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by a simple manæuvre, was track- acquaintance of dear Lady" this, ed from Waters's, the banker's, and "charming Lady” the other. and proved to be Dillon. A On April 1, 1721, Layer went to scheme for carrying Prince Charles Rome by way of Venice, in com(aged two !) to Scotland was frus- pany with one John Plunket, a trated. On May 19, Kelly, Atter- Jesuit, or a person trained by the bury's secretary, was arrested in Jesuits. Now, whereas Layer reLondon. By the beginning of presented himself always as June a camp was formed in Hyde amateur Jacobite, unacquainted Park, where the soldiers could not with and unaccredited by the easily be corrupted. From Rome party, this Plunket had certainly James was reported to be “more been in the foremost rank of conmelancholy than ever," which is spirators, since 1713 at least. not surprising. By the middle of Among his papers were letters June 1722, in fact, the whole plot from the Duke of Berwick, dated for overthrowing the Government 1713, with other letters, proving by aid of Ormond, some officers, bis intimacy with Mary of Mosome Irish recruits, and a Scotch dena, the exiled widow of James rising under an innocent unhappy II. Now, on March 22, 1721, baby,

overthrown. The Plunket wrote from London to Wogans retired to Paris.

the Chevalier, saying "The gentleNow, in this collapse of hope, man I mentioned to you formerly comes on the scene Mr Christopher is come out of the country, with Layer, barrister-at-law, with "The instructions to wait on you, and Scheme.” “ The Scheme" tender

you

their service. He only a development of that in offers to bear my expenses if I go which Ormond was to lead ; his with him: I believe I shall place was to be taken by Lord accept of his offer." This gentleNorth and Grey (appointed by man was Layer, who, as we saw, James in January), a general left England for Rome with Plunwho was in the Junta of Five, keton April 1, ten days after with Atterbury, and who had lost Plunket's letter to James. Thus an arm at Blenheim. That such Layer, far from making a tour of a man should even glance at such curiosity, and visiting James as a a plot proves the incredible infatu mere amateur Jacobite, was acation of the Jacobites. North companied by a veteran and soon declined into a forlorn exile, trusted conspirator, and bore a all because he, a nobleman of List of Norfolk gentlemen, with courage and character, chose to their salutations to James. In mix himself up with the most Rome he was led, at night, up the harebrained chatterer whom Jaco- stair out of the cellar into James's bite frivolity ever begot.

rooms : that stair, according to Mr Layer is said to have been Jacobite gossip, was very familiar, the son of a lace-merchant in Hol- in after years, to the Duke of Bedborn, and he told his examiners ford, of all people! Layer was, that he had imbibed Jacobite later, introduced to Clementina, principles from an uncle in Nor- and it was arranged that the folk. He practised at the Bar, exiled King and Queen should and had an ill name for a loose stand sponsors, by proxy, to life. Mrs Layer, however, was Layer's child. And, consequently, his associate in his schemes, and Lord North and the Duchess of was greatly pleased at making the Ormond did act as proxies, much,

aid, and rejects a domestic plot. Goring will soon have business If the letter is genuine, the writer for him. The same pseudonyms was probably Lord Orrery. The (Chivers and Hoare) are used Jacobites believed it was written as in Atterbury's correspondence, by Atterbury; first, that it might to mean Dillon and Goring, and reach the Government and lull Kelly, Atterbury's secretary, is their fears ; next, that his allies quoted by Morgan. Goring's plan might see his real opinion of the of June 1721 had failed by Sepfutility of Ormond's Plot. The tember 1721. The crew were dewriter speaks of a Junta of Five, scribed by Morgan as "Hellish," in which he forms part: one of the and the adventurers, in disgust, Five is in the country. There was were thinking of private comsuch a Junta, consisting of Orrery, mercial enterprise. "All Goring's Arran, Gower, Atterbury, and partners are cowards in trade” North and Grey. The scheme of (Nov. 7, 1721). Worthy Captain self-help is that of a landing by Morgan could get no money, the Ormond and Dillon, with officers seamen were suspicious, and he and Irish enlisted abroad. Now, was actually going to Madagascar in November 1722, Commodore on ordinary business, when, beScott, of the Dragon, not having tween February and April 1722, the Laws of Nations before his the ships were again chartered by eyes, calmly seized a vessel named the Jacobites to transport Ormond, The Revolution, Captain Galway, with Irish recruits, for the attack on lying in the harbour of Genoa, London. But, in addition to other and having on board the son of warnings, Sir Luke Schaub from “Captain Will Morgan" (whose Paris sent news on April 29, 1722 letter Atterbury had read), with (probably from Cardinal Dubois), several other Jacobites. Some of and thereby exploded the whole their papers the prisoners de- plot of Atterbury's "young merstroyed; others were found, and chants.” “They think they have established the following facts. no further occasion for foreign Since 1718, three ships of the assistance. They reckon upon the exiled king's had been prowling greatest part of his Majesty's about from Morlaix to Cadiz: one troops. The Pretender himself is of them had been meant to convey ready to begin his journey. Charles XII. to Scotland, others The middle of May is still their had been intended to carry Or- appointed time.” Lord Lansmond to England, before the futile downe, James's friend in Paris, Rising crushed at Glenshiel, in by asking the Regent to remain 1719. The commanders were neutral, had, in fact, revealed the Galway, Morgan, and Forbes, with plot, which was then communitwo Wogans, Nicholas, younger of cated by Dubois to the English Rathcoffy, and his cousin, also ambassador, Schaub, and by him Nicholas, brother of Sir Charles to his Government. Ormond had Wogan, who had just rescued also asked leave to pass through Maria Clementina Sobieski from France. This was refused. He Innspruck, and carried her to was next denied permission to the Chevalier. The original affair embark from Spain. James's of 1718 and the sequel of 1719 movements in Italy were watched being failures, we find Morgan and reported.

and reported. The Earl Maristelling Nicholas Wogan, in June chal was stopped in Spain. 1721, that Dillon and Sir Henry “Digby,” of Atterbury's letters,

an

was

was

by a simple manæuvre, was track- acquaintance of "dear Lady" this, ed from Waters's, the banker's, and “charming Lady” the other. and proved to be Dillon. A On April 1, 1721, Layer went to scheme for carrying Prince Charles Rome by way of Venice, in com(aged two !) to Scotland was frus- pany with one John Plunket, a trated. On May 19, Kelly, Atter- Jesuit, or a person trained by the bury's secretary, was arrested in Jesuits. Now, whereas Layer reLondon. By the beginning of presented himself always as June a camp was formed in Hyde amateur Jacobite, unacquainted Park, where the soldiers could not with and unaccredited by the easily be corrupted. From Rome party, this Plunket had certainly James was reported to be “more been in the foremost rank of conmelancholy than ever," which is spirators, since 1713 at least. not surprising. By the middle of Among his papers were letters June 1722, in fact, the whole plot from the Duke of Berwick, dated for overthrowing the Government 1713, with other letters, proving by aid of Ormond, some officers, bis intimacy with Mary of Mo. some Irish recruits, and a Scotch dena, the exiled widow of James rising under an innocent unhappy II. Now, on March 22, 1721, baby,

overthrown. The Plunket wrote from London to Wogans retired to Paris.

the Chevalier, saying “ The gentleNow, in this collapse of hope, man I mentioned to you formerly comes on the scene Mr Obristopher is come out of the country, with Layer, barrister-at-law, with “The instructions to wait on you, and Scheme." “ The Scheme"

tender

you

their service. He only a development of that in offers to bear my expenses if I go which Ormond was to lead ; his with him. I believe I shall place was to be taken by Lord accept of his offer.” This gentleNorth and Grey appointed by man was Layer, who, as we saw, James in January), a general left England for Rome with Plunwho was in the Junta of Five, ket on April 1, ten days after with Atterbury, and who had lost Plunket's letter to James. Thus an arm at Blenheim. That such Layer, far from making a tour of a man should even glance at such curiosity, and visiting James as a a plot proves the incredible infatu mere amateur Jacobite, was acation of the Jacobites. North companied by a veteran and soon declined into a forlorn exile, trusted conspirator, and bore a all because he, a nobleman of List of Norfolk gentlemen, with courage and character, chose to their salutations to James. In mix himself up with the most Rome he was led, at night, up the harebrained chatterer whom Jaco- stair out of the cellar into James's bite frivolity ever begot.

rooms : that stair, according to Mr Layer is said to have been Jacobite gossip, was very familiar, the son of a lace-merchant in Hol- in after years, to the Duke of Bedborn, and he told his examiners ford, of all people! Layer was, that he had imbibed Jacobite later, introduced to Clementina, principles from an uncle in Nor- and it was arranged that the folk. He practised at the Bar, exiled King and Queen should and had an ill name for a loose stand sponsors, by life. Mrs Layer, however, was Layer's child. And, consequently, his associate in his schemes, and Lord North and the Duchess of was greatly pleased at making the Ormond did act as proxies, much,

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no doubt, to the delight of poor by a lottery, and possessed blank Mrs Layer. All this was done to receipts signed “James R.” But give the Jacobite lords confidence what destroyed Layer was The in Layer, as a man favoured by Scheme. Lynch gave evidence their sovereign. Layer now knew that he came to England in April, and intrigued with Lord Orrery; was introduced by a Dr Murphy he dined, and drank, and resided, to Layer, and, early in June (when and shot, with Lord North. the Ormond plot fell through), was

By July 5, 1722, we find Plunket selected by Layer as “an honest writing to Dillon from London: man," proper to kidnap Lord “My fellow - traveller” (that is, Cadogan. He also heard of a Layer) "is and has been very plan to corrupt the soldiers, and active since his coming from his was introduced by Layer to Lord travels : he is more serviceable North, as the General in the whole than those that move in a much plot. Now, it is certain that, higher sphere; he is spurring on since January, North had actually the Club daily, and made a great held James's commission as chief many of them more active." Now, in war. As for Matthew Plunket, the Club was an association of a discharged sergeant, he gave Jacobite gentry and nobles, under evidence that he was to corrupt, Lord Orrery. Plunket was not for Layer, eight other sergeants actively engaged in this plot (he of the Guards. Officers were to was dawdling with an idiotic pro- be tampered with, half-pay capject in la haute politique), and tains to be employed ; and the perhaps he exaggerated Layer's in- whole Revolution pivoted on fluence. In any case, Atterbury Lynch, Matthew Plunket, and a was arrested on August 24, and problematiceight sergeants! Lynch on September 19 Mr Christopher had received from Layer about Layer was in custody. One Ney- £8, 10s., and Matthew Plunket noc, a partner of Kelly's, had also about £1, 178. 6d. Layer knew been taken. He gave a good deal none of the army,—he depended of information implicating Atter- solely on one invalided sergeant; bury, and then drowned himself. but this was the plot, and these Layer escaped from a Messenger's the instruments, on which he house and crossed the river, but wrecked Lord North, and diswas recaptured. A Mr Stephen credited Atterbury. Lynch and Sergeant Matthew The famous Scheme, itself, was Plunket informed against him for probably not drawn up by Layer. à pardon. Layer's papers were It was headed with the motto, found in the house of Mrs Au defaut de la Force, il faut Quickly, in the hands of a Miss employer la Ruse, and it was Doll Tearsheet. Poor Layer was proved that Layer had asked a trapped, and "The Scheme,” dis- friend for a translation of these covered among his documents, was words. The Scheme, roughly, was revealed.

Layer was tried and conceived thus : Given (what there condemned in November

. He ad- is no proof that they had) an officer mitted that he held correspondence, in the Guards,-Let him meet the in cipher, with Sir William Ellis eight practicable sergeants at four in Rome, and with Prince Charlie's in the afternoon. They select nurse, who had a grille for secret twenty-five men each from the writing! Layer had a plan for Camp, who stroll out separately, raising money for the Chevalier and meet at a churchyard at half

past eight

, with another officer. Atterbury's implication in it there They are armed by him, and ad- can be no doubt at all. " Jones” mited, under colour of a rein- (Atterbury) “promises to be a forcement, to the Tower, at nine good customer," writes Kelly in o'clock. They seize the Tower May. Atterbury made at his and the arms, leave a small guard, trial a very able defence, marked and meet the General at the Ex- by two curious features. One change

. At nine, also, Cadogan, was not patent to any eyes but Walpole, Townshend, and Carteret those of the Ministers and Lord are kidnapped, and carried to the llarAtterbury never doubted Exchange, Next day the artillery that Mar had betrayed him. in the Camp is seized, by friendly Thus, his own letters of April 20 soldiers, and the sacred person of (which, of course, be disavowed) the king himself is secured. The had been intercepted, copied, and mob is raised and armed, the Bank forwarded. Colonel Churchill was is rohbed, and the rest is easy. then sent over to Paris by the The Scheme was corroborated by English Government, and had papers delivered in July and several interviews with Jar, a August 1722 to one of his Jacobite pensioner of George I. Majesty's Ministers, by a Person He persuaded Mar to write to in the plot, who, from gratitude Atterbury a letter of May 11, for a favour, informed the Minister signed Motfield, as in the cipher, that he was to be kidnapped. The That letter, one of mere complipapers were copied by stealth "out ment, fixed on Atterbury his of a nobleman's scrutore, whom identity with the author of the he refused to name.” The project three letters of April 20 to James, thus revealed was for digging up Dillon, and Mar. Moreover, this and distributing hidden arms, and letter, contrary to Atterbury's for erecting barricades. "Twenty- injunctions, was sent by the comthree officers of the Guards to be mon post, in order that it might depended upon. ... Day resolved be intercepted. on, April 30. . . . Lord N. (North] Mar has always suffered under being commander-in-chief." This, this imputation of treachery, which from the date, was part of the James was, very reluctantly, inearlier plot of the young mer. duced to entertain. Dr Glover, chants," to be tenderly treated by editor of the 'Stuart Papers, Atterbury, the Plot in which clearly believes the story; and the Ormond was to have been en- obvious facts are very suspicious. gaged. Layer's scheme was much Thus, Mar would have sold his the same, the part of Ormond allies in May 1722. Yet as late being omitted. To this degree of as July 22 we find an attaché of atrocity and imbecility had Jacob- the English Embassy at Paris, Mr itism sunk. On Layer's arrest, Crawford, writing to Carteret with North, a hero of Blenheim, fled, an account of the ruse by which but was taken; Orrery and the he has just tracked Atterbury's Duke of Norfolk were imprisoned, correspondent, Digby, and found as, of course, was Atterbury. All him to be Dillon. If the English was over, and Layer, who was Government, in July, really did respited in hopes of further con- not know who Digby was, Mar can fessions

, was hanged, quite im- hardly have sold plot and cipher penitent, on May 17, 1123.

in May. However, in 1752 the Such was the Plot, and about English Government, having an

VOL. CLXI.--NO. DCCCCLXXV.

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past eight, with another officer. Atterbury's implication in it there They are armed by him, and ad can be no doubt at all. “Jones" mitted, under colour of a rein- (Atterbury) “promises to be a forcement, to the Tower, at nine good customer," writes Kelly in o'clock. They seize the Tower May. Atterbury made at his and the arms, leave a small guard, trial a very able defence, marked and meet the General at the Ex- by two curious features. One change. At nine, also, Cadogan, was not patent to any eyes but Walpole, Townshend, and Carteret those of the Ministers and Lord are kidnapped, and carried to the Mar. Atterbury never doubted Exchange. Next day the artillery that Mar had

that Mar had betrayed him. in the Camp is seized, by friendly Thus, his own letters of April 20 soldiers, and the sacred person of (which, of course, he disavowed) the King himself is secured. The had been intercepted, copied, and mob is raised and armed, the Bank forwarded. Colonel Churchill was is robbed, and the rest is easy. then sent over to Paris by the The Scheme was corroborated by English Government, and had papers

delivered in July and several interviews with Mar, a August 1722 to of his Jacobite pensioner of George I. Majesty's Ministers, by a Person He persuaded Mar to write to in the Plot, who, from gratitude Atterbury a letter of May 11, for a favour, informed the Minister signed Motfield, as in the cipher. that he was to be kidnapped. The That letter, one of mere complipapers were copied by stealth “out ment, fixed on Atterbury his of a nobleman's scrutore, whom identity with the author of the he refused to name.” The project three letters of April 20 to James, thus revealed was for digging up Dillon, and Mar. Moreover, this and distributing hidden arms, and letter, contrary to Atterbury's for erecting barricades. “Twenty- injunctions, was sent by the comthree officers of the Guards to be mon post, in order that it might depended upon. . : :

. . Day resolved be intercepted. on, April 30. . .. Lord N. [North) Mar has always suffered under being commander-in-chief." This, this imputation of treachery, which from the date, was part of the James was, very reluctantly, inearlier plot of the "young mer duced to entertain. Dr Glover, chants," to be tenderly treated by editor of the 'Stuart Papers,' Atterbury, the Plot in which clearly believes the story; and the Ormond was to have been en obvious facts are very suspicious. gaged. Layer's scheme was much Thus, Mar would have sold his the same, the part of Ormond allies in May 1722. Yet as late being omitted. To this degree of as July 22 we find an attaché of atrocity and imbecility had Jacob- the English Embassy at Paris, Mr itism sunk. On Layer's arrest, Crawford, writing to Carteret with North, a hero of Blenheim, fled, an account of the ruse by which but was taken; Orrery and the he has just tracked Atterbury's Duke of Norfolk were imprisoned, correspondent, Digby, and found as, of course, was Atterbury. All him to be Dillon. If the English was over, and Layer, who was Government, in July, really did respited in hopes of further con not know who Digby was, Mar can fessions, was hanged, quite im- hardly have sold plot and cipher penitent, on May 17, 1723. in May. However, in 1752 the Such was the Plot, and about English Government, having an VOL. CLXI. —NO. DCCCCLXXV.

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