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and numerous pieces commemorative of Friday, Feb. 4. Each day brought a he “great frost” were printed on the fresh accession of “ pedlars to sell their ice. Some of these frosty typographers wares;" and the greatest rubbish of all displayed considerable taste in their spe- sorts was raked up and sold at double and cimens. At one of the presses, an orange- treble the original cost. Books and toys, coloured standard was hoisted, with the labelled “ bought on the Thames,” were watch-word “ORANGE Boven," in large in profusion. The watermen profited characters. This was in allusion to the exceedingly, for each person paid a toll of recent restoration of the stadtholder to twopence or threepence before he was the government of Holland, which had admitted to “ Frost Fair;" some douceur been for several years under the dominion was expected on the return. Some of of the French. From this press the fol- them were said to have taken six pounds lowing papers were issued.

each in the course of a day. “ FROST FAIR.

This afternoon, about five o'clock, three "Amidst the arts which on the Thames ap- persons, an old man and two lads, were pear,

on a piece of ice above London-bridge, To tell the wonders of this icy year,

which suddenly detached itself from the Printing claims prior place, which at one main body, and was carried by the tide view

through one of the arches. They laid Erects a monument of Tuat and You." themselves down for safety, and the Another :

boatmen at Billingsgate, put off to their

assistance, and rescued them from their “ You that walk here, and do design to tell Your children's children what this year be able to walk, but the other two were car

impending danger. One of them was fell, Come, buy this print, and it will then be seen

ried, in a state of insensibility, to a publicThat such a year as this has seldom beep."

house, where they received every atten

tion their situation required. Another of these stainers of paper addressed the spectators in the following at night, and the effect by moonlight was

Many persons were on the ice till late terms : “ Friends, now is your time to singularly novel and beautiful. The bosupport the freedom of the press. Can

som of the Thames seemed to rival the the press have greater liberty? here you frozen climes of the north. find it working in the middle of the Thames ; and if you encourage us by unfavourably for the continuance of

Saturday, Feb. 5. This morning augured buying our impressions, we will keep it

“ FROST Fair.” The wind had veered going in the true spirit of liberty during

to the south, and there was a light fall of the frost.” One of the articles printed

The visitors, however, were not and sold contained the following lines :

to be deterred by trifles. Thousands “ Behold, the river Thames is frozen o'er, again ventured, and there was still much Which lately ships of mighty burden bore; life and bustle on the frozen element; the Now different arts and pastimes here you see, footpath in the centre of the river was But printing claims the superiority.”

hard and secure, and among the pedes. The Lord's prayer and several other trians 'were four donkies; they trotted a pieces were issued from these icy printing nimble pace, and produced considerable offices, and bought with the greatest merriment. At every glance, there was a avidity.

novelty of some kind or other. Gaming On Thursday, Feb. 3, the number of was carried on in all its branches. Many adventurers increased. Swings, book- of the itinerant admirers of the profits stalls, dancing in a barge, suttling-booths, gained by E O Tables, Rouge et Noir, playing at skittles, and almost every ap- Te-totum, wheel of fortune, the garter, pendage of a fair on land, appeared now on &c. were industrious in their avocations, the Thames. Thousands flocked to this and some of their customers left the lures singular spectacle of sports and pastimes. without a penny to pay the passage over The ice seemed to be a solid rock, and a plank to the shore. Skittles was played presented a truly picturesque appearance. by several parties, and the drinking tents The view of St. Paul's and of the city were filled by females and their compawith the white foreground had a very sin- nions, dancing reels to the sound of fidgular effect;-in many parts, mountains dles, while others sat round large fires, of ice upheaved resembled the rude in- drinking rum, grog, and other spirits. terior of a stone quarry.

Tea, coffee, and eatables, were provided


in abundance, and passengers were invited were nine men in it, but in their alarm to eat by way of recording their visit. they neglected the fire and candles, which Several tradesmen, who at other times communicating with the covering, set it were deemed respectable, attended with in a flame. They succeeded in getting their wares, and sold books, toys, and into a lighter which had broken from its trinkets of almost every description. moorings. In this vessel they were

Towards the evening, the concourse wrecked, for it was dashed to pieces thinned; rain began to fall, and the ice to against one of the piers of Blackfriars crack, and on a sudden it floated with Bridge: seven of them got on the pier the printing presses, booths, and merry- and were taken off safely; the other two makers, to the no small dismay of pub- got into a barge while passing Puddlelicans, typographers, shopkeepers, and dock. sojourners.

On this day, the Thames towards high A short time previous to the general tide (about 3 p. m.) presented a miniature dissolution, a person near one of the idea of the Frozen Ocean ; the masses of printing presses, handed the following ice floating along, added to the great jeu d'esprit to its conductor; request- height of the water, formed a striking ing that it might be printed on the scene for contemplation. Thousands of Thames.

disappointed persons thronged the banks; To Madam Tabitha Thaw. and many a 'prentice, and servant maid, “ Dear dissolving dame,

“ sighed unuiterable things," at the sud

den and unlooked for destruction of « FATHER FROST and Sister Snow

“ Frost Fair." have Boneyed my borders, formed an idol

Monday, Feb. 7. Immense fragments of ice upon my bosom, and all the Lads of ice yet Hoated, and numerous lighters, OF LONDON come to make merry : now as

broken from their moorings, drifted in you love mischief, treat the multitude different parts of the river; many of them with a few cracks by a sudden visit, and

were complete wrecks. The frozen eleobtain the prayers of the poor upon both

ment soon attained its wonted fluidity, banks. Given at my own press, the 5th and old Father Thames looked as cheerful Feb. 1814. THOMAS THAMES."

and as busy as ever. The thaw advanced more rapidly than indiscretion and heedlessness retreated.

The severest English winter, however Two genteel-looking young men ven- astonishing to ourselves, presents no views tured on the ice above Westminster comparable to the winter scenery of more Bridge, notwithstanding the warnings of northern countries. A philosopher and the watermen. A large mass on which poet of our own days, who has been also they stood, and which had been loosened

a traveller, beautifully describes a lake in by the food tide, gave way, and they Germany: floated down the stream. As they passed under Westminster Bridge they cried Christmas out of doors at Ratzburg. piteously for help. They had not gone far before they sat down, near the edge;

By S, T. COLERIDCE, Esq. this overbalanced the mass, they were The whole lake is at this time one mass precipitated into the flood, and over- of thick transparent ice, a spotless mirror whelmed for ever.

of nine miles in extent! The lowness of A publican named Lawrence, of the the hills, which rise from the shores of the Feathers, in High Timber-street, Queen- lake, preclude the awful sublimity of Alhithe, erected a booth on the Thames pine scenery, yet compensate for the want opposite Brook's-wharf, for the accom- of it, by beauties of which this very lowmodation of the curious. At nine at night ness is a necessary condition. Yesterday he left it in the care of two men, taking I saw the lesser lake completely hidden away all the liquors, except some gin, by mist; but the moment the sun peeped which he gave them for their own use. over the hill, the mist broke in the mid

Sunday, Feb. 6. At two o'clock this dle, and in a few seconds stood divided, morning, the tide began to flow with leaving a broad road all across the lake; great rapidity at London Bridge; the and between these two walls of mist the thaw assisted the efforts of the tide, and sunlight burnt upon the ice, forming a the booth last mentioned was violently road of golden fire, intolerably bright! hurried towards Blackfriars Bridge. There and the mist walls themselves partook of



the blaze in a multitude of shining co It was indeed for all of us, to me lours. This is our second post. About a It was a time of rapture ! clear and loud month ago, before the thaw came on, The village clock tolled six! I wheel'd about there was a storm of wind ; during the Proud and exulting, like an untired horse whole night, such were the thunders and That cared not for its home. All shod with bowlings of the breaking ice, that they we hissed along the polished ice, in games

steel have left a conviction on my mind, that there are sounds more sublime than any And woodland pleasures, the resounding

Confederate, imitative of the chase sight can be, more absolutely suspending

horn, the power of comparison, and more utterly The pack loud bellowing and the hunted absorbing the mind's self-consciousness in hare. its total attention to the object working So through the darkness and the cold we upon it. Part of the ice, which the vehe

flew, mence of the wind had shattered, was

And not a voice was idle ; with the din, driven shoreward, and froze anew. On Meanwhile the precipices rang aloud, the evening of the next day at sunset, the

The leafless trees and every icy crag. shattered ice thus frozen appeared of a

Tinkled like iron, while the distant hills deep blue, and in shape like an agitated Of melancholy-not upnoticed, while the

Into the tumult sent an alien sound sea; beyond this, the water that ran up between the great islands of ice which Eastward, were sparkling clear, and in the had preserved their masses entire and smooth, shone of a yellow green; but all The orange sky of evening died away. these scattered ice islands themselves were of an intensely bright blood colour-they

Not seldom from the uproar I retired seemed blood and light in union! On

Into a silent bay, or sportively some of the largest of these islands, the

Glanced sideway, leaving the tumultuous fishermen stood pulling out their immense To cut across the image of a star

throng nets through the holes made in the ice for That gleamed upon the ice; and oftentimes this purpose, and the men, their net poles, Where we had given our bodies to the wind, and their huge nets, were a part of the And all the shadowy banks on either side glory-say rather, it appeared as if the rich Came sweeping through the darkness, shuncrimson light had shaped itself into these ning still forms, figures, and attitudes, to make a The rapid line of motion, then at once glorious vision in mockery of earthly Have I, reclining back upon my heels, things.

Stopped short ; yet still the solitary cliffs The lower lake is now all alive with Wheeled hy me even as if the earth had

rolled skaters and with ladies driven onward by them in their ice cars. Mercury surely Behind me did they stretch in solemn

With visible motion her diurnal round ! was the first maker of skates, and the

train wings at his feet are symbols of the in- Feebler and feebler, and I stood and vention. In skating, there are three pleas watched ing circumstances—the infinitely subtle Till all was tranquil as a summer sea. particles of ice which the skaters cut up,

Wordsworth. and which creep and run before the skate like a low mist and in sunrise or sunset

Skating. become coloured ; second, the shadow of the skater in the water, seen through the

The earliest notice of skating in Engtransparent ice; and third, the melan- land is obtained from the earliest descrip

Its historian relates choly undulating sound from the skate tion of London. not without variety; and when very many that, when the great fenne or moore are skating together, the sounds and the (which watereth the walles of the citie on noises give an impulse to the icy trees, the north side) is frozen, many young and the woods all round the lake trinkle. men play upon the yce.” Happily, and

probably for want of a term to call it by,

he describes so much of this pastime in In the frosty season when the sun Moorfields, as acquaints us with their Was set, and visible for many a mile,

mode of skating : « Some," he says, The cottage windows through the twilight “stryding as wide as they may, doe slide blazed,

swiftly," this then is sliding; but he proI heeded not the summons ;-happy time ceeds to tell us, that "some tye bones to

their feete, and under their heeles, and
shoving themselves by a little picked January 23,
staffe doe slide as swiftly as a birde flyeth
in the air, or an arrow out of a crosse 1826. Hilary Term begins,
bow." Here, although the implements
were rude, we have skaters; and it seems

that one of their sports was for two to
start a great way off opposite to each

It appears that our ingenious neighother, and when they met, to lift their bours, the French, are rivalled by the poles and strike each other, when one or

lark-catchers of Dunstaple, in the mode both fell, and were carried to a distance

of attracting those birds. from each other by the celerity of their motion. Of the present wooden skates,

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. shod with iron, there is no doubt, we ob

6, Bermondsey New Road, tained a knowledge from Holland.


January 18, 1826. The icelanders also used the shankbone of a deer or sheep about a foot long, In the present volume of your Everywhich they greased, because they should Day Book, p. 93, a correspondent at Abnot be stopped by drops of water upon beville has given an account of larkthem.t

shooting in that country, in which he It is asserted in the «

Encyclopædia mentions a machine called a miroir, as Britannica,” that Edinburgh produced having been used for the purpose of atmore instances of elegant skaters than tracting the birds within shot. Perhaps perhaps any other country, and that the you are not aware that in many parts of institution of a skating club there contri England a similar instrument is employed buted to its improvement.

" I have

for catching the lark when in flight, and at however seen, some years back," says Dunstaple. At that place, persons go Mr. Strutt,“ when the Serpentine river out with what is called a larking glass, was frozen over, four gentlemen there which is, if I may so term it, a machine dance, if I may be allowed the expression, made somewhat in the shape of a cucuma double minuet in skates with as much ber. This invention is hollow, and has ease, and I think more elegance, than in holes cut round it, in which bits of looka ball room; others again, by turning and ing-glass are fitted ; it is fixed on a pole, winding with inuch adroitness, have rea and has a sort of reel, from which a line dily in succession described upon the ice runs; this line, at a convenient distance, is the form of all the letters in the alphabet.” worked backward and forward, so as to The same may be observed there during catch the rays of the sun : the larks seeing every frost, but the elegance of skaters on themselves in the glass, as some think, that sheet of water is chiefly exhibited in but more probably blinded by the glare quadrilles, which some parties go through of it, come headlong down to it, a net is with a beauty scarcely imaginable by drawn over them, and thus many are those who have not seen graceful skating. taken, deceived like ourselves with glitIn variety of attitude, and rapidity of tering semblances. Yes ! lords as we deem movement, the Dutch, who, of necessity, ourselves of the creation, we are as easily journey long distances on their rivers and lured by those who bait our passions or. canals, are greatly our superiors. propensities, as those poor birds. This

simple truth I shall conclude with the folNATURALISTS' CALENDAR. lowing lines, which, be they good, bad, Mean Temperature ... 36 • 35. or indifferent, are my own, and such as

they are I give them to thee :-
As in the fowler's glass the lark espies
His feath'ry form from ʼmidst unclouded skies;
And pleased, and dazzled with the novel sight,
Wings to the treacherous earth his rapid flight,
So, in the glass of self conceit we view
Our soul's attraction, and pursue it too,

* Fitzstephen.
† Fosbroke's Dict. of Antiquities,

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St. Paul's Eve.
Winter's white shrowd doth cover all the grounde,

And Caecias blows his bitter blaste of woe;
The ponds and pooles, and streams in ice are bounde,

And famished birds are shivering in the snowe.
Still round about the house they flitting goe,

And at the windows seek for scraps of foode
Which Charity with hand profuse doth throwe,

Right weeting that in need of it they stoode,
For Charity is shown by working creatures' goode.

sparrowe pert, the chaffinche gay and cleane,
The redbreast welcome to the cotter's house,
The livelie blue tomtit, the oxeye greene,

The dingie dunnock, and the swart colemouse;
The titmouse of the marsh, the nimble wrenne,

The bullfinch and the goldspinck, with the king
Of birds the goldcrest. The thrush, now and then,

The blackbird, wont to whistle in the spring,
Like Christians seek the heavenlie foode St. Paul doth bring.

the origin of this custom, is stated by Stow

to the following purport.
Mean Temperature ...36.60. Mentioning the opinion already noticed,

which, strange to tell, has been urged
January 25.

erer since his time, he says in its refuta

tion, “ But true it is I have read an Conversion of St. Paul.*

ancient deed to this effect," and the “efThis Romish festival was first adopted fect” is, that in 1274, the dean and chapter by the church of England in the year of St. Paul's granted twenty-two acres of 1662, during the reign of Charles II. land, part of their manor of Westley, in St. Paul's Day.

Essex, to sir William Baud, knt., for the

purpose of being enclosed by him within Buck and Doe in St. Paul's Cathedral.

his park of Curingham ; in consideration Formerly a buck's head was carried in whereof he undertook to bring to them on procession at St. Paul's Cathedral. This the feast day of the Conversion of St. Paul, by some antiquaries is presumed to have in winter, a good doe, seasonable and been the continuation of a ceremony in sweet; and upon the feast of the commemore ancient times when, according to moration of St. Paul in summer, a good certain accounts, a heathen temple existed buck, and offer the same to be spent (or on that site. It is remarkable that this divided) among the canons resident; the notion as to the usage is repeated by wri. doe to be brought by one man at the hour ters whose experience in other respects of procession, and through the procession has obtained them well-earned regard: to the high altar, and the bringer to have

nothing; the buck to be brought by all * See vol. i. p. 175.

his men in like manner, and they to be

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