A Spacefaring People: Perspectives on Early Space Flight
Scientific and Technical Information Branch, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1985 - Astronautics - 156 pages
"Essays ... presented at a conference on the history of space activity held at Yale University on February 6 and 7, 1981"--Introduction.
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administration Aeronautics agency Air Force American Apollo applications areas authority become budget carried centers changes civilian civilian space Committee communications satellite Congress continue contracts cooperation Crew debate decision Defense Docked early Earth effort engineers established European example experiments exploration field flight funds Gemini historians important industrial institutional interest involved landing launch leading least limited lunar major military mission Moon NASA NASA's needed objectives observation Office operational orbit organization period planning political potential President principle problems relations reported responsibility rocket role Salyut scientific sector separate solar Soviet Soyuz space activities space policy space program space science space technology spacecraft stations structure success technical tion U.S. space United University users various vehicles weather weather satellite
Page 13 - The exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interests of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or scientific development, and shall be the province of all mankind.
Page 12 - Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies (Outer Space Treaty); • the Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space...
Page 13 - Nations and the Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Co-operation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, adopted by the General Assembly on 24 October 1970, in the interests of maintaining international peace and security and promoting international co-operation and mutual understanding.
Page 13 - Treaty undertake not to place in orbit around the earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction, install such weapons on celestial bodies, or station such weapons in outer space in any other manner.
Page 49 - Congress further declares that such activities shall be the responsibility of, and shall be directed by, a civilian agency exercising control over aeronautical and space activities sponsored by the United States, except that activities peculiar to or primarily associated with the development of weapons systems, military operations, or the defense of the United States...
Page 12 - Taking into account the need to define and develop the provisions of these international instruments in relation to the moon and other celestial bodies, having regard to further progress in the exploration and use of outer space, Have agreed on the following: Article 1 1 The provisions of this Agreement relating to the moon shall also apply to other celestial bodies...
Page 13 - Treaty exclusively for peaceful purposes. The establishment of military bases, installations and fortifications, the testing of any type of weapons and the conduct of military manoeuvres on celestial bodies shall be forbidden. The use of military personnel for scientific research or for any other peaceful purposes shall not be prohibited. The use of any equipment or facility necessary for peaceful exploration of the Moon and other celestial bodies shall also not be prohibited.
Page 13 - States Parties to the Treaty shall be guided by the principle of co-operation and mutual assistance and shall conduct all their activities in outer space, including the ^.oon and other celestial bodies, with due regard to the corresponding interests of all other States Parties to the Treaty.
Page 49 - Our attainments are a major element in the international competition between the Soviet system and our own. The non-military, non-commercial, non-scientific but "civilian" projects such as lunar and planetary exploration are, in this sense, part of the battle along the fluid front of the cold war.
Page 12 - States Parties to this Agreement , Noting the achievements of States in the exploration and use of the moon and other celestial bodies, Recognizing that the moon, as a natural satellite of the earth, has an important role to play in the exploration of outer space, Determined to promote on the basis of equality the further development of co-operation among States in the exploration and use of the moon and other celestial bodies...