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Union Calendar No. 806 3. CONGRESS H. R. 13228

[Report No. 1776]

89TH CONGRESS

20 SESSION

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 2, 1966 Mr. STAGGERS introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Com

mittee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce

JULY 28, 1966 Reported with amendments, committed to the Committee of the Whole House

on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed

[Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in Italic)

A BILL To provide for a coordinated national safety program and estab

lishment of safety standards for motor vehicles in interstate commerce to reduce traffic accidents and the deaths, injuries,

and property damage which occur in such accidents. i Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 3 That this Act may be eited as the "Traffie Safety Act of 4 1966". 5 SEO. 2. The Congress hereby declares that the purpose 6 of this Act is to reduce traffic accidents and the deaths, 7 injuries, and property damage resulting from traffie accidents.

to this end, the Secretary of Transportation shall have

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2 authority to establish motor vehiele safety standards for

3 motor vehicles and equipment in interstate commerce; to

4 undertake and support necessary safety research and develop 5 ment; and to encourage and provide financial Assistance in 6 developing State traffie safety programs under effective 7 standards for drivers, motor vehicles, postaccident exte und 8 the traffie environment, including highways. 9 HITLE HMOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS

BEFINITIONS

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Swa 101

SEO. 101. As used in this title

tot

Motor rehiele safett" means the performance of

13 motor vehieles of motor vehicle equipment in such a manner

14 that the publie is proteeted against unreasonable risk of

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aeeidents occurring as a result of the design of motor vehicles

16 and is also proteeted against unreasonable risk of death, 17 injury of property damage in the event accidents de sector: 18 fat "Motor vehicle safety standart” means a minimum 19 standard for motor vehiele performance, of motor vehiele 20 equipment performance, which is practicable, whieh meets

21 the need for motor vehiele safety and which provides objee

22 tive eriteria on which the publie may rely in assuring motor 23 vehiele safety. 24 fet "Motor vehiele” means any vehiele driven of drawn,

25 by mechanical or other power; primarily for use on the

1 publie roads, streets and highways, other than tht a vehiele 2 subjeet to safety regulations under part H of the Interstate 3 Commerce Aet, as amended tehapter 8, title 49 of the 4 United States Codet, er under the Transportation of Ex 5 plosives Aet as amended tsections 831 836 of chapter 30: 6 title 18 of the United States Codet, and 127 a vehicle of 7 cak operated exclusively on a rail of rails. 8 felt "Motor vehiele etuipment” means hiY srste, putt I of component of a motor vehiele es originally manufactured

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of any similar part of component manufactured or sold for

11 replacement of improvement of such system, part of cont 12 ponent of as an accessory or addition to the motor vehicle. 13 fet "State” means any State of the United States, the 14 District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, of 15 any territory of possession of the United States. 16 47 “Interstate commerce” means commeree between 17 any place in a State and any place in another State, er be 18 tween places in the same State through another State. 19 fot "Secretary” means Secretary of Transportation.

Mein

FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICH SAFETY STANDARDS

SEC. 102. tat The Secretary shalt, front time to time, 22 review existing publie and private motor vehielt safety 23 standards and the degree of effective compliance existing 24 with respect to steht standards. I; at any time afty *** 25 years from the date of the enaetment of this Art, he deter

1 mines that there is a need for a new or revised motor vehicle

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117 no motor vehiele safety standard exists;

427 any existing motor vehiele safety standard is inadequate to protect the publie against unreasonable risk of accidents or of death, injury, or property damage Pesulting therefrom, as defined in seetion 101 fat;

fat any existing motor vehiele safety standard is not based upon at measurements of performance nee essary to the achievement of motor vehiele safety; of

447 the degree of effective compliance with respect to any existing motor vehicle safety standard is insuffi eient to achieve adequate motor vehicle safety; then the

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Seeretary is authorized to establish and issue by order,

in accordance with seetion 4 of the Administrative Pro

cedure Aet, appropriate Federal motor vehicle safety

standards for motor vehicles of motor vehicle equipment.

fot A Federal motor vehiele safety standard issued by 19 order pursuant to subscetion fat shall become effeetive on a 20 date specified by the Secretary in that order, which shall be 21 no sooner than one hundred and eighty days nor later than 22 two years from the date on which the standard is issued. Ne

23 State or local government law, regulation, or ordinance shalt

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establish # safety standard for a motor vehiele or item

of

25 motor vehicle equipment in interstate commerce if a Federal

1 motor vehicle safety standard issued in conformance with the 2 provisions of this title is in effeet with respeet to that motor 3 vehiele or item of motor vehicle equipment; and any such 4 law, regulation; of ordinance purporting to establish such 5 safety standards and providing a penalty of punishment for 6 A set of noncompliance therewith shall be null; void, and of 7 no effect. However, nothing herein shall be construed to 8 prevent a State or local government of the Federal Govern 9 ment from establishing requirements more stringent than a 10 Federal motor vehiele safety standard for the exelusive pur 11 pose of its own procuremento 12 fet The Secretary, from time to time, and subject to 13 section 4 of the Administrative Procedure Aet, may by order 14 amend or withdraw Federal motor vehiele safety standards 15 issued under this section. Amendments of withdrawals shalt 16 be effective on the Hate specified by the Stcretary in that 17 order, which shall be he sooner than one hundred and eighty 18 days nor later than one year from the date on which the

19 amendment or withdrawal is issued, unless the Secretary

20 finds, publishing his reasons therefor, that an earlier or later 21 date is in the publie interest. 22

H OIAL REVIEW OF ORDERS 23 SEP. 103. tatt1 In a case of aetual controversy as to

24 the validity of any order under section 102, any person who

25 will be adversely affeeted by such order when it is effeetive

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