos of woe,
Seem to utter in accents sublime, guineas, yet it has excited a wonderful spirit of emulation, and many a strenuous
“ We are all of us going to go!" effort to avoid receiving money from the parish. Immediately as the rewards are given, all the children belonging to the
We are truly and agreeably informed Sunday-school and national-school lately by the “ Mirror of the Months,” that established in the parish, are set down to
“Now periodical works put on their best
attire; the old ones expressing their deter* Blount's Frag. Antiq. by Beckwith,
mination to become new, and the new
ones to become old; and each makes a It is, further, proposed to notice certain point of putting forth the first of some astronomical and meteorological phenopleasant series (such as this, for example!), mena'; the migration and singing of which cannot fail to fix the most fugitive birds; the appearance of insects; the of readers, and make him her own for leafing and flowering of plants; and other another twelve months at least.”
particulars peculiar to animal, vegetable, and celestial existences. These observa
tions will only be given from sources NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
thoroughly authentic, and the authorities
will be subjoined. Communications for Under this head it is proposed to place this department will be gladly received. the “ Mean temperature of every day in the Year for London and its environs, on an average of Twenty Years," as deduced by Mr. Howard, from observations com
January 2. mencing with the year 1797, and ending
St. Concord with 1816.
For the first three years, Mr. Howard's Is said, by his English biographer Butler, observations were conducted at Plaistow, to have been a sub-deacon in a desert, a village about three miles and a half martyred at Spoletto, about the year 178; N. N. E. of the Royal Observatory at whereto the same biographer adds, “ In Greenwich, four miles E. of the edge of the Roman Martyrology his name occurs London, with the Thames a mile and a on the first, in some others on the second half to the S., and an open level country, of January.” The infallible Roman chnrch, for the most part well-drained land, to end the discord, rejects the authority around it. The thermometer was attached of the “ Roman Martyrology," and keeps to a post set in the ground, under a Por- the festival of Concord on the second of tugal laurel, and from the lowness of this January. tree, the whole instrument was within three feet of the turf; it had the house
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. and offices, buildings of ordinary height, to the S. and S.E. distant about twenty yards,
Mean Temperature . .. 35.92. but was in other respects freely exposed. For the next three years, the observa
January 3. tions were made partly at Plaistow and partly at Mr. Howard's laboratory at
THE RIDDLE OF THE YEAR, Stratford, a mile and a half to the N.W.,
By Cleobulus. on ground nearly of the same elevation. The thermometer had an open N. W. these sons have thirty daughters a-piece,
There is a father with twice six sons; exposure, at six feet from the ground, close to the river Lea.
party-coloured, baving one cheek white in The latter observations were made at
and the other, black, who never see each
other's face, nor live above twenty-four Tottenham-green, four miles N.of London,
hours. which situation, as the country to the N.W. especially is somewhat hilly and more wooded, Mr. Howard considers. more
Cleobulus, to whom this riddle is attrisheltered than the former site; the elevation buted, was one of the seven wise men of of the ground is a trifle greater, and the Greece, who lived about 570 years before thermometer was about ten feet from the the birth of Christ, general level of the garden before it, with
Riddles are of the highest antiquity; a very good exposure N., but not quite the oldest on record is in the book of enough detached from the house, having Judges xiv. 14—18. We are told by been affixed to the outer door-case, in à Plutarch, that the girls of his times worked frame which gave it a little projection, at netting or sewing, and the most ingeand admitted the air behind it.
nious “ made riddles.”
Mean Temperature ... 35.60.
Now, however, not to conclude mourna January 4.
fully, let us remember that the officers Prepare for Twelfth-day,
and some of the principal inhabitants of
most parishes in London, preceded by The “Mirror of the Months,” a reflector their beadle in the full majesty of a full of “ The Months” by Mr. Leigh Hunt, great coat and gold laced bat, with his enlarged to include other objects, adopts, walking staff of state higher than him, “ Above all other proverbs, that which self, and headed by a goodly polished says, “There's nothing like the time pre- silver globe, go forth from the vestry sent,'—partly because the time present' room, and call on every chief parishioner is but a periphrasis for Now!" The se- for a voluntary contribution towards a ries of delightful things which Mr. Hunt provision for cheering the abode of the links together by the word Now in his needy at this cheerful season :-and now “ Indicator," is well remembered, and his the unfeeling and mercenary urge pleasant disciple tells us, " Now, then, pretences" upon “ public grounds," with the cloudy canopy of sea-coal smoke that ihe vain hope of concealing their private hangs over London, and crowns her queen reasons for refusing “public charity :"— of capitals, floats thick and threefold; for and now, the upright and kind-hearted fires and feastings are rife, and every body welcome the annual call, and dispense is either out’ or at home' every night. bountifully. Their prosperity is a blessing. Now, if a frosty day or two does happen Each scattereth and yet increaseth ; their to pay us a flying visit, on its way to the pillows are pillows of peace; and at the North Pole, how the little boys make appointed time, they lie down with their slides on the pathways, for lack of ponds, fathers, and sleep the sleep of just men and, it may be, trip up an occasional made perfect, in everlasting rest. housekeeper just as he steps out of his own door; who forthwith vows vengeance, in the shape of ashes, on all the slides in NATURALISTS' CALENDARI his neighbourhood, not, doubtless, out of Mean Temperature ... 36: 42. vexation at his own mishap, and revenge against the petty perpetrators of it, but
January 5. purely to avert the like from others ! Now the bloom-buds of the fruit-trees, which the late leaves of autumn had con
Agricultural Custom. cealed from the view, stand confessed, upon the otherwise bare branches, and, the borders of the county of Gloucester,
In the parish of Pauntley, a village on dressed in their patent wind-and-water
next Worcestershire, and in the neighs proof coats, brave the utmost severity of
bourhood, a custom, intended to pre. the season,-their hard, unpromising outsides, compared with the forms of beauty resembling the Scotch Beltein, prevails.”
vent the smut in wheat, in some respect which they contain, reminding us of their friends the butterflies, when in the chry- vants of every farmer assemble logether
“ On the eve of Twelfth-day all the sersalis state.- Now the labour of the hus- in one of the fields that has been sown bandman is, for once in the year, at a stand ; and he haunts the alehouse fire, with wheat. At the end of twelve lands, or lolls listlessly over the half-door of the they make twelve fires in a row with village smithy, and watches the progress than the rest, they drink a cheerful glass
straw; around one of which, made larger of the labour which he unconsciously envies ; tasting for once in his life (without of cyder to their master's health, and sucknowing it) the bitterness of that ennui home, they feast on cakes made of carra
cess to the future harvest; then, returning which he begrudges to his betters.- Now, melancholy-looking men wander by
ways, &c. soaked in cyder, which they twos and threes' through market-towns; sowing
claim as a reward for their past labours in with their faces as blue as the are twisted round their waists; their ineffectual rakes resting on their shoulders, Credulity and Incredulity. and a withered cabbage hoisted upon a
In the beginning of the year 1825, the pole; and sing out their doleful petition flimsiest bubbles of the most bungling of · Pray remember the poor gardeners, who can get no work!!”
• Rudge's Gloucester,
projectors obtained the public confidence; treasure, which the war and our losses at at the close of the year that confidence sea had drawn out of the nation." was refused to firms and establishments
I am, &c. of unquestionable security. Just before Christmas, from sudden demands greatly
J. Ở, beyond the amounts which were ready for ordinary supply, bankers in London
THE CHRISTMAS DAYS. of known' respectability stopped payment; the panic became general through
A Family Sketch. out the kingdom, and numerous country banks failed, the funds fell, Exchequer Bring me a garland of holly, bills were at a heavy discount, and public Rosemary, ivy, and bays; securities of every description suffered Gravity's nothing but folly, material depression. This exigeney ren
Till after the Christmas days. dered prudence still more circumspect,
Fill out a glass of Bucellas; and materially retarded the operations
Here !--boys put the crown on my of legitimate business, to the injury of all
head : persons engaged in trade. In several
Now, boys !--shake hands--be good felmanufacturing districts, transactions of
lows, every kind were suspended, and manu And all be-good men when I'm dead. factories wholly ceased from work.
Come, girls, come! now for your kisses,
Hearty onesmlouder-loud-louder! EXCHEQUER BILLS.
How I'm surrounded with blisses ! To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. Proud men may here see a prouder. Sir,
Now, you rogies, go kiss your mother : As just at this time it may be interest. Ah ! ah !--she won't let you i-pho ! ing to many of your readers, to know the
pho ! origin of Exchequer bills, I send you the Gently—there, there now !-- don't smofollowing account.
ther In the years 1696 and 1697, the silver Old lady! come, now I'll kiss you. currency of the kingdom being, by clip
Here take the garland, and wear it; ping, washing, grinding, filing, &c. re
* Nay, way!' but you must, and you duced to about half its nominal value,
shall; acts of parliament were passed for its For, here's such a kiss!----come, don't fear it; being called in, and re-coined ; but
If you do turn round to the wall. whilst the re-coinage was going on exchequer bills were first issued, to supply
A kiss too for Number Eleven, the demands of trade. The quantity of
Thc Newcome-the young Christmas silver re-coined, according to D'Avenant,
My Alice !-who makes my girls seven, from the old hammered.money, amount
And makes merry Christmas more ed to 5,725,933l. It is worthy of remark,
merry. that through the difficulties' experienced by the Bank of England (which had been Another good glass of Bucellas, established only three years,) during the
While I've the crown on my head; re-coinage, they having taken the clipped Laugh on my good girls, and good felsilver at its nominal value, and guineas
Till it's off-then off to bed. at an advanced price, bank notes were in 1697 at a discount of from 15 to 20 per
Hey know, for the Christmas holly, cent. “During the re-coinage,” says Rosemary, ivy, and bays; D'Avenant, “all great dealings were Gravity's nothing but folly, transacted by tallies, bank-bills, and gold Till after the Christmas days. smiths' notes. Paper credit did not only supply the place of running cash, but December 30, 1825. greatly multiplied the kingdom's stock ; for talkies and bank-bills did to many uses serve as well, and to some better than
NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. gold and silver; and this artificial wealth
Mean Temperature ...37 47. which necessity had introduced, did make us less feel the want of that real,