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A BILL TO PROMOTE THE NATIONAL SECURITY BY PROVIDING
FOR A NATIONAL DEFENSE ESTABLISHMENT WHICH SHALL
BE ADMINISTERED BY A SECRETARY OF NATIONAL DEFENSE,
AND FOR A DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, A DEPARTMENT OF
THE NAVY, AND A DEPARTMENT CF THE AIR FORCE WITHIN
THE NATIONAL DEFENSE ESTABLISHMENT, AND FOR THE
COORDINATION OF THE ACTIVITIES OF THE NATIONAL DE-
FENSE ESTABLISHMENT WITH OTHER DEPARTMENTS AND
AGENCIES OF THE GOVERNMENT CONCERNED WITH

THE NATIONAL SECURITY

PART 1

MARCH 18, 20, 25, 26, APRIL 1, 2, AND 3, 1947

Printed for the use of the Committee on Armed Services

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COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES

CHAN GURNEY, South Dakota, Chairman STYLES BRIDGES, New Hampshire.

MILLARD E. TYDINGS, Maryland EDWARD V. ROBERTSON, Wyoming RICHARD B. RUSSELL, Georgia GEORGE A. WILSON, Iowa

HARRY FLOOD BYRD, Virginia LEVERETT SALTONSTALL, Massachusetts LISTER HILL, Alabama WAYNE MOR Oreg

HARLEY M. KILGORE, West Virgini RAYMOND E. BALDWIN, Connecticut BURNET R. MAYBANK, South Carolina

JOHN G. ADAMS, Clerk

2

133

UAB
• 4415

LLM 288my 47

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Statements of -

Page
Eisenhower, General of the Army Dwight D., Chief of Staff, United
States Army -

89
Forrestal, Hon. James V., Secretary of the Navy-

21
Nimitz, Fleet Admiral Chester W., United States Navy-

129

Norstad, Maj. Gen. Lauris, Director of Plans and Operations Division,

War Department.-

235

Patterson, Hon. Robert P., Secretary of War.,

53

Sherman, Vice Admiral Forrest, United States Navy--- 154, 187, 221

Spaatz, Gen. Carl, commanding general, Army Air Forces -

116

Symington, Hon. W Stuart, Assistant Secretary of War for Air.

86

Zuckert, Eugene M., Special Assistant to Secretary of War.

86

CONTENTS BY DATE

March 18, 1947:

Letter of President Truman (January 16, 1947) to Secretaries Forrestal

and Patterson acknowledging receipt of their joint agreement on bill

establishing a single department of national defense..

2

Joint letter of Secretaries Forrestal and Patterson (January 16, 1947)

to the President containing agreement on bill establishing a single

department of national defense..

2

Executive order outlining functions of the armed forces.

3

Chronological statement of prior proposals, studies, and legislation in

connection with the establishment of a single department of national

defense

5

Summary of major proposals:

1944 War Department proposal...

7

Report of Joint Chiefs of Staff Special Committee for Reorgani-

zation of National Defense

8

Eberstadt Report recommendation.

8

War Department (Collins) plan.

9

President Truman's first plan.

9

Thomas-Hill-Austin bill (S. 2044, 79th Cong.).

10

President Truman's second plan...

10

Draft of proposed bill submitted by the President, February 26,

1947.

11

Text of S. 758.

12

Statement of the Honorable James V. Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy 21

March 20, 1947:

Letter of Secretary of Navy Forrestal to Senator Gurney (March 19,

1947) in support of statement made to committee that consideration

has been given to adequate safeguards for morale and autonomy of

the Navy and its components.-

51

Letter of Secretary of Navy Forrestal to Senator Gurney (March 19,

1947) in response to questions put by Senator Tydings at committee

hearing regarding Cabinet attendance during wartime --

53

Statement of the Honorable Robert P. Patterson, Secretary of War... 53

Original law establishing War Department.-

70

Original law establishing Navy Department

71

Statement of W. Stuart Symington, Assistant Secretary of War for Air

(presented by Eugene M. Zuckert, Special Assistant to the Secretary

of War).

86

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March 25, 1947:

Page

Statement of General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower, Chief of

Staff, United States Army -

Executive order outlining functions of the armed forces

95

Letter of President Truman (January 17, 1947) to the President of the

Senate enclosing joint letter of Secretaries of the Navy and War

(January 16, 1947) containing agreement on bill establishing a single

department of national defense...

102

Executive order outlining functions of the armed forces.

104

Statement of Gen. Carl Spaatz, commanding general, Army Air

Forces

116

March 26, 1947:

Statement of Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, United States Navy- 129

April 1, 1947:

Organization Chart of National Defense Establishment ---- Facing 153

Resolution adopted by Twenty-seventh National Convention of the

American Legion favoring unification of armed forces ---

153

Statement of Vice Admiral Forrest Sherman, United States Navy

(incomplete).

154

News item from Washington Post, March 20, 1947, relative to alleged

statement of Brig. Gen. Frank Armstrong -

177

Joint letter to the President from Secretaries Forrestal and Patterson

(May 31, 1946) ---

180

Letter of President Truman (June 15, 1946) acknowledging joint report

of Secretaries Forrestal and Patterson.-

183

Letter of Secretary of Navy Forrestal (March 29, 1947) to Senator

Gurney regarding question of advisability of having an Under Secre-

tary of National Defense

185

April 2, 1947:

Statement of Vice Admiral Forrest Sherman, United States Navy,

resumed (incomplete).

187

April 3, 1947:

Statement of Vice Admiral Forrest Sherman, United States Navy,

resumed and completed.----

221

Graph showing functioning of proposed National Defense Establish-

ment.

Facing 222

Statement of Maj. Gen. Lauris Norstad, Director of Plans and Opera-

tions Division, War Department.

235

NATIONAL DEFENSE ESTABLISHMENT—UNIFICATION

OF THE ARMED FORCES

TUESDAY, MARCH 18, 1947

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES,

Washington, D. C. The committee met at 10:30 a. m., pursuant to call, in the main caucus room of the Senate Office Building, Senator Chan Gurney (chairman) presiding.

Present: Senators Gurney (presiding), Bridges, Morse, Baldwin, Tydings, Russell, Byrd, and Hisl.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.

The Armed Services Committee is meeting this morning to hear the Secretaries of Navy and War on the unification bill presently before us, known as S. 758.

We are also glad to have with us this morning, visiting the committee, the chairman of the Military Affairs Committee of the Senate, Senator Thomas of Utah, who has spent a great deal of time on this proposal last year and the year before. We are glad to have you with us, Senator

At the start of the record of the hearing this morning, I think it would be well that we incorporate a chronological statement of the hearings and efforts that have been made on bills seeking to accomplish the unification of the armed forces since the inception of the idea in the spring of 1944, when the first proposal went to the House Committee on Postwar Military Policy. This was followed after that by a special committee of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in April of 1945, and that was followed by the Eberstadt plan. Then plans were presented by the War Department at the hearings of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs, and the President's proposals of December 1945. This was followed by the Thomas-Hill-Austin bill, S. 2044. Then of course there was the President's plan of last June, that is June of 1946, and the draft of a proposed bill was submitted to the Congress finally on February 26, 1947.

Before we print the bill in the record, I believe it would be well to print the message from the President of January 16, 1947, at which time he sent to Congress the voluntary agreement signed by the Secretaries of the Army and Navy, the Executive order that followed, and the printing of the bill that is presently before us.

Then I would like to have follow in the record this chronological statement of what has happened, with a brief summary of all of the proposals that have heretofore come before the committees of the Senate and the House. This analysis is prepared by the Legislative Reference Service.

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