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more. To be filled by the feast of St. of charitable gifts to the corporation of Bartholomew. The shew of Prises ar to Reading, that a lottery was held in that be seen in Cheapside, at the sign of the town. “Whereas at a Lottery held within Queenes armes, the house of Mr. Dericke, the Borough of Reading, in the Year of Goldsmith, Servant to the Queen. Some our Ld. God 1619, Gabriel Barber Gent. other Orders about it in 1567-8. Printed Agent in the sd. Lottery for the Councell by Hen. Bynneman."
& Company of Virginia of his own good This is the earliest loitery of which we Will & Charity towarde poor
Tradesmen have any account. According to Stow, ffreemen & Inhabitants of the sd. Borough it was begun to be drawn at the west of Reading, & for the better enabling door of St. Paul's cathedral, on the 11th such poor Tradesmen to support & bear of January, 1569, (11th of Elizabeth,) and their Charges in their several Places & continued incessantly drawing, day and Callings in the sd. Corporation from time night, till the 6th of May following. * It to time for ever freely gave & delivered was at first intended to have been drawn to the Mayor & Burgesses of this Corpo“ at the house of Mr. Dericke," who was ration the Sum of forty Pounds of lawfull the queen's jeweller. “Whether,” says Money of England Upon Special Trust & Maitland,“ this lottery was on account Confidence, that the sd. Mayor & Burof the public, or the selfish views of pri- gesses & their Successors shall from time vate persons, my author | does not men to time for ever dispose & lend these 40l. tion; but 'tis evident, by the time it took to & amongst Six poor Tradesmen after up in drawing, it must have been of great the rate of 061. 135. 4d. to each Man for concern. This I have remarked as being the Term of five Years gratis And after the first of the kind I read in England.” those five Years ended to dispose & lend Maitland does not seem to have been the sd. 401. by Such Soms to Six other acquainted with Dr. Rawlinson's com- poor Tradesmen for other five Years & so munication of the printed “ Proposal” from five years to five years Successively for it to the society of Antiquaries, which, upon good Security for ever Neverthelesse as it states that the "commodities,” or provided & upon Condition that none of profits, arising therefrom were to be ap- those to whom the sd. Summs of mony propriated to the “ reparations of the shall be leut during that Term of five havens and strength of the realme,” obvi- years shall keep either Inn or Tavern or ates all doubt as to its being “on account dwell forth of the sd. Borough, but there of the public."
during that time and terme, shall as other
dwell. In 1586, 28th of the reign of Elizabeth,
56 Memorand, that the sd. Sum of 401. “ A Lotterie, for marvellous rich and beautifull armor, was begunne to be
came not into the hands & charge of the drawn at London, in S. Paules church- Mayor & Burgesses until April 1626."
This extract was communicated to the yard, at the great west gate, (an house of
“ Gentleman's Magazine" in 1778, by a timber and boord being there erected for that purpose,) on St. Peter's day in the correspondent, who, referring to this gift morning, which lotterie continued in of“ Gabriel Barber, gent., agent in the drawing day and night for the space of
said lottery,” says, “ If it be asked what two or three daies."Ş Of this lottery it is become of it now? gone, it is supposed, is said, in lord Burghley's Diary, at the
where the chickens went before during the end of Murden's State papers, June,
pious protectorship of Cromwell.” 1586, the lottery of armour under the charge of John Calthorp determined." || In 1630, 6th Charles I., there was a This is the second English lottery of project “ for the conveying of certain which mention has been made.
springs of water into London and West
minster, from within a mile and a half of In 1619, 16th of James I., it appears, Hodsdon, in Hertfordshire, by the underfrom the following entry in the register takers, Sir Edward Stradling and John
Lyde.” The author of this project was
one Michael Parker. “ For defraying the Gentleman's Magazine, 1778.
expences whereof, king Charles grants
them a special license to erect and pubi Gentleman's Magazine, 1798.
lish a lottery or lotteries ; according,” says
+ Maitland's London.
* Srow, in his Annals.
the record, “ to the course of other lot- through any of his parks, chases, lands, teries heretofore used
or practised.” &c., and to dig up the same gratis." This is the first mention of lotteries either in the Federa or Statute-book. It 1653, during the commonwealth, “And, for the sole privilege of bringing there was a lottery at Grocers' Hall, which the said waters in aqueducts to London, appears to have escaped the observation they were to pay four thousand pounds of the inquirers concerning this species per annum into the king's exchequer: of adventure. It is noticed in an old and, the better to enable them to make weekly newspaper, called “ Perfect Acthe said large annual payment, the king count of the Daily Intelligence 16-23 grants them leave to bring their aqueducts November 1653," by the following
Ordered, That a Lottery be at Grocers-Hall London, on Thursday 15 Decem. 1653, both for Provinces and Counties, to begin at 8 of the clock in the forenoon of the same day; and all persons concerned therein are to take notice thereof.
Under Charles II., the crown, with a indigent officers,"t In those times, the view to reward its adherents who re crown exceeded its prerogative by issuing sided within the bills of mortality, and these patents, and the law was not put in had served it with fidelity during the in- motion to question them. terregnum, granted “Plate Lotteries;" by which is to be understood a gift of plate
Book Lotteries. from the crown, to be disposed of in that manner as prizes, with permission to sell During the reign of Charles II. lotteries tickets. According to the Gazette, in
were drawn at the theatres. At VereApril 1669, Charles II., the duke of York, street theatre, which stood in Bear-yard, (afterwards James II.,) and many of the to which there is an entrance through a nobility were present “ at the grand passage at the south-west corner of Linplate lottery, which, by his majesty's colns'-inn-fields, another from Vere-street, command, was then opened at the sign of and a third from Clare-market, Killithe Mermaid over against the mews.
.” grew's company performed during the This was the origin of endless schemes,
seasons of 1661 and 1662, and part of under
the titles of “ Royal Oak," 1663, when they removed to the new “ Twelve-penny Lotteries,” &c., which built theatre in Drury-lane; and the Verewill be adverted to presently. They may
street theatre was probably unoccupied be further understood by an intimation, until Mr. Ogilby, the author of the now published soon after the drawing sanc- useless, though then useful “ Itinerarium tioned by the royal visitors, in these Angliæ, or Book of Roads," adopted it, words, “ This is to give notice, that any
as standing in a popular neighbourhood, persons who are desirous to farm any of for the temporary purpose of drawing a the counties within the kingdom of Eng. lottery of books, which took place in land or dominion of Wales, in order to
1668. the setting up of a plate lottery, or any
Books were often the species of proother lottery whatsoever, may repair to perty held out as a lure to adventurers, by the lottery office, at Mr. Philips's house, way of lottery, for the benefit of the sufin Mermaid-court over against the mews; fering loyalists. Among these, Blome's where they may contract with the trustees Recreations, and Gwillim’s Heraldry, fist commissioned by his majesty's letters edition, may be mentioned. In the Gapatent for the management of the said patent, on the behalf of the truly loyal,
• Anderson's History of Commerce,
zette of May 18, 1668, is the following but others that are new, of equal value, advertisement : “ Mr. Ogilby's lottery of and like estimation by their embellishbooks opens on Monday ihe 25th instant, ments, and never yet published; with at the old Theatre between Lincoln's. some remains of the first impressions, reinn-fields and Vere-street; where all lies preserved in several hands from the persons concerned may repair on Monday, fire; to set up a second standing lottery, May 18, and see the volumes, and put in where such the discrimination of fortune their money." On May 25th is announced, shall be, that few or none shall return “ Mr. Ogilby's lottery of books (advena with a dissatisfying chance. The whole turers coming in so fast that they cannot draught being of greater advantage by in so short time beinethodically registered) much (to the adventurers) than the formopens not till Tuesday the 2d of June; er. And accordingly, after publication, then not failing to draw; at the old The- the author opened his office, where they atre between Lincoln's-inn-fields and might put in their first encouragements, Vere-street."
(viz.) twenty shillings, and twenty more A correspondent, under the signature at the reception of their fortune, and also of “ A Bibliographer," communicates to see those several magnificent volumes, the “ Gentleman's Magazine," from which their varied fortune (none being whence the notice respecting these book bad) should present them. lotteries is extracted, one of Ogilby's Pro But, the author now finding more posals as a curiosity, in which light it is difficulty than he expected, since many of certainly to be regarded, and therefore it his promisers (who also received great has a place here, as follows :
store of tickets to dispose of, towards proA Second PROPOSAL, by the author, for well resolved and very willing, yet straining
motion of his business) though seeming the better and more speedy vendition of courtesy not to go foremost in paying their several volumes, (his own works,) by monies, linger out, driving it off till near the way of a standing Lottery, licensed the time appointed for drawing; which by his royal highness the duke of York, dilatoriness : (since despatch is the soul and assistants of the corporation of the and life to his proposal, his only advanroyal fishing.
tage a speedy vendition :) and also observWHEREAS John Ogilby, esq., erected ing how that a money dearth, a silver a standing lottery of books, and complete- famine, slackens and cools the courage of ly furnished the same with very large, adventurers; through which hazy humours fair, and special volumes, all of his own magnifying medium shillings loome like designment and composure, at vast ex crowns, and each forty shillings a ten pense, labour, and study of twenty years; pound heap. Therefore, according to the the like impressions never before exhibited present humour now reigning, he intends in the English tongue. Which, accord- to adequate his design; and this seeming ing to the appointed time, on the 10th of too large-roomed, standing lottery, new May, 1665, opened; and to the general modelled into many less and more likely satisfaction of the adventurers, with no to be taken tenements, which shall not less hopes of a clear despatch and fair open only a larger prospect of pleasing advantage to the author, was several days hopes, but more real advantage to the adin drawing: when its proceedings were venturer. Which are now to be disposed stopt by the then growing sick ness, and of thus : the whole mass of books or lay discontinued under the arrest of that volumes, being the same without addition common calamity, till the pext year's more or diminution, amounting according to violent and sudden visitation, the late their known value (being the prices they dreadful and surprising conflagration, have been usually disposed at) to thirteen swallowed the remainder, being two parts of three, to the value of three thousand
• " Whereas some give out that they could never pounds and upward, in that unimaginable receive their books after they were drawn in the first deluge. Therefore, to repair in some
lottery, the author declares, and it will be attested,
that of seven hundred prizes that were drawn, there his much commiserated
were not six remaining Prizes that suffered with his losses, by the advice of many his in the fire ; for the drawing being on the 10th of May, patrons, friends, and especially by the in- 1963, the office did then continue open for the delivery
of the same (though the contagion much raged) until citations of his former adventurers, he the latter end of July following; and opened again, resolves, and hath already prepared, not
to attend the delivery, in April, 1666, whither per
sons repaired daily for their prizos, and continued only to reprint all his own former editions, open until the tire."
thousand seven hundred pounds; so that
I Lot, Num. 4. the adventurers will have the above said One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 251. volumes (if all are drawn) for less than two Æsop's Fables the first and second vol. val. 61. thirds of what they would yield in process
In all 31 Pound. of time, book by book. He now resolves
I Lot, Num. 5. to attemper, or mingle each prize with
One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 251. four allaying blanks : so bringing down, Virgil translated, with sculps, yal.
In all 30 Pound. by this ineans, the market from double
1 Lot, Num. 6. pounds to single crowns. The Propositions. First, whosoever And a Description of China, val. .,
One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 25).
41. will be pleased to put in five shillings
In all 29 Pound. shall draw a lot, his fortune to receive the
1 Lot, Num. 7. greatest or meanest prize,or throw away his One imperial Bible with all the sculps, and a intended spending money on a blank. new Æsop, val...
...231. Secondly, whoever will adventure deeper,
I Lot, Num. 8. putting in twenty-five shillings, shall re
One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 252. ceive, if such his bad fortune be that he
1 Lot, Num. 9.
101 by the author of more value than his And a Homer complete, val... draws all blanks, a prize presented to himn A royal Bible with all the sculps
, val. A Description of Chiva, val. ...
91. money (if offered to be sold) though prof
In all 23 Pound fered ware, &c. Thirdly, who thinks fit
1 Lot, Num. 10. to put in for eight lots forty shillings shall A royal Bible with all the sculps, val.
. 101. receive nine, and the advantage of their A Virgil complete, val...
57. free choice (if all blanks) of either of the Æsop's Fables the first and second vols. works complete, viz. Homer's Iliads and val. Odysses, or Æsop the first and second
In all 21 Pound. volumes, the China book, or Virgil. Of
1 Lot, Num. 11. which,
One royal Bible with all the sculps, val... 101. The first and greatest Prize contains
And a Homer's Works complete, val..... 91, 1 Lot, Number 1.
In all 19 Pound. An imperial Bible with Chorographical and an
1 Lot, Num. 12. hundred historical sculps, valued at.
One royal Bible with all the sculps, val. .. 101.
61 Virgil translated, with sculps and annotations, And both the Æsops, val....
In all 16 Pound, Homer's lliads, adorned with sculps, val. ..51.
1 Lot, Num. 13. Homer's Odysses, adorned with sculps, val. 41. One royal Bible with all the sculps, val.. . 101. Æsop's Fables paraphrased and sculped, in
A Virgil complete in English, val. folio, val....
In all 15 Pound.' A second Collection of Æsopick Fables, adorned
1 Lot, Num. 14. with sculps, never
One royal Bible with all the sculps, val. ..101.
41, * [Imperfect.]
A Description of China, val.. His Majestie's Entertainment passing through
In ali 14 Pound. the city of London, and Corouation.
* Imperfect.] These are one of each, of all the books cod
1 Lot, Num. 16. tained in the Lottery, the whole value...511. One royal Bible with all the sculps, val. .. 101, The Second Prize contains The second volume of Æsop, val..
31. 1 Lot, Num. 2.
In all 13 Pound. One imperial Bible with all the sculps, val. 251.
1 Lot, Num. 17. Homer complete, in English, val.
91. One royal Bible with all the sculps, val... 101. Virgil, val. .... 51. And an Entertainment, val....
21.. Æsop complete, val..
In all 12 Pound.
61. The Description of China, val..
1 Lot, Num. 18. In all 49 Pound. One royal Bible with all the sculps, val. . . 10 The Third Prize contains
1 Lot, Num. 19. 1 Lot, Num. 3.
One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, One royal Bible with all the sculps .... 101.
51. Homer's Works in English, val. 91. One Virgil complete, val..
51. Virgil translated, with sculps and annotations,
10 Poun 51.
I Lot, Num. 20. The first and second vol. of Æsop, val.
61. One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps,
41. The Description of China, val..
51. Entertainment, val.
51, In all 36 Pound.
In all 10 Pound.
I Lot, Num. 21.
church, Fleet-street. The adventurers One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, may also repair, for their better conveval.
51. nience, to pay in their monies, to Mr. And a Homer's Odysses, val.
4. Peter Cleyton, over against the Dutch
In all 9 Pound. church, in Austin-friars, and to Mr. Baker, I Lot, Num. 22. Ono royal Bible with Chorographical sculps; of the Exchange, and to Mr. Roycroft, in
near Broad-street, entering the South-door val.
52 And a Description of China, val... 41.
The certain day of drawing, the author
promiseth (though but half full) to be the One royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, twenty-third of May next. Therefore all val.
51. persons that are willing to adventure, are And Æsop complete, val..
61. desired to bring or send in their monies la all 11 Pound. with their names, or what other inscrip1 Lot, Num. 24.
tion or motto they will, by which to know A royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, their own, by the ninth of May next, it val.
being Whitson-eve, that the author may And Æsop the first volume, val.
In all 8 Pound. tions into their respective boxes.
34. have time to put up the lots and inscrip I Lot, Num. 25. A royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, val.
D.H., one of Mr. Urban's contributors, And Æsop the second volume, val..... 31.
mentions that he had seen an undated In all 8 Pound.
“Address to the Learned : or, an advan1 Lot, Num. 26. A royal Bible, ruled, with Chorographical tageous lottery for Books in quires ; sculps, val. .
61. wherein each adventurer of a guinea iş 1 Lot, Num. 27.
sure of a prize of two pound value; and A royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, it is but four to one that he has a prize of ruled, val...,
61. three, six, eight, twelve, or fifty pounds, 1 Lot, Num. 28.
as appears by the following proposals :" Ono royal Bible with Chorographical sculps, one thousand five hundred lots, at 11. 18. val.
56. each, to be drawn with the lots out of two 10 Lot, Num. 29.
glasses, superintended by John Lilly and Each a Homer complete, val.
91. Edward Darrel, esqrs., Mr.Deputy Collins, 10 Lot, Num. 30.
and Mr. William Proctor, stationer, two Each a double Æsop complete, val.......61. 520 Lot, Num. 31.
lots of 50l., ten of 12l., twenty of 8l., Each a Homer's Iliads, val..
sixty-eight of 61., two hundred of 31., one 520 Lot, Num. 32.
thousand two hundred of 31. The underEach a Homer's Odysses, val.
41. takers were : Thomas Leigh, and D. Mid570 Lot, Num. 33.
winter, at the Rose and Crown, in St. Ench a Virgil complete, val..
57. Paul's Church-yard; Mr. Aylmer, at 570 Lot, Num. 34.
the Three Pigeons, and Mr. Richard Each a China Book, val..
4. Parker, under the Piazza of the Royal 570 Lot, Num. 35.
Exchange; Mr. Nicholson, in Little Each the first volume of Æsop, val...... 31. Britain ; Mr. Took, at the Middle Temple 570 Lot, Num. 36.
gate, Fleet-street; Mr. Brown, at the Each the second volume of Æsop, val. 31.
Black Swan, without Temple-bar; Mr. The whole number of the lots three Sare, at Gray’s-inn gate; Mr. Lownds, thousand, three hundred, and sixty-eight: Scotland-yard gate ; and Mr.
at the Savoy gate ; Mr. Castle, near The number of the blanks as above ordered; so that the total received is but in Westminster-hall, booksellers. four thousand, one hundred, and ten pounds.
Letters patent in behalf of the loyalists The office where their monies are to be were from time to time renewed, and, paid in, and they receive their tickets, and from the Gazette of October 11, 1675, it where the several volumes or prizes may appears by those dated June 19, and be daily seen, (by which visual speculation December 17, 1674, there were granted understanding their real worth better then for thirteen years to come,“ all lotteries by the ear or a printed paper,) is kept at whatsoever, invented or to be invented, the Black Boy, over against St. Dunstan's to several truly loyal and indigent officers,