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ANALYSIS OF BENEFITS TO VETERANS AND

DEPENDENTS

The analysis of compensation and pension laws which follows is sufficiently detailed to be of great value to Members of the Congress. In the following pages will be found the monthly rates of compensation, dependency and indemnity compensation, and pension, rules of eligibility, definitions, and other pertinent information for war and peacetime veterans and their dependents. The material on compensation and pension is based on the provisions of the Veterans' Benefits Act of 1957 (Public Law 85–56), as amended, and the analysis of dependency and indemnity compensation is made on the basis of the Servicemen's and Veterans' Survivor Benefits Act (Public Law 881, 84th-Cong.), as amended. The definitions listed below are pertinent to the subject matter of this publication.

OLIN E. TEAGUE,
Chairman, Committee on Veterans' Affairs,

House of Representatives.

DEFINITIONS

(As contained in Public Law 85-56, June 17, 1957) The term "veteran” means a person who served in the active military, naval, or air service, who was discharged or released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable, and includes for death compensation a person who died in the active military, naval, or air service.

The term "military, naval, or air service" means service in the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard, including the reserve components thereof.

The term “period of war” means the Spanish-American War, World War I, World War II, the Korean conflict, and the period beginning on the date of any future declaration of war by the Congress and ending on a date prescribed by Presidential proclamation or concurrent resolution of the Congress.

The term “veteran of any war” means any veteran who served in the active military, naval, or air service during a period of war.

The term "compensation" means a monthly payment made by the Administrator to a veteran because of service-connected disability, or to a widow, child, or parent of a veteran because of the serviceconnected death of the veteran occurring before January 1, 1957.

The term "dependency and indemnity compensation" means a monthly payment made by the Administrator to a widow, child, or parent (A) because of a service-connected death occurring after December 31, 1956, or (B) pursuant to the election of a widow, child, or parent, in the case of such a death occurring before January 1, 1957.

(1)

ور

The term “pension" means a monthly payment made by the Administrator to a veteran because of service, age, or non-service-connected disability, or to a widow or child of a veteran because of the nonservice-connected death of the veteran.

The term "service-connected" means, with respect to disability or death, that such disability was incurred or aggravated, or that the death resulted from a disability, incurred or aggravated, in line of duty in the active military, naval, or air service.

The term "non-service-connected” means, with respect to disability or death, that such disability was not incurred or aggravated, or that the death did not result from a disability incurred or aggravated, in line of duty in the active military, naval, or air service.

COMPENSATION TO VETERANS FOR SERVICE-CONNECTED

DISABILITIES

Subject.

Peacetime service

Spanish-American War, World Wars I

and II, and Korean conflict

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Rates :
General..
Partial disabilities.

$15-$143
Total disability.

$180
Specific:
A. In general...
A.

$247-$360 (a) Loss or loss (a) Statutory rate..

$247
of use of both
hands, both feet,
or 1 hand and 1

foot.
(6) Loss or loss of (6) Statutory rate..

$287
use of 2 extrem-
ities at level, or
with complica-
tions, preventing
naturalelbow or
knee action with
prosthesis in

place.
(c) Loss of 2 ex- (c) Statutory rate..

$321
tremities so near
shoulder or hip
as to prevent
use of prosthetic

applicance.
B. Additional.. B. Loss or loss of use of a creative

organ, 1 foot, 1 hand, both but-
tocks, or blindness 1 eye, having
only right perception, in addition
to rates for partial or total
disability

$38
Loss or loss of use of a creative

organ, 1 foot, 1 hand, both but-
tocks, or blindness 1 eye, having
only light perception, in addition
to requirement for any of rates for
specific disabilities, for each such
loss or loss of use, additional (but
not to exceed $360)..

$38 C. Tuberculosis.... C. Minimum rate arrested TB --- $54

Rated as totally disabled for a

period of 2 years following date of
complete arrest, as 50 percent dis-
abled for an additional period
of 4 years, and 30 percent for a
further 5 years. Following far
advanced active lesions the
permanent rating shall be 30
percent, and following moder-
ately advanced lesions, the
permanent rating, after 11 years,
shall be 20 percent, provided
there is continued disability,
dyspnea on exertion, impairment
of health, and so forth; otherwise
the rating shall be zero percent.
The total disability rating for 2
years following complete arrest
may be reduced to 50 percent for
failure to follow prescribed treat-
ment or to submit to an examina-
tion when requested.

Same (but not to exceed $450) -...-- $47

C. Minimum rate arrested TB.... $67

Rated same.

Compensation to veterans for service-connected disabilities-Continued

Subject..

Peacetime service

Spanish-American War, World Wars

I and II, and Korean conflict

Rates Continued
Specific-Continued
D. Aid and attend. D. Regular.

$247
D. Regular.

$309 ance.

Permanently bedridden... $247 Permanently bedridden. $309 Blindness.

Blindness, both eyes, 5/200 visual Blindness, both eyes, 6/200 visual acuity
acuity or less.

$247
or less..

$309 Blindness, both eyes, requiring reg. Blindness, both eyes, requiring regular ular aid and attendance.

$287
aid and attendance.

$359 Anatomical loss, both eyes..--..

$321

Anatomical loss, both eyes.. $401 Deafness: A. Partial.. A. Schedule for Rating Disabilities: 10 A. Schedule for Rating Disabilities: 10 to 60 percent. $15-$96 to 60 percent.

$19-$120 B. Total.

B. Schedule for Rating Disabilities: B. Schedule for Rating Disabilities: 80
80 percent
$128 percent.

$160 (Maximum rating for deaf

(Maximum rating for deafness ness unless unemployable.)

unless unemployable.) C. Total or par- C. Schedule for Rating Disabilities: If C. Schedule for Rating Disabilities: If

tial, with rated at least 60 percent and un. rated at least 60 percent and unem-
unemploya- employable by reason of deaf- ployable by reason of deafness, 100
bility.
ness, 100 percent.
$180 percent...

$225 D. Total, with D. Statutory rate.

$360 D. Statutory rate..

$450 total blind

ness. Additional compensa- The following additional compensa- The following additional compensation tion for dependents. tion for dependents is payable to the for dependents is payable to the

veteran, if he is totally disabled: veteran, if be is totally disabled:
Wife, no child.
$18.00 Wife, no child

$23.00
Wife, 1 child.
31.00 Wife, 1 cbild.

39.00 Wife, 2 children. 40.00 Wife, 2 children.

50.00 Wife, 3 or more children... 50.00 Wife, 3 or more children... 62.00 No wife, 1 child 12.00 No wife, 1 cbild..

15.00 No wife, 2 children.. 22.00 No wife, 2 children.

27.00 No wife, 3 or more chil

No wife, 3 or more children. 39.00 dren.

31.00 Each dependent parent. 19.00 Each dependent parent... 15.00 If the veteran is partially disabled, If the veteran is partially disabled, but

but not less than 50 per centum, not less than 50 per centum, the addi. the additional compensation for tional compensation for dependents is dependents is a proportion of the a proportion of the above amounts. above amounts.

NOTE.- Wartime rates of disabil-
ity compensation and additional
compensation for dependents are
payable if disability (1) direct result
armed confiict; (2) while engaged in
extrahazardous service, including
service under conditions simulating
war; or (3) after Dec. 31, 1946 and

before July 26, 1947.
Above additional amounts for depend. Same.

ents not payable during any period
veteran is in receipt of an increased
rate of compensation or of subsist-
ence allowance on account of de-
pendents under any other law
administered by the Veterans'
Administration; may elect to receive
greater amount.
Above additional amount for child Same.

over age 18, attending school, not
payable if child commences a pro-
gram of education or training under
War Orphans' Educational Assist.
ance Act of 1956, based on death of

another parent. Discharge.

Under conditions other than dishonor. Same.

able. Disability: A. Basic requirement. Disabled from personal injury suffered Disabled from personal injury suffered

or disease contracted in line of duty, or disease contracted in line of duty, or from aggravation, in line of duty, or from aggravation, in line of duty, of a preexisting injury or disease, in of a preexisting injury or disease, in the active military, naval, or air the active military, naval, or air

service, during other than a period service, during a period of war. B. Evaluation.... Based upon average impairments of Same.

earning capacity resulting from such
injuries in civil occupations. Sched-
ule for Rating Disabilities, required
by law, provides 10 grades of dis-
ability upon which payments are
based.

of war.

Compensation to veterans for service-connected disabilitiesContinued

Subject.

Peacetime service

Spanish-American War, World Wars I

and II, and Korean conflict

SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR Limitation as to dates Active military, naval, or air service (A) Service in the period beginning on of service. other than in a period of war.

Apr. 21, 1898, and ending on July 4,

1902; (B) Includes the Philippine Insurrec.

tion and the Boxer Rebellion; and (C) In the case of a veteran who served

with the United States military forces engaged in hostilities in the Moro Province, means the period beginning on Apr. 21, 1898, and end. ing on July 15, 1903.

WORLD WAR I (A) Service in the period beginning on

Apr. 6, 1917, and ending on Nov. 11,

1918; and (B) Any period of service after Nov. 11,

1918, and before July 2, 1921, if the veteran served during the period in (A); and (C) In the case of a veteran who served

with the United States military forces in Russia, means the period beginning on Apr. 6, 1917, and ending on Apr. 1, 1920.

WORLD WAR II (A) Service in the period beginning on

Dec. 7, 1941, and ending on Dec. 31,
1946; and
(B) Any period of continuous service
after Dec. 31, 1946, and before July 26,
1947, which began before Jan. 1, 1947.

KOREAN CONFLICT
Service in the period beginning on

June 27, 1950, and ending on Jan. 31,

1955. Misconduct. Willful misconduct bars

compen

Same. sation, Presumption of service

connection: A. Chronic disease, None..

10 percent degree of disability or more generally.

within 1 year after separation. B. Multiple sclerosis.. do..

10 percent degree of disability or more

within 2 years after separation. C. Tuberculous dis

10 percent degree of disability or more ease.

within 3 years after separation. D. Tropical disease. Tropical disease or a resultant dis- Tropical disease, and resultant dis

order or disease originating because orders or disease originating because of therapy administered in connec- of therapy, administered in connection with such disease, or as a pre- tion with such diseases, or as a preventative thereof, shown to exist ventative thereof, becoming manifest within 1 year after separation from to a degree of 10 percent or more service, or at a time when standard within 1 year after separation from and accepted treatises indicate that service, or at a time when standard the incubation period thereof com. or accepted treatises indicate that menced during service.

the incubation period thereof com

menced during service. E. Rebuttable.... Where there is clear and unmistak- Where there is affirmative evidence to

able evidence that the disease or dis- the contrary, or evidence to establish order had its inception before or that an intercurrent injury or disease after service.

which is a recognized cause of any of the diseases has been suffered between the date of separation from service and the onset of any such diseases, or the disability is due to the

veteran's own misconduct. F. Minimum length 6 months...

90 days. of service. Presumption of sound. Active service 6 months or more cre- Presumed to have been in sound condiness.

ates presumption of sound condition tion when examined, accepted, and at time of enrollment for service enrolled for service except as to deexcept as to defects, infirmities, or fects, infirmities, or disorders noted disorders then noted; presumption at time of examination, acceptance, rebuttable.

and enrollment or where clear and unmistakable evidence demonstrates that the injury or disease existed prior to acceptance and enrollment and was not aggravated by active military or naval service.

----do..

COMPENSATION TO WIDOWS AND CHILDREN FOR
SERVICE-CONNECTED DEATH BEFORE JAN. 1, 1957 1 3

Subject.....

Peacetime service

Spanish-American War, World Wars
I and II, and Korean conflict

Rates:
Widow, no child..
$69.60.

$87.
Widow, 1 child..
$96.80.

$121. Each additional child. $23.20.

$29. No widow, 1 child. $53.60.

$67. No widow, 2 children $75.20.

$94. fequally divided). No widow, 3 children $97.60..

$122. (equally divided). Each additional child (total $18.40...

$23. amount equally divided).

NOTE.-Wartime rates of compensation payable if death (1) direct result of armed conflict; (2) while engaged in extrahazardous service, including service under conditions simu. lating war; or (3) after Dec. 31,

1946, and before July 26, 1947. Veteran's death..

Death before Jan. 1, 1957, i : as the Death before Jan. 1, 1957,1 2 as the

result of injury or disease in. result of injury or disease in. curred in or aggravated by ac- curred in or aggravated by active military, naval, or air serv. tive military, naval, or air serv. ice, in line of duty, during other ice, in line of duty, during a than a period of war, discharged period of war, discharged under under conditions other than dis- conditions other than dishonor. honorable.

able.

NOTE.-For periods of war, see limitations as to dates of service, p. 4, Compensation to Veterans

for Service-connected Disabilities. Definition of “child”.

A person who is unmarried and Same.

who is under the age of 18 years;

(B) who, before attaining the age of 18 years, becamo permanently incapable of selfsupport; or

(0) who, after attaining the
age of 18 years and until com-
pletion of education or train.
ing (but not after attaining the
age of 21 years), is pursuing a
course of instruction at an
approved educational institu.

tion; :
and who is a legitimate child, a
legally adopted child, a stepchild
who is a member of a veteran's
household, or an illegitimate child
but, as to the alleged father, only
if acknowledged in writing signed
by him, or if he has been judicially
ordered to contribute to the child's
support or bas been, before his
death, judicially decreed to be the
father of such child, or if he is
otherwise shown by evidence sat-
isfactory to the Administrator to

be the father of such child. See footnotes at end of table, p. 6

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