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cluding with an ABC and numerals, and likes a walk of a summer's evening, but the name of the fair industrious, express- avoids the new streets, canals, &c. and ing it to be “ her work, Jan. 14, 1762.” sometimes goes through the church-yard The rest of the furniture consists of a where her other children and her husband looking-glass with carved edges, perhaps lie buried, serious, but not melancholy. a settee, a hassock for the feet, a mat for She has had three great æras in her life, the little dog, and a small set of shelves, her marriage,-her having been at court in which are the Spectator and Guardian, to see the king, queen, and royal family,the Turkish Spy, a Bible and Prayer-book, and a compliment on her figure she once Young's Night-Thoughts, with a piece of received in passing from Mr. Wilkes, lace in it to flatten, Mrs. Rowe's Devout whom she describes as a sad loose man, Exercises of the Heart, Mrs. Glasse's but engaging. His plainness she thinks Cookery, and perhaps Sir Charles Gran- much exaggerated. If any thing takes dison, and Clarissa. John Buncle is in her at a distance from home, it is still the the closet among the pickles and preserves. court; but she seldom stirs even for that. The clock is on the landing-place between The last time but one that she went was the two room-doors, where it ticks audibly to see the duke of Wirtemberg: and she but quietly; and the landing-place, as has lately been, most probably for the last well as the stairs, is carpeted to a nicety. time of all, to see the princess Charlotte The house is most in character, and pro- and prince Leopold. From this beatific perly coeval, if it is in a retired suburb, vision, she returned with the same admiand strongly built, with wainscot rather ration as ever for the fine comely appearthan paper inside, and lockers in the win ance of the duke of York and the rest of dows. Before the windows also should the family, and great delight at having be some quivering poplars. Here the Old had a near view of thę princess, whom Lady receives a few quiet visitors to tea she speaks of with smiling pomp and and perhaps an early game at cards; or lifted mittens, clasping them as passionyou may sometimes see her going out on ately as she can together, and calling her, the same kind of visit herself, with a light in a sort of transport of mixed loyalty and umbrella turning up into a stick and self-love, a fine royal young creature, and crooked ivory handle, and her little dog daughter of England. - Indicator. equally famous for his love to her and captious antipathy to strangers.


The Season. grandchildren dislike him on holidays; Sudden storms of short duration, the and the boldest sometimes ventures to last blusters of expiring winter, frequently give him a sly kick under the table. occur during the early part of the present When she returns at night, she appears, month. These gales and gusts are mostly if the weather happens to be doubtful, in noticed by mariners, who expect them, a calash; and her servant, in pattens, fol- and therefore keep a good “look out for lows half behind and half at her side, with squalls.” The observations of seamen a lantern.

upon the clouds, and of husbandmen on Her opinions are not many, nor new. the natural appearances of the weather She thinks the clergyman a nice man, generally, would form an exceedingly cuThe duke of Wellington, in her opinion, rious and useful compendium of meteorois a very great man; but she has a secret logical facts. preference for the marquis of Granby. Stilling the Sea with Oil. She thinks the young women of the pre Dr. Franklin suggests the pouring of sent day too forward, and the men not oil on the sea to still the waves in a respectful enough: but hopes her grand- storm, but, before he lived, Martin wrote children will be better; though she differs “ Account of the Western Islands of with her daughter in several points re- Scotland,” wherein he says, “The steward specting their management.

She sets of Kilda, who lives in Pabbay, is accuslittle value on the new accomplishments : tomed in time of a storm to tie a bundle is a great though delicate connoisseur in of puddings, made of the fat of sea-fowl, butcher's meat and all sorts of house to the end of his cable, and lets it fall into wifery: and if you mention waltzes, ex the sea behind the rudder; this, he says, patiates on the grace and fine breeding of hinders the waves from breaking, and the minuet. She longs to have seen one calms the sea; but the scent of the grease danced by sir Charles Grandison, whom attracts the whales, which put the vessel she almost considers as a real person. She in danger.”,


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Browne Willis, Esq. LL. D.
A Doctor in Antiquity was he,
And Tyson lined his head, as now you see
Kind, good “collector !" why “collect” that storm ?
No rude attempt is made to mar his form ;
No alteration 's aim'd at here-for, though
The artist's touch has help'd to make it show,
The meagre contour only is supplied-
Is it improved ?-compare, and then decide.
Had Tyson, “ from the life,” Browne Willis sketch'd,
And left bim, like old Jacob Butler,* etch'd,

had not been, to better trace

The only likeness of an honour'd face. The present engraving, however un- picture painted by Dahl. There is no winning its aspect as to drawing, is, in other portrait of “the great original" pubother respects, an improvement of the lished. late Mr. Michael Tyson's etching from a

See "Every-Day Book," vol. I. p. 1303. Vol. II.-59.

This essay

On the 5th of February, 1760, Dr. The Season and Smoking. Browne Willis died at whaddon hall, in the county of Bucks, aged 78; he was

At this time, Dr. Forster says that born at St. Mary Blandford, in the county people should guard against colds, and, of Dorset, on the 14th of September, above all

, against the contagion of typhus 1682. He was unexcelled in eagerness

and other fevers, which are apt to prevail of inquiry concerning our national an

in the early spring. Smoking tobacco," tiquities, and his life was devoted to their he observes, “is a very salutary practice study and arrangement. Some interest- in general, as well as being a preventive ing particulars concerning the published against infection in particular. The Gerlabours and domestic habits of this dis man pipes are the best, and get better as tinguished individual, will be given in a they are used, particularly those made of subsequent sheet, with one of his letters, merschaum, called Ecume de Mer. Next not before printed, accompanied by a fac- to these, the Turkey pipes, with long simile of his handwriting.

tubes, are to be recommended; but these

are fitter for summer smoking, under the NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

shade of trees, than for the fireside. The

best tobacco is the Turkey, the Persian, Mean Temperature ...39. 20. and what is called Dutch canaster.

Smoking is a custom which should be re

commended in the close cottages of the February 6.

poor, and in great populous towns liable Collop Monday. See vol. i. p. 241.

to contagion.

The Rule of Health.

Rise early, and, take exercise in plenty,
But always take it with your stomach empty.
After your meals sit still and rest awhile,
And with your pipe a careless hour beguile.
To rise at light or five, breakfast at nine,
Lounge till eleven, and at five to dine,
To drink and smoke till seven, the time of tea,
And then to dance or walk two hours away
Till ten o'clock,-good hour to go to nest,
Till the next cock shall wake you from your rest.

On the virtues of tobacco its users enhance with mighty eloquence, and puff it bravely.

In praise of Tobacco.

Much food doth gluttony procure

10 feed men fat like swine, But he's a frugal man indeed

who on a leaf can dine.

February 7.
Several of the customs and sports of
this day are related in vol i. p. 242-261.
It is the last meat day permitted by the
pa pacy before Lent, which commences
to-morrow, and therefore in former times,
full advantage was taken of the expiring
opportunity to feast and make merry.
Selden observes, " that what the church
debars us one day, she gives us leave
to eat another-first, there is a carni-
val, and then a Lent.". This period is
also recorded in the homely rhymes of
Barnaby Googe.

Now when at length the pleasant time

of Shrove-tide comes in place,
And cruell fasting dayes at hand

approach with solemne grace :

He needs no napkin for liis hands,

his finger ends to wipe, Who has his kitchen in a box,

his roast-meat in a pipe.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR. Mean Tenperature ... 39 • 47.


Then olde and yong are both as mad, throw them on the heads of the monks, as ghestes of Bacchus' feast,

saying, “Remember that you are but And foure dayes long they tipple square, : dust, and to dust must return." Then

and feede and never reast. Downe goes the hogges in every place,

" the procession" was to follow.*

In former times, on the evening of Ash and puddings every wheare Do swarme : the dice are shakte and tost,

Wednesday, boys used to run about with and cardes apace they teare:

firebrands and torches.f In every house are showtes and cryes, and mirth, and revell route,

Lent Assizes and Sessions. And daintie tables spred, and all

These follow, in due course, after Hilary be set with ghestes aboute : With sundrie playes and Christmasse games,

Term, which is within a week of its exand feare and shame away,

piration. The importance of assize and The tongue is set at libertie,

sessions business is frequently interrupted and hath no kinde of stay.

by cases not more serious than Naogeorgus.

The Trial 1 The Great Seal in Danger.

Of Farmer Carter's Dog February 7, 1677, about one in the

PORTER morning, the lord chancellor Finch's mace was stolen out of his house in

for Murder. Queen-street; the seal laid under his Edward Long, esq., late judge of the pillow, so the thief missed it. The admiralty court of Jamaica, wrote and famous thief that did it was Thomas published this.“ Trial," I which is now Sadler, he was soon after taken, and scarce, and here somewhat abridged from hanged for it at Tyburn on the 16th of the original without other alteration. March.*

He commences his report thus :

County of SEX-

At a High Court of Oyer and Terminer
Mean Temperature. . . 37. 37. and Gaol-Delivery, holden this day

- 1771, at Gotham-Hall.

February 8.

The Worshipful

J. Bottle, Esq.)

A. Noodle,
The First Day of Lent.

Mat o' the Mill,

Esqs., Just-asses and

Associates. To the particulars concerning this day,

Osmyn Ponser, and the ashes, (in vol. i. p. 261,) is to be

GAME-ACT Plaintiff added, that the ashes, made of the branches of brushwood, properly cleansed, sifted,

Porter Defendant. and consecrated, were worn four times a The Court being met, the indictment year, as at the beginning of Lent; and was read, which we omit, for sake of that on this day the people were excluded brevity. from church, husbands and wives parted Court. Prisoner, hold up your paw at bed, and the penitents wore sackcloth the bar. and ashes.t

First Counsel. He is sullen, and reAccording to the Benedictine rule, on

fuses. Ash Wednesday, after sext, the monks were Court. Is he so? Why then let the to return to the cloister to converse; constable hold it up, nolens volens. but, at the ringing of a bell, be instantly [Which was done, according to order.] silent. They were to unshoe themselves, Court. What is the prisoner's name? wash their hands, and go to church, and Constable. P-P-Po-rt-er, an't please make one common prayer. Then was to your worship. follow a religious service ; after which the Court. What does the fellow say? priest, having consecrated the ashes, and Constable. Porter! an't please you; sprinkled holy water on them, was to Porter !

* Life of Ant. a Wood.
T Fosbroke's British Monachism,

Printed for T. Lowndes, 1771. 8vo.



* Fosbroke's British Monachism.

+ Ibid.

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Mat. He says porter. It's the name Court. Very likely. of a liquor the London kennel* much de Counsel for Pros. And thereby saves light in.

the court a great deal of trouble; and Ponser. Ay, 'tis so; and I remember the nation, the expense of a halter. another namesake of his. I was hand Court. Well, then, since the land in glove with him, I'll tell you a droll stands thus-constable, twist a cord about story about him

the culprit's
Court. Hush, brother. Culprit, how Counsel for Pros. Fore-paws.
will you be tried ?

Constable. Four paws ? ' Why he has
Counsel for the Prosecution. Please but two.
your worship, he won't say a word. Court. Fore-paws, or fore-feet, block-
Stat mutus-as mute as a fish.

head! and strain it as tight as you can,
'till you make him open his mouth.
[The constable attempted to enforce the

order, but in drawing a little too

hard, received a severe bite.] Constable. Sblood and suet! He has snapped off a piece of my nose.

Court. Mr. Constable, you are within the statute of swearing, and owe the court one shilling.

Constable. Zounds and death! your worships ! I could not help it for the blood o' me.

Court. Now you owe us two shillings.

Constable. That's a d-d bad plaster, your worships, for a sore nose!

Court. That being but half an oath, the whole fine amounts to two shillings and sixpence, or a half-crown bowl. So, without going further, if you are afraid of his teeth, apply this pair of nut-crackers

to his tail. Court. How? — what ? - won't the

Constable. I shall, your worships. dog speak? Won't he do what the court [He had better success with the tail, as bids him? What's to be done? Is the

will now appear.] dignity of this court to be trifled with in

Prisoner. Bow, wow, wow, ow, such a manner ?

wow! Counsel for Pros. Please your wor

Court. Hold ! Enough. That will ships—it is provided by the statute in do. these cases, that when a culprit is stub

It was now held that'though the priborn, and refuses to plead, he is to be

soner expressed himself in a strange lanmade to plead whether he will or no. Court. Ay? How's that pray?

guage, yet, as he could speak no other,

and as the law can not only make dogs Counsel for Pros. Why, the statute to speak, but explain their meaning too, says—that he must first of all be thumb

so the law understood and inferred that screwed

the prisoner pleaded not guilty, and put Court. Very good. Counsel for Pros. If that will not do, being joined, the Counsel for the Prose

himself upon his trial. Issue therefore
he must be laid fat on his back, and cution proceeded to address the Court;
squeezed, like a cheese in a press, with but was stopped by the other side.
heavy weights.

Prisoner's Counsel. I take leave to
Court. Very well. And what then?
Counsel for Pros. What then? Why, he is to have a trial per pares, you must

demur to the jurisdiction of the court. If when all the breath is squeezed out of his either suppose their worships to be his body, if he should still continue dumb, equals, that is to say, not his betters, which sometimes has been the case, he which would be a great indignity, or else generally dies for want of breath.

you must have a venire for a jury of

twelve dogs. I think you are fairly caught * His worship meant canaille.

in this dilemma,

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