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S. 3005



March 2, 1966 Mr. Msosasix introduced the following bill; which wals read I wire and referred

to the Committee on Conimerce

A BILL To provide for a coordinated national safety program and

establishment of safety standards for motor vehicles in interstate commerce to reduce traffic accidents and the deaths,

injuries, and property damage which occur in such accidents. 1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 3 That this Act may be cited as the “Traffic Safety Act of 4 1966”.

Suc. 2. The Congress hereby declares that the purpose 6 of this Act is to reduce traffic accidents and the deaths, in7 juries, and property damage resulting from traffic accidents. 8 To this end, the Secretary of Transportation shall have 9 authority to establish motor vehicle safety standards for

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1 motor vehicles and equipment in interstate commerce; to 2 undertake and support necessary safety research and devel3 opment; and to encourage and provide financial assistance 4 in developing State traffic safety programs under effective 5 standards for drivers, motor vehicles, postaccident care, and 6 the traffic environment, including highways. 7 TITLE I-MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS

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9 SEC. 101. As used in this title10 (a) “Motor vehicle safety” ineans the performance of 11 motor vehicles or motor vehicle equipment in such a manner 12 that the public is protected against unreasonable risk of acci

13 dents occurring as a result of the design of motor vehicles


and is also protected against unreasonable risk of death,

15 16

injury, or property damage in the event accidents do occur.

(b) “Motor vehicle safety standard” means a minimum

means a minimum

17 standard for motor vehicle performance, or motor vehicle

18 equipment performance, which is practicable, which meets

19 the need for motor vehicle safety and which provides objec


tive criteria on which the public may rely in assuring motor


21 vehicle safety. 22 (c) “Motor vehicle” means any vehicle driven or 23 drawn, by mechanical or other power, primarily for use on 24 the public roads, streets, and highways, other than (1) a


vehicle subject to safety regulations under part II of the

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1 Interstate Commerce Act, as aniended (chapter 8, title 49 2 of the United States Code), or under the Transportation of 3 Explosives Act as amended (sections 831-835 of chapter 4 39, title 18, of the United States Code), and (2) a vehicle 5 or car operated exclusively on a rail or rails. 6 (d) “Motor vehicle cquipment” means any system, 7 part, or component of a motor vehicle as originally manu

8 factured or any similar part or component manufactured or

9 sold for replacement or improvement of such systein, part,

means &

or component or as an accessory, or addition to the motor 11 vehicle. 12 (e) “State” means any State of the United States, the 13 District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 14 or any territory or possession of the United States. 15 (f) “Interstate commerce” means commerce between 16 any place in a State and any place in another State, or 17 between places in the same State through another State.

(g) "Secretary” means Secretary of Transportation.


SEC. 102. (a) The Secretary shall, from time to time. review existing public and private motor vehicle safety

standards and the degree of effective compliance existing

with respect to such standards. If, at any time after two 24 years from the date of the enactment of this Act, he de

1 termines that there is a need for a new or revised motor 2 vehicle safety standard and that,

(1) no motor vehicle safety standard exists;

(2) any existing motor vehicle safety standard is inadequate to protect the public against unreasonable risk of accidents or of death, injury, or property damage resulting therefrom, as defined in section 101 (a);

(3) any existing motor vehicle safety standard is not based upon all measurements of perforinance necessary to the achievement of motor vehicle safety; or

(4) the degree of effective compliance with respect to any existing motor vehicle safety standard is insufficient to achieve adequate motor vehicle safety; then the Secretary is authorized to establish and issue by


order, in accordance with section 4 of the Adminis

trative Procedure Act, appropriate Federal motor vehicle safety standards for motor vehicles or motor vehicle


(b)) A Federal motor vehicle safety standard issued by

20 order pursuant to subscction (a) shall become effective on 21 a date specified by the Secretary in that order, which shall 22 be no sooner than one hundred and eighty days nor later than

no soon

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23 two years from the date on which the standard is issued. No


State or local government law, regulation, or ordinance shall


establish a safety standard for a motor vehicle or item of

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