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ages for a type 2 or 29 seat belt Musembly for 89.2.2.1 Anchorages for types 2 and 20 seat at least onch outboard front sont occupent belt asscmbles. The outboard anchorage for at Carryalls and lgbt truck. Front and the lap belt portion of a type 2 seat belt roar soat anchoragas shall be provided for assembly shall sustain a pull of 2,500 pounds. each outboard occupant of sedang and ste. Outboard anchorages for the upper torso or tion wagons (forwand facing seats only) for shoulder restraint portion of type 2 or 2a which the vehicle is designed. For bunes. seat belts shall sustain a pull of 1.600 pounds only the drivers' seat need be provided with for each anchorage. Common anchorages for anchorages for types 2 and 28 seat belt 28. the inboard ends of types 1 and 28 seat belt semblies. At least three anchorages shall be combination or the inboard anchorage of a provided for each type 2 or 2a seat belt as type 2 seat belt assembly shall sustain & pull sembly: two anchorages for the lap portion of 3,000 pounds. Common anchorages for of a type 2 seat belt assembly and at least one one ond of a center lap belt and elther the anchorage for the upper torso or shoulder inboard end of a type 1 seat belt or the lap portion of a type 2 or 28 seat belt assembly. belt portion of a type 2 seat belt and the The upper end of the upper torso or shoulder inboard end of an upper torso or shoulder portion of the type 2 or 20 seat belt assembly restraint shall sustain a pull of 6,500 pounds. may be fastened to either the seat. side A common anchorage for the inboard ends of anchorage, rear anchorage, roof or foor pro- two outboard lap belts and inboard ends of vided that the seat or other structure over the upper tomo or shoulder restraint portion which the belt passes or to which it in fas- of the type 2 and 28 seat belt assemblies tened has been designed or reinforced to shall sustain a pull of 6,000 pounds. withstand the resulting load. The lower 83.2.2.2 Anchorages for type 1 seat belt end may be fastened either to the lap portion assemblies. Anchorages for ty

Anchorages for type 1 seat belt of the belt or to the existing inboard an assemblies shall sustain & pull of 2,600 chorage for the lap portion of the seat belt pounds for each lap belt end attached. assembly.

89.2.2.2.1 Anchorages for type 1 seat belt 83.2.1.3 Anchorages for the upper torso or assemblies for school buses. Anchorages for shoulder portion of seat belt assemblies. type 1 seat belt assemblies shall sustain a Anchorages for the upper torso or shoulder pull of 2,600 pounds for each lap belt end portion of a type 2 or 2a seat belt assembly aLLACA.d. shall be provided for at least each outboard front seat occupant al carryalls and light trucks, and both front and rear outboard occupants of sedans and station wagons (front facing seats only) for which the ve

LOAD hicle is designed. With the seat in its roarmost limit of travel and the seat back in the Dominal design position, these anchorages shall be longitudinally in line with or rear. •ward of the torso line of the SAE 3-dimen

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@ slonal manikin described in the BAE Standard "Manikins for Use in Denning Vehicle Seating Accommodations," SAS J826. 11 there is a downward angle of the belt paasdag Irom the point of tangency on the shoulder of the SAE manikin to an ancborage or over suitable structure to an anchorage, this angle shall not be more than 40 degrees from the horizontal. FIGURE 1.-Belt outside seat or through seat

springs. PIGURE 2.-Rear seat belt installation. FIGURE 3.-Belt attached to seat frame.

20.51 FIGURE 4.-Belt over seat crossbar.

0.06. 83.2.2 Strength. The vebicle structure (excluding school buses) shall sustain the simultaneous pull on each set of seat belt assemblies for each passenger for which the

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4,0ton seat is designed. Permanent deformation of

CANVAI COVER any anchorage or surrounding area is acceptable provided there is no rupture or breakage and the anchorage does not pull loose. Each school bus seat may be tested independently, but must sustain established

1.00 forces for all attached anchorages. The upper end anchorage for upper torso types 2 and 2a belts may be tested independently provided the anchorages are located in struc- 83.2.2.3 Anchorages for seat belt assem. tural members in which no lap belt anchor-dlies attached to the seat frame. The sent ages are located.

structure, the seat adjusters, 11 applicable,

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and the attachments, shall sustain the load formed by the top-of-head point when each specified in S3.2.2.1, 83.2.2.2, and 83.2.2.2.1. device is swung forward and also 45 degrees as applicable, for each seat belt end attached to each side of the longitudinal axis through to the seat plus the seat inertia force. The each normal seating position. The knee and seat inertia force shall be 20 times the seat leg impact areas shall be established by the weight. Floor and seat deformation is ac. use of a type 1 seat belt restrained manikin ceptable provided there is no structural fall. or equivalent of approximately 95th percenure or release of the seat adjuster mechanism. tile male dimensions and with the front

S3.2.3 Test procedure. The strength test seat in midposition. shall be conducted either with the connec- 83.2 Location and construction. tion from the body block to the anchorages 83.2.1 The structure of the instrument made in a manner in which the belts are in panel shall be such as to minimize injury stalled or a suitable equivalent method. The to the head of an occupant upon Impact or load shall be applied to the body block at an to be outside the established impact area. angle of 10 degrees plus or minus 5 degrees If within the impact area the panel shall bo from the horizontal. As applicable, the covered with energy absorbing cushioning doors of the vehicle may be closed during the material applied over a crushable or collapstest.

Ible metal backing that will deform and ex83.2.3.1 Test for types 2 and 20 seat belt

pand the areas of contact. There shall be anchorages. The loads specided in 83.2.2.1

2.2.1 no protruding or sharp rigid edges in the shall be applied using either a body block

body block impact area and/or under the cushioning set up similar to that shown in figure 5 or material in the impact area. Tests shall be à suitable equivalent method. The strength in accordance with SAE Recommended Practest shall be conducted with the seat in place

e seat in place tice for Instrument Panel Laboratory Inin the vehicle.

pact Test Procedure, J921, and the decelera83.2.3.2 Test for type 1 seat belt anchor

tion of the head form when impacting tho ages. The load specifed in S3.2.2.2 or panel at 22 feet per second shall not exceed 83.2.2.2.1, as applicablo, shall be applied an effective maximum value of 80 gs in 60 using either a body block similar to that milliseconds excluding all portions of the shown in figure 6 or a suitable equivalent deceleration time curve of less than 3 millimethod. The strength test shall be con

seconds duration. ducted either with the seat in place in the

S3.2.2 The lower portion of the instruvehicle or with the seat installed on an ap- ment panel shall contain no sharp or proplicable vehicle door pan.

truding edges within the knee and leg imFIGURE 5. -Body block set up for combination pact areas. The impact area structures shall shoulder and lap belt anchorages.

be constructed of material that will deform FIGURE 6.-Body block for lap belt

and expand areas of contact to absorb and anchorages.

minimize injury when struck by the knees

or legs of front seat occupants. (Federal Standard No. 515/2a)

83.2.3 The sun visors shall be constructed

of or be covered by energy absorbing cushFORWARD COMPARTMENT ENERGY ABSORPTION

loning material. The sun visor mounting POR AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLES

shall be designed and located to provide a Si. Purpose and scope. This standard es. reasonable degree of head protection. tablishes requirements and test procedures 83.2.4 The roof header impact areas sban for forward compartment energy absorption contain no sharp or protruding edges. Tho for automotive vehicles. The forward com- impact areas shall be covered with 0.5 inch partment includes the areas of the instru- minimum of energy absorbing cushioning ment panel, sun visors, header, corner A material to reduce the likelihood of injury to pillars, and under the instrument panel with the occupant's head upon impact. oonstruction designed to afford a reasonable 83.2.5 The right and left front corner degree of protection for the front seat occu- posts shall not contain any sharp or propants wearing type 1 seat belt assemblies. truding edges. The corner posts in the im

S2. Application. This standard applies to pact areas shall be covered with 0.5 inch sedans, carryalls, station wagons, and to light minimum of energy absorbing cushioning trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W.

material to reduce the likelihood of injury S3. Requirements. Injury potential shall to the occupant's head upon impact. Padbe minimized by constructing or locating ding shall be designed and placed so as to forward compartment structures to elimi- minimize loss of visibility. nate impact or to reduce the forces generated by front seat occupants wearing type 1 seat

(Federal Standard No. 515/3a) belt asseunblies when impacting these struc- RECESSED INSTRUMENT PANEL INSTRUMENTS tures.

AND CONTROL DEVICES FOR AUTOMOTIVE 83.1 Impact areas. The head impaot

VEHICLES areas shall be established through the use of type 1 seat belt assembly restrained mani 81. Purpose and scope. This standard kins or other test devices based upon the establishes the location and identifcation of equivalent to "H" point to top-of-head di- automotive vehicle instruments and control mensions of 33 inches and 29 inches. Ad. devices to afford a reasonable degree of projustable seats shall be in the extreme for- tection for front seat occupants wearing ward position for the indicated 33 inch device type 1 seat belt assemblies in event of a and in the extreme rearward position for the collision. indicated 29 inch device. The impact areas S2. Application. This standard applies to shall be that included between the arcs sedans, carryalls, station wagons and light

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trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W. E- ENERGY ABBONDING STEARING CONTROL SYSTEM cluded aro stand-up walk-in package de

rou AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLIS livery vehicles with tllt type drivers' seats. Also excluded are utuity vehicles of the

81. Purpose and scope. This standard usthree-wheel type.

tablishe requirements for energy absorb83. Requirements. Injury potential sball

ins steering control systems installed on bo minimized by constructing, locating or

automotive vehicles.' mounting control devices and instrumento

82. Application. This standard applies to bezels in such a manner as to reasonably

sedans and station wagons.

83. Standard characteristics. The SAE minimize contact by the heads of occupants

Recommended Practice for Barrier Collision wearing type 1 seat belt assemblies. Injury

Tests, J860, forms the basis for section 83.4 potential shall be minimized by the follow

of this standard. ing means:

83.1 Definition. The steering control sy83.1 Location, construction, and mount

tem is defined as the basic steering mechaing. 83.1.1 All Instrument panel mounted con

niam in combination with its associated horn

actuating mechanism, trim hardware, etc., trol devices shall be located within roach

and includes any portion of the steering of the driver wearing a type 2 or 2a reat

column assembly that may contain an energy belt Assembly, except controls not coran

absorber for the purpose of dissipating energy tial to controlling a moving vehicle. Tho

upon impact. essential controls are the steering whoal,

832 Tbe steering control assembly wall transmission selector lever, turn signals lover,

be consacted so that when it is impacted ignition switch, beadlight switch, and wind

at & relative velocity of 22 Icet per second shield wiper and washer controls. Essential

with a torso shaped body block as shown in controls shall be readily identided.

gure 1, weighing 76-80 pounds, and bay· 83.1.2 The impact area shall be estab

ing a spring rate load of 600 800 pounds lished through the use of type 1 seat balt

per inch, the force developed during collapse assembly restrained manikins or other test

of the system shall not excoed 2,600 pounds. devices having "H" point to top-of-head

The spring rate is determined by loading dimensions of 33 inches and 29 inches. Ad

the chest of the torso shaped body block with justable seats shall be in the extreme for

• 4-inch wide dat contact surface so that it ward position for the indicated 83 inch do

le 90 degrees to the longitudinal axds of tho vice and in tho extreme rearward position for

body block, parallel to the backing plate and tho indicated 29 inch device. The impact

within 15 to 20 inches from the top of the aron shall be that included between the arcs

bond form. The load is measured when the formed by the top-of-head point when each

dat contact surface has moved down y inch, device is swung forward and also 45 degrees

grooo and the spring rate is determined by douto each side of the longitudinal axis through bling this load figure. each normal seating position.

83.2.1 when the steering wheel is the 83.1.3 Control devices and instruments

principal energy absorbing element, the load positioned outside the established contact cell recording device shall be equivalent to area or which cannot be struck due to steer

the type shown in Agure 2 and shall be ing wheel, column, or shielding are not re

mounted either directly behind the wheel or quired to meet the specifications following in the frontal surface of the body block, with All other control devices shall have & con

Ito axis of primary sensitivity in the direction tact area of not less than 1.0 square inch of

of body block travel at the time of impact. dat surface with an edge radius of not loss

The steering wheel shall be mounted to the than 0.125 inch and shall be mounted and

loed cell by means of an appropriate nose construoted of materials which will defect

piece at the same angle as it is to be installed Aush within 0.375 inch of the panel surfaco

the panel surt in the vehicle. or are to be mounted in such a manner as

ner as 83 2.2 When a component or components to allow them to be pushed flush with tho

other than the steering wheel, such as the panel surface or be detached by application

steering column, is the principal energy abof a force not to exceed 90 pounds when

sorbing element or contributes substantially struck from any position defined in 3.1.2.

to the absorption of energy, the load cell sball 83.1.4 Instrument bezels not meeting

be located between the stoering wheel and 83.1.3 and likely to be contacted by the head

the remainder of the energy absorbing sysof a belted occupansirall havo an edge

tem, preferably immediately under the wheel, radius of not loss than 0.126 inch and sball or in the forward, Impacting surface of the project not more than 0.250 inch above the body block. surface of the panel or shall be so shielded as $3.3 Other testing methods, such as high to reasonably minimize contact by the head capacity acceleration facilities and anthroof belted occupant.

pometric dummies, giving equivalent results, 83.1.5 The transmission selector lever may be utilized in lieu of methods defined knob end shall have a relative flat area of in 83.2, 83.2.1, and 83.2.2. at least 1.0 square inch when selector lever S3.4 The steering control assembly shall 18 mounted on the steering column within be so designed that when the front structure the impact area as defined in 83.1.2. There of the automotive vehicle collapses during shall be no permissible complete penetration the SAE J850 barrier collision test, or equivof the knob by the selector shaft, under a

alent at 30 miles per hour, the upper end of head impact of 80 gs.

the steering control system shall not be dis(Federal Standard No. 515/4a)

placed rearward, relative to an undisturbed

point to the rear of the steering wheel post

(Federal Standard No. 515/5a) tion, more than 6 inches.

83.4.1 The rearward displacement of the SAFETY DOOR LATCHES AND HINGES FOR steering control assembly shall be determined

AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLES under dynamic conditions during the barrier

51. Purpose and scope. This standard escollision or equivalent test.

tablishes uniform test procedures and mini83.5 The steering control system shall be mum static load requirements for automoso constructed that there shall be no devices tive vehiclo side door latches and hinges. or attachments such as horn actuating mech 82. Application. This standard applies to anism, trim hardware etc., which can catch sedans, carryalls, station wagons, and light in the operator's clothing during normal trucks up to 10,000 pounds G.V.W., except driving maneuvers,

those light trucks with folding or cargo

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glass, plasti

type doors or open body trucks with en- testod as prescribed under te.t procedura closures made of canvas, Duminum, Aber (83.3), shall be able to withstand a minimum

plastic, and steel. The secondary latch longitudinal load of 2,500 pound, when in load does not apply to allding doors.

fully latched position, and 1,000 pounds when 83. Regutrements. All applicablo auto in the secondary latch position. . motive vehicles shall be equipped with safety 83.3 Transverse load. Automotivo vedoor latches and hinges. The hinges shall bicle door latch and striker assembly, when have ample strength to support the door and tested a prescribed under test procedures to withstand the longitudinal load and trans. (83.3), must be able to withstand a mini

ad equal to or greater than that mum transverse load of 2,000 pounds when specided in S3.1 and 83.2 for the door latch, in the fully latched position and 1,000 pounds and striker assembly. All door release han. when in the secondary latched position. dles on each door shall be provided with & 8.3 Test procedures. Test procedures single positive locking device not subject to and test Axtures shall be in accordance with accidental release. Interior or exterior han section 4 of BAE Recommended Practice for dles need not be locked by this dovico it not Passenger Car Side Door Latch Systems, J839 operable by accidental side, rearward or and section 4 of SAE Recommended Practico forward force.

for Vehicle Passenger Door Hinge Systems, 83.1 Longitudinal load. Automotivo ve- J034. hiclo door latch and striker assembly, when

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