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Laws of the United States


Navigation and the Merchant Marine.




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Laws of the United States Relating to Navigation

and the Merchant Marine.


Washington, D. O., July 1, 1895. SIR: The transaction of the business of this Bureau and of public offices directly or indirectly connected with it, and the convenience of the shipping interests of the United States, have rendered necessary for some time a compilation of the laws of the United States relating to navigation and the merchant marine. Such a compilation has also seemed desirable for reference by Congress in the consideration of further legislation bearing upon the subject.

The effort has been made to include in this volume only laws actually in force. Where sections of the Revised Statutes or other laws have been specifically repealed or amended by subsequent legislation the repealed portions of the law are omitted and the present, not the original, reading of amended sections is adopted. In the numerous instances where the effect of repealing or amendatory statutes upon previous legislation is not clear and specific both original and repealing or amendatory legislation have been incorporated.

The effort further has been made to confine the law included in this volume to the navigation law, meaning by that term the law relating to vessels. The line between this law and the customs law is not always clearly defined. The laws directly relating to duties on imports and to invoices are not included in this volume, while those relating to entry, clearance, and transportation by water have been comprised within its limits.

The scheme of arrangement will appear from the Table of Contents. The law has been divided into large divisions by subjects, called parts, while these parts have been subdivided into headed paragraphs. Experience has suggested this method of arrangement as the one best suited for ready reference, and as best adapted for bringing under one head and subhead various and widely scattered provisions of law relating to one subject. It is the method adopted in the recent consolidation of British laws into the Merchant Shipping Act of 1894.

For further convenience of reference is published a Table of Laws, giving the sections of the Revised Statutes and subsequent laws which have been included in this compilation, the date of enactment and

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