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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS

UNITED STATES SENATE

SEVENTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 2397, S. 2479, S. 2788, S. 2805

S. 2815, AND S. 2842

BILLS RELATING TO THE MANPOWER OF THE

UNITED STATES

REVISED

OCTOBER 21 AND 26, NOVEMBER 5, 6, AND 9, 1942

U.S.
Printed for the use of the Committee on Military Affairs

1

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COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS

ROBERT R. REYNOLDS, North Carolina, Chairman ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah

WARREN R. AUSTIN, Vermont EDWIN C. JOHNSON, Colorado

STYLES BRIDGES, New Hampshire JOSH LEE, Oklahoma

CHAN GURNEY, South Dakota HARRY H. SCHWARTZ, Wyoming

RUFUS C. HOLMAN, Oregon LISTER HILL, Alabama

JOHN THOMAS, Idaho SHERIDAN DOWNEY, California

HENRY CABOT LODGE, JR., Massachusetts
ALBERT B. CHANDLER, Kentucky
HARRY S. TRUMAN, Missouri
MON C. WALLGREN, Washington
HARLEY M. KILGORE, West Virginia
JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana

WESLEY E. McDONALD, Clerk
WALTER I. SMALLEY, Special Assistant

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MANPOWER

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1942

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS,

Washington, D. C. The committee met, pursuant to call, at 10:30 a. m. in room 318, Senate Office Building, Senator Robert R. Reynolds (chairman) presiding.

Present: Senators Reynolds (chairman), Thomas of Utah, Hill, Downey, Austin, and Thomas of Idaho.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order, please. The bills that we are taking up for consideration in these hearings are: S. 2788, by Senator Hill; S. 2805, by Senator Austin; S. 2815, by Senator McKellar; S. 2842, by Senator Taft; S. 2397, by Senator Bilbo—and pertaining to the bill of Senator Bilbo we have three reports here that I will not read but will ask the official reporter to embody them in the record-and S. 2479, by myself, with reports from the War, Navy, and Treasury Departments, and the War Production Board. I will not read those now but will place them in the record.

(The bills and communications referred to are as follows:)

[S. 2788, 77th Cong., 2d sess.) A BILL To provide for universal service and total mobilization during any war in which the United States

is now engaged Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it is the policy of the Government of the United States in any war in which the United States is now engaged that there shall be universal service of all its citizens and that there shall be total mobilization of all the material resources, industrial organizations, and services of its citizens.,

That the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, approved September 16, 1940, as amended, is hereby amended by adding the following:

"That during any war in which the United States is now engaged the President is authorized and it shall be his duty when, in his opinion, the successful prosecution of the war requires it

"To determine, proclaim, and select the material resources, industrial organizations, and services over which Government control is necessary to the successful termination of the war, and such control shall be exercised by him through agencies now existing or which he may create for such purposes.

[S. 2805, 77th Cong., 2d sess.] A BILL To amend the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 by providing for the extension of liability

for service to aid in the prosecution of the war Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That so much of the first sentence of section 3 (a) of the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, as amended, as precedes the first proviso is hereby amended to read as follows:

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