« PreviousContinue »
A BILL TO PROMOTE THE NATIONAL SECURITY BY PROVIDING
THE NATIONAL SECURITY
MARCH 18, 20, 25, 26, APRIL 1, 2, AND 3, 1947
Printed for the use of the Committee on Armed Services
COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES
CHAN GURNEY, South Dakota, Chairman STYLES BRIDGES, New Hampshire.
MILLARD E. TYDINGS, Maryland EDWARD V. ROBERTSON, Wyoming RICHARD B. RUSSELL, Georgia GEORGE A. WILSON, Iowa
HARRY FLOOD BYRD, Virginia LEVERETT SALTONSTALL, Massachusetts LISTER HILL, Alabama WAYNE MOR Oreg
HARLEY M. KILGORE, West Virgini RAYMOND E. BALDWIN, Connecticut BURNET R. MAYBANK, South Carolina
JOHN G. ADAMS, Clerk
LLM 288my 47
Statements of -
NATIONAL DEFENSE ESTABLISHMENT—UNIFICATION
OF THE ARMED FORCES
TUESDAY, MARCH 18, 1947
UNITED STATES SENATE,
Washington, D. C. The committee met at 10:30 a. m., pursuant to call, in the main caucus room of the Senate Office Building, Senator Chan Gurney (chairman) presiding.
Present: Senators Gurney (presiding), Bridges, Morse, Baldwin, Tydings, Russell, Byrd, and Hisl.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.
The Armed Services Committee is meeting this morning to hear the Secretaries of Navy and War on the unification bill presently before us, known as S. 758.
We are also glad to have with us this morning, visiting the committee, the chairman of the Military Affairs Committee of the Senate, Senator Thomas of Utah, who has spent a great deal of time on this proposal last year and the year before. We are glad to have you with us, Senator
At the start of the record of the hearing this morning, I think it would be well that we incorporate a chronological statement of the hearings and efforts that have been made on bills seeking to accomplish the unification of the armed forces since the inception of the idea in the spring of 1944, when the first proposal went to the House Committee on Postwar Military Policy. This was followed after that by a special committee of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in April of 1945, and that was followed by the Eberstadt plan. Then plans were presented by the War Department at the hearings of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs, and the President's proposals of December 1945. This was followed by the Thomas-Hill-Austin bill, S. 2044. Then of course there was the President's plan of last June, that is June of 1946, and the draft of a proposed bill was submitted to the Congress finally on February 26, 1947.
Before we print the bill in the record, I believe it would be well to print the message from the President of January 16, 1947, at which time he sent to Congress the voluntary agreement signed by the Secretaries of the Army and Navy, the Executive order that followed, and the printing of the bill that is presently before us.
Then I would like to have follow in the record this chronological statement of what has happened, with a brief summary of all of the proposals that have heretofore come before the committees of the Senate and the House. This analysis is prepared by the Legislative Reference Service.