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RICHARD M. NIXON

President Nixon vetoed forty-three bills, of which
twenty-six were regular vetoes and seventeen were
pocket vetoes. Seven were overridden (Nos. 2255,
2257, 2262, 2267, 2270, 2292, and 2293).
There were no vetoes in the first session of the Ninety-
first Congress.

2253

Ninety-first Congress, Second Session
Regular Vetoes
S. 3637.
To revise the provisions of the Communications Act
of 1934 which relate to political broadcasting.
Vetoed October 12, 1970. The veto message was laid
before the Senate and printed as S. Doc. No. 91-109.
(116 Cong. Rec. 36320, 36321).
The Senate sustained the veto on November 23, 1970
by a vote of 58 yeas to 34 nays. (116 Cong. Rec.
38495-38536).
Veto sustained.

2254 S. 3867.

To assure opportunities for employment and training
to unemployed and underdeveloped persons, to
assist states and local communities in providing
needed public services.
Vetoed December 16, 1970. The veto message was
laid before the Senate and printed as S. Doc. No.
91-118. (116 Cong. Rec. 41855, 41856).
The Senate sustained the veto on December 21, 1970
by a vote of 48 yeas to 35 nays. (116 Cong. Rec.
43005-43030).
Veto sustained.

2255

H.R. 11102.
To amend the provisions of the Public Health Service
Act relating to the construction and modernization of
hospitals and other medical facilities.
Vetoed June 22, 1970. The veto message was laid
before the House and printed as H.R. Doc. No.
91-353. (116 Cong. Rec. 20876, 20877).

The House overrode the veto on June 25, 1970 by a
vote of 279 yeas to 98 nays. (116 Cong. Rec. 21532,
21533).
The Senate overrode the veto on June 30, 1970 by
a vote of 76 yeas to 19 nays. (116 Cong. Rec. 22266-
22278).
Veto overridden. (84 Stat. 336; Public Law 91-296).

2256

H.R. 13111.
Making appropriations for Departments of Labor
and Health, Education, and Welfare, and related
agencies, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1970,
and for other purposes.
Vetoed January 26, 1970. The veto message was laid
before the House and printed as H.R. Doc. No.
91-216. (166 Cong. Rec. 1365-1367).
The House sustained the veto on January 28, 1970
by a vote of 226 yeas to 191 nays. (116 Cong. Rec.
1483-1553).
Veto sustained.

2257

H.R. 16916.
Making appropriations for the Office of Education
for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1971.
Vetoed August 11, 1970. The veto message was laid
before the House and printed as H.R. Doc. No. 91-
376. (116 Cong. Rec. 28170, 28171).
The House overrode the veto on August 13, 1970
by a vote of 289 yeas to 114 nays. (116 Cong. Rec.
28758-28779).
The Senate overrode the veto on August 18, 1970
by a vote of 77 yeas to 16 nays. (116 Cong. Rec.
29318-29391).
Veto overridden. (84 Stat. 800; Public Law 91-380).

2258

H.R. 17548.
Making appropriations for sundry independent execu-
tive bureaus, boards, commissions, corporations,
agencies, offices and the Department of Housing
and Urban Development for the fiscal year ending
June 30, 1971.
Vetoed August 11, 1970. The veto message was laid
before the House and printed as H.R. Doc. No. 91-
377. (116 Cong. Rec. 28171).
The House sustained the veto on August 13, 1970 by
a vote of 203 yeas to 195 nays. (116 Cong. Rec.
28780-28797).
Veto sustained.

2259

H.R. 17809.
To provide an equitable system for fixing and adjust-
ing the rates of pay for prevailing rate employees of
the Government.

[graphic]

Vetoed January 1, 1971. The veto message was laid
before the House, referred to the Committee on Post
Office and Civil Service, and printed as H.R. Doc.
No. 91-437. (116 Cong. Rec. 44599).
Veto unchallenged.

Pocket Vetoes 2260 S. 578.

To include firefighters within the provisions of sec-
tion 8336(c) of title 5, United States Code, relating
to the retirement of Government employees engaged
in certain hazardous occupations.
Pocket veto occurred after the 2d session of the 91st
Congress had adjourned sine die on January 2, 1971.
The Presidential message was received on January 4,
1971. (January 2, 1971 S. Jour. 1390, 1391; 7
Weekly Comp. of Pres. Doc. 32, January 9, 1971).

2261

S. 2755.
For the relief of Donal N. O'Callaghan.
Pocket veto occurred in the 2d session of the 91st
Congress during a recess from October 14, 1970
until November 16, 1970. The bill was presented
to the President on October 21, 1970. (116 Cong.
Rec. 37263).

2262 S. 3418.1

To amend the Public Health Service Act to provide
for the making of grants to medical schools and hos-
pitals to assist them in establishing special depart-
ments and programs in the field of family practice.
The bill was presented to the President on December
14, 1970 (116 Cong. Rec. 41289). The pocket veto
was attempted in the 2d session of the 91st Congress
during a recess from December 22, 1970 to December
28, 1970.
Note-Senator Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.) success-
fully challenged the validity of President Nixon's at-
tempt to pocket veto S. 3418. The United States Dis-
trict Court for the District of Columbia held that the
intrasession adjournment of Congress from Decem-
ber 22, 1970 to December 28, 1970 did not prevent
the return of the bill within the meaning of Article
1, Section 7, Clause 2 of the Constitution. (Kennedy
v. Sampson, 364 F. Supp. 1075 (D.D.C. 1973)). The
Court of Appeals unanimously affirmed, stating that
“the question of whether any intrasession adjourn-
ment, as that practice is presently understood, can
prevent the return of a bill by the President where
appropriate arrangements have been made for re-
ceipt of presidential messages during the adjourn-

1
Although listed here among pocket vetoes, the bill is counted
in Table 1, p. ix, supra, as a regular veto and as an override be-
cause of the unique circumstances of its history.

ment...must be answered in the negative.(Kennedy V. Sampson, 511 F. 2d 430, 442 (D.C. Cir. 1974)). An appeal was not taken to the Supreme Court within the ninety day time limit and S. 3418 accordingly became Public Law 91-696.

2263

H.R. 3571.
For the relief of Miloye M. Sokitch.
Pocket veto occurred in the 2d session of the 91st
Congress during a recess from December 22, 1970
until December 28, 1970. The bill was presented to
the President on December 14, 1970. (116 Cong.
Rec. 41429). The Presidential message was received
on December 24, 1970. (December 24, 1970 H.
Jour., pp. 1785; 6 Weekly Comp. of Pres. Doc.
1726, December 24, 1970).

Ninety-second Congress, First Session

Regular Vetoes 2264 S. 575.

To authorize funds to carry out the purposes of the
Appalachian Development Act of 1965, as amended.
Vetoed June 29, 1971. The veto message was laid be-
fore the Senate and printed as S. Doc. No. 92-28.
(117 Cong. Rec. 22817, 22818).
The Senate sustained the veto on July 14, 1971 by a
vote of 57 yeas to 36 nays. (117 Cong. Rec. 25094-
25110).
Veto sustained.

2265

S. 2007.
To provide for the continuation of programs author-
ized under the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964.
Vetoed December 9, 1971. The veto message was laid
before the Senate and printed as S. Doc. No. 92-48.
(117 Cong. Rec. 46057-46059).
The Senate sustained the veto on December 10, 1971
by a vote of 51 yeas to 36 nays. (117 Cong. Rec.
46222).
Veto sustained.

2266

Pocket Veto
H.R. 2600.
To equalize the retirement benefits for officers and
members of the metropolitan Police force and the
Fire Department of the District of Columbia who are
retired for permanent total disability.
Pocket veto occurred in the 1st session of the 92d
Congress during a recess from August 6, 1971 until
September 8, 1971. The bill was presented to the
President on August 6, 1971. (117 Cong. Rec. 30882,
30883). The Presidential message dated August 17,

[graphic]

1971 was received by the Congress. (7 Weekly Comp. of Pres. Doc. 1177, August 17, 1971).

Ninety-second Congress, Second Session

Regular Vetoes 2267 S. 2770.

To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act.
Vetoed Octobe 17, 1972. The veto message was laid
before the Senate and printed as S. Doc. No. 92-93.
(118 Cong. Rec. 36859, 36860).
The Senate overrode the veto on October 17, 1972
by a vote of 52 yeas to 12 nays. (118 Cong. Rec.
36871-36879).
The House overrode the veto on October 18, 1972
by a vote of 247 yeas to 23 nays. (118 Cong. Rec.
37054-37061).
Veto overridden. (86 Stat. 816; Public Law 92-500).

2268 H.R. 13918.

To provide for improved financing for the Corpora-
tion for Public Broadcasting.
Vetoed June 30, 1972. The veto message was laid be-
fore the House, referred to the Committee on Inter-
state and Foreign Commerce, and printed as H.R.
Doc. No. 92-320. (118 Cong. Rec. 23671).
Veto unchallenged.

2269 H.R. 15417.

Making appropriations for the Departments of Labor,
and Health, Education, and Welfare, and related agen-
cies for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973.
Vetoed August 16, 1972. The veto message was laid
before the House and printed as H.R. Doc. No. 92-
343. (118 Cong. Rec. 28415, 28416).
The House sustained the veto on August 16, 1972
by a vote of 203 yeas to 171 nays. (118 Cong. Rec.
28416).
Veto sustained.

2270 H.R. 15927.

To amend the 'Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 to
provide a temporary twenty per centum increase in
annuities and to simplify administration of the act.
Vetoed October 4, 1972. The veto message was
laid before the House and printed as H.R. Doc. No.
92-372. (118 Cong. Rec. 33734).
The House overrode the veto on October 4, 1972
by a vote of 353 yeas to 29 nays. (118 Cong. Rec.
33734-33743).
The Senate overrode the veto on October 4, 1972
by a vote of 76 yeas to 5 nays. (118 Cong. Rec.
33684-33688).
Veto overridden. (86 Stat. 765; Public Law 92-460).

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