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equivalent to 'H' point to top-of-head die potendal shall be minimized by the follow. mensions of 89 incba and 29 inches. Ad. ing means: justable seats shall be in the extrem. for "83.1 Location, construction, and mountward position for the indicated 33 inch device ing. and in the extreme rearward position for the "S3.1.1 Al instrument panel mounted indicated 29 inch devico. The impact areas control devices shall be located within reach shall be that included between the area of the driver wearing a type 2 or 20 seat formed by the top-of-head point when each belt assembly, except controls not essential device is swung forward and also 45 degrees to controlling a moving vehicle. The essento each side of the longitudinal axis through tial controls are the steering wheel, transeach normal seating position. The ince and mission selector lever, turn signals lever, igolleg impact areas shall be established by the tion switch, headlight switch, and windshield use of a type 1 seat belt restrained manikin wiper and washer controls. Essential conor equivalent of approximately 95th percen- trols shall be readily identided. tile male dimensions and with the front

"S3.1.2 The impact area shall be estabseat in mid position.

Ilshed through the use of type 1 seat belt "S3.2 Location and construction.

assembly restrained manikins or other test "S3.2.1 The structure of the instrument

devices having 'H' point to top-of-head dipanel shall be such as to minimize injury

mensions of 33 inches and 29 inches. Adto the head of an occupant upon impact or

Justable seats shall be in the extreme forto be outside the established impact area.

ward position for the indicated 33 inch de

vice and in the extreme rearward position Il within the impact area the panel shall be

for the indicated 29 inch device. The impact covered with energy absorbing cushioning

ares shall be that included between the material applied over a crushable or collapsIble metal backing that will deform and ex

arcs formed by the top-of-head polnt when pand the areas of contact. There shall be

each device is swung forward and also 45

degrees to each side of the longitudinal axis no protruding or sharp rigid edges in the

through each normal seating position. impact area and/or under the cushioning

"S3.1.3 Control devices and instruments material in the impact area. Tests shall bo in accordance with SAE Recommended Prac

positioned outside the established contact

area or which cannot be struck due to steertico for Instrument Panel Laboratory Im

ing wheel, column, or shielding are not repact Test Procedure. J921, and the deceleration of the head form when impacting tho

quired to meet the speciácations following.

All other control devices shall have a conpanel at 22 feet per second shall not exceed

tact area of not less than 1.0 square inch of an effective maximum value of 80 gs in 60

flat surface with an edge radius of not less milliseconds excluding all portions of the

than 0.125 inch and shall be mounted and deceleration time curve of less than 3 mill

constructed of materials which will defect seconds duration.

fush within 0.375 inch of the panel surface "9.3.22 The lower portion of the instru.

or are to be mounted in such a manner as ment panel shall contain no sharp or pro

to allow them to be pushed Rush with tho truding edges within the knee and leg im

panel surface or be detached by application pact areas. The impact area structures shall

of a force not to exceed 90 pounds when be constructed of material that will deform

struck from any position defned in 3.1.2. and expand areas of contact to absorb and

"S3.1.4 Instrument bezels not meeting minimize injury when struck by the mea 93.1.3 and likely to be contacted by the head or legs of front seat occupants.

of a belted occupant shall have an edge "9.3.2.3 The sun visor shall be con

radius of not less than 0.125 inch and shall structed of or be covered by energy absorb project not more than 0.250 inch above the ing cushioning material. The sun visor surface of the panel or shall be so shielded as mounting shall be designed and located to to reasonably minimize contact by the head provide & reasonable degree of bead protec. of belted occupant. tion

"S3.1.5 Tho tranmission selector lever "S3.2.4 The roof header impact arens shall knob end shall have a relative flat area of contain no sharp or protrudlag edges. The at least 1.0 square inch when selector lever impact areas shall be covered with 0.5 inch is mounted on the steering column within minimum of energy absorbing cushioning the impact area as defined in 83.1.2. Thero material to reduce the likellhood of injury to shall be no permissible complete penetration the occupant's head upon impact.

of the knob by the seloctor shart, under a "S3 2.5 The right and left front corner head impact of 80 gs. posts shall not contain any sharp or pro

"(Federal Standard No. 515/4a) truding edges. The corner posts in the im

"ENERGY ABSORBING STEERING CONTROL SYSTEX pact areas shall be covered with 0.5 inch minimum of enregy absorbing cushioning

TOR AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLES material to reduce the likelihood of injury

"81. Purpose and scope. This standard to the occupant's head upon impact. Pad establishes requirements for energy absorbding shall be designed and placed so as to

ing steering control systems installed on minimize loss ov visibility.

automotive vehicles

"S2. Application. This standard applies "Federal Standard No. 515/3a)

to redans and station wagons. "ROCESSED INSTRUMENT PANEL INSTRUMENTS "S3. Standard characteristics. The SAR

AND CONTROL DEVICES TOR AUTOMOTIVE V Recommended Practice for Barrier Collision HICLES

Tests, J850, forms the basis for section $3.4 "Si. Purpose and scope. This standard of this standard. establishes the location and Identifcation of "S3.1 Definition. The steering control automotive vehicle instruments and control system 18 defined as the basic steering mechdevices to afford & reasonable degree of pro- anism in combination with its Assoclated tection for front seat occupants wearing type horn actuating mechanism, trim hardware, 1 seat belt assemblies in event of a collision. etc., and includes any portion of the steer

"S2. Application. This standard applies to ing column assembly that may contain an sedans, carryalls, station wagons and ught energy absorber for the purpose of disad pattrucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W. Bxcluded ing energy upon impact. are stand-up walk-in package dellvery ve "832 Tho steering control assembly shall hicles with tllt type drivers' seats. Also ex- be constructed so that when it is impacted cluded are utility vehicles of the three-wheel at a relative velocity of 22 feet per second type.

with a torso shaped body block as sbowo lo "83. Requirements. Injury potential shall aguro 1 (not shown in RECORD), welghing be minimized by constructing, locating, or 75-80 pounds, and having a spring rate load mounting control devices and instruments of 600-800 pounds per inch, the force dovelbezels in such & manner as to reasonably oped during collapse of the system shall not minimize contact by the heads of occupants exceed 2,500 pounds. The spring rate us de

wearing type 1 seat belt assemblies. Injury termined by loading the chest of the torto

ent wearing type horm. In combination basic steering mech

142225

body block with a tinch Wide dat fully latched position, and 1,000 pounds COQt surface so that it is 90 degrees to the when in the secondary latch position. longitudinal ads of the body block, parallel "83.2 Transperse load. Automotive veto the backing plate and within 16 to 30 hicle door latch and striker assembly, when inches from the top of the head form. The tested as prescribed under test procedures load is measured when the dat contact nur (838) must be able to withstand a minimum lace has moved down % inch, and the spring transverse load of 2,000 pounds when in the nate 15 determined by doubling this load fully latched position and 1,000 pounds whon Aguro.

in the secondary latched position "88.2.1 when the steering wheel is the

"S3.3 Test procedures. Test procedures principal energy absorbing element, the load

and test distures Whall be in accordance with cell recording device shall be equivalent to

section 4 of BAE Recommended Practice for the type shown in agure 2 and wall be

Passenger Car Side Door Latch Systems, J839 mounted either directly behind the wheel or

and section 4 of SAE Recommended Practico in the frontal surface of the body block, with

for Vehicle Passenger Door Hinge Systems, Its ads of primary sensitivity in the direc

J994. top of body block travel at the time of

"(Federal Standard No. 618/0a) impact. The steering wheel ball bo "ANCHORAGE OF SEATS FOR AUTOMOTIVE mounted to the load cell by means of an

VEHICLES appropriate nose piece at the same angle us "81. Purpose and scope. This standard it is to be installed in the vehicle.

establishes strength requirements for an"83.2.2 When a component or components chorage and construction of automobile voother than the steering wheel, such as the bicle seat assemblies. steering column, is the principal energy ab- "S2. Application. This standard applies to sorbing element or contributes substantially sedans, buses, carryalls, station wagons, and to the absorption of energy, the load cell Ught trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W. shall be located between the steering wheel "83. Standard characteristics. The BAE and the remainder of the energy absorbing Recommended Practice for Passenger Car system, preferably immediately under the Front Seat and Front Seat Adjuster, J879, wbeel, or in the forward, impacting surface forms a basis for that part of this standard of the body block.

which applies to front seats. "83.3 Other testing methods, such as "S3.1 Definitions. high capacity ecceleration facilities and "83.1.1 Automotive vehicle seat. A strucanthropometric dummies, giving equivalent ture provided to seat the driver and/or one results. may be utilized in Neu of methode or more passengers. defined in 83.2, 83.2.1, and 83.22.

"83.1.2 Seat frame. The structural por"S3.4 The steering control Assembly shall

tion of a seat assembly. be so designed that when the front structure

"83.1.3 Seat back frame upper crossbar. of the automotive vehicle collapses during

The uppermost horizontal member of a Beat the SAE J850 barrier collision test, or equiva

back Irame. lent at 30 miles per hour, the upper end of

"83.1.4 Seat adjuster. A device suitably the steering control system shall not be die anchored to the vehicle structure which supplaced rearvard, relative to an undisturbed ports the seat Irame Assembly and provides point to the rear of the steering Wheel pool for seat adjustments. This includes Any tion, more than 5 inches.

track, link, or power actuating Assemblies "S3.4.1 The rearward displacement of tho

necessary to adjust the position of the seat. steering control assembly shall be deter

"S9.2 Requirements, front seats. mined under dynamic conditions during the

"83.2.1 Seat adjusters and seat frame barrier collision or equivalent test.

combinations. Each combination of seat

adjuster and seat frame, together with its "83.3 The steering control system shall

attachments, shall be constructed and anbe so constructed that there shall be no de

chored to the vehicle structure which supvices or attachments such as born actuating

ports it in such a manner as to sustain & mechanism, trim hardware, etc., which can catch in the operator's clothing during nor

horizontal forward and rearward static load

equal to a minimum of 20 times the weight mal driving maneuvers.

of the fully trimmed seat. "(Federal Standard No. 615/5a

"83.2.2 Seat cushion and back frame com"BATTY DOOR LATCHES AND HINGES FOR dination. Each seat cushion and back frame AUTOMOBILE VEHICLES

combination, together with its attachments,

shall bo constructed and anchored to the "Si. Purpose and scope. This standard

vehicle structure which supports It in such establishes uniform test procedures and min

& manner as to sustain a rearward moment imum static load requirements for automo

about the rear attachment of the seat frame tive vehicle side door latches and hinges.

to the seat adjuster of 4,250 incb-pounds for "S2. Application. This standard applies to

each passenger for which the seat back 18 sedans, carryalls, station wagons, and light des

designed. The load required to obtain this trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W., except

moment shall be applied to the seat back those light trucks with folding or cargo type

upper crossbar location normal to the seat doors or open body trucks with enclosures

back. made of canvas, aluminum, aber glass, plas

"NOTE: Some energy absorption under imtic, and steel. The secondary latch load does

pact can be obtained through defection of not apply to sliding doors.

the seat back. Therefore, some deflection "83. Requirements. All applicable auto and permanent set of the seat back consistmotive vehicles shall be equipped with safety ent with rigidity requirements and normal door latches and hinges. The hinges shall occupant accommodations is permissible. have ample strength to support the door and "83.2.3 Folding seat back frames. Each to withstand the longitudinal load and trans- seat back frame designed to fold over the verse load equal to or greater than that seat shall be equipped with a releasable, Bellspecided in 83.1 and 83.2 for the door latch, locking, restraining device or devices. The and striker assembly. All door release han lock release shall be located so as to be dles on each door shall be provided with & readily accessible to the occupant of the seat single positive locking device not subject to and, 11 applicable, to permit egress to rear accidental release. Interior or exterior han- seat passengers. dles need not be locked by this device 11 not "The release shall be so designed and/or operable by accidental side, rearward or for located as to minimize accidental release in ward force.

collision situations. The restraining device "83.1 Longitudinal load. Automotive ve or devices shall be constructed with sucient bicle door latch and striker assembly, when strength to prevent the beat back frame astasted as prescribed under test procedures sembly from folding forward under a hort(83.3) shall be able to withstand a minimum zontal static load equal to a minimum of 20 longitudinal load of 2,500 pounds whon in times the weight of the fully trimmed seat

"NOTE: Somerained througe

detection

"S3. Reges shall be equhe hinges Bar

14226 83. Standard to 10,000 poun. Hagons, and

designed to pred up, walk-in

in releasable, seu

nai be loca

back frame, and with sumcient strength to sustain a moment about the attachment of the seat back frame to the boat frame of 4,250 inch-pounds in & rearward direction. The load required to attain this moment shall bo applied at the seat back tramo upper crossbar location normal to the seat with the roat back frame in a locked position. b. cluded are tllt type drivent' reats installed in special purpose, stand-up, walk-in packago delivery vehicles.

"832.4 Pedestal seats. Pedestal mounted drivers' seats designed to pivot forward, 10stalled in special purpose, stand-up, walk-in typo delivery vehicles shall be equipped with releasable, kell-locking. pedestal restraining devices. The restraining device or devices shall be constructed with sumclent strength to prevent the seat assembly from tilting forward under a horizontal static load equal to a minimum of 20 times the weight of the fully trimmedo seat components. The load shall be applied with the seat pedestal in a locked position and at the level of the center of gravity of the seat assembly.

"83.3 Requirements, rear seats.

"83.3.1 Rear seat backs and seat cushions. Each rear seat back and seat cushion designed to provide rear passenger seating ID sedans shall be constructed and anchored to the vehicle structure which supports it in such a manner as to sustain a horizontal forward static load equal to & minimum of 20 times the weight of the fully trimmed component.

"83.4 Requirements, other seats. "83.41.1 Seat frames. Seat frame designod to be fastened to the vehicle door without adjustment in sedans, buses, carryalls, and station wagons shall be constructed and anchored to the vehicle structure which supports them, either permanently or by detachable attings, in such a manner as to sustalo A forward and rearward static load equal to 20 times the welght of the fully trimmed seat.

"83.4.2 Seat back frames.

"S3.4.2.1 Forward facing reat back frames designed to provide backs for intermediate Beating in sedans and buses and intermediate and rear seating in carryalls and station wagons shall be constructed and anchored, either permanently or by detachable Ottings as specided, to the seat frame in such a mander as to sustain & rearward (in relation to the seat) moment, about the rear attachments of the seat frame to the vehicle structure which supports It, equal to a minimum of 4,260 inch-pounds for each passenger for which tho beat is designed. The load required to obtain this moment shall be applied to the seat back upper crossbar location normal to the seat back (see bote in S3.2.2).

"S.3.4.2.2 Rearward racing seat back Irames designed to provide backs for rear seating in station wagons shall be constructed and anchored, either permanently or by detachable Attings as specided, to the seat frame in such a manner as to sustain a rearward (in relation to the seat) load equal to a minimum of 4,250 inch-pounds for each passenger for which the seat is designed. The load required to obtain this moment shall be applied to the seat back upper crossbar location normal to the seat back (see noto in 83.2.2).

"83.4.2.9 Longitudinally mounted seats in station wagons, and when specided for installation in trucks, shall be constructed and anchored, elther permanently or by detachable Attings to the vehicle structure which supports them in such a manner as to sustain & forward and rearward (in relation to the vehicle) static load equal to 20 times the wolght of the fully trimmed seat.

"93.4.3 Folding seats. Seats designed to pivot forward on their forward attachment to the vehicle structure shall be equipped with a releasable, self-locking, restraining device. The lock release shall be located 80

e to be readily accessible to the oocupant of the seat or, 11 applicable, to permit gross

Nu passenger seated to the rear. The ro lowe shall be so designed and/or located m to minimiza accidental release in colllalon situations. The restraining device shall be constructed with sudcient strength to prevent the seat assembly from folding forward under a horizontal static load equal to minimum of 20 times the weight of the fully trimmed seat assembly.

"S3.4.4 Folding seat back frames. Porward facing seat back frames designed to provide backs for intermediate seating in carryalls and station wagons and further designed to fold over the seat shall be equipped with releasable, sell-locking. restraining devices. The lock release shall be located so as to be readily accessible to the occupant of tho seat or, 11 applicable, to permit egress to & passenger seated to the rear. The release shall be so located and/or designed as to minimize accidental release in collision stuations. The restraining device shall be constructed with sucient strength to prevent the seat back frame assembly from folding forward under a horizontal static load equal to a minimum of 20 times the welght of the fully trimmed seat back frame, and with sumcient strength to sustain & rearward moment about the attachment of the seat back frame to the seat frame of 4,250 Incbpounds for each passenger for which the seat back is designed. The load required to attain this moment shall be applied to the soat back frame upper crossbar location normal to the seat with the seat back frame in a locked position.

"S3.6 Seats designed to provide seat belt anchorage.

"S3.5.1 Sedans, carryalls, station wagons, and light trucks up to 10,000 pound, G.V.W. Seat frames and seat back frames designed to provide anchorages for seat belts shall be constructed and anchored to the vehicle structure which supports them in such a manner as to sustain an additional forward static load equal to a minimum of 2,500 pounds for each lap belt end attached or 3.000 pounds for each combination lap and shoulder belt end attached.

"S3.5.2 Buses.

"S3.5.2.1 Driver's seat. Driver's seat frames and sent back frames designed to provide anchorages for seat belto shall be constructed and anchored to the vehicle structure which supports them in such a manner as to sustain an additional static forward load equal to a minimum of 2,500 pounds for each lap belt and attached, of 3.000 pounds for each combination lap and shoulder belt end attached.

"S3.5.2.2 Passenger seats. Passenger seat frames and seat back frames designed to provide anchorages for seat belts shall be constructed and anchored to the vehicle structure which supports them in such . manner as to sustain an additional forward static load equal to a minimum of 2,800 pounds for each type 1 or la lap belt end attached.

"S3.6 Test procedure. Testing of front seats shall be in accordance with the procedures set forth in SAE Recommended Practice J879. Testing of intermediato and rear seats shall be accomplished by applying similar procedures. Testing of seats designed to provide seat belt anchorage shall be in accordance with applicable procedura set forth in 83.2.3 of Ped. Std. No. 515/1a.

"(Federal Standard No. 515/98) "HYDRAULIC SRVICE BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR AUTO

MOTIVE VEHICLES "Si. Purpose and scope. This standard establishes requierments for hydraulic sery. Ice brako systems installed on automotivo vehicles.

"S2. Application. This standard applies to sedans, busca, carryalls, station wagons, and to light trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W.

"93. Standard characteristics. Tho National Committee on Uniform Tramc Law and Ordinances, Uniform Vehicle Code; The

Society of Automotivo Engineers, Inc., Brate and oxtonding to within ono and one-ball System Road Test CodePassenger Car, SAB inches of each corner post and including tho J8438 and Service Brake System Performance conter portion of the windshield. The minRequirements Passenger Car, SAJ J937, imum wiped area shall also include that porform the bases for this standard.

tion of tho windshield measured from tho "S3.1 Service brake system performance. horizontal eye level uno in a vertical direcTho performance ability of the fully opera- tion 10 degrees above and 10 degrees below tional service brake system for sedans and the horizontal eye level line at a point in station wagons, shall be not less than de front of the operator and & point in front of scribed in section D of SAE J937, tested in right seat occupant. Accordance with tho requirements of SAE "S3.2 Windshield washers. The windshield J843a. The performance ability of the fully washer system shall be provided with a conoperational service brake system for carry talner with the capacity of at least 48 ounces alls, buses and light trucks up to 10.000 of auld. The container shall be made of pounds G.V.W. shall be not less than de- such matorial that it will not crack or break scribed in section 12-302 of the Uniform in the event the fuld freezes. The fuld Vehicle Code.

shall be applied to the outside of the wind"83.1.1 Design. The service brako system shield by vacuum pump or other method. shall be of such design that rupture or fall. The washer shall be actuated elther manure of an actuating-pressure component in ually or automatically. tho system sball not result in complete loss "S3.3 Tests. All tests shall be in accordof function of the service brake system. ance with SAE Recommended Practice J903. Actuating-pressure components are defined

"Federal Standard No. 515/13a] as, the brake master cylinder or master control unit, wheel brake cylinder, brake line,

"GLARE REDUCTION SURFACES FOR AUTOMOTIVE brake hose or equivalent, as applicable. The

VEHICLES hydraulic fuid system shall be sealed in such

"81. Purpose and scope. This standard eg& manner so as to provide protection of the

tablishes glare limits for appearance inishes brake fuld from outside contamination.

of vehicle components in and adjacent to "S3.1.2 Partial system performance. In the

the operator's field of view to achieve the event of rupture or failure to an actuating

most practical reduction of distracting repressure component to any single brake, the

Dectance for automotive vehicles. components of the unaffected portion of the

"S2. Application. This standard applies to system sball continue to function. Mechani. sedans, buses, carryalls, station wagons, and cal Inkage or other means of brake applica. Ught trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W. tion may be utilized to meet this require

"83. Standard characteristics. Standard ment provided that continuation of the samo

methods, tentative methods, and tentative motion on the same brake pedal used to actu

recommended practices and the American ate tho normal system applies or actuates

Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM tho braking force.

D 307, D 523, D 791, D 1535, E 97, and the SAE "83.2 System efectiveness indication. Syo

Standard J826. form the basis for this Fedtem effectiveness shall be indicated by means

eral Standard. of an electrically operated red light mounted

"S3.1 Definitions. on the instrument panel. The light shall

"S3.1.1 Field of view. With the operator's have an area of not less than 0.196 square

seat in its rearmost position, the operator's inch. It shall Wuminate before or upon ap

Aeld of view is deåned as that area forward plication of the brakes when an actuating

of a Une extending to the sides of the vehicle pressure component of the system has sus

from the polnt at which the back pan of the tained a loss of duid or pressure. The in

SAE J826 three-dimensional manikin makes dicator Ught system shall include a means

contact with the operator's seat back. for the vehicle operator to perform a test to

"S3.1.2 Glare. The visual effect of any assure the light bulb is operable.

dllutes or competes with the central atten. "(Federal Standard No. 815/125]

tlon signal on which attention is being

focused. "WINDSHIAD WIPERS AND WASHAS TOR AUTO "S3.1.3 Specular gloss. The luminous MOTIVE VEHICLES

fractional resectance of a specimen at the "91. Purpose and scope. This standard as specular direction. tablishes minimum requirements for auto- "S3.1.4 Luminous directional reflectance motive vehicle windshield wiping and wash. (Munsell value). Ratio of Aux redected to

that from a perfect diffuse redector similarly "82. Application. This standard applies to Uluminated and viewed. sodans, buses, carryalls, station wagons, and

"83.1.6 Saturation (Munsell chroma). ught trucks up to 10.000 pounds G.V.W., with The attribute of color perception that exwindshields of one piece construction of the presses the degree of departure from gray of Axed type. Excluded are uduty vehicles of the same lightness. All grays have zero tho three-wheel typo.

saturation. "83. Requirements. The windshield wiper "83.2 Instrument panels. The specular system shall be driven by a motor actuated gloss of the surface of the material used for by a conveniently located control by which Instrument panel top surfaces and appur. the operator of the vehicle may vary the fro tenancos thereon which can produce glaro quency speed of wipers. The windshield in the windshield shall not exceed 30 units wiper system shall be designed to provide maximum, measured by the 85-degree two or more frequency speeds and cach method of ASTM D 523, or equivalent. frequency speed shall be substantially con "83.3 Luminous directional reflectance stant regardless of engino load. Windshield (Munsell value). The luminous directional wipor systems designed to interrupt at the redectance of the surface of the material end of each frequency cycle by means of . used for instrument panel top surfaces shall timing device will be acceptable in the tim- not exceed 30 percent (which is equivalent ing device can be varied to provide contin to & Munsell value less than 6.0/-), when uous operation and two or more frequencies measured as described by ASTM D 807, D 791, of interrupted operation. All requirements. D 1635, E 97, or equivalont other than those spochod berein shall be in "99.4 Saturation (Munsell chroma). Too accordanco with SAS J903. Recommendad Munsell chroma of instrument panel top surPractice for Passenger Car Windshield Wiper face shall be no more than /6. Systems

"83.8 Windshield wiper arms and blades. "g9.1 Wiped area. The minimum wipod The specular gloss of tho surface of the maures of the windshield ball include the area tertal used for windshield wiper arms and of tbe windshield established by a horizontal wiper blades in the operator's Deld of view dimension, projected na Une from the ver shall not exceed 40 units madmum, mengtical center line of tho ayo level of the 96th ured by the 20-degree method of ASTM D porcentlle malo with seat la midont position 523, or equivalent

ing systems.cle wladshield rements for aume

14227

" The specular gloss of the surface of tion, with due regard being given to the the material used for instrument bezels, requirements of the vertical Aeld of view windshield molding control devices, born to the rear (see 89.1.1). Extra large bus ring. rearview mirror mounting hardware, mirrors designed to serve an additional purtrim bardware, etc., in the operator's Deld of pose of passenger surveillance shall be loView shall not exceed 40 units maximum, cated with due condderation of the pro measured by the 30-degree method of ASTM coding requirements. D 623, or equivalent.

"83.1.8 Mounting. The mirror shall be "83.7 Instruments, control devices, etc.. mounted in the vehicle by moans of a mult shall be so located so as to present a minimal able supporting assembly of sumcient redection into the windshield in the opera- strength to provide a stable support for tho tor's held of view under daylight and night mirror and shall be of a design which will driving conditions.

minimize injury potential to occupants. "(Federal Standard No. 618/14a)

The mount, is in the impact aros shall be

designed to break away or collapse upon the "CONTROL OF AR POLLUTION FROM AUTOMOTIVE

application of a force in excess of 90 pounds, VEHICLES

in the direction applied by the head of & "S1. Purpose and scope. This standard es- belted occupant. The head impact area shall tablishes requirements for the control of be established through the use of type 1 emissions from new motor vehicles and new seat belt assembly restrained manikins or motor vehicle engines which are Ukely to other test devices having 'H' point to topcause or contribute to air pollution.

of-head dimensions of 33 inches and 29 "S2. This standard applies to sedans, carry- inches. Adjustable seats shall be in the alls, station wagons, and light trucks up to extreme forward position for the indicated and including 1-ton pickup or equivalent 33 inch device and in the extreme rearward equipped with engines of 50 cubic inch dis- position for the indicated 29 inch device. placement or over.

The impact area shall be that included be"S3. Standard characteristics. The pro- tween the arcs formed by the top-of-head posed regulations of the Department of point when each device is swung forward Health, Education, and Wellare, Control of and also 45 degrees to each side of the longiAir Pollution From New Motor Vehicles and tudinal axds through each normal seating New Motor Vehicle Engines. published in the position. Rigid mounts shall break in such FEDERAL REGISTER on December 31, 1965 (30 & manner as to leave no protruding residuals. PR. 17192), form the basis for this standard. The rim of the mirror or its supporting bezel

"S3.1 All automotive vebicles and engines shall have an edge radius of not less than covered by this standard shall be equipped 0.125 inch. The mount shall provide for with integral or ancillary control systems to universal adjustment of the mirror to &Cprovide control of emissions in accordance commodate any size driver in any available with tbe requirements set forth in the regu- seat position. lations cited in S3.

"83.2 Outside mirrors. "(Federal Standard No. 616/17a)

"83.2.1 Size. The outside mirror repecting "REARVIEW MORROR (S) VOR AUTOMOTIVE

surface shall have a minimum nominal diVEHICLE

ameter of 5 inches 11 of circular design.

Rectangular mirrors shall have a minimum "81. Purpose and scope. This standard es

nominal horizontal dimension of 5 inches tablishes requirements for rearview mirror(s)

Dirror(s) and a vertical dimension sumcient to provide for automotive vehicles to provide reason

the driver a view of the road surface from ably unobstructed driver vision to the rear.

& distance of not more than 85 feet to the "S2. Application. This standard applies to

rear from the eye of the driver of the vehicle Bedans, buses, carryalls, station wagons, and

and to the horizon on a level road under to light trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W.

normal load conditions. The 35 feet shall Vehicles with bodies designed without rear

be measured from the position of the eye windows and vehicles that require more than

of the driver to the redecting surface, then to one outside mirror and truck-type vehicles

the roadway to the rear of the vehicle. with small rear windows are excepted from

"93.2.2 Mounting. The outside rearview the requirement for an inside rearview

mirror shall be designed and constructed to mirror.

be mounted on the left outside of the vehicle "S3. Requirements. The rearview mirrors shall provide the driver with a clear, un

in such & manner as to provide the driver

with a stable, readily distinguishable imdistorted view of unit magnification under

age under normal road conditions and shall day and night operating conditions.

be so located as to require not more than "83.1 Inside rearview mirrors. "83.1.1 Size. The rearview mirror shall

60 degrees combined bead and eye move

ment with driver's seat in forward position. have a horizontal dimension which will pro

The outside mirror shall provide the opvide the driver & view to the rear of the

erator, with seat in full forward position, a vehicle with a horizontal angle of no less than 20 degrees. The vertical angle shall be

view of the side of the vehicle on which at least sumicient to provide a view of the

mounted. The mirror shall not be ob

scured by the unwiped portion of the windroad surface from a point not greater than 200 feet to the rear of the vehicle, to the

shield or by the corner pillar. The mirror

shall be readily adjustable to accommodate horizon under conditions of a level road and with the vehicle occupied by the driver and

different size drivers, seat positions, and

load conditions. The mirror and mount shall four passengers in the case of sedans, carry

be alls, and station wagons or loaded to gross

designed, constructed. located and

mounted so as to minimize pedestrian injury vehicle weight in the case of buses and light trucks where inside mirrors may be ap

potential.

"S3.2.3 Additional outside rearview mirror. plicable. "S3.1.2 Location. The rearview mirror

Station wagons, carryalls, buses, and trucks shall be designed and constructed to be

shall be provided with an additional outside mounted on the inside of the vehicle in such

rearview mirror to provide driver vision to & manner as to provide the driver with a

the right rear areas adjacent to the vehicle stable, readily distinguishable Image under

obscured by vebicle design or load conditions. normal road conditions. The mirror shall

The visual characteristics of the right outbe located as far forward along the longitudi

side mirror shall conform to the requirtnal axis of the vehicle as the windshield,

ments of the left outside mirror except that mount, and adjusting device will permit

the restriction on combined head and eye (buses excepted). The mirror and its sup

movement may be relaxed to the extent porting brackets shall be located above the

dictated by vehicle design. Design, conforward horizontal line of sight, if possible. Struction, location, and mounting of the right OI A manikin which measures 33 inches from outside mirror shall be symmetrical to the the 'H' point to the top of the head and oc- left outside mirror except that where docescupying the driver's seat set in the mid post. sary, consideration may be given to location

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