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dered to the band the spring or he was in esht raged in
for his majesty's reception; but in his way was taken prisoner by a party of horse from Boughton-house, which was garrisoned by lord Say for the parliament: his confinement, however, was but short, as the garrison surrendered to the king. And now Mr. Allestry returned again to his studies, and the spring following took his degree of master of arts. The same year he was in extreme danger of his life by a pestilential distemper, which raged in the garrison at Oxford; but as soon as he recovered, he entered once more into his majesty's service, and carried a musquet in a regiment formed out of the Oxford scholars. Nor did he in the mean time neglect his studies, “but frequently (as the author of the preface to Dr. Allestry's Sermons expresses it) held the musquet in one hand and the book in the other, uniting the watchfulness of a soldier with the lucubrations of a student." In this service he continued till the end of the war; then went into holy orders, and was chosen censor of his college. He had a considerable share in that test of loyalty, which the university of Oxford gave in their decree and judgment against the Solemn League and Covenant. In 1648, the parliament sent visitors to Oxford, to demand the submission of that body to their authority: those who refused to comply were immediately proscribed; which was done by writing their names on a paper, and affixing it on the door of St. Mary's church, signifying that such persons were, by the authority of the visitors, banished the university, and required to depart the precincts within three days, upon pain of being taken for spies of war, and proceeded against as such. Mr. Allestry, amongst many others, was accordingly expelled the university. He now retired into Shropshire, and was entertained as chaplain to the honourable Francis Newport, esq. and upon the death of Richard lord Newport, that gentleman's father, in France, whither he had fled to avoid the violence of the prevailing party, was sent over to France to take care of his effects. Having dispatched this affair with success, he returned to his employa ment, in which he continued till the defeat of king Charles II. at Worcester. At this time the royalists wanting an intelligent and faithful person to send over to his majesty, Mr. Allestry was solicited to undertake the journey, which he accordingly did ; and having attended the king at Roan, and received his dispatches, returned to England. In 1650, he went over again to his majesty in Flanders; and upon his return was seized at Dover by a party of soldiers, but he had the address to secure his letters, by conveying them to a faithful hand. The soldiers guarded him to London, and after being examined by a committee of the council of safety, he was sent prisoner to Lambeth-house, where he contracted a dangerous sickness. About six or eight weeks after, he was set at liberty; and this enlargement was per. haps owing to the prospect of an approaching revolution; for some of the heads of the republican party, seeing every thing tend towards his majesty's restoration, were willing by kindnesses to recommend themselves to the royal party.
Soon after the restoration, Mr. Allestry was made a canon of Christ-church; at the same time he undertook one of the lectureships of the city of Oxford, but never received any part of the salary; for he ordered it to be distributed amongst the poor. In October 1660, he took the degree of D. D. and was appointed one of the king's chaplains in ordinary, and in Sept. 1663, regius professor of divinity, in which chair he sat seventeen years, and acquitted himself with honour. In 1665 he was appointed provost of Eton colo: lege, where he raised the school, which he found in a low condition, to an uncommon pitch of reputation. The west side of the outward quadrangle of that college was built from the ground at his expense. The excellent Dr. Hammond, who was his intimate friend, left him his valuable library, which he bequeathed himself to his successors in the divinity chair. His eagerness for study, and his intention of mind while he was employed in it was so great, that it impaired his constitution, and hastened his death. In 1680, find.. ing his health and sight much weakened, he resigned his professorship of divinity to Dr. Jane. And now the decay. of his constitution terminating in a dropsy, he removed to London, to have the advice of physicians; but medicines, proving ineffectual, he died January 27th, 1680; and was buried in Eton chapel, where a marble monument, with an elegant Latin inscription, was erected to his memory. .
There are extant forty sermons by Dr. Allestry, for the most part preached before the king, upon solemn occa: sions, fol. 1684. Mr. Wood likewise mentions a small tract, written by him, entitled, “ The Privileges of the University of Oxford, in point of Visitation,” in a letter to an honourable personage, 1647. The first eighteen of his sermons were published in 1669, fol. for a benevolent
purpose. He gave them to Allestry the bookseller, mentioned in the preceding article, who was his kinsman, and was ruined by the greal fire." These, with the others, were afterwards published by Dr. Fell, bishop of Oxford, who has done great justice to his memory in the life prefixed.?
ALLETZ (Pons AUGUSTIN), a French advocate, was born at Montpellier, and died at Paris, March 7, 1785, in the eighty-second year of his age. Having no talents to make a figure at the bar, he became an author by profession, and compiled a great number of works for the booksellers, some of which had considerable success. The principal productions of his industry were, 1. Several dictionaries, particularly “ L'Agronome," 2 vols. 8vo; a good abridgment of the 6 Maison Rustique;" a 66 Dictionnaire Theologique,” and another “ Des Conciles,” both in 8vo, concise, but not remarkable for perspicuity. 2. “ Manuel de l'homme du monde," 8vo; and “ L'Encyclopedie de Pensées," 8vo; compilations made with little care. 3. “ Synopsis Doctrinæ Sacræ," Svo, a collection of the passages in the Bible which regard the articles of belief. 4. “ Tableau de l'histoire de France,” 2 vols. 12mo, which was adopted into some schools, and although negligently written, and with little attraction, gives the principal facts of the French history with fidelity and simplicity. 5. “ Les Princes celebres qui ont regné dans le monde," 4 vols. 12mo. 6. L'Histoire des Papes,” 2 vols, 12mo. 7. “ L'Histoire des Singes," 2 vols. 12mo. This transition from the history of princes and popes to that of apes and monkeys, may be thought a proof of the versatility of our author's genius : his history of princes, however, is the best of the three; that of popes is said to be superficial, and not very impartial. 8. « Les ornamens de la memoire, 12mo, in which the title is more happy than usual in such works, is a collection of the beauties of the French poets, and has been often reprinted and enlarged. 9.“ Les Leçons de Thalie," 3 vols. 12mo: these are portraits and characteristic pieces from the comic poets. 10. “Connoisances des Poetes Françoises," 2 vols. 12mo. 11. “ Catechisme de l'age mur," 12mo, an abridgment of the proofs of religion by question and answer. 12. “ L'Albert inoderne,"? 2 vols. 12mo. 13. “L'Esprit des Journalistes de Trevoux,” 4 vols, 12mo. : 14. “LEsprit des Journalistes de Hollande,” 2 vols. 12mo. The former of these is a judicious selection. He compiled likewise several books for schools, and abridgments of the Greek history, the “ Magasin des Adolescens,” lives of the saints, &c. &c. This copious list, in which we have not given all his compilations, is no small testimony to the industry of M. Alletz, who was at least virtuously, and often usefully employed, and whose character made his death, although at a very advanced period, be much regretted by his friends and family.'
1 Life prefixed to his Sermons.-Gen. Dict.Biog. Dict. Ath. Oxon.Hare wood's Alumni, p. 24.-His great niece, who very much resembled his picture in Christ-church hall, died 1809. Gent. Mag. vol. LXXIX. p. 92-3.
ALLEY, or Alleigh (WILLIAM), bishop of Exeter in the reign of queen Elizabeth, was born at Great Wycomb in Buckinghamshire, and educated at Eton school. In 1528 he went from thence to King's college, Cambridge, where he took a bachelor's degree, but removed to Oxford, and spent some time in the academical studies of that university. He afterwards married, was presented to a living, and became a zealous reformer. On queen Mary's accession he left his cure, and retired into the north of England, where he maintained himself by keeping a school and practising physic. On queen Elizabeth's accession, when he could avow his principles with safety, he went to London, and was appointed to read the divinity lecture at St. Paul's, in which he acquired great reputation; and in July 1560, was consecrated bishop of Exeter. He was not created doctor of divinity until November 1561. He died April 15, 1570, and was buried at Exeter. He wrote, 1. “ The Poor Man's Library," 2 vols. folio, 1571. These volumes contain his twelve lectures at St. Paul's, on the first epistle of St. Peter. 2. “ A Hebrew Grammar," but it is uncertain whether it was ever published. He translated the Pentateuch in the version of the Bible undertaken by command of queen Elizabeth. Three epistles of Alley to Matthew Parker, in Latin, are preserved among the MSS, of Corpus Christi college, Cambridge. His “ Judgment concerning the Doctrine and Discipline of the Church” is in Strype's Annals. Wood and Godwin agree in placing bishop Alley's death in 1570; but Tanner says, that it was on April 15, 1571, and Fuller carries it down so low as 1576. He left a son, Roger Alley, who was archdeacon of Cornwall; and his great grandson, the rev. Peter Alley, died so lately as August 1763, at the very extraor
! Dict. Hist.--Biographie Universelle.
dinary age of one hundred and ten years and two months. He was for seventy-three years rector of Donamow, in Queen's County, Dublin, and served his own cure till within a few days of his death,
The following particulars of bishop Alley's personal history are given by a contemporary. He was well stored, and his library well replenished with all the best writers ; which most gladly he did impart, and lay open to every good scholar and student requesting the same, whose company and conference he did desire and embrace. He seemed at the first appearance to be a rough and austere man, but in truth was a very courteous, gentle, and affable man; at his table full of honest speeches, joined with learning and pleasantness, according to the time, place, and company; at his exercises, which for the most part were at bowls, very merry and pleasant, void of all sadness, which might abate the benefit of recreation, loth to offend, ready to forgive, void of malice, full of love, bountiful in hospitality, liberal to the poor, and a succourer of the needy; faithful to his friend, and courteous to all men ; a hater of covetousness, and an enemy to all evil and wicked men; and lived an honest, godly, and virtuous life. Finally, he was endued with many notable good gifts and virtues; only he was somewhat credulous, of a hasty belief, and light of credit, which he did oftentimes mislike and blame in himself. In his latter time he waxed somewhat gross, and his body was full of humours, which abated much of his wonted exercise. Queen Elizabeth, out of the great respect she had for this bishop, sent him, yearly, a silver cup for a new year's gift. The mayor of Exeter much opposed him, on his obtaining a commission to be a justice of the peace within the same, contrary to the charters and liberties thereof.? . ALLEYN (EDWARD), a celebrated comedian in the reigns of queen Elizabeth and king James, but more justly celebrated as the founder of the college at Dulwich, in Surrey, was born in London, in the parish of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate, Sept. 1, 1566, as appears from a memorandum of his own writing. Dr. Fuller says, that he was bred a stage-player; and that his father would have
I Biog. Brit.-Gen. Dict.-Fuller's Worthies.-Harwood's Alumni Eton.Ath. Ox.--Tanner. --Strype's Life of Parker, pp. 67, 103, 156.-Strype's Anuals, vol. I. p. 201.-St. James's Chronicle, Sept. 3, 1763. Polohele's Hist. of Devonsbire. Izacke's Antiquities of Exeter,